Circumnavigator Cir`cum·nav"iga`tor noun One who sails round. W. Guthrie.
Circumnutate Cir`cum·nu"tate intransitive verb [ Prefix circum- + nutate .] To pass through the stages of circumnutation.
Circumnutation Cir`cum·nu·ta"tion noun (Botany) The successive bowing or bending in different directions of the growing tip of the stems of many plants, especially seen in climbing plants.
Circumpolar Cir`cum·po"lar adjective [ Prefix circum- + polar .] About the pole; -- applied to stars that revolve around the pole without setting; as, circumpolar stars.
Circumposition Cir`cum·po·si"tion noun [ Latin circumpositio , from circumponere , - positium , to place around.] The act of placing in a circle, or round about, or the state of being so placed. Evelyn.
Circumrotary, Circumrotatory Cir`cum·ro"tary, Cir`cum·ro"ta·to·ry adjective [ Prefix circum- + rotary , rotatory .] turning, rolling, or whirling round.
Circumrotate Cir`cum·ro"tate transitive verb & i. [ Latin circumrotare ; circum + rotare to turn round.] To rotate about. [ R.]
Circumrotation Cir`cum·ro·ta"tion noun The act of rolling or revolving round, as a wheel; circumvolution; the state of being whirled round. J. Gregory.
Circumscissile Cir`cum·scis"sile adjective [ Prefix circum- + scissle .] (Botany) Dehiscing or opening by a transverse fissure extending around (a capsule or pod). See Illust. of Pyxidium .
Circumscribable Cir`cum·scrib"a·ble adjective Capable of being circumscribed.
Circumscribe Cir`cum·scribe" transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Circumscribed
; present participle & verbal noun Circumscribing
.] [ Latin circumscribere
; circum + scribere
to write, draw. See Soribe
.] 1. to write or engrave around.
Thereon is circumscribed this epitaph. 2. To inclose within a certain limit; to hem in; to surround; to bound; to confine; to restrain.
To circumscribe royal power. 3. (Geom.) To draw a line around so as to touch at certain points without cutting. See Inscribe , 5. Syn.
-- To bound; limit; restrict; confine; abridge; restrain; environ; encircle; inclose; encompass.
Circumscriber Cir`cum·scrib"er noun One who, or that which, circumscribes.
Circumscriptible Cir`cum·scrip"ti·ble adjective Capable of being circumscribed or limited by bounds.
Circumscription Cir`cum·scrip"tion noun
[ Latin circumscriptio
. See Circumscribe
.] 1. An inscription written around anything.
[ R.] Ashmole. 2. The exterior line which determines the form or magnitude of a body; outline; periphery. Ray. 3. The act of limiting, or the state of being limited, by conditions or restraints; bound; confinement; limit.
The circumscriptions of terrestrial nature.
I would not my unhoused, free condition
Put into circumscription and confine.
Circumscriptive Cir`cum·scrip"tive adjective Circumscribing or tending to circumscribe; marcing the limits or form of.
Circumscriptively Cir`cum·scrip"tive·ly adverb In a limited manner.
Circumscriptly Cir"cum·script`ly adverb In a literal, limited, or narrow manner. [ R.] Milton.
Circumspect Cir"cum·spect adjective [ Latin circumspectus , past participle of circumspicere to look about one's self, to observe; circum + spicere , specere , to look. See Spy .] Attentive to all the circumstances of a case or the probable consequences of an action; cautious; prudent; wary. Syn. -- See Cautious .
Circumspection Cir`cum·spec"tion noun
[ Latin circumspectio
.] Attention to all the facts and circumstances of a case; caution; watchfulness.
With silent circumspection , unespied. Syn.
-- Caution; prudence; watchfulness; deliberation; thoughtfulness; wariness; forecast.
Circumspective Cir`cum·spec"tive (sẽr`kŭm*spĕk"tĭv) adjective Looking around every way; cautious; careful of consequences; watchful of danger. " Circumspective eyes." Pope.
