Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Ball-flower noun (Architecture) An ornament resembling a ball placed in a circular flower, the petals of which form a cup round it, -- usually inserted in a hollow molding.

Ballista noun ; plural Ballistæ [ Latin ballista , balista , from Greek ballein to throw.] An ancient military engine, in the form of a crossbow, used for hurling large missiles.

Ballister (băl"lĭs*tẽr or băl*lĭs"tẽr) noun [ Latin ballista . Confer Balister .] A crossbow. [ Obsolete]

Ballistic adjective
1. Of or pertaining to the ballista, or to the art of hurling stones or missile weapons by means of an engine.

2. Pertaining to projection, or to a projectile.

Ballistic pendulum , an instrument consisting of a mass of wood or other material suspended as a pendulum, for measuring the force and velocity of projectiles by means of the arc through which their impact impels it.

Ballistics noun [ Confer French balistique . See Ballista .] The science or art of hurling missile weapons by the use of an engine. Whewell.

Ballistite noun [ See Ballista .] (Chemistry) A smokeless powder containing equal parts of soluble nitrocellulose and nitroglycerin.

Ballium noun [ Late Latin ] See Bailey .

Balloon noun [ French ballon , aug. of balle ball: confer Italian ballone . See 1st Ball , noun , and confer Pallone .]
1. A bag made of silk or other light material, and filled with hydrogen gas or heated air, so as to rise and float in the atmosphere; especially, one with a car attached for aërial navigation.

2. (Architecture) A ball or globe on the top of a pillar, church, etc., as at St. Paul's, in London. [ R.]

3. (Chemistry) A round vessel, usually with a short neck, to hold or receive whatever is distilled; a glass vessel of a spherical form.

4. (Pyrotechnics) A bomb or shell. [ Obsolete]

5. A game played with a large inflated ball. [ Obsolete]

6. (Engraving) The outline inclosing words represented as coming from the mouth of a pictured figure.

Air balloon , a balloon for aërial navigation. -- Balloon frame (Carp.) , a house frame constructed altogether of small timber. -- Balloon net , a variety of woven lace in which the weft threads are twisted in a peculiar manner around the warp.

Balloon transitive verb To take up in, or as if in, a balloon.

Balloon intransitive verb
1. To go up or voyage in a balloon.

2. To expand, or puff out, like a balloon.

Balloon fish (Zoology) A fish of the genus Diodon or the genus Tetraodon , having the power of distending its body by taking air or water into its dilatable esophagus. See Globefish , and Bur fish .

Ballooned adjective Swelled out like a balloon.

Ballooner noun One who goes up in a balloon; an aëronaut.

Ballooning noun
1. The art or practice of managing balloons or voyaging in them.

2. (Stock Exchange) The process of temporarily raising the value of a stock, as by fictitious sales. [ U.S.]

Ballooning spider (Zoology) A spider which has the habit of rising into the air. Many kinds (esp. species of Lycosa ) do this while young by ejecting threads of silk until the force of the wind upon them carries the spider aloft.

Balloonist noun An aëronaut.

Balloonry noun The art or practice of ascending in a balloon; aëronautics.

Ballot (băl"lŭt) noun [ French ballotte , from Italian ballotta . See Ball round body.]


1. Originally, a ball used for secret voting. Hence: Any printed or written ticket used in voting.

2. The act of voting by balls or written or printed ballots or tickets; the system of voting secretly by balls or by tickets.

The insufficiency of the ballot .
Dickens.

3. The whole number of votes cast at an election, or in a given territory or electoral district.

Ballot box , a box for receiving ballots.

Ballot (băl"lŭt) intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Balloted ; present participle & verbal noun Balloting .] [ French ballotter to toss, to ballot, or Italian ballottare . See Ballot , noun ] To vote or decide by ballot; as, to ballot for a candidate.

Ballot transitive verb To vote for or in opposition to.

None of the competitors arriving to a sufficient number of balls, they fell to ballot some others.
Sir H. Wotton.

Ballotade (băl"lo*täd` or - tād`) noun [ French ballottade , from ballotter to toss. See Ballot , intransitive verb ] (Man.) A leap of a horse, as between two pillars, or upon a straight line, so that when his four feet are in the air, he shows only the shoes of his hind feet, without jerking out.

Ballotage noun [ French ballottage .] In France, a second ballot taken after an indecisive first ballot to decide between two or several candidates.

Ballotation noun Voting by ballot. [ Obsolete] Sir H. Wotton.

Balloter noun One who votes by ballot.

Ballotin noun [ French] An officer who has charge of a ballot box. [ Obsolete] Harrington.

Ballow noun A cudgel. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Ballproof adjective Incapable of being penetrated by balls from firearms.

Ballroom noun A room for balls or dancing.

Balm (bäm) noun [ Middle English baume , Old French bausme , basme , French baume , Latin balsamum balsam, from Greek ba`lsamon ; perhaps of Semitic origin; confer Hebrew bāsām . Confer Balsam .]


1. (Botany) An aromatic plant of the genus Melissa .

