Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Clavis noun ; plural Latin Claves , English Clavises . [ Latin ] A key; a glossary.

Clavus noun [ Latin , a nail.] A callous growth, esp. one the foot; a corn.

Clavy noun ; plural Clavies . [ Confer French claveau centerpiece of an arch.] (Architecture) A mantelpiece.

Claw (kla) noun [ Anglo-Saxon clawu , clā , cleó ; akin to Dutch klaauw , German klaue , Icelandic klō , Swedish & Danish klo , and perhaps to English clew .]
1. A sharp, hooked nail, as of a beast or bird.

2. The whole foot of an animal armed with hooked nails; the pinchers of a lobster, crab, etc.

3. Anything resembling the claw of an animal, as the curved and forked end of a hammer for drawing nails.

4. (Botany) A slender appendage or process, formed like a claw, as the base of petals of the pink. Gray.

Claw hammer , a hammer with one end of the metallic head cleft for use in extracting nails, etc. -- Claw hammer coat , a dress coat of the swallowtail pattern. [ Slang] -- Claw sickness , foot rot, a disease affecting sheep.

Claw (kla) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Clawed (klad); present participle & verbal noun Clawing .] [ Anglo-Saxon clawan . See Claw , noun ]
1. To pull, tear, or scratch with, or as with, claws or nails.

2. To relieve from some uneasy sensation, as by scratching; to tickle; hence, to flatter; to court. [ Obsolete]

Rich men they claw , soothe up, and flatter; the poor they contemn and despise.
Holland.

3. To rail at; to scold. [ Obsolete]

In the aforesaid preamble, the king fairly claweth the great monasteries, wherein, saith he, religion, thanks be to God, is right well kept and observed; though he claweth them soon after in another acceptation.
T. Fuller

Claw me, claw thee , stand by me and I will stand by you; -- an old proverb. Tyndale. -- To claw away , to scold or revile. "The jade Fortune is to be clawed away for it, if you should lose it." L'Estrange. -- To claw (one) on the back , to tickle; to express approbation. (Obsolete) Chaucer. -- To claw (one) on the gall , to find fault with; to vex. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Claw intransitive verb To scrape, scratch, or dig with a claw, or with the hand as a claw. " Clawing [ in ash barrels] for bits of coal." W. D. Howells.

To claw off (Nautical) , to turn to windward and beat, to prevent falling on a lee shore.

Clawback noun A flatterer or sycophant. [ Obsolete] "Take heed of these clawbacks ." Latimer.

Clawback adjective Flattering; sycophantic. [ Obsolete]

Like a clawback parasite.
Bp. Hall.

Clawback transitive verb To flatter. [ Obsolete] Warner.

Clawed (klad) adjective Furnished with claws. N. Grew.

Clawless adjective Destitute of claws.

Clay (klā) noun [ Anglo-Saxon clǣg ; akin to LG. klei , Dutch klei , and perhaps to Anglo-Saxon clām clay, Latin glus , gluten glue, Greek gloio`s glutinous substance, English glue . Confer Clog .]
1. A soft earth, which is plastic, or may be molded with the hands, consisting of hydrous silicate of aluminium. It is the result of the wearing down and decomposition, in part, of rocks containing aluminous minerals, as granite. Lime, magnesia, oxide of iron, and other ingredients, are often present as impurities.

2. (Poetry & Script.) Earth in general, as representing the elementary particles of the human body; hence, the human body as formed from such particles.

I also am formed out of the clay .
Job xxxiii. 6.

The earth is covered thick with other clay ,
Which her own clay shall cover.
Byron.

Bowlder clay . See under Bowlder . -- Brick clay , the common clay, containing some iron, and therefore turning red when burned. -- Clay cold , cold as clay or earth; lifeless; inanimate. -- Clay ironstone , an ore of iron consisting of the oxide or carbonate of iron mixed with clay or sand. -- Clay marl , a whitish, smooth, chalky clay. -- Clay mill , a mill for mixing and tempering clay; a pug mill. -- Clay pit , a pit where clay is dug. -- Clay slate (Min.) , argillaceous schist; argillite. -- Fatty clays , clays having a greasy feel; they are chemical compounds of water, silica, and aluminia, as halloysite , bole , etc. -- Fire clay , a variety of clay, entirely free from lime, iron, or an alkali, and therefore infusible, and used for fire brick. -- Porcelain clay , a very pure variety, formed directly from the decomposition of feldspar, and often called kaolin . - - Potter's clay , a tolerably pure kind, free from iron.

