Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Clear-seeing adjective Having a clear physical or mental vision; having a clear understanding.

Clear-shining adjective Shining brightly. Shak.

Clear-sighted (-sīt`ĕd) adjective Seeing with clearness; discerning; as, clear-sighted reason.

Clear-sightedness noun Acute discernment.

Clearly adverb In a clear manner.

Clearness noun The quality or state of being clear.

Syn. -- Clearness , Perspicuity . Clearness has reference to our ideas, and springs from a distinct conception of the subject under consideration. Perspicuity has reference to the mode of expressing our ideas and belongs essentially to style. Hence we speak of a writer as having clear ideas, a clear arrangement, and perspicuous phraseology. We do at times speak of a person's having great clearness of style; but in such cases we are usually thinking of the clearness of his ideas as manifested in language. "Whenever men think clearly , and are thoroughly interested, they express themselves with perspicuity and force." Robertson.

Clearstarch transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Clearstarched ; present participle & verbal noun Clearstraching .] To stiffen with starch, and then make clear by clapping with the hands; as, to clearstarch muslin.

Clearstarcher noun One who clearstarches.

Clearstory, Clerestory noun (Architecture) The upper story of the nave of a church, containing windows, and rising above the aisle roofs.

Clearwing noun (Zoology) A lepidopterous insect with partially transparent wings, of the family Ægeriadæ, of which the currant and peach-tree borers are examples.

Cleat (klēt) noun [ Middle English clete wedge; confer Dutch kloot ball, German kloss , klotz , lump. clod, Middle High German klōz lump, ball, wedge, Old High German chlōz ball, round mass.]


1. (Carp.) A strip of wood or iron fastened on transversely to something in order to give strength, prevent warping, hold position, etc.

2. (Nautical) A device made of wood or metal, having two arms, around which turns may be taken with a line or rope so as to hold securely and yet be readily released. It is bolted by the middle to a deck or mast, etc., or it may be lashed to a rope.

Cleat transitive verb To strengthen with a cleat.

Cleavable adjective Capable of cleaving or being divided.

Cleavage noun
1. The act of cleaving or splitting.

2. (Crystallog.) The quality possessed by many crystallized substances of splitting readily in one or more definite directions, in which the cohesive attraction is a minimum, affording more or less smooth surfaces; the direction of the dividing plane; a fragment obtained by cleaving, as of a diamond. See Parting .

3. (Geol.) Division into laminæ, like slate, with the lamination not necessarily parallel to the plane of deposition; -- usually produced by pressure.

Basal cleavage , cleavage parallel to the base of a crystal, or to the plane of the lateral axes. -- Cell cleavage (Biol.) , multiplication of cells by fission. See Segmentation . -- Cubic cleavage , cleavage parallel to the faces of a cube. -- Diagonal cleavage , cleavage parallel to ta diagonal plane. -- Egg clavage . (Biol.) See Segmentation . -- Lateral cleavage , cleavage parallel to the lateral planes. -- Octahedral, Dodecahedral, or Rhombohedral, cleavage , cleavage parallel to the faces of an octahedron, dodecahedron, or rhombohedron. -- Prismatic cleavage , cleavage parallel to a vertical prism.

Cleave (klēv) intransitive verb [ imperfect Cleaved (klēvd), Clave (klāv, Obsolete); past participle Cleaved ; present participle & verbal noun Cleaving .] [ Middle English cleovien , clivien , cliven , Anglo-Saxon cleofian , clifian ; akin to Old Saxon klibōn , German kleben , LG. kliven , Dutch kleven , Danish klæbe , Swedish klibba , and also to German kleiben to cleve, paste, Icelandic klīfa to climb. Confer Climb .]
1. To adhere closely; to stick; to hold fast; to cling.

My bones cleave to my skin.
Ps. cii. 5.

The diseases of Egypt . . . shall cleave unto thee.
Deut. xxviii. 60.

Sophistry cleaves close to and protects
Sin's rotten trunk, concealing its defects.
Cowper.

