Encyclo - Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Barn (bärn) noun [ Middle English bern , Anglo-Saxon berern , bern ; bere barley + ern , ærn , a close place. √92. See Barley .] A covered building used chiefly for storing grain, hay, and other productions of a farm. In the United States a part of the barn is often used for stables.

Barn owl (Zoology) , an owl of Europe and America ( Aluco flammeus , or Strix flammea ), which frequents barns and other buildings. -- Barn swallow (Zoology) , the common American swallow ( Hirundo horreorum ), which attaches its nest of mud to the beams and rafters of barns.

Barn transitive verb To lay up in a barn. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Men . . . often barn up the chaff, and burn up the grain.
Fuller.

Barn noun A child. [ Obsolete] See Bairn .

Barnabite noun (Eccl. Hist.) A member of a religious order, named from St. Barnabas.

Barnacle noun [ Prob. from English barnacle a kind of goose, which was popularly supposed to grow from this shellfish; but perhaps from Late Latin bernacula for pernacula , dim. of perna ham, sea mussel; confer Greek pe`rna ham. Confer French bernacle , barnacle , English barnacle a goose; and Ir. bairneach , barneach , limpet.] (Zoology) Any cirriped crustacean adhering to rocks, floating timber, ships, etc., esp. (a) the sessile species (genus Balanus and allies), and (b) the stalked or goose barnacles (genus Lepas and allies). See Cirripedia , and Goose barnacle .

Barnacle eater (Zoology) , the orange filefish. -- Barnacle scale (Zoology) , a bark louse ( Ceroplastes cirripediformis ) of the orange and quince trees in Florida. The female scale curiously resembles a sessile barnacle in form.

Barnacle noun [ See Bernicle .] A bernicle goose.

Barnacle noun [ Middle English bernak , bernacle ; confer Old French bernac , and Prov. F. (Berri) berniques , spectacles.]
1. plural (Far.) An instrument for pinching a horse's nose, and thus restraining him. [ Formerly used in the sing. ]

The barnacles . . . give pain almost equal to that of the switch.
Youatt.

2. plural Spectacles; -- so called from their resemblance to the barnacles used by farriers. [ Cant, Eng.] Dickens.

Barnburner noun [ So called in allusion to the fable of the man who burned his barn in order to rid it of rats.] A member of the radical section of the Democratic party in New York, about the middle of the 19th century, which was hostile to extension of slavery, public debts, corporate privileges, etc., and supported Van Buren against Cass for president in 1848; -- opposed to Hunker . [ Political Cant, U. S.]

Barnstormer noun [ Barn + storm , v.] An itinerant theatrical player who plays in barns when a theatre is lacking; hence, an inferior actor, or one who plays in the country away from the larger cities. -- Barn"storm`ing , noun [ Theatrical Cant]

Barnyard noun A yard belonging to a barn.

Barocco adjective [ Italian ] (Architecture) See Baroque .

Barocyclonometer noun [ Greek ... weight + cyclone + -meter .] (Meteorol.) An aneroid barometer for use with accompanying graphic diagrams and printed directions designed to aid mariners to interpret the indications of the barometer so as to determine the existence of a violent storm at a distance of several hundred miles.

Barogram noun [ Greek ... weight + -gram .] (Meteor.) A tracing, usually made by the barograph, showing graphically the variations of atmospheric pressure for a given time.

Barograph noun [ Greek ba`ros weight + -graph .] (Meteor.) An instrument for recording automatically the variations of atmospheric pressure.

Baroko (bȧ*rō"ko) noun [ A mnemonic word.] (Logic) A form or mode of syllogism of which the first proposition is a universal affirmative, and the other two are particular negatives.

Barology noun [ Greek baros weight + -logy .] The science of weight or gravity.

Baromacrometer noun [ Greek baros weight + makro`s long + -meter .] (Medicine) An instrument for ascertaining the weight and length of a newborn infant.

Barometer noun [ Greek baros weight + -meter : confer French baromètre .] An instrument for determining the weight or pressure of the atmosphere, and hence for judging of the probable changes of weather, or for ascertaining the height of any ascent.

» The barometer was invented by Torricelli at Florence about 1643. It is made in its simplest form by filling a graduated glass tube about 34 inches long with mercury and inverting it in a cup containing mercury. The column of mercury in the tube descends until balanced by the weight of the atmosphere, and its rise or fall under varying conditions is a measure of the change in the atmospheric pressure. At the sea level its ordinary height is about 30 inches (760 millimeters). See Sympiesometer . Nichol.

