Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Baston (băs"tŭn) noun [ Old French baston , French bâton , Late Latin basto . See Bastion , and confer Baton , and 3d Batten .]


1. A staff or cudgel. [ Obsolete] "To fight with blunt bastons ." Holland.

2. (Her.) See Baton .

3. An officer bearing a painted staff, who formerly was in attendance upon the king's court to take into custody persons committed by the court. Mozley & W.

Basutos noun plural ; sing. Basuto (Ethnol.) A warlike South African people of the Bantu stock, divided into many tribes, subject to the English. They formerly practiced cannibalism, but have now adopted many European customs.

Basyle (băs"ĭl or bās"ĭl) noun [ Greek ba`sis base + "y`lh wood. See -yl .] (Chemistry) A positive or nonacid constituent of a compound, either elementary, or, if compound, performing the functions of an element.

Basylous adjective Pertaining to, or having the nature of, a basyle; electro-positive; basic; -- opposed to chlorous . Graham.

Bat (băt) noun [ Middle English batte , botte , Anglo-Saxon batt ; perhaps from the Celtic; confer Ir. bat , bata , stick, staff; but confer also French batte a beater (thing), wooden sword, battre to beat.]


1. A large stick; a club; specifically, a piece of wood with one end thicker or broader than the other, used in playing baseball, cricket, etc.

2. (Mining) Shale or bituminous shale. Kirwan.

3. A sheet of cotton used for filling quilts or comfortables; batting.

4. A part of a brick with one whole end.

Bat bolt (Machinery) , a bolt barbed or jagged at its butt or tang to make it hold the more firmly. Knight.

Bat transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Batted (băt"tĕd); present participle & verbal noun Batting .] To strike or hit with a bat or a pole; to cudgel; to beat. Holland.

Bat intransitive verb To use a bat, as in a game of baseball.

Bat noun [ Corrupt. from Middle English back , backe , balke ; confer Dan. aften- bakke ( aften evening), Swedish natt- backa ( natt night), Icelandic leðr- blaka ( leðr leather), Icelandic blaka to flutter.] (Zoology) One of the Cheiroptera, an order of flying mammals, in which the wings are formed by a membrane stretched between the elongated fingers, legs, and tail. The common bats are small and insectivorous. See Cheiroptera and Vampire .

Silent bats in drowsy clusters cling.
Goldsmith.

Bat tick (Zoology) , a wingless, dipterous insect of the genus Nycteribia , parasitic on bats.

Bat noun [ Siamese.] Same as Tical , noun , 1.

Bat transitive verb & i.
1. To bate or flutter, as a hawk. [ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.]

2. To wink. [ Local, U. S. & Prov Eng.]

Bat noun
1. In badminton, tennis, and similar games, a racket.

2. A stroke; a sharp blow. [ Colloq. or Slang]

3. A stroke of work. [ Scot. & Prov. Eng.]

4. Rate of motion; speed. [ Colloq.] "A vast host of fowl . . . making at full bat for the North Sea." Pall Mall Mag.

5. A spree; a jollification. [ Slang, U. S.]

6. Manner; rate; condition; state of health. [ Scot. & Prov. Eng.]

Bat printing (Ceramics) A mode of printing on glazed ware.

Batable adjective [ Abbrev. from debatable .] Disputable. [ Obsolete]

» The border land between England and Scotland, being formerly a subject of contention, was called batable or debatable ground.

Batailled adjective Embattled. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Batardeau noun [ French]
1. A cofferdam. Brande & C.

2. (Mil.) A wall built across the ditch of a fortification, with a sluice gate to regulate the height of water in the ditch on both sides of the wall.

Batatas Ba*ta"ta noun An aboriginal American name for the sweet potato ( Ipomæa batatas ).

Batavian adjective Of or pertaining to (a) the Batavi, an ancient Germanic tribe; or to (b) Batavia or Holland; as, a Batavian legion.

Batavian Republic , the name given to Holland by the French after its conquest in 1795.

Batavian noun A native or inhabitant of Batavia or Holland. [ R.] Bancroft.

