Encyclo - Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Bargainor noun (Law) One who makes a bargain, or contracts with another; esp., one who sells, or contracts to sell, property to another. Blackstone.

Barge noun [ Old French barge , French berge , from Late Latin barca , for barica (not found), probably from Latin baris an Egyptian rowboat, from Greek ... , probably from Egyptian: confer Coptic bari a boat. Confer Bark a vessel.]
1. A pleasure boat; a vessel or boat of state, elegantly furnished and decorated.

2. A large, roomy boat for the conveyance of passengers or goods; as, a ship's barge ; a charcoal barge .

3. A large boat used by flag officers.

4. A double-decked passenger or freight vessel, towed by a steamboat. [ U.S.]

5. A large omnibus used for excursions. [ Local, U.S.]

Bargeboard noun [ Perh. corrup. of vergeboard ; or confer Late Latin bargus a kind of gallows.] A vergeboard.

Bargecourse noun [ See Bargeboard .] (Architecture) A part of the tiling which projects beyond the principal rafters, in buildings where there is a gable. Gwilt.

Bargee noun A bargeman. [ Eng.]

Bargeman noun The man who manages a barge, or one of the crew of a barge.

Bargemastter noun The proprietor or manager of a barge, or one of the crew of a barge.

Barger noun The manager of a barge. [ Obsolete]

Barghest noun [ Perh. German berg mountain + geist demon, or bär a bear + geist .] A goblin, in the shape of a large dog, portending misfortune. [ Also written barguest .]

Baria noun [ Confer Barium .] (Chemistry) Baryta.

Baric (băr"ĭk) adjective (Chemistry) Of or pertaining to barium; as, baric oxide.

Baric adjective [ Greek ba`ros weight.] (Physics) Of or pertaining to weight, esp. to the weight or pressure of the atmosphere as measured by the barometer.

Barilla (bȧ*rĭl"lȧ) noun [ Spanish barrilla .]
1. (Botany) A name given to several species of Salsola from which soda is made, by burning the barilla in heaps and lixiviating the ashes.

2. (Com.) (a) The alkali produced from the plant, being an impure carbonate of soda, used for making soap, glass, etc., and for bleaching purposes. (b) Impure soda obtained from the ashes of any seashore plant, or kelp. Ure.

Copper barilla (Min.) , native copper in granular form mixed with sand, an ore brought from Bolivia; -- called also Barilla de cobre .

Barillet noun [ French, dim. of baril barrel.] A little cask, or something resembling one. Smart.

Barite noun (Min.) Native sulphate of barium, a mineral occurring in transparent, colorless, white to yellow crystals (generally tabular), also in granular form, and in compact massive forms resembling marble. It has a high specific gravity, and hence is often called heavy spar . It is a common mineral in metallic veins.

Baritone adjective & noun See Barytone .

Barium noun [ New Latin , from Greek bary`s heavy.] (Chemistry) One of the elements, belonging to the alkaline earth group; a metal having a silver-white color, and melting at a very high temperature. It is difficult to obtain the pure metal, from the facility with which it becomes oxidized in the air. Atomic weight, 137. Symbol, Ba. Its oxide called baryta . [ Rarely written barytum .]

» Some of the compounds of this element are remarkable for their high specific gravity, as the sulphate, called heavy spar , and the like. The oxide was called barote , by Guyton de Morveau, which name was changed by Lavoisier to baryta , whence the name of the metal.

Bark (bärk) noun [ Akin to Dan. & Swedish bark , Icelandic börkr , LG. & HG. borke .]
1. The exterior covering of the trunk and branches of a tree; the rind.

2. Specifically, Peruvian bark.

Bark bed . See Bark stove (below). -- Bark pit , a pit filled with bark and water, in which hides are steeped in tanning. -- Bark stove (Hort.) , a glazed structure for keeping tropical plants, having a bed of tanner's bark (called a bark bed ) or other fermentable matter which produces a moist heat.

Bark transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Barked (bärkt); present participle & verbal noun Barking .]
1. To strip the bark from; to peel.

2. To abrade or rub off any outer covering from; as to bark one's heel.

3. To girdle. See Girdle , transitive verb , 3.

4. To cover or inclose with bark, or as with bark; as, to bark the roof of a hut.

Bark intransitive verb [ Middle English berken , Anglo-Saxon beorcan ; akin to Icelandic berkja , and probably to English break .]
1. To make a short, loud, explosive noise with the vocal organs; -- said of some animals, but especially of dogs.

2. To make a clamor; to make importunate outcries.

They bark , and say the Scripture maketh heretics.
Tyndale.

Where there is the barking of the belly, there no other commands will be heard, much less obeyed.
Fuller.

Bark noun The short, loud, explosive sound uttered by a dog; a similar sound made by some other animals.

Bark beetle (Zoology) A small beetle of many species (family Scolytidæ ), which in the larval state bores under or in the bark of trees, often doing great damage.

