Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Be-all noun The whole; all that is to be. [ Poetic] Shak.
Beach comber A long, curling wave rolling in from the ocean. See Comber .
[ Written also beach-comber
.] (Nautical) A vagrant seaman, usually of low character, who loiters about seaports, particularly on the shores and islands of the Pacific Ocean.
I was fortunate enough, however, to forgather with a Scotchman who was a beach-comber . F. T. Bullen.
Beached past participle & adjective 1. Bordered by a beach.
The beached verge of the salt flood. 2. Driven on a beach; stranded; drawn up on a beach; as, the ship is beached .
Beachy adjective Having a beach or beaches; formed by a beach or beaches; shingly.
The beachy girdle of the ocean.
[ Middle English bekene
, Anglo-Saxon beácen
; akin to Old Saxon bōkan
, Fries. baken
, sign, signal, Dutch baak
, Old High German bouhhan
, German bake
; of unknown origin. Confer Beckon
.] 1. A signal fire to notify of the approach of an enemy, or to give any notice, commonly of warning.
No flaming beacons cast their blaze afar. 2. A signal or conspicuous mark erected on an eminence near the shore, or moored in shoal water, as a guide to mariners. 3. A high hill near the shore.
[ Prov. Eng.] 4. That which gives notice of danger.
Modest doubt is called Beacon fire
The beacon of the wise.
, a signal fire.
Beacon transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Beaconed
(-k'nd); present participle & verbal noun Beaconing
.] 1. To give light to, as a beacon; to light up; to illumine.
That beacons the darkness of heaven. 2. To furnish with a beacon or beacons.
Beaconage noun Money paid for the maintenance of a beacon; also, beacons, collectively.
Beaconless adjective Having no beacon.
[ Middle English bede
prayer, prayer bead, Anglo-Saxon bed
, prayer; akin to Dutch bede
, German bitte
, Anglo-Saxon biddan
, to ask, bid, German bitten
to ask, and perhaps to Greek pei`qein
to persuade, Latin fidere
to trust. Beads are used by the Roman Catholics to count their prayers, one bead being dropped down a string every time a prayer is said. Confer Spanish cuenta
bead, from contar
to count. See Bid
, in to bid beads
, and Bide
.] 1. A prayer.
[ Obsolete] 2. A little perforated ball, to be strung on a thread, and worn for ornament; or used in a rosary for counting prayers, as by Roman Catholics and Mohammedans, whence the phrases to tell beads , to be at one's beads , to bid beads , etc., meaning, to be at prayer. 3. Any small globular body
; as, (a) A bubble in spirits. (b) A drop of sweat or other liquid.
of midnight dew." Wordsworth. (c) A small knob of metal on a firearm, used for taking aim (whence the expression to draw a bead , for, to take aim). (d) (Architecture) A small molding of rounded surface, the section being usually an arc of a circle. It may be continuous, or broken into short embossments. (e) (Chemistry) A glassy drop of molten flux, as borax or microcosmic salt, used as a solvent and color test for several mineral earths and oxides, as of iron, manganese, etc., before the blowpipe; as, the borax bead ; the iron bead , etc. Bead and butt (Carp.)
, framing in which the panels are flush, having beads stuck or run upon the two edges. Knight.
-- Bead mold
, a species of fungus or mold, the stems of which consist of single cells loosely jointed together so as to resemble a string of beads.
[ Written also bead mould
.] -- Bead tool
, a cutting tool, having an edge curved so as to make beads or beading.
-- Bead tree (Botany)
, a tree of the genus Melia , the best known species of which ( M. azedarach ), has blue flowers which are very fragrant, and berries which are poisonous.
Bead transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Beaded
; present participle & verbal noun Beading
.] To ornament with beads or beading.
Bead intransitive verb To form beadlike bubbles.
1. Among distillers, a certain degree of strength in alcoholic liquor, as formerly ascertained by the floating or sinking of glass globules of different specific gravities thrown into it; now ascertained by more accurate meters. 2. A degree of strength in alcoholic liquor as shown by beads or small bubbles remaining on its surface, or at the side of the glass, when shaken.
