Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Bedtick noun A tick or bag made of cloth, used for inclosing the materials of a bed.
Bedtime noun The time to go to bed. Shak.
Beduck transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Beducked
] To duck; to put the head under water; to immerse.
"Deep himself beducked
Bedung transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Bedunged
] To cover with dung, as for manuring; to bedaub or defile, literally or figuratively. Bp. Hall.
Bedust transitive verb To sprinkle, soil, or cover with dust. Sherwood.
Bedward adverb Towards bed.
Bedwarf transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Bedwarfed
] To make a dwarf of; to stunt or hinder the growth of; to dwarf. Donne.
Bedye transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Bedyed
; present participle & verbal noun Bedyeing
.] To dye or stain.
Briton fields with Sarazin blood bedyed .
Bee past participle of Be ; -- used for been .
[ Obsolete] Spenser.
[ Anglo-Saxon beó
; akin to Dutch bij
, Icelandic b...
, Swedish & Danish bi
, Old High German pini
, German biene
, and perhaps Ir. beach
, Lithuanian bitis
, Sanskrit bha
. √97.] 1. (Zoology) An insect of the order Hymenoptera , and family Apidæ (the honeybees), or family Andrenidæ (the solitary bees.) See Honeybee .
» There are many genera and species. The common honeybee ( Apis mellifica
) lives in swarms, each of which has its own queen, its males or drones, and its very numerous workers, which are barren females. Besides the A. mellifica
there are other species and varieties of honeybees, as the A. ligustica
of Spain and Italy; the A. Indica
of India; the A. fasciata
of Egypt. The bumblebee
is a species of Bombus
. The tropical honeybees belong mostly to Melipoma
. 2. A neighborly gathering of people who engage in united labor for the benefit of an individual or family; as, a quilting bee ; a husking bee ; a raising bee .
[ U. S.]
The cellar . . . was dug by a bee in a single day. 3. plural
S. G. Goodrich.
[ Prob. from Anglo-Saxon beáh
ring, from b...gan
to bend. See 1st Bow
.] (Nautical) Pieces of hard wood bolted to the sides of the bowsprit, to reeve the fore-topmast stays through; -- called also bee blocks . Bee beetle (Zoology)
, a beetle ( Trichodes apiarius ) parasitic in beehives.
-- Bee bird (Zoology)
, a bird that eats the honeybee, as the European flycatcher, and the American kingbird.
-- Bee flower (Botany)
, an orchidaceous plant of the genus Ophrys ( O. apifera ), whose flowers have some resemblance to bees, flies, and other insects.
-- Bee fly (Zoology)
, a two winged fly of the family Bombyliidæ . Some species, in the larval state, are parasitic upon bees.
-- Bee garden
, a garden or inclosure to set beehives in ; an apiary. Mortimer.
-- Bee glue
, a soft, unctuous matter, with which bees cement the combs to the hives, and close up the cells; -- called also propolis .
-- Bee hawk (Zoology)
, the honey buzzard.
-- Bee killer (Zoology)
, a large two-winged fly of the family Asilidæ (esp. Trupanea apivora ) which feeds upon the honeybee. See Robber fly .
-- Bee louse (Zoology)
, a minute, wingless, dipterous insect ( Braula cæca ) parasitic on hive bees.
-- Bee martin (Zoology)
, the kingbird ( Tyrannus Carolinensis ) which occasionally feeds on bees.
-- Bee moth (Zoology)
, a moth ( Galleria cereana ) whose larvæ feed on honeycomb, occasioning great damage in beehives.
-- Bee wolf (Zoology)
, the larva of the bee beetle. See Illust. of Bee beetle .
-- To have a bee in the head
or in the bonnet
. (a) To be choleric.
[ Obsolete] (b) To be restless or uneasy. B. Jonson. (c) To be full of fancies; to be a little crazy.
"She's whiles crack-brained, and has a bee in her head
." Sir W. Scott.
Bee line The shortest line from one place to another, like that of a bee to its hive when loaded with honey; an air line. "A bee line for the brig." Kane.
Bee-eater noun (Zoology) (a) A bird of the genus Merops , that feeds on bees. The European species ( M. apiaster ) is remarkable for its brilliant colors. (b) An African bird of the genus Rhinopomastes .
Beebread noun A brown, bitter substance found in some of the cells of honeycomb. It is made chiefly from the pollen of flowers, which is collected by bees as food for their young.
; plural Beeches
[ Middle English beche
, Anglo-Saxon b...ce
; akin to Dutch beuk
, Old High German buocha
, German buche
, Icelandic beyki
, Danish bög
, Swedish bok
, Russian buk
, Latin fagus
, Greek ...
to eat, Sanskrit bhaksh
; the tree being named originally from the esculent fruit. See Book
, and confer 7th Buck
.] (Botany) A tree of the genus Fagus .
» It grows to a large size, having a smooth bark and thick foliage, and bears an edible triangular nut, of which swine are fond. The Fagus sylvatica
is the European species, and the F. ferruginea
that of America. Beech drops (Botany)
, a parasitic plant which grows on the roots of beeches ( Epiphegus Americana ).
-- Beech marten (Zoology)
, the stone marten of Europe ( Mustela foina ).
-- Beech mast
, the nuts of the beech, esp. as they lie under the trees, in autumn.
-- Beech oil
, oil expressed from the mast or nuts of the beech tree.
-- Cooper beech
, a variety of the European beech with copper-colored, shining leaves.
Beech tree The beech.