Circumspectively Cir`cum·spec"tive·ly adverb Circumspectly.
Circumspectly Cir"cum·spect"ly (-spĕkt"l> ycr/) adverb In a circumspect manner; cautiously; warily.
Circumspectness Cir"cum·spect"ness noun Vigilance in guarding against evil from every quarter; caution.
[ Travel] forces circumspectness on those abroad, who at home are nursed in security.
Sir H. Wotton.
Circumstance Cir"cum·stance noun
[ Latin circumstantia
, from circumstans
, present participle of circumstare
to stand around; circum + stare
to stand. See Stand
.] 1. That which attends, or relates to, or in some way affects, a fact or event; an attendant thing or state of things.
The circumstances are well known in the country where they happened. 2. An event; a fact; a particular incident.
The sculptor had in his thoughts the conqueror weeping for new worlds, or the like circumstances in history. 3. Circumlocution; detail.
So without more circumstance at all 4. plural Condition in regard to worldly estate; state of property; situation; surroundings.
I hold it fit that we shake hands and part.
When men are easy in their circumstances , they are naturally enemies to innovations. Not a circumstance
, of no account.
[ Colloq.] -- Under the circumstances
, taking all things into consideration. Syn.
-- Event; occurrence; incident; situation; condition; position; fact; detail; item. See Event
Circumstance Cir"cum·stance transitive verb To place in a particular situation; to supply relative incidents.
The poet took the matters of fact as they came down to him and circumstanced them, after his own manner.
Circumstanced Cir"cum·stanced p. adjective 1. Placed in a particular position or condition; situated.
The proposition is, that two bodies so circumstanced will balance each other. 2. Governed by events or circumstances.
[ Poetic & R.] "I must be circumstanced
Circumstant Cir"cum·stant adjective [ Latin circumstans . See Circumstance .] Standing or placed around; surrounding. [ R.] " Circumstant bodies." Sir K. Digby.
Circumstantiable Cir`cum·stan"tia·ble adjective Capable of being circumstantiated. [ Obsolete] Jer Taylor.
Circumstantial Cir`cum·stan"tial adjective
[ Confer French circonstanciel
.] 1. Consisting in, or pertaining to, circumstances or particular incidents.
The usual character of human testimony is substantial truth under circumstantial variety. 2. Incidental; relating to, but not essential.
We must therefore distinguish between the essentials in religious worship . . . and what is merely circumstantial . 3. Abounding with circumstances; detailing or exhibiting all the circumstances; minute; particular.
Tedious and circumstantial recitals. Circumstantial evidence (Law)
, evidence obtained from circumstances, which necessarily or usually attend facts of a particular nature, from which arises presumption. According to some authorities circumstantial is distinguished from positive evidence in that the latter is the testimony of eyewitnesses to a fact or the admission of a party; but the prevalent opinion now is that all such testimony is dependent on circumstances for its support. All testimony is more or less circumstantial . Wharton
-- See Minute
Circumstantial Cir`cum·stan"tial noun Something incidental to the main subject, but of less importance; opposed to an essential ; -- generally in the plural; as, the circumstantials of religion. Addison.
Circumstantiality Cir`cum·stan`ti·al"i·ty noun The state, characteristic, or quality of being circumstantial; particularity or minuteness of detail. "I will endeavor to describe with sufficient circumstantiality ." De Quincey.
Circumstantially Cir`cum·stan"tial·ly adverb 1. In respect to circumstances; not essentially; accidentally.
Of the fancy and intellect, the powers are only circumstantially different. 2. In every circumstance or particular; minutely.
To set down somewhat circumstantially , not only the events, but the manner of my trials.
Circumstantiate Cir`cum·stan"ti·ate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Circumstantiated
; present participle & verbal noun Circumstantiating
.] [ See Circumstantiating
] 1. To place in particular circumstances; to invest with particular accidents or adjuncts.
If the act were otherwise circumstantiated , it might will that freely which now it wills reluctantly. 2. To prove or confirm by circumstances; to enter into details concerning.