Beadhouse, Bedehouse noun
[ Middle English bede
prayer + English house
. See Bead
] An almshouse for poor people who pray daily for their benefactors.
1. (Architecture) Molding in imitation of beads. 2. The beads or bead-forming quality of certain liquors; as, the beading of a brand of whisky.
[ Middle English bedel
, Old French bedel
, French bedeau
, from Old High German butil
, German büttel
, from Old High German biotan
, German bieten
, to bid, confused with Anglo-Saxon bydel
, the same word as Old High German butil
. See. Bid
] 1. A messenger or crier of a court; a servitor; one who cites or bids persons to appear and answer; -- called also an apparitor or summoner . 2. An officer in a university, who precedes public processions of officers and students.
[ Eng.] » In this sense the archaic spellings bedel
(Oxford) and bedell
(Cambridge) are preserved. 3. An inferior parish officer in England having a variety of duties, as the preservation of order in church service, the chastisement of petty offenders, etc.
Beadlery noun Office or jurisdiction of a beadle.
Beadleship noun The state of being, or the personality of, a beadle. A. Wood.
Beadroll noun (R. C. Ch.) A catalogue of persons, for the rest of whose souls a certain number of prayers are to be said or counted off on the beads of a chaplet; hence, a catalogue in general.
On Fame's eternal beadroll worthy to be filed.
It is quite startling, on going over the beadroll of English worthies, to find how few are directly represented in the male line.
Beadsman, Bedesman noun
; plural -men A poor man, supported in a beadhouse, and required to pray for the soul of its founder; an almsman.
Whereby ye shall bind me to be your poor beadsman for ever unto Almighty God.
Beadsnake noun (Zoology) A small poisonous snake of North America ( Elaps fulvius ), banded with yellow, red, and black.
Beadswoman, Bedeswoman noun
; plural -women Fem. of Beadsman .
Beadwork noun Ornamental work in beads.
1. Resembling beads; small, round, and glistening. " Beady eyes." Thackeray. 2. Covered or ornamented with, or as with, beads. 3. Characterized by beads; as, beady liquor.
Beagle noun [ Middle English begele ; perhaps of Celtic origin; confer Ir. & Gael. beag small, little, W. bach . French bigle is from English.]
1. A small hound, or hunting dog, twelve to fifteen inches high, used in hunting hares and other small game. See Illustration in Appendix. 2. Fig.: A spy or detective; a constable.
[ Middle English bek
, French bec
, from Celtic; confer Gael. & Ir. bac
, W. bach
.] 1. (Zoology) (a) The bill or nib of a bird, consisting of a horny sheath, covering the jaws. The form varies much according to the food and habits of the bird, and is largely used in the classification of birds. (b) A similar bill in other animals, as the turtles. (c) The long projecting sucking mouth of some insects, and other invertebrates, as in the Hemiptera. (d) The upper or projecting part of the shell, near the hinge of a bivalve. (e) The prolongation of certain univalve shells containing the canal. 2. Anything projecting or ending in a point, like a beak, as a promontory of land. Carew. 3. (Antiq.) A beam, shod or armed at the end with a metal head or point, and projecting from the prow of an ancient galley, in order to pierce the vessel of an enemy; a beakhead. 4. (Nautical) That part of a ship, before the forecastle, which is fastened to the stem, and supported by the main knee. 5. (Architecture) A continuous slight projection ending in an arris or narrow fillet; that part of a drip from which the water is thrown off. 6. (Botany) Any process somewhat like the beak of a bird, terminating the fruit or other parts of a plant. 7. (Far.) A toe clip. See Clip , noun (Far.) . 8. A magistrate or policeman.
[ Slang, Eng.]
Beaked (bēkt) adjective Beaked whale (Zoology) , a cetacean of the genus Hyperoodon ; the bottlehead whale.
