Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Bagging noun
1. Cloth or other material for bags.

2. The act of putting anything into, or as into, a bag.

3. The act of swelling; swelling.

Bagging noun [ Etymol. uncertain.] Reaping peas, beans, wheat, etc., with a chopping stroke. [ Eng.]

Baggy adjective Resembling a bag; loose or puffed out, or pendent, like a bag; flabby; as, baggy trousers; baggy cheeks.

Bagman noun ; plural Bagmen A commercial traveler; one employed to solicit orders for manufacturers and tradesmen. Thackeray.

Bagnio noun [ Italian bagno , from Latin balneum . Confer Bain .]
1. A house for bathing, sweating, etc.; -- also, in Turkey, a prison for slaves. [ Obsolete]

2. A brothel; a stew; a house of prostitution.

Bagpipe noun A musical wind instrument, now used chiefly in the Highlands of Scotland.

» It consists of a leather bag, which receives the air by a tube that is stopped by a valve; and three sounding pipes, into which the air is pressed by the performer. Two of these pipes produce fixed tones, namely, the bass, or key tone, and its fifth, and form together what is called the drone ; the third, or chanter , gives the melody.

Bagpipe transitive verb To make to look like a bagpipe.

To bagpipe the mizzen (Nautical) , to lay it aback by bringing the sheet to the mizzen rigging. Totten.

Bagpiper noun One who plays on a bagpipe; a piper. Shak.

Bagreef noun [ Bag + reef .] (Nautical) The lower reef of fore and aft sails; also, the upper reef of topsails. Ham. Nav. Encyc.

Bague noun [ French, a ring] (Architecture) The annular molding or group of moldings dividing a long shaft or clustered column into two or more parts.

Baguet, Baguette noun [ French baguette , prop. a rod... Italian bacchetta , from Latin baculum , baculu... stick, staff.]
1. (Architecture) A small molding, like the astragal, but smaller; a bead.

2. (Zoöl) One of the minute bodies seen in the divided nucleoli of some Infusoria after conjugation.

Bagwig noun A wig, in use in the 18th century, with the hair at the back of the head in a bag.

Bagworm noun (Zoology) One of several lepidopterous insects which construct, in the larval state, a baglike case which they carry about for protection. One species ( Platœceticus Gloveri ) feeds on the orange tree. See Basket worm .

Bah interj. An exclamation expressive of extreme contempt.

Twenty-five years ago the vile ejaculation, Bah ! was utterly unknown to the English public.
De Quincey.

Bahadur Ba*hau"dur noun [ Written also bahawder .] [ Hind. bahādur hero, champion.] A title of respect or honor given to European officers in East Indian state papers, and colloquially, and among the natives, to distinguished officials and other important personages.

Bahai (bȧ*hī") noun ; plural Bahais (-hīz). A member of the sect of the Babis consisting of the adherents of Baha (Mirza Husain Ali, entitled "Baha 'u 'llah," or, "the Splendor of God"), the elder half brother of Mirza Yahya of Nur, who succeeded the Bab as the head of the Babists. Baha in 1863 declared himself the supreme prophet of the sect, and became its recognized head. There are upwards of 20,000 Bahais in the United States.

Bahaism noun The religious tenets or practices of the Bahais.

Bahar noun [ Arabic bahār , from bahara to charge with a load.] A weight used in certain parts of the East Indies, varying considerably in different localities, the range being from 223 to 625 pounds.

Baigne (bān) transitive verb [ French baigner to bathe, from Latin balneum bath.] To soak or drench. [ Obsolete] Carew.

Baignoire noun [ Written also baignoir .] [ French, lit., bath tub.] A box of the lowest tier in a theater. Du Maurier.

Bail (bāl) noun [ French baille a bucket, pail; confer Late Latin bacula , dim. of bacca a sort of vessel. Confer Bac .] A bucket or scoop used in bailing water out of a boat. [ Obsolete]

The bail of a canoe . . . made of a human skull.
Capt. Cook.

Bail transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Bailed (bāld); present participle & verbal noun Bailing .]
1. To lade; to dip and throw; -- usually with out ; as, to bail water out of a boat.

Buckets . . . to bail out the water.
Capt. J. Smith.

2. To dip or lade water from; -- often with out to express completeness; as, to bail a boat.

By the help of a small bucket and our hats we bailed her out.
R. H. Dana, Jr.