Beechen adjective [ Anglo-Saxon b...cen .] Consisting, or made, of the wood or bark of the beech; belonging to the beech. "Plain beechen vessels." Dryden.
Beechnut noun The nut of the beech tree.
Beechy adjective Of or relating to beeches.
[ Middle English boef
, Old French boef
, French bœef
, from Latin bos
, ox; akin to Greek boy^s
, Sanskrit gō
cow, and English cow
. See 2d Cow
.] 1. An animal of the genus Bos , especially the common species, B. taurus , including the bull, cow, and ox, in their full grown state; esp., an ox or cow fattened for food.
[ In this, which is the original sense, the word has a plural, beeves
A herd of beeves , fair oxen and fair kine. 2. The flesh of an ox, or cow, or of any adult bovine animal, when slaughtered for food.
[ In this sense, the word has no plural.] "Great meals of beef
." Shak. 3. Applied colloquially to human flesh.
Beef adjective Of, pertaining to, or resembling, beef. Beef tea , essence of beef, or strong beef broth.
Beef-witted noun Stupid; dull. Shak.
Beefeater noun [ Beef + eater ; probably one who eats another's beef , as his servant. Confer Anglo-Saxon hlāf...ta servant, properly a loaf eater.]
1. One who eats beef; hence, a large, fleshy person. 2. One of the yeomen of the guard, in England. 3. (Zoology) An African bird of the genus Buphaga , which feeds on the larvæ of botflies hatched under the skin of oxen, antelopes, etc. Two species are known.
Beefsteak noun A steak of beef; a slice of beef broiled or suitable for broiling.
Beefwood noun An Australian tree ( Casuarina ), and its red wood, used for cabinetwork; also, the trees Stenocarpus salignus of New South Wales, and Banksia compar of Queensland.
Beefy adjective Having much beef; of the nature of beef; resembling beef; fleshy.
Beehive noun A hive for a swarm of bees. Also used figuratively. » A common and typical form of beehive was a domeshaped inverted basket, whence certain ancient Irish and Scotch architectural remains are called beehive houses .
Beehouse noun A house for bees; an apiary.
Beeld noun Same as Beild . Fairfax.
Beelzebub noun The title of a heathen deity to whom the Jews ascribed the sovereignty of the evil spirits; hence, the Devil or a devil. See Baal .
Beem (bēm) noun [ Anglo-Saxon bēme , bȳme .] A trumpet. [ Obsolete]
Beemaster noun One who keeps bees.
[ Middle English beon
, past participle of been
, to be. See Be
.] The past participle of Be . In old authors it is also the pr. tense plural of Be . See 1st Bee .
Assembled been a senate grave and stout.
[ Middle English beor
, Anglo-Saxon beór
; akin to Fries. biar
, Icelandic bj...rr
, Old High German bior
, D. & German bier
, and possibly English brew
. √93, See Brew
.] 1. A fermented liquor made from any malted grain, but commonly from barley malt, with hops or some other substance to impart a bitter flavor.
» Beer has different names, as small beer
, brown stout
, lager beer
, according to its strength, or other qualities. See Ale
. 2. A fermented extract of the roots and other parts of various plants, as spruce, ginger, sassafras, etc. Small beer
, weak beer
; (fig.) insignificant matters.
"To suckle fools, and chronicle small beer
Beeregar noun [ Beer + eager .] Sour beer. [ Obsolete]
Beerhouse noun A house where malt liquors are sold; an alehouse.
Beeriness noun Beery condition.
Beery adjective Of or resembling beer; affected by beer; maudlin.
Beeswax noun The wax secreted by bees, and of which their cells are constructed.
Beeswing noun The second crust formed in port and some other wines after long keeping. It consists of pure, shining scales of tartar, supposed to resemble the wing of a bee.
Beet (bēt) noun [ Anglo-Saxon bete , from Latin beta .]
1. (Botany) A biennial plant of the genus Beta , which produces an edible root the first year and seed the second year. 2. The root of plants of the genus Beta , different species and varieties of which are used for the table, for feeding stock, or in making sugar. » There are many varieties of the common beet ( Beta vulgaris ). The Old "white beet", cultivated for its edible leafstalks, is a distinct species ( Beta Cicla ).
(bēt) transitive verb
[ Anglo-Saxon bētan
to mend. See Better
.] 1. To mend; to repair.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. 2. To renew or enkindle (a fire).
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ Middle English betel
, Anglo-Saxon bītl
, mallet, hammer, from beátan
to beat. See Beat
, transitive verb
] 1. A heavy mallet, used to drive wedges, beat pavements, etc. 2. A machine in which fabrics are subjected to a hammering process while passing over rollers, as in cotton mills; -- called also beetling machine . Knight.
(bē"t'l) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Beetled
(-t'ld); present participle & verbal noun Beetling
.] 1. To beat with a heavy mallet. 2. To finish by subjecting to a hammering process in a beetle or beetling machine; as, to beetle cotton goods.
[ Middle English bityl
, Anglo-Saxon bītel
, from bītan
to bite. See Bite
, transitive verb
] Any insect of the order Coleoptera, having four wings, the outer pair being stiff cases for covering the others when they are folded up. See Coleoptera . Beetle mite (Zoology)
, one of many species of mites, of the family Oribatidæ , parasitic on beetles.
-- Black beetle
, the common large black cockroach ( Blatta orientalis ).
Beetle intransitive verb
[ See Beetlebrowed
.] To extend over and beyond the base or support; to overhang; to jut.
To the dreadful summit of the cliff
That beetles o'er his base into the sea.
Each beetling rampart, and each tower sublime.
Beetle brow An overhanging brow.