Aneroid barometer . See Aneroid barometer , under Aneroid . -- Marine barometer , a barometer with tube contracted at bottom to prevent rapid oscillations of the mercury, and suspended in gimbals from an arm or support on shipboard. -- Mountain barometer , a portable mercurial barometer with tripod support, and long scale, for measuring heights. -- Siphon barometer , a barometer having a tube bent like a hook with the longer leg closed at the top. The height of the mercury in the longer leg shows the pressure of the atmosphere. -- Wheel barometer , a barometer with recurved tube, and a float, from which a cord passes over a pulley and moves an index.

Barometric (băr`o*mĕt"rĭk), Bar`o*met"ric*al (-mĕt"rĭ*k a l) adjective Pertaining to the barometer; made or indicated by a barometer; as, barometric changes; barometrical observations.

Barometrically adverb By means of a barometer, or according to barometric observations.

Barometrograph (-ro*grȧf) noun [ Greek baros weight + me`tron measure + -graph .] A form of barometer so constructed as to inscribe of itself upon paper a record of the variations of atmospheric pressure.

Barometry noun The art or process of making barometrical measurements.

Barometz noun [ Confer Russian baranets' clubmoss.] (Botany) The woolly-skinned rhizoma or rootstock of a fern ( Dicksonia barometz ), which, when specially prepared and inverted, somewhat resembles a lamb; -- called also Scythian lamb .

Baron noun [ Middle English baron , barun , Old French baron , accus. of ber , French baron , probably from Old High German baro (not found) bearer, akin to English bear to support; confer O. Frisian bere , Late Latin baro , Italian barone , Spanish varon . From the meaning bearer (of burdens) seem to have come the senses strong man , man (in distinction from woman), which is the oldest meaning in French, and lastly, nobleman . Confer Latin baro , simpleton. See Bear to support.]


1. A title or degree of nobility; originally, the possessor of a fief, who had feudal tenants under him; in modern times, in France and Germany, a nobleman next in rank below a count; in England, a nobleman of the lowest grade in the House of Lords, being next below a viscount.

» "The tenants in chief from the Crown, who held lands of the annual value of four hundred pounds, were styled Barons ; and it is to them, and not to the members of the lowest grade of the nobility (to whom the title at the present time belongs), that reference is made when we read of the Barons of the early days of England's history. . . . Barons are addressed as ‘My Lord,' and are styled ‘Right Honorable.' All their sons and daughters are ‘Honorable.'" Cussans.

2. (Old Law) A husband; as, baron and feme , husband and wife. [ R.] Cowell.

Baron of beef , two sirloins not cut asunder at the backbone. -- Barons of the Cinque Ports , formerly members of the House of Commons, elected by the seven Cinque Ports, two for each port. -- Barons of the exchequer , the judges of the Court of Exchequer, one of the three ancient courts of England, now abolished.

Baronage noun [ Middle English barnage , baronage , Old French barnage , French baronnage ; confer Late Latin baronagium .]
1. The whole body of barons or peers.

The baronage of the kingdom.
Bp. Burnet.

2. The dignity or rank of a baron.

3. The land which gives title to a baron. [ Obsolete]

Baroness noun A baron's wife; also, a lady who holds the baronial title in her own right; as, the Baroness Burdett-Coutts.

Baronet noun [ Baron + - et .] A dignity or degree of honor next below a baron and above a knight, having precedency of all orders of knights except those of the Garter. It is the lowest degree of honor that is hereditary. The baronets are commoners.

» The order was founded by James I. in 1611, and is given by patent. The word, however, in the sense of a lesser baron, was in use long before. "Baronets have the title of 'Sir' prefixed to their Christian names; their surnames being followed by their dignity, usually abbreviated Bart . Their wives are addressed as 'Lady' or 'Madam'. Their sons are possessed of no title beyond 'Esquire.'" Cussans.

Baronetage noun
1. State or rank of a baronet.

2. The collective body of baronets.

Baronetcy noun The rank or patent of a baronet.

Barong noun [ Native name.] A kind of cutting weapon with a thick back and thin razorlike edge, used by the Moros of the Philippine Islands.