2. To unite or be united closely in interest or affection; to adhere with strong attachment.

Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife.
Gen. ii. 24.

Cleave unto the Lord your God.
Josh. xxiii. 8.

3. To fit; to be adapted; to assimilate. [ Poetic.]

New honors come upon him,
Like our strange garments, cleave not to their mold
But with the aid of use.
Shak.

Cleave (klēv) transitive verb [ imperfect Cleft (klĕft), Clave (klāv, Obsolete), Clove (klōv, Obsolescent); past participle Cleft , Cleaved (klēvd) or Cloven (klō"v'n); present participle & verbal noun Cleaving .] [ Middle English cleoven , cleven , Anglo-Saxon cleófan ; akin to Old Saxon klioban , Dutch klooven , German klieben , Icelandic kljūfa , Swedish klyfva , Danish klöve and probably to Greek gly`fein to carve, Latin glubere to peel. Confer Cleft .]
1. To part or divide by force; to split or rive; to cut.

O Hamlet, thou hast cleft my heart in twain.
Shak.

2. To part or open naturally; to divide.

Every beast that parteth the hoof, and cleaveth the cleft into two claws.
Deut. xiv. 6.

Cleave intransitive verb To part; to open; to crack; to separate; as parts of bodies; as, the ground cleaves by frost.

The Mount of Olives shall cleave in the midst.
Zech. xiv. 4.

Cleavelandite noun [ From Professor Parker Cleaveland .] (Min.) A variety of albite, white and lamellar in structure.

Cleaver noun One who cleaves, or that which cleaves; especially, a butcher's instrument for cutting animal bodies into joints or pieces.

Cleavers noun [ From Cleave to stick.] (Botany) A species of Galium ( G. Aparine ), having a fruit set with hooked bristles, which adhere to whatever they come in contact with; -- called also, goose grass , catchweed , etc.

Cléché adjective [ French cléché .] (Her.) Charged with another bearing of the same figure, and of the color of the field, so large that only a narrow border of the first bearing remains visible; -- said of any heraldic bearing. Compare Voided .

Clechy adjective See Cléché .

Cledge noun [ Confer Clay .] (Mining.) The upper stratum of fuller's earth.

Cledgy adjective Stiff, stubborn, clayey, or tenacious; as, a cledgy soil. Halliwell.

Clee (klē) noun A claw. [ Obsolete] Holland.

Clee noun (Zoology) The redshank.

Cleek noun
1. A large hook or crook, as for a pot over a fire; specif., an iron-headed golf club with a straight, narrow face and a long shaft.

2. Act of cleeking; a clutch. [ Scot.]

Cleek transitive verb [ pret. Claught ; pret. & past participle Cleeked ; present participle & verbal noun Cleeking .] [ Middle English cleken , clechen , to seize, clutch; perhaps akin to English clutch .] [ Scot & Dial. Eng.]
1. To seize; clutch; snatch; catch; pluck.

2. To catch or draw out with a cleek, as a fish; to hook.

3. To hook or link (together); hence, to marry. Scott.

Clef (klĕf; 277) noun [ French clef key, a key in music, from Latin clavis key. See Clavicle .] (Mus.) A character used in musical notation to determine the position and pitch of the scale as represented on the staff.

» The clefs are three in number, called the C, F, and G clefs , and are probably corruptions or modifications of these letters. They indicate that the letters of absolute pitch belonging to the lines upon which they are placed, are respectively C, F, and G. The F or bass clef , and the G or treble clef , are fixed in their positions upon the staff. The C clef may have three positions. It may be placed upon the first or lower line of the staff, in which case it is called soprano clef , upon the third line, in which case it called alto clef , or upon the fourth line, in which case tenor clef . It rarely or never is placed upon the second line, except in ancient music. See other forms of C clef under C, 2.

Alto clef , Bass clef . See under Alto , Bass .

Cleft (klĕft), imperfect & past participle from Cleave .

Cleft adjective
1. Divided; split; partly divided or split.

2. (Botany) Incised nearly to the midrib; as, a cleft leaf.

