Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Ci-devant adjective [ French, hitherto, formerly.] Former; previous; of times gone by; as, a ci-devant governor.

Cicatricle noun [ Confer French cicatricule , from Latin cicatricula a small scar, from cicatrix a scar.] (Biol.) The germinating point in the embryo of a seed; the point in the yolk of an egg at which development begins.

Cicatrisive adjective Tending to promote the formation of a cicatrix; good for healing of a wound.

Cicatrix noun ; plural Cicatrices . [ Latin ] (Medicine) The pellicle which forms over a wound or breach of continuity and completes the process of healing in the latter, and which subsequently contracts and becomes white, forming the scar.

Cicatrizant noun [ Confer French cicatrisant , properly present participle of cicatriser .] (Medicine) A medicine or application that promotes the healing of a sore or wound, or the formation of a cicatrix.

Cicatrization noun [ Confer French cicatrisation .] (Medicine) The process of forming a cicatrix, or the state of being cicatrized.

Cicatrize transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Cicatrized ; present participle & verbal noun Cicatrizing .] [ Confer French cicatriser , from cicatrice , Latin cicatrix , scar.] (Medicine) To heal or induce the formation of a cicatrix in, as in wounded or ulcerated flesh. Wiseman.

Cicatrize intransitive verb (Medicine) To heal; to have a new skin.

Cicatrose adjective Full of scars. Craig.

Cicely noun [ Latin seselis , Greek ..., ...; perhaps ultimately of Egyptian origin.] (Botany) Any one of several umbelliferous plants, of the genera Myrrhis , Osmorrhiza , etc.

Cicero noun (Print.) Pica type; -- so called by French printers.

Cicerone noun ; plural Italian Ciceroni , English Cicerones . [ Italian , from Latin Cicero , the Roman orator. So called from the ordinary talkativeness of such a guide.] One who shows strangers the curiosities of a place; a guide.

Every glib and loquacious hireling who shows strangers about their picture galleries, palaces, and ruins, is termed by them [ the Italians] a cicerone , or a Cicero.
Trench.

Ciceronian adjective [ Latin Ciceronianus , from Cicero , the orator.] Resembling Cicero in style or action; eloquent.

Ciceronianism noun Imitation of, or resemblance to, the style or action Cicero; a Ciceronian phrase or expression. "Great study in Ciceronianism , the chief abuse of Oxford." Sir P. Sidney.

Cich-pea noun The chick- pea. Holland.

Cichoraceous adjective [ See Chicory .] Belonging to, or resembling, a suborder of composite plants of which the chicory ( Cichorium ) is the type.

Cicisbeism noun The state or conduct of a cicisbeo.

Cicisbeo noun ; plural Italian Cicisbei . [ Italian ]


1. A professed admirer of a married woman; a dangler about women.

2. A knot of silk or ribbon attached to a fan, walking stick, etc. [ Obsolete]

Ciclatoun noun [ Of. ciclaton .] A costly cloth, of uncertain material, used in the Middle Ages. [ Obsolete] [ Written also checklaton , chekelatoun .]

His robe was of ciclatoun ,
That coste many a Jane.
Chaucer.

Cicurate transitive verb [ Latin cicurare to tame, from cicur tame.] To tame. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.

Cicuration noun [ Confer French cicuration .] The act of taming. [ Obsolete] Ray.

Cicuta noun [ Latin , the poison hemlock.] (Botany) a genus of poisonous umbelliferous plants, of which the water hemlock or cowbane is best known.

» The name cicuta is sometimes erroneously applied to Conium maculatum , or officinal hemlock .

Cicutoxin noun (Chemistry) The active principle of the water hemlock ( Cicuta ) extracted as a poisonous gummy substance.

Cid noun [ Spanish , from Arabic seid lord.]


1. Chief or commander; in Spanish literature, a title of Ruy Diaz, Count of Bivar, a champion of Christianity and of the old Spanish royalty, in the 11th century.

2. An epic poem, which celebrates the exploits of the Spanish national hero, Ruy Diaz.

Cider noun [ French cidre , Old French sidre, from Latin sicera a kind of strong drink, Greek ...; of Oriental origin; confer Hebrew shākar to be intoxicated, shēkār strong drink.] The expressed juice of apples. It is used as a beverage, for making vinegar, and for other purposes.