2. The resinous and aromatic exudation of certain trees or shrubs. Dryden.

3. Any fragrant ointment. Shak.

4. Anything that heals or that mitigates pain. " Balm for each ill." Mrs. Hemans.

Balm cricket (Zoology) , the European cicada. Tennyson. -- Balm of Gilead (Botany) , a small evergreen African and Asiatic tree of the terebinthine family ( Balsamodendron Gileadense ). Its leaves yield, when bruised, a strong aromatic scent; and from this tree is obtained the balm of Gilead of the shops, or balsam of Mecca . This has a yellowish or greenish color, a warm, bitterish, aromatic taste, and a fragrant smell. It is valued as an unguent and cosmetic by the Turks. The fragrant herb Dracocephalum Canariense is familiarly called balm of Gilead , and so are the American trees, Populus balsamifera , variety candicans (balsam poplar), and Abies balsamea (balsam fir).

Balm transitive verb To anoint with balm, or with anything medicinal. Hence: To soothe; to mitigate. [ Archaic] Shak.

Balmify transitive verb [ Balm + - fy .] To render balmy. [ Obsolete] Cheyne.

Balmily adverb In a balmy manner. Coleridge.

Balmoral noun [ From Balmoral Castle, in Aberdeenshire, Scotland.]
1. A long woolen petticoat, worn immediately under the dress.

2. A kind of stout walking shoe, laced in front.

A man who uses his balmorals to tread on your toes.
George Eliot.

Balmy adjective
1. Having the qualities of balm; odoriferous; aromatic; assuaging; soothing; refreshing; mild. "The balmy breeze." Tickell.

Tired nature's sweet restorer, balmy sleep!
Young.

2. Producing balm. "The balmy tree." Pope.

Syn. -- Fragrant; sweet-scented; odorous; spicy.

Balneal adjective [ Latin balneum bath.] Of or pertaining to a bath. Howell.

Balneary noun [ Latin balnearium , from balneum bath.] A bathing room. Sir T. Browne.

Balneation noun [ Late Latin balneare to bathe, from Latin balneum bath.] The act of bathing. [ R.]

Balneatory adjective [ Latin balneatorius .] Belonging to a bath. [ Obsolete]

Balneography noun [ Latin balneum bath + -graphy .] A description of baths.

Balneology noun [ Latin balneum bath + -logy .] A treatise on baths; the science of bathing.

Balneotherapy noun [ Latin balneum bath + Greek qerapey`ein to heal.] The treatment of disease by baths.

Balopticon noun [ Greek ... to throw + stereopticon .] See Projector , below.

Balotade (băl"lo*täd` or - tād`) noun See Ballotade .

Balsa noun [ Spanish or Portuguese balsa .] (Nautical) A raft or float, used principally on the Pacific coast of South America.

Balsam (bal"s a m) noun [ Latin balsamum the balsam tree or its resin, Greek ba`lsamon . See Balm , noun ]
1. A resin containing more or less of an essential or volatile oil.

» The balsams are aromatic resinous substances, flowing spontaneously or by incision from certain plants. A great variety of substances pass under this name, but the term is now usually restricted to resins which, in addition to a volatile oil, contain benzoic and cinnamic acid. Among the true balsams are the balm of Gilead, and the balsams of copaiba, Peru, and Tolu. There are also many pharmaceutical preparations and resinous substances, possessed of a balsamic smell, to which the name balsam has been given.

2. (Botany) (a) A species of tree ( Abies balsamea ). (b) An annual garden plant ( Impatiens balsamina ) with beautiful flowers; balsamine.

3. Anything that heals, soothes, or restores.

Was not the people's blessing a balsam to thy blood?
Tennyson.

Balsam apple (Botany) , an East Indian plant ( Momordica balsamina ), of the gourd family, with red or orange- yellow cucumber-shaped fruit of the size of a walnut, used as a vulnerary, and in liniments and poultices. -- Balsam fir (Botany) , the American coniferous tree, Abies balsamea , from which the useful Canada balsam is derived. -- Balsam of copaiba . See Copaiba . -- Balsam of Mecca , balm of Gilead. -- Balsam of Peru , a reddish brown, syrupy balsam, obtained from a Central American tree ( Myroxylon Pereiræ and used as a stomachic and expectorant, and in the treatment of ulcers, etc. It was long supposed to be a product of Peru. -- Balsam of Tolu , a reddish or yellowish brown semisolid or solid balsam, obtained from a South American tree ( Myroxylon toluiferum ). It is highly fragrant, and is used as a stomachic and expectorant. -- Balsam tree , any tree from which balsam is obtained, esp. the Abies balsamea . -- Canada balsam , Balsam of fir , Canada turpentine, a yellowish, viscid liquid, which, by time and exposure, becomes a transparent solid mass. It is obtained from the balm of Gilead (or balsam) fir ( Abies balsamea ) by breaking the vesicles upon the trunk and branches. See Balm .

Balsam transitive verb To treat or anoint with balsam; to relieve, as with balsam; to render balsamic.

Balsamation (bal`s a m*ā"shŭn or băl`-) noun
1. The act of imparting balsamic properties.

2. The art or process of embalming.

Balsamic (bal*săm"ĭk or băl-; 277), Bal*sam"ic*al adjective [ Confer French balsamique .] Having the qualities of balsam; containing, or resembling, balsam; soft; mitigative; soothing; restorative.

Balsamiferous (bal`s a m*ĭf"ẽr*ŭs or băl`-) adjective [ Balsam + -ferous .] Producing balsam.

Balsamine noun [ Confer French balsamine , from Greek balsami`nh balsam plant.] (Botany) The Impatiens balsamina , or garden balsam.