Cleft noun [ Middle English clift ; confer Swedish klyft cave, den, Icelandic kluft cleft, Danish klöft , German kluft . See Cleave to split and confer 2d Clift , 1st Clough .]
1. A space or opening made by splitting; a crack; a crevice; as, the cleft of a rock. Is. ii. 21.

2. A piece made by splitting; as, a cleft of wood.

3. (Far.) A disease in horses; a crack on the band of the pastern.

Branchial clefts . See under Branchial .

Syn. -- Crack; crevice; fissure; chink; cranny.

Cleft-footed adjective Having a cloven foot.

Cleftgraft transitive verb To ingraft by cleaving the stock and inserting a scion. Mortimer.

Cleg noun [ Northern Eng. & Scot. gleg : confer Gael. crethleag .] (Zoology) A small breeze or horsefly. [ North of Eng. & Scot.] Jamieson.

Cleistogamic, Cleistogamous adjective [ Greek ... closed (fr. ... to shut) + ga`mos marriage.] (Botany) Having, beside the usual flowers, other minute, closed flowers, without petals or with minute petals; -- said of certain species of plants which possess flowers of two or more kinds, the closed ones being so constituted as to insure self-fertilization. Darwin.

Clem (klĕm) transitive verb & i. [ Confer clam to clog, or German klemmen to pinch, Icelandic klömbra , English clamp .] To starve; to famish. [ Obsolete] B. Jonson.

Clematis (klĕm"ȧ*tĭs) noun [ New Latin , from Greek klhmati`s brushwood, also (from its long, lithe branches) clematis. from klh^ma twig, shoot, from kla^n to break off.] (Botany) A genus of flowering plants, of many species, mostly climbers, having feathery styles, which greatly enlarge in the fruit; -- called also virgin's bower .

Clemence noun Clemency. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

Clemency noun ; plural Clemencies . [ Latin clementia , from clemens mild, calm.]
1. Disposition to forgive and spare, as offenders; mildness of temper; gentleness; tenderness; mercy.

Great clemency and tender zeal toward their subjects.
Stowe.

They had applied for the royal clemency .
Macaulay.

2. Mildness or softness of the elements; as, the clemency of the season.

Syn. -- Mildness; tenderness; indulgence; lenity; mercy; gentleness; compassion; kindness.

Clement adjective [ Latin clemens ; -entis ; confer French cl...ment .] Mild in temper and disposition; merciful; compassionate. Shak.

-- Clem"ent*ly , adverb

Clementine adjective Of or pertaining to Clement, esp. to St. Clement of Rome and the spurious homilies attributed to him, or to Pope Clement V. and his compilations of canon law.

Clench noun & transitive verb See Clinch .

Cleopatra's needle [ So named after Cleopatra , queen of Egypt.] Either of two obelisks which were moved in ancient times from Heliopolis to Alexandria, one of which is now on the Thames Embankment in London, and the other in Central Park, in the City of New York.

» Some writers consider that only the obelisk now in Central Park is properly called Cleopatra's needle .

Clepe (klēp) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Cleped (klēp"ĕd) or (klēpt); present participle & verbal noun Cleping . Confer Ycleped .] [ Anglo-Saxon clepan , cleopian , clipian , clypian , to cry, call.] To call, or name. [ Obsolete]

That other son was cleped Cambalo.
Chaucer.

Clepe intransitive verb To make appeal; to cry out. [ Obsolete]

Wandering in woe, and to the heavens on high
Cleping for vengeance of this treachery.
Mir. for Mag.

Clepsine noun (Zoology) A genus of fresh-water leeches, furnished with a proboscis. They feed upon mollusks and worms.

Clepsydra noun [ Latin from Greek ...; ... to steal, conceal + ... water.] A water clock; a contrivance for measuring time by the graduated flow of a liquid, as of water, through a small aperture. See Illust. in Appendix .

Cleptomania noun [ New Latin ] See Kleptomania .

Clerestory (klēr"stō`rȳ) noun Same as Clearstory .