Baronial adjective Pertaining to a baron or a barony. " Baronial tenure." Hallam.

Barony noun ; plural Baronies [ Old French baronie , French baronnie , Late Latin baronia . See Baron .]
1. The fee or domain of a baron; the lordship, dignity, or rank of a baron.

2. In Ireland, a territorial division, corresponding nearly to the English hundred , and supposed to have been originally the district of a native chief. There are 252 of these baronies. In Scotland, an extensive freehold. It may be held by a commoner. Brande & C.

Baroque adjective [ F.; confer Italian barocco .] (Architecture) In bad taste; grotesque; odd.

Baroque adjective Irregular in form; -- said esp. of a pearl.

Baroscope (băr"o*skōp) noun [ Greek baros weight + -scope : confer French baroscope .] Any instrument showing the changes in the weight of the atmosphere; also, less appropriately, any instrument that indicates or foreshadows changes of the weather, as a deep vial of liquid holding in suspension some substance which rises and falls with atmospheric changes.

Baroscopic, Baroscopical adjective Pertaining to, or determined by, the baroscope.

Barothermograph noun [ Greek ... weight + thermograph .] An instrument for recording both pressure and temperature, as of the atmosphere.

Barouche noun [ German barutsche , Italian baroccio , biroccio , Late Latin barrotium , from Latin birotus two-wheeled; bi- =bis twice + rota wheel.] A four-wheeled carriage, with a falling top, a seat on the outside for the driver, and two double seats on the inside arranged so that the sitters on the front seat face those on the back seat.

Barouchet noun A kind of light barouche.

Barpost noun A post sunk in the ground to receive the bars closing a passage into a field.

Barque noun Same as 3d Bark , noun

Barracan noun [ French baracan , bouracan (cf. Pr. barracan , Italian baracane , Spanish barragan , Portuguese barregana , Late Latin barracanus ), from Arabic barrakān a kind of black gown, perhaps from Persian barak a garment made of camel's hair.] A thick, strong stuff, somewhat like camlet; -- still used for outer garments in the Levant.

Barrack noun [ French baraque , from Italian baracca (cf. Spanish barraca ), from Late Latin barra bar. See Bar , noun ]


1. (Mil.) A building for soldiers, especially when in garrison. Commonly in the plural , originally meaning temporary huts, but now usually applied to a permanent structure or set of buildings.

He lodged in a miserable hut or barrack , composed of dry branches and thatched with straw.
Gibbon.

2. A movable roof sliding on four posts, to cover hay, straw, etc. [ Local, U.S.]

Barrack transitive verb To supply with barracks; to establish in barracks; as, to barrack troops.

Barrack intransitive verb To live or lodge in barracks.

Barraclade noun [ Dutch baar , OD. baer , naked, bare + kleed garment, i.e. , cloth undressed or without nap.] A home-made woolen blanket without nap. [ Local, New York] Bartlett.

Barracoon noun [ Spanish or Portuguese barraca . See Barrack .] A slave warehouse, or an inclosure where slaves are quartered temporarily. Du Chaillu.

Barracuda noun [ Native name.] Any of several voracious pikelike marine fishes allied to the gray mullets, constituting the genus Sphyræna and family Sphyrænidæ . The great barracuda ( S. barracuda ) of the West Indies, Florida, etc., is often six feet or more long, and as dangerous as a shark. In Cuba its flesh is reputed to be poisonous. S. Argentea of the Pacific coast and S. sphyræna of Europe are smaller species, and are used as food.

Barracuda, Barracouta noun
1. (Zoology) A voracious, pikelike, marine fish, of the genus Sphyræna , sometimes used as food.

» That of Europe and our Atlantic coast is Sphyræna spet (or S. vulgaris ); a southern species is S. picuda ; the Californian is S. argentea .

2. (Zoology) A large edible fresh-water fish of Australia and New Zealand ( Thyrsites atun ).

Barrage noun [ French, from barrer to bar, from barre bar.] (Engineering) An artificial bar or obstruction placed in a river or watercourse to increase the depth of water; as, the barrages of the Nile.

Barramundi noun [ Written also barramunda .] [ Native name.] (Zoology) (a) A remarkable Australian fresh-water ganoid fish of the genus Ceratodus. (b) An Australian river fish ( Osteoglossum Leichhardtii ).