Bail transitive verb [ Old French bailler to give, to deliver, from Latin bajulare to bear a burden, keep in custody, from bajulus he who bears burdens.]
1. To deliver; to release. [ Obsolete]

Ne none there was to rescue her, ne none to bail .
Spenser.

2. (Law) (a) To set free, or deliver from arrest, or out of custody, on the undertaking of some other person or persons that he or they will be responsible for the appearance, at a certain day and place, of the person bailed.

» The word is applied to the magistrate or the surety. The magistrate bails (but admits to bail is commoner) a man when he liberates him from arrest or imprisonment upon bond given with sureties. The surety bails a person when he procures his release from arrest by giving bond for his appearance. Blackstone.

(b) To deliver, as goods in trust, for some special object or purpose, upon a contract, expressed or implied, that the trust shall be faithfully executed on the part of the bailee, or person intrusted; as, to bail cloth to a tailor to be made into a garment; to bail goods to a carrier. Blackstone. Kent.

Bail noun [ Old French bail guardian, administrator, from Latin bajulus . See Bail to deliver.]
1. Custody; keeping. [ Obsolete]

Silly Faunus now within their bail .
Spenser.

2. (Law) (a) The person or persons who procure the release of a prisoner from the custody of the officer, or from imprisonment, by becoming surety for his appearance in court.

The bail must be real, substantial bondsmen.
Blackstone.

A. and B. were bail to the arrest in a suit at law.
Kent.

(b) The security given for the appearance of a prisoner in order to obtain his release from custody of the officer; as, the man is out on bail ; to go bail for any one.

Excessive bail ought not to be required.
Blackstone.

Bail noun [ Middle English beyl ; confer Danish böile a bending, ring, hoop, Swedish bögel , bygel , and Icelandic beyla hump, swelling, akin to English bow to bend.]
1. The arched handle of a kettle, pail, or similar vessel, usually movable. Forby.

2. A half hoop for supporting the cover of a carrier's wagon, awning of a boat, etc.

Bail noun [ Old French bail , baille . See Bailey .]
1. (Usually plural ) A line of palisades serving as an exterior defense. [ Written also bayle .] [ Obsolete]

2. The outer wall of a feudal castle. Hence: The space inclosed by it; the outer court. Holinshed.

3. A certain limit within a forest. [ Eng.]

4. A division for the stalls of an open stable.

5. (Cricket) The top or cross piece (or either of the two cross pieces) of the wicket.

Bail bond (bŏnd`). (Law) (a) A bond or obligation given by a prisoner and his surety, to insure the prisoner's appearance in court, at the return of the writ. (b) Special bail in court to abide the judgment. Bouvier.

Bailable adjective
1. Having the right or privilege of being admitted to bail, upon bond with sureties; -- used of persons. "He's bailable , I'm sure." Ford.

2. Admitting of bail; as, a bailable offense.

3. That can be delivered in trust; as, bailable goods.

Bailee (bāl`ē") noun [ Old French baillé , past participle of bailler . See Bail to deliver.] (Law) The person to whom goods are committed in trust, and who has a temporary possession and a qualified property in them, for the purposes of the trust. Blackstone.

» In penal statutes the word includes those who receive goods for another in good faith. Wharton.

Bailer noun (Law) See Bailor .

Bailer noun
1. One who bails or lades.

2. A utensil, as a bucket or cup, used in bailing; a machine for bailing water out of a pit.

Bailey noun [ The same word as bail line of palisades; confer Late Latin ballium bailey, Old French bail , baille , a palisade, baillier to inclose, shut.]
1. The outer wall of a feudal castle. [ Obsolete]

2. The space immediately within the outer wall of a castle or fortress. [ Obsolete]

3. A prison or court of justice; -- used in certain proper names; as, the Old Bailey in London; the New Bailey in Manchester. [ Eng.] Oxf. Gloss.

Bailie noun [ See Bailiff .] An officer in Scotland, whose office formerly corresponded to that of sheriff, but now corresponds to that of an English alderman.

Bailiff noun [ Old French baillif , French bailli , custodian, magistrate, from Latin bajulus porter. See Bail to deliver.]


1. Originally, a person put in charge of something; especially, a chief officer, magistrate, or keeper, as of a county, town, hundred, or castle; one to whom powers of custody or care are intrusted. Abbott.

Lausanne is under the canton of Berne, governed by a bailiff sent every three years from the senate.
Addison.