» Cider was formerly used to signify the juice of other fruits, and other kinds of strong liquor, but was not applied to wine.

Cider brandy , a kind of brandy distilled from cider. -- Cider mill , a mill in which cider is made. -- Cider press , the press of a cider mill.

Ciderist noun A maker of cider. [ Obsolete] Mortimer.

Ciderkin noun [ Cider + -kin .] A kind of weak cider made by steeping the refuse pomace in water.

Ciderkin is made for common drinking, and supplies the place of small beer.
Mortimer.

Cierge noun [ French, from Latin cera wax.] A wax candle used in religous rites.

Cigar (sĭ*gär") noun [ Spanish cigarro , orig., a kind of tobacco in the island of Cuba: confer French cigare .] A small roll of tobacco, used for smoking.

Cigar fish (Zoology) , a fish ( Decapterus punctatus ), allied to the mackerel, found on the coast of the Gulf of Mexico.

Cigarette noun [ French cigarette .] A little cigar; a little fine tobacco rolled in paper for smoking.

Cilia noun plural Cilium , the sing., is rarely used. [ Latin cilium eyelid.]
1. (Anat.) The eyelashes.

2. (Biol.) Small, generally microscopic, vibrating appendages lining certain organs, as the air passages of the higher animals, and in the lower animals often covering also the whole or a part of the exterior. They are also found on some vegetable organisms. In the Infusoria, and many larval forms, they are locomotive organs.

3. (Botany) Hairlike processes, commonly marginal and forming a fringe like the eyelash.

4. (Zoology) Small, vibratory, swimming organs, somewhat resembling true cilia, as those of Ctenophora.

Ciliary adjective [ Confer French ciliaire .]


1. (Anat.) Pertaining to the cilia, or eyelashes. Also applied to special parts of the eye itself; as, the ciliary processes of the choroid coat; the ciliary muscle, etc.

2. (Biol.) Pertaining to or connected with the cilia in animal or vegetable organisms; as, ciliary motion.

Ciliata noun plural [ New Latin See Cilia .] (Zoology) One of the orders of Infusoria, characterized by having cilia. In some species the cilia cover the body generally, in others they form a band around the mouth.

Ciliate, Ciliated adjective Provided with, or surrounded by, cilia; as, a ciliate leaf; endowed with vibratory motion; as, the ciliated epithelium of the windpipe.

Cilice noun [ French See Cilicious .] A kind of haircloth undergarment. Southey.

Cilician adjective Of or pertaining to Cilicia in Asia Minor. -- noun A native or inhabitant of Cilicia.

Cilicious adjective [ Latin cilicium a covering, orig. made of Cilician goat's hair, from Cilicious Cilician, from Cilicia , a province of Asia Minor.] Made, or consisting, of hair. [ Obsolete]

A Cilicious or sackcloth habit.
Sir T. Browne.

Ciliform, Ciliiform adjective [ Cilium + -form ] Having the form of cilia; very fine or slender.

Ciliograde adjective [ Cilium + Latin gradi to step: confer French ciliograde .] (Zoology) Moving by means of cilia , or cilialike organs; as, the ciliograde Medusæ.

Cilium noun [ Latin , eyelid.] See Cilia .

Cill noun See Sill ., noun a foundation.

Cillosis noun [ New Latin , from Latin cilium eyelid.] (Medicine) A spasmodic trembling of the upper eyelid.

Cima noun (Architecture) A kind of molding. See Cyma .

Cimar noun See Simar .

Cimbal noun [ Italian ciambella .] A kind of confectionery or cake. [ Obsolete] Nares.

Cimbia noun (Architecture) A fillet or band placed around the shaft of a column as if to strengthen it. [ Written also cimia .]

Cimbrian adjective Of or pertaining to the Cimbri. -- noun One of the Cimbri. See Cimbric .

Cimbric adjective Pertaining to the Cimbri , an ancient tribe inhabiting Northern Germany. -- noun The language of the Cimbri.

Cimeliarch noun [ Latin cimeliarcha , Greek ..., treasurer.] A superintendent or keeper of a church's valuables; a churchwarden. [ Obsolete] Bailey.

Cimeter noun See Scimiter .