Bark louse (Zoology) An insect of the family Coccidæ , which infests the bark of trees and vines.

» The wingless females assume the shape of scales. The bark louse of the vine is Pulvinaria innumerabilis ; that of the pear is Lecanium pyri . See Orange scale .

Bark, Barque noun [ French barque , from Spanish or Italian barca , from Late Latin barca for barica . See Barge .]


1. Formerly, any small sailing vessel, as a pinnace, fishing smack, etc.; also, a rowing boat; a barge. Now applied poetically to a sailing vessel or boat of any kind. Byron.

2. (Nautical) A three-masted vessel, having her foremast and mainmast square-rigged, and her mizzenmast schooner- rigged.

Barkantine noun Same as Barkentine .

Barkbound adjective Prevented from growing, by having the bark too firm or close.

Barkeeper noun One who keeps or tends a bar for the sale of liquors.

Barken adjective Made of bark. [ Poetic] Whittier.

Barkentine noun [ See Bark , noun , a vessel.] (Nautical) A threemasted vessel, having the foremast square-rigged, and the others schooner-rigged. [ Spelled also barquentine , barkantine , etc.] See Illust. in Append.

Barker noun
1. An animal that barks; hence, any one who clamors unreasonably.

2. One who stands at the doors of shops to urg... passers by to make purchases. [ Cant, Eng.]

3. A pistol. [ Slang] Dickens.

4. (Zoology) The spotted redshank.

Barker noun One who strips trees of their bark.

Barker's mill [ From Dr. Barker , the inventor.] A machine, invented in the 17th century, worked by a form of reaction wheel. The water flows into a vertical tube and gushes from apertures in hollow horizontal arms, causing the machine to revolve on its axis.

Barkery (-ẽr*ȳ) noun A tanhouse.

Barking irons
1. Instruments used in taking off the bark of trees. Gardner.

2. A pair of pistols. [ Slang]

Barkless adjective Destitute of bark.

Barky adjective Covered with, or containing, bark. "The barky fingers of the elm." Shak.

Barley noun [ Middle English barli , barlich , Anglo-Saxon bærlic ; bere barley + līc (which is probably the same as English like , adj., or perhaps a form of Anglo-Saxon leāc leek). Anglo-Saxon bere is akin to Icel, barr barley, Goth. barizeins made of barley, Latin far spelt; confer W. barlys barley, bara bread. ...92. Confer Farina , 6th Bear .] (Botany) A valuable grain, of the family of grasses, genus Hordeum , used for food, and for making malt, from which are prepared beer, ale, and whisky.

Barley bird (Zoology) , the siskin. -- Barley sugar , sugar boiled till it is brittle (formerly with a decoction of barley) and candied. -- Barley water , a decoction of barley, used in medicine, as a nutritive and demulcent.

Barley-bree (-brē`) noun [ Lit. barley broth. See Brew .] Liquor made from barley; strong ale. [ Humorous] [ Scot.] Burns.

Barleybrake, Barleybreak (bär"lȳ*brāk`) noun An ancient rural game, commonly played round stacks of barley, or other grain, in which some of the party attempt to catch others who run from a goal.

Barleycorn noun [ See Corn .]
1. A grain or "corn" of barley.

2. Formerly , a measure of length, equal to the average length of a grain of barley; the third part of an inch.

John Barleycorn , a humorous personification of barley as the source of malt liquor or whisky.

Barm (bärm) noun [ Middle English berme , Anglo-Saxon beorma ; akin to Swedish bärma , German bärme , and probably Latin fermentum . √93.] Foam rising upon beer, or other malt liquors, when fermenting, and used as leaven in making bread and in brewing; yeast. Shak.

Barm noun [ Middle English bearm , berm , barm , Anglo-Saxon bearm ; akin to English bear to support.] The lap or bosom. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Barmaid noun A girl or woman who attends the customers of a bar, as in a tavern or beershop.

A bouncing barmaid .
W. Irving.

Barmaster noun [ Berg + master : confer German Bergmeister .] Formerly, a local judge among miners; now, an officer of the barmote. [ Eng.]

Barmcloth (bärm"klŏth) noun Apron. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Barmecidal adjective [ See Barmecide .] Unreal; illusory. "A sort of Barmecidal feast." Hood.

Barmecide noun [ A prince of the Barmecide family, who, as related in the "Arabian Nights' Tales", pretended to set before the hungry Shacabac food, on which the latter pretended to feast.] One who proffers some illusory advantage or benefit. Also used as an adj. : Barmecidal. "A Barmecide feast." Dickens.

Barmote (bär"mōt`) noun [ Berg + mote meeting.] A court held in Derbyshire, in England, for deciding controversies between miners. Blount.

Barmy (bärm"ȳ) adjective Full of barm or froth; in a ferment. " Barmy beer." Dryden.