2. (Eng. Law) A sheriff's deputy, appointed to make arrests, collect fines, summon juries, etc.

» In American law the term bailiff is seldom used except sometimes to signify a sheriff's officer or constable, or a party liable to account to another for the rent and profits of real estate. Burrill.

3. An overseer or under steward of an estate, who directs husbandry operations, collects rents, etc. [ Eng.]

Bailiffwick noun See Bailiwick . [ Obsolete]

Bailiwick noun [ Bailie , bailiff + wick a village.] (Law) The precincts within which a bailiff has jurisdiction; the limits of a bailiff's authority.

Baillie noun
1. Bailiff. [ Obsolete]

2. Same as Bailie . [ Scot.]

Bailment noun
1. (Law) The action of bailing a person accused.

Bailment . . . is the saving or delivery of a man out of prison before he hath satisfied the law.
Dalton.

2. (Law) A delivery of goods or money by one person to another in trust, for some special purpose, upon a contract, expressed or implied, that the trust shall be faithfully executed. Blackstone.

» In a general sense it is sometimes used as comprehending all duties in respect to property. Story.

Bailor noun (Law) One who delivers goods or money to another in trust.

Bailpiece noun (Law) A piece of parchment, or paper, containing a recognizance or bail bond.

Baily's beads (Astron.) A row of bright spots observed in connection with total eclipses of the sun. Just before and after a total eclipse, the slender, unobscured crescent of the sun's disk appears momentarily like a row of bright spots resembling a string of beads. The phenomenon (first fully described by Francis Baily, 1774 -- 1844) is thought to be an effect of irradiation, and of inequalities of the moon's edge.

Bain (bān; as F., băN) noun [ French bain , from Latin balneum . Confer Bagnio .] A bath; a bagnio. [ Obsolete] Holland.

Bain-marie noun [ French] A vessel for holding hot water in which another vessel may be heated without scorching its contents; -- used for warming or preparing food or pharmaceutical preparations.

Bairam noun [ Turk. baïrām .] The name of two Mohammedan festivals, of which one is held at the close of the fast called Ramadan, and the other seventy days after the fast.

Bairam noun [ Turk. baïrām .] Either of two Mohammedan festivals, of which one (the Lesser Bairam ) is held at the close of the fast called Ramadan, and the other (the Greater Bairam ) seventy days after the fast.

Bairn (bârn) noun [ Scot. bairn , Anglo-Saxon bearn , from beran to bear; akin to Icelandic , Old Saxon , & Goth. barn . See Bear to support.] A child. [ Scot. & Prov. Eng.]

Has he not well provided for the bairn ?
Beau. & Fl.

Baisemains noun plural [ French, from baiser to kiss + mains hands.] Respects; compliments. [ Obsolete]

Bait (bāt) noun [ Icelandic beita food, beit pasture, akin to Anglo-Saxon bāt food, Swedish bete . See Bait , transitive verb ]
1. Any substance, esp. food, used in catching fish, or other animals, by alluring them to a hook, snare, inclosure, or net.

2. Anything which allures; a lure; enticement; temptation. Fairfax.

3. A portion of food or drink, as a refreshment taken on a journey; also, a stop for rest and refreshment.

4. A light or hasty luncheon.

Bait bug (Zoology) , a crustacean of the genus Hippa found burrowing in sandy beaches. See Anomura .

Bait transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Baited ; present participle & verbal noun Baiting .] [ Middle English baiten , beitēn , to feed, harass, from Icelandic beita , orig., to cause to bite, from bīta . √87. See Bite .]


1. To provoke and harass; esp., to harass or torment for sport; as, to bait a bear with dogs; to bait a bull.

2. To give a portion of food and drink to, upon the road; as, to bait horses. Holland.

3. To furnish or cover with bait, as a trap or hook.

A crooked pin . . . baited with a vile earthworm.
W. Irving.

Bait intransitive verb To stop to take a portion of food and drink for refreshment of one's self or one's beasts, on a journey.

Evil news rides post, while good news baits .
Milton.

My lord's coach conveyed me to Bury, and thence baiting at Newmarket.
Evelyn.

Bait intransitive verb [ French battre de l'aile (or des ailes ), to flap or flutter. See Batter , transitive verb ] To flap the wings; to flutter as if to fly; or to hover, as a hawk when she stoops to her prey. "Kites that bait and beat." Shak.