1. Having a beak or a beaklike point; beak-shaped. "Each beaked promontory." Milton. 2. (Biol.) Furnished with a process or a mouth like a beak; rostrate.
[ Middle English biker
; akin to Icelandic bikarr
, Swedish bägare
, Danish baeger
, German becher
, Italian bicchiere
; -- all from Late Latin bicarium
, probably from Greek bi^kos
wine jar, or perhaps Latin bacar
wine vessel. Confer Pitcher
a jug.] 1. A large drinking cup, with a wide mouth, supported on a foot or standard. 2. An open-mouthed, thin glass vessel, having a projecting lip for pouring; -- used for holding solutions requiring heat. Knight.
Beakhead noun 1. (Architecture) An ornament used in rich Norman doorways, resembling a head with a beak. Parker. 2. (Nautical) (a) A small platform at the fore part of the upper deck of a vessel, which contains the water closets of the crew. (b) (Antiq.) Same as Beak , 3.
[ From Bickern
.] A bickern; a bench anvil with a long beak, adapted to reach the interior surfaces of sheet metal ware; the horn of an anvil.
[ See Boil
a tumor.] (Medicine) A small inflammatory tumor; a pustule.
[ Prov. Eng.]
Beal intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Bealed
; p. pr & verbal noun Bealing
.] To gather matter; to swell and come to a head, as a pimple.
[ Prov. Eng.]
[ Anglo-Saxon beám
beam, post, tree, ray of light; akin to OFries. bām
tree, Old Saxon bōm
, Dutch boom
, Old High German boum
, German baum
, Icelandic baðmr
, Goth. bagms
and Greek fy^ma
a growth, fy^nai
to become, to be. Confer Latin radius
staff, rod, spoke of a wheel, beam or ray, and German strahl
arrow, spoke of a wheel, ray or beam, flash of lightning. √97. See Be
; confer Boom
a spar.] 1. Any large piece of timber or iron long in proportion to its thickness, and prepared for use. 2. One of the principal horizontal timbers of a building or ship.
The beams of a vessel are strong pieces of timber stretching across from side to side to support the decks. 3. The width of a vessel; as, one vessel is said to have more beam than another. 4. The bar of a balance, from the ends of which the scales are suspended.
The doubtful beam long nods from side to side. 5. The principal stem or horn of a stag or other deer, which bears the antlers, or branches. 6. The pole of a carriage.
[ Poetic] Dryden. 7. A cylinder of wood, making part of a loom, on which weavers wind the warp before weaving; also, the cylinder on which the cloth is rolled, as it is woven; one being called the fore beam , the other the back beam . 8. The straight part or shank of an anchor. 9. The main part of a plow, to which the handles and colter are secured, and to the end of which are attached the oxen or horses that draw it. 10. (Steam Engine) A heavy iron lever having an oscillating motion on a central axis, one end of which is connected with the piston rod from which it receives motion, and the other with the crank of the wheel shaft; -- called also working beam or walking beam . 11. A ray or collection of parallel rays emitted from the sun or other luminous body; as, a beam of light, or of heat.
How far that little candle throws his beams ! 12. Fig.: A ray; a gleam; as, a beam of comfort.
Mercy with her genial beam . 13. One of the long feathers in the wing of a hawk; -- called also beam feather . Abaft the beam (Nautical)
, in an arc of the horizon between a line that crosses the ship at right angles, or in the direction of her beams, and that point of the compass toward which her stern is directed.
-- Beam center (Machinery)
, the fulcrum or pin on which the working beam of an engine vibrates.
-- Beam compass
, an instrument consisting of a rod or beam, having sliding sockets that carry steel or pencil points; -- used for drawing or describing large circles.
-- Beam engine
, a steam engine having a working beam to transmit power, in distinction from one which has its piston rod attached directly to the crank of the wheel shaft.
-- Before the beam (Nautical)
, in an arc of the horizon included between a line that crosses the ship at right angles and that point of the compass toward which the ship steers.