Clay transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Clayed ; present participle & verbal noun Claying .]
1. To cover or manure with clay.

2. To clarify by filtering through clay, as sugar.

Clay-brained adjective Stupid. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Clayes noun plural [ French claie hurdle.] (Fort.) Wattles, or hurdles, made with stakes interwoven with osiers, to cover lodgments. [ Obsolete]

Clayey adjective Consisting of clay; abounding with clay; partaking of clay; like clay.

Clayish adjective Partaking of the nature of clay, or containing particles of it.

Claymore noun [ Gael. claidheamhmor a broadsword; Gael. claidheamh sword + mor great, large. Confer Claymore .] A large two-handed sword used formerly by the Scottish Highlanders.

Claytonia noun [ Named after Dr.John Clayton , an American botanist.] (Botany) An American genus of perennial herbs with delicate blossoms; -- sometimes called spring beauty .

Cleading noun [ Scot., clothing. See Cloth .]


1. A jacket or outer covering of wood, etc., to prevent radiation of heat, as from the boiler, cylinder. etc., of a steam engine.

2. The planking or boarding of a shaft, cofferdam, etc.

Clean (klēn) adjective [ Compar. Cleaner ; superl. Cleanest .] [ Middle English clene , Anglo-Saxon clǣne ; akin to Old High German chleini pure, neat, graceful, small, German klein small, and perhaps to W. glan clean, pure, bright; all perhaps from a primitive, meaning bright , shining . Confer Glair .]
1. Free from dirt or filth; as, clean clothes.

2. Free from that which is useless or injurious; without defects; as, clean land; clean timber.

3. Free from awkwardness; not bungling; adroit; dexterous; as, a clean trick; a clean leap over a fence.

4. Free from errors and vulgarisms; as, a clean style.

5. Free from restraint or neglect; complete; entire.

When ye reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not make clean riddance of corners of thy field.
Lev. xxiii. 22.

6. Free from moral defilement; sinless; pure.

Create in me a clean heart, O God.
Ps. li. 10

That I am whole, and clean , and meet for Heaven
Tennyson.

7. (Script.) Free from ceremonial defilement.

8. Free from that which is corrupting to the morals; pure in tone; healthy. "Lothair is clean ." F. Harrison.

9. Well-proportioned; shapely; as, clean limbs .

A clean bill of health , a certificate from the proper authority that a ship is free from infection. -- Clean breach . See under Breach , noun , 4. -- To make a clean breast . See under Breast .

Clean adverb
1. Without limitation or remainder; quite; perfectly; wholly; entirely. "Domestic broils clean overblown." Shak.

Clean (klēn) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Cleaned (klēnd); present participle & verbal noun Cleaning .] [ See Clean , adjective , and confer Cleanse .] To render clean; to free from whatever is foul, offensive, or extraneous; to purify; to cleanse.

To clean out , to exhaust; to empty; to get away from (one) all his money. [ Colloq.] De Quincey.

Clean-cut (klēn"kŭt) adjective See Clear-cut .

Clean-limbed adjective With well-proportioned, unblemished limbs; as, a clean-limbed young fellow. Dickens.

Clean-timbered adjective Well- proportioned; symmetrical. [ Poetic] Shak.

Cleaner noun One who, or that which, cleans.

Cleaning noun
1. The act of making clean.

2. The afterbirth of cows, ewes, etc. Gardner.

Cleanlily adverb In a cleanly manner.

Cleanliness (klĕn"lĭ*nĕs) noun [ From Cleanly .] State of being cleanly; neatness of person or dress.

Cleanliness from head to heel.
Swift.

Cleanly adjective [ Compar. Cleanlier ; superl. Cleanliest .] [ From Clean .]
1. Habitually clean; pure; innocent. " Cleanly joys." Glanvill.

Some plain but cleanly country maid.
Dryden.

Displays her cleanly platter on the board.
Goldsmith.

2. Cleansing; fitted to remove moisture; dirt, etc. [ Obsolete] "With cleanly powder dry their hair." Prior.

3. Adroit; skillful; dexterous; artful. [ Obsolete]

Through his fine handling and his cleanly play.
Spenser.

Cleanly adverb
1. In a clean manner; neatly.

He was very cleanly dressed.
Dickens.