Batch noun [ Middle English bache , bacche , from Anglo-Saxon bacan to bake; confer German gebäck and Dutch baksel . See Bake , transitive verb ]


1. The quantity of bread baked at one time.

2. A quantity of anything produced at one operation; a group or collection of persons or things of the same kind; as, a batch of letters; the next batch of business. "A new batch of Lords." Lady M. W. Montagu.

Bate noun [ Prob. abbrev. from debate .] Strife; contention. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Bate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Bated ; present participle & verbal noun Bating .] [ From abate .]
1. To lessen by retrenching, deducting, or reducing; to abate; to beat down; to lower.

He must either bate the laborer's wages, or not employ or not pay him.
Locke.

2. To allow by way of abatement or deduction.

To whom he bates nothing of what he stood upon with the parliament.
South.

3. To leave out; to except. [ Obsolete]

Bate me the king, and, be he flesh and blood,
He lies that says it.
Beau. & Fl.

4. To remove. [ Obsolete]

About autumn bate the earth from about the roots of olives, and lay them bare.
Holland.

5. To deprive of. [ Obsolete]

When baseness is exalted, do not bate
The place its honor for the person's sake.
Herbert.

Bate intransitive verb
1. To remit or retrench a part; -- with of .

Abate thy speed, and I will bate of mine.
Dryden.

2. To waste away. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Bate transitive verb To attack; to bait. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

Bate imperfect of Bite . [ Obsolete] Spenser.

Bate intransitive verb [ French battre des ailes to flutter. Confer Bait to flutter.] To flutter as a hawk; to bait. [ Obsolete] Bacon.

Bate noun (Jewish Antiq.) See 2d Bath .

Bate noun [ Confer Swedish beta maceration, soaking, German beize , and English bite .] An alkaline solution consisting of the dung of certain animals; -- employed in the preparation of hides; grainer. Knight.

Bate transitive verb To steep in bate, as hides, in the manufacture of leather.

Bateau noun ; plural Bateaux [ French bateau , Late Latin batellus , from battus , batus , boat, which agrees with Anglo-Saxon bāt boat: confer W. bad boat. See Boat , noun ] A boat; esp. a flat-bottomed, clumsy boat used on the Canadian lakes and rivers. [ Written also, but less properly, batteau .]

Bateau bridge , a floating bridge supported by bateaux.

Bated adjective Reduced; lowered; restrained; as, to speak with bated breath. Macaulay.

Bateful adjective Exciting contention; contentious. [ Obsolete] "It did bateful question frame." Sidney.

Bateless adjective Not to be abated. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Batement noun [ For Abatement . See 2d Bate .] Abatement; diminution. Moxon.

Batement light (Architecture) , a window or one division of a window having vertical sides, but with the sill not horizontal, as where it follows the rake of a staircase.

Batfish noun (Zoology) A name given to several species of fishes: (a) The Malthe vespertilio of the Atlantic coast. (b) The flying gurnard of the Atlantic ( Cephalacanthus spinarella ). (c) The California batfish or sting ray ( Myliobatis Californicus .)

Batfowler noun One who practices or finds sport in batfowling.

Batfowling noun [ From Bat a stick.] A mode of catching birds at night, by holding a torch or other light, and beating the bush or perch where they roost. The birds, flying to the light, are caught with nets or otherwise.

Batful (băt"ful) adjective [ Icelandic bati amelioration, batna to grow better; akin to Anglo-Saxon bet better. Goth. ga-batnan to profit. √255. Confer Batten , intransitive verb , Better .] Rich; fertile. [ Obsolete] " Batful valleys." Drayton.

Bath (bȧth; 61) noun ; plural Baths (bȧ&thlig;z). [ Anglo-Saxon bæð ; akin to Old Saxon & Icelandic bað , Swedish , Dan., D., & German bad , and perhaps to German bähen to foment.]
1. The act of exposing the body, or part of the body, for purposes of cleanliness, comfort, health, etc., to water, vapor, hot air, or the like; as, a cold or a hot bath ; a medicated bath ; a steam bath ; a hip bath .