-- On the beam
, in a line with the beams, or at right angles with the keel.
-- On the weather beam
, on the side of a ship which faces the wind.
-- To be on her beam ends
, to incline, as a vessel, so much on one side that her beams approach a vertical position.
Beam transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Beamed
; present participle & verbal noun Beaming
.] To send forth; to emit; -- followed ordinarily by forth ; as, to beam forth light.
Beam intransitive verb To emit beams of light.
He beamed , the daystar of the rising age.
[ Anglo-Saxon beám
a tree. See Beam
.] (Botany) A tree ( Pyrus aria ) related to the apple.
Beambird noun (Zoology) A small European flycatcher ( Muscicapa grisola ), so called because it often nests on a beam in a building.
Beamed adjective Furnished with beams, as the head of a stag.
Tost his beamed frontlet to the sky.
Sir W. Scott.
Beamful adjective Beamy; radiant.
Beamily adverb In a beaming manner.
Beaminess noun The state of being beamy.
Beaming adjective Emitting beams; radiant.
Beamingly adverb In a beaming manner; radiantly.
1. Not having a beam. 2. Not emitting light.
Beamlet noun A small beam of light.
Beamy adjective 1. Emitting beams of light; radiant; shining.
gold." Tickell. 2. Resembling a beam in size and weight; massy.
His double-biting ax, and beamy spear. 3. Having horns, or antlers.
Beamy stags in toils engage.
[ Middle English bene
, Anglo-Saxon beán
; akin to Dutch boon
, German bohne
, Old High German pōna
, Icelandic baun
, Danish bönne
, Swedish böna
, and perhaps to Russian bob
, Latin faba
.] 1. (Botany) A name given to the seed of certain leguminous herbs, chiefly of the genera Faba , Phaseolus , and Dolichos ; also, to the herbs.
» The origin and classification of many kinds are still doubtful. Among true beans are: the black-eyed bean and China bean, included in Dolichos Sinensis
; black Egyptian bean or hyacinth bean, D. Lablab
; the common haricot beans, kidney beans, string beans, and pole beans, all included in Phaseolus vulgaris
; the lower bush bean, Ph. vulgaris
, variety nanus
; Lima bean, Ph. lunatus
; Spanish bean and scarlet runner, Ph. multiflorus
; Windsor bean, the common bean of England, Faba vulgaris
. As an article of food beans are classed with vegetables. 2. The popular name of other vegetable seeds or fruits, more or less resembling true beans. Bean aphis (Zoology)
, a plant louse ( Aphis fabæ ) which infests the bean plant.
-- Bean fly (Zoology)
, a fly found on bean flowers.
-- Bean goose (Zoology)
, a species of goose ( Anser segetum ).
-- Bean weevil (Zoology)
, a small weevil that in the larval state destroys beans. The American species is Bruchus fabæ .
-- Florida bean (Botany)
, the seed of Mucuna urens , a West Indian plant. The seeds are washed up on the Florida shore, and are often polished and made into ornaments.
-- Ignatius bean
, or St. Ignatius's bean (Botany)
, a species of Strychnos .
-- Navy bean
, the common dried white bean of commerce; probably so called because an important article of food in the navy.
-- Pea bean
, a very small and highly esteemed variety of the edible white bean; -- so called from its size.
-- Sacred bean
. See under Sacred .
-- Screw bean
. See under Screw .
-- Sea bean
. (a) Same as Florida bean . (b) A red bean of unknown species used for ornament.
-- Tonquin bean
, or Tonka bean
, the fragrant seed of Dipteryx odorata , a leguminous tree.
-- Vanilla bean
. See under Vanilla .
Bean caper (Botany) A deciduous plant of warm climates, generally with fleshy leaves and flowers of a yellow or whitish yellow color, of the genus Zygophyllum .
Bean trefoil (Botany) A leguminous shrub of southern Europe, with trifoliate leaves ( Anagyris fœtida ).