Neither will time permint to circumstantiate these particulars, which I have only touched in the general.
State Trials (1661).
Circumterraneous Cir`cum·ter·ra"ne·ous adjective [ Prefix circum- + Latin terra earth.] Being or dwelling around the earth. " Circumterraneous demouns." H. Hallywell.
Circumundulate Cir`cum·un"du·late v. t. [ Prefix circum- + undulate .] To flow round, as waves. [ R.]
Circumvallate Cir`cum·val"late transitive verb [ Latin circumvallatus , past participle of circumvallare to surround with a wall; circum + vallare to wall, from vallum rampart.] To surround with a rampart or wall. Johnson.
Circumvallate Cir`cum·val"late adjective 1. Surrounded with a wall; inclosed with a rampart. 2. (Anat.) Surrounded by a ridge or elevation; as, the circumvallate papillæ, near the base of the tongue.
Circumvallation Cir`cum·val·la"tion noun (Mil.) (a) The act of surrounding with a wall or rampart. (b) A line of field works made around a besieged place and the besieging army, to protect the camp of the besiegers against the attack of an enemy from without.
Circumvection Cir`cum·vec"tion noun [ Latin circumvectio ; circum + vehere to carry.] The act of carrying anything around, or the state of being so carried.
Circumvent Cir`cum·vent" transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Circumvented
; present participle verbal noun Circumventing
.] [ Latin circumventis
, past participle of circumvenire
, to come around, encompass, deceive; circum
to come, akin to English come.
] To gain advantage over by arts, stratagem, or deception; to deceive; to delude; to get around.
I circumvented whom I could not gain.
Circumvention Cir`cum·ven"tion noun
[ Latin circumventio
.] The act of prevailing over another by arts, address, or fraud; deception; fraud; imposture; delusion.
A school in which he learns sly circumvention .
Circumventive Cir`cum·vent"ive adjective Tending to circumvent; deceiving by artifices; deluding.
Circumventor Cir`cum·vent"or noun [ Latin ] One who circumvents; one who gains his purpose by cunning.
Circumvest Cir`cum·vest" transitive verb
[ Latin circumvestire
; circum + vestire
to clothe.] To cover round, as with a garment; to invest.
Circumvested with much prejudice.
Sir H. Wotton.
Circumvolant Cir·cum"vo·lant adjective
[ Latin circumvolans
, present participle See Circumvolation
.] Flying around.
The circumvolant troubles of humanity.
Circumvolation Cir`cum·vo·la"tion noun [ Latin circumvolate . -volatum , to fly around; circum + volare to fly.] The act of flying round. [ R.]
Circumvolution Cir`cum·vo·lu"tion noun
[ See Circumvolve
.] 1. The act of rolling round; the state of being rolled. 2. A thing rolled round another. Arbuthnot. 3. A roundabout procedure; a circumlocution.
He had neither time nor temper for sentimental circumvolutions .
Circumvolve Cir`cum·volve" transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Circumvolved ; present participle verbal noun Circumvolving .] [ Latin circumvolvere , -volutum ; circum + volvere to roll.] To roll round; to cause to revolve; to put into a circular motion. Herrick.
Circumvolve Cir`cum·volve" intransitive verb To roll round; to revolve.
Circus Cir"cus noun
; plural Circuses
. [ Latin circus
circle, ring, circus (in sense 1). See Circle
, and confer Cirque
.] 1. (Roman Antiq.) A level oblong space surrounded on three sides by seats of wood, earth, or stone, rising in tiers one above another, and divided lengthwise through the middle by a barrier around which the track or course was laid out. It was used for chariot races, games, and public shows.
» The Circus Maximus
at Rome could contain more than 100,000 spectators. Harpers' Latin Dict. 2. A circular inclosure for the exhibition of feats of horsemanship, acrobatic displays, etc. Also, the company of performers, with their equipage. 3. Circuit; space; inclosure.
The narrow circus of my dungeon wall.
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