2. Water or other liquid for bathing.

3. A receptacle or place where persons may immerse or wash their bodies in water.

4. A building containing an apartment or a series of apartments arranged for bathing.

Among the ancients, the public baths were of amazing extent and magnificence.
Gwilt.

5. (Chemistry) A medium, as heated sand, ashes, steam, hot air, through which heat is applied to a body.

6. (Photog.) A solution in which plates or prints are immersed; also, the receptacle holding the solution.

» Bath is used adjectively or in combination, in an obvious sense of or for baths or bathing ; as, bath room, bath tub, bath keeper.

Douche bath . See Douche . -- Order of the Bath , a high order of British knighthood, composed of three classes, viz., knights grand cross, knights commanders, and knights companions, abbreviated thus: G. C. B., K. C. B., K. B. -- Russian bath , a kind of vapor bath which consists in a prolonged exposure of the body to the influence of the steam of water, followed by washings and shampooings. -- Turkish bath , a kind of bath in which a profuse perspiration is produced by hot air, after which the body is washed and shampooed. -- Bath house , a house used for the purpose of bathing; -- also a small house, near a bathing place, where a bather undresses and dresses.

Bath noun [ Hebrew ] A Hebrew measure containing the tenth of a homer, or five gallons and three pints, as a measure for liquids; and two pecks and five quarts, as a dry measure.

Bath (...; 61) noun A city in the west of England, resorted to for its hot springs, which has given its name to various objects.

Bath brick , a preparation of calcareous earth, in the form of a brick, used for cleaning knives, polished metal, etc. -- Bath chair , a kind of chair on wheels, as used by invalids at Bath. "People walked out, or drove out, or were pushed out in their Bath chairs ." Dickens. -- Bath metal , an alloy consisting of four and a half ounces of zinc and one pound of copper. -- Bath note , a folded writing paper, 8 1/2 by 14 inches. -- Bath stone , a species of limestone (oölite) found near Bath, used for building.

Bathe (bā&thlig;) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Bathed (bā&thlig;d); present participle & verbal noun Bathing .] [ Middle English baðien , Anglo-Saxon baðian , from bæð bath. See 1st Bath , and confer Bay to bathe.]
1. To wash by immersion, as in a bath; to subject to a bath.

Chancing to bathe himself in the River Cydnus.
South.

2. To lave; to wet. "The lake which bathed the foot of the Alban mountain." T. Arnold.

3. To moisten or suffuse with a liquid.

And let us bathe our hands in Cæsar's blood.
Shak.

4. To apply water or some liquid medicament to; as, to bathe the eye with warm water or with sea water; to bathe one's forehead with camphor.

5. To surround, or envelop, as water surrounds a person immersed. "The rosy shadows bathe me. " Tennyson. "The bright sunshine bathing all the world." Longfellow.

Bathe intransitive verb
1. To bathe one's self; to take a bath or baths. "They bathe in summer." Waller.

2. To immerse or cover one's self, as in a bath. "To bathe in fiery floods." Shak. " Bathe in the dimples of her cheek." Lloyd.

3. To bask in the sun. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Bathe noun The immersion of the body in water; as, to take one's usual bathe . Edin. Rev.

Bather (bā&thlig;"ẽr) noun One who bathes.

Bathetic adjective Having the character of bathos. [ R.]

Bathing noun Act of taking a bath or baths.

Bathing machine , a small room on wheels, to be driven into the water, for the convenience of bathers, who undress and dress therein.

Bathmism noun See Vital force .

Bathometer noun [ Greek ba`qos depth + -meter .] An instrument for measuring depths, esp. one for taking soundings without a sounding line.

Bathorse noun [ French bât packsaddle (cheval de bât packhorse) + English horse . See Bastard .] A horse which carries an officer's baggage during a campaign.

Bathos (bā"thŏs) noun [ Greek ba`qos depth, from baqy`s deep.] (Rhet.) A ludicrous descent from the elevated to the low, in writing or speech; anticlimax.