2. Innocently; without stain. Shak.

3. Adroitly; dexterously. Middleton.

Cleanness noun [ Anglo-Saxon cl...nnes . See Clean .]
1. The state or quality of being clean.

2. Purity of life or language; freedom from licentious courses. Chaucer.

Cleansable (klĕnz"ȧ*b'l) adjective Capable of being cleansed. Sherwood.

Cleanse (klĕnz) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Cleansed (klĕnzd); present participle & verbal noun Cleansing .] [ Anglo-Saxon clǣnsian , from clǣne clean. See Clean .] To render clean; to free from fith, pollution, infection, guilt, etc.; to clean.

If we walk in the light . . . the blood of Jesus Christ his son cleanseth us from all sin.
1 John i. 7.

Can'st thou not minister to a mind diseased,
And with some sweet oblivious antidote
Cleanse the suffed bosom of that perilous stuff
Which weighs upon the heart?
Shak.

Cleanser (-ẽr) noun [ Anglo-Saxon clǣnsere .] One who, or that which, cleanses; a detergent. Arbuthnot.

Clear (klēr) adjective [ Compar. Clearer (-ẽr); superl. Clearest .] [ Middle English cler , cleer , Old French cler , French clair , from Latin clarus , clear, bright, loud, distinct, renowned; perhaps akin to Latin clamare to call, English claim . Confer Chanticleer , Clairvoyant , Claret , Clarify .]
1. Free from opaqueness; transparent; bright; light; luminous; unclouded.

The stream is so transparent, pure, and clear .
Denham.

Fair as the moon, clear as the sun.
Canticles vi. 10.

2. Free from ambiguity or indistinctness; lucid; perspicuous; plain; evident; manifest; indubitable.

One truth is clear ; whatever is, is right.
Pope.

3. Able to perceive clearly; keen; acute; penetrating; discriminating; as, a clear intellect; a clear head.

Mother of science! now I feel thy power
Within me clear , not only to discern
Things in their causes, but to trace the ways
Of highest agents.
Milton.

4. Not clouded with passion; serene; cheerful.

With a countenance as clear
As friendship wears at feasts.
Shak.

5. Easily or distinctly heard; audible; canorous.

Hark! the numbers soft and clear
Gently steal upon the ear.
Pope.

6. Without mixture; entirely pure; as, clear sand.

7. Without defect or blemish, such as freckles or knots; as, a clear complexion; clear lumber.

8. Free from guilt or stain; unblemished.

Statesman, yet friend to truth! in soul sincere,
In action faithful, and in honor clear .
Pope.

9. Without diminution; in full; net; as, clear profit.

I often wished that I had clear ,
For life, six hundred pounds a-year.
Swift .

10. Free from impediment or obstruction; unobstructed; as, a clear view; to keep clear of debt.

My companion . . . left the way clear for him.
Addison.

11. Free from embarrassment; detention, etc.

The cruel corporal whispered in my ear,
Five pounds, if rightly tipped, would set me clear .
Gay.

Clear breach . See under Breach , noun , 4. -- Clear days (Law.) , days reckoned from one day to another, excluding both the first and last day; as, from Sunday to Sunday there are six clear days . -- Clear stuff , boards, planks, etc., free from knots.

Syn. -- Manifest; pure; unmixed; pellucid; transparent; luminous; obvious; visible; plain; evident; apparent; distinct; perspicuous. See Manifest .

Clear (klēr) noun (Carp.) Full extent; distance between extreme limits; especially; the distance between the nearest surfaces of two bodies, or the space between walls; as, a room ten feet square in the clear .

Clear adverb
1. In a clear manner; plainly.

Now clear I understand
What oft . . . thoughts have searched in vain.
Milton.

2. Without limitation; wholly; quite; entirely; as, to cut a piece clear off.

Clear transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Cleared ; present participle & verbal noun Clearing .]
1. To render bright, transparent, or undimmed; to free from clouds.

He sweeps the skies and clears the cloudy north.
Dryden.

2. To free from impurities; to clarify; to cleanse.

3. To free from obscurity or ambiguity; to relive of perplexity; to make perspicuous.

Many knotty points there are
Which all discuss, but few can clear .
Prior.

4. To render more quick or acute, as the understanding; to make perspicacious.

Our common prints would clear up their understandings.
Addison

5. To free from impediment or incumbrance, from defilement, or from anything injurious, useless, or offensive; as, to clear land of trees or brushwood, or from stones; to clear the sight or the voice; to clear one's self from debt; -- often used with of , off , away , or out .

Clear your mind of cant.
Dr. Johnson.

A statue lies hid in a block of marble; and the art of the statuary only clears away the superfluous matter.
Addison.

6. To free from the imputation of guilt; to justify, vindicate, or acquit; -- often used with from before the thing imputed.

I . . . am sure he will clear me from partiality.
Dryden.

How! wouldst thou clear rebellion?
Addison.

7. To leap or pass by, or over, without touching or failure; as, to clear a hedge; to clear a reef.

8. To gain without deduction; to net.

The profit which she cleared on the cargo.
Macaulay.

To clear a ship at the customhouse , to exhibit the documents required by law, give bonds, or perform other acts requisite, and procure a permission to sail, and such papers as the law requires. -- To clear a ship for action , or To clear for action (Nautical) , to remove incumbrances from the decks, and prepare for an engagement. -- To clear the land (Nautical) , to gain such a distance from shore as to have sea room, and be out of danger from the land. -- To clear hawse (Nautical) , to disentangle the cables when twisted. -- To clear up , to explain; to dispel, as doubts, cares or fears.

Clear (klēr) intransitive verb
1. To become free from clouds or fog; to become fair; -- often followed by up , off , or away .

So foul a sky clears not without a storm.
Shak.

Advise him to stay till the weather clears up.
Swift.

2. To disengage one's self from incumbrances, distress, or entanglements; to become free. [ Obsolete]

He that clears at once will relapse; for finding himself out of straits, he will revert to his customs; but he that cleareth by degrees induceth a habit of frugality.
Bacon.

3. (Banking) To make exchanges of checks and bills, and settle balances, as is done in a clearing house.

4. To obtain a clearance; as, the steamer cleared for Liverpool to-day.

To clear out , to go or run away; to depart. [ Colloq.]

Clear-cut adjective
1. Having a sharp, distinct outline, like that of a cameo.

She has . . . a cold and clear-cut face.
Tennyson.

2. Concisely and distinctly expressed.

Clear-headed (klēr"hĕd`ĕd) adjective Having a clear understanding; quick of perception; intelligent. "He was laborious and clear- headed ." Macaulay.

-- Clear"-head`ed*ness , noun

Clearage noun The act of removing anything; clearance. [ R.]

Clearance (- a ns) noun
1. The act of clearing; as, to make a thorough clearance .

2. A certificate that a ship or vessel has been cleared at the customhouse; permission to sail.

Every ship was subject to seizure for want of stamped clearances .
Durke

3. Clear or net profit. Trollope.

4. (Machinery) The distance by which one object clears another, as the distance between the piston and cylinder head at the end of a stroke in a steam engine, or the least distance between the point of a cogwheel tooth and the bottom of a space between teeth of a wheel with which it engages.

Clearance space (Steam engine) , the space inclosed in one end of the cylinder, between the valve or valves and the piston, at the beginning of a stroke; waste room. It includes the space caused by the piston's clearance and the space in ports, passageways, etc. Its volume is often expressed as a certain proportion of the volume swept by the piston in a single stroke.

Clearcole noun [ French claire colle clear glue; clair clear (f. claire ) + colle glue, Greek ...] A priming of size mixed with whiting or white lead, used in house painting, etc.; also, a size upon which gold leaf is applied in gilding.

Clearcole transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Clearcoled ; present participle & verbal noun Clearcoling .] To coat or paint with clearcole.

Clearedness noun The quality of being cleared.

Imputed by his friends to the clearedness , by his foes to the searedness, of his conscience.
T. Fuller.

Clearer noun
1. One who, or that which, clears.

Gold is a wonderful clearer of the understanding.
Addison.

2. (Nautical) A tool of which the hemp for lines and twines, used by sailmakers, is finished.

Clearing noun
1. The act or process of making clear.

The better clearing of this point.
South.

2. A tract of land cleared of wood for cultivation.

A lonely clearing on the shores of Moxie Lake.
J. Burroughs.

3. A method adopted by banks and bankers for making an exchange of checks held by each against the others, and settling differences of accounts.

» In England, a similar method has been adopted by railroads for adjusting their accounts with each other.

4. The gross amount of the balances adjusted in the clearing house.

Clearing house , the establishment where the business of clearing is carried on. See above , 3 .