Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Battle adjective Fertile. See Battel , adjective
[ Middle English bataille
, French bataille
battle, Old French , battle, battalion, from Latin battalia
, the fighting and fencing exercises of soldiers and gladiators, from batuere
to strike, beat. Confer Battalia
, 1st Battel
, and see Batter
, transitive verb
] 1. A general action, fight, or encounter, in which all the divisions of an army are or may be engaged; an engagement; a combat. 2. A struggle; a contest; as, the battle of life.
The whole intellectual battle that had at its center the best poem of the best poet of that day. 3. A division of an army; a battalion.
The king divided his army into three battles .
The cavalry, by way of distinction, was called the battle , and on it alone depended the fate of every action. 4. The main body, as distinct from the van and rear; battalia.
[ Obsolete] Hayward.
is used adjectively or as the first part of a self- explaining compound; as, battle
brand, a "brand" or sword used in battle; battle
song. Battle piece
, a painting, or a musical composition, representing a battle.
-- Battle royal
. (a) A fight between several gamecocks, where the one that stands longest is the victor. Grose. (b) A contest with fists or cudgels in which more than two are engaged; a mêlée. Thackeray.
-- Drawn battle
, one in which neither party gains the victory.
-- To give battle
, to attack an enemy.
-- To join battle
, to meet the attack; to engage in battle.
-- Pitched battle
, one in which the armies are previously drawn up in form, with a regular disposition of the forces.
-- Wager of battle
. See under Wager , noun Syn.
-- Conflict; encounter; contest; action. Battle
. These words agree in denoting a close encounter between contending parties. Fight
is a word of less dignity than the others. Except in poetry, it is more naturally applied to the encounter of a few individuals, and more commonly an accidental one; as, a street fight
. A combat
is a close encounter, whether between few or many, and is usually premeditated. A battle
is commonly more general and prolonged. An engagement
supposes large numbers on each side, engaged
or intermingled in the conflict.
(băt"t'l) intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Battled
(-tl'd); present participle & verbal noun Battling
.] [ French batailler
, from bataille
. See Battle
] To join in battle; to contend in fight; as, to battle over theories.
To meet in arms, and battle in the plain.
Battle transitive verb To assail in battle; to fight.
Battle range (Mil.) The range within which the fire of small arms is very destructive. With the magazine rifle, this is six hundred yards.
Battle ship (Nav.) An armor-plated man-of-war built of steel and heavily armed, generally having from ten thousand to fifteen thousand tons displacement, and intended to be fit to meet the heaviest ships in line of battle.
Battle-ax, Battle-axe (-ăks`) noun (Mil.) A kind of broadax formerly used as an offensive weapon.
Battled past participle Embattled. [ Poetic] Tennyson.
[ Middle English batyldour
. A corrupted form of uncertain origin; confer Spanish batallador
a great combatant, he who has fought many battles, Portuguese batalhador
, Pr. batalhador
, warrior, soldier, from Latin battalia
; or confer Pr. batedor
batlet, from batre
to beat, from Latin batuere
. See Battle
] 1. An instrument, with a handle and a flat part covered with parchment or crossed with catgut, used to strike a shuttlecock in play; also, the play of battledoor and shuttlecock. 2.
[ Middle English battleder
.] A child's hornbook.
[ Obsolete] Halliwell.
[ Middle English batelment
; confer Old French bataillement
combat, from batailler
, also Old French bastillier
, to fortify. Confer Battle
.] (Architecture) (a) One of the solid upright parts of a parapet in ancient fortifications. (b) plural The whole parapet, consisting of alternate solids and open spaces. At first purely a military feature, afterwards copied on a smaller scale with decorative features, as for churches.
(-mĕnt*ĕd) adjective Having battlements.
A battlemented portal.
Sir W. Scott.
Battologist noun One who battologizes.
Battologize (băt*tŏl"lo*jīz) transitive verb To keep repeating needlessly; to iterate. Sir T. Herbert.
Battology (-jȳ) noun [ French battologie , from Greek battologi`a ; ba`ttos ; a stammerer + lo`gos ; speech.] A needless repetition of words in speaking or writing. Milton.
[ French battue
, from battre
to beat. See Batter
, transitive verb
, and confer Battuta
.] (Hunting) (a) The act of beating the woods, bushes, etc., for game. (b) The game itself. (c) The wanton slaughter of game. Howitt.
Batture noun [ French, from battre to beat.] An elevated river bed or sea bed.
Battuta noun [ Italian battuta , from battere to beat.] (Mus.) The measuring of time by beating.
Batty (băt"tȳ) adjective Belonging to, or resembling, a bat. " Batty wings." Shak.
Batule (băt"ūl or bȧ*tōl") noun A springboard in a circus or gymnasium; -- called also batule board .
; plural Batzen
[ German batz
, a coin bearing the image of a bear, German bätz
, bear.] A small copper coin, with a mixture of silver, formerly current in some parts of Germany and Switzerland. It was worth about four cents.
[ Confer Old French baubel
a child's plaything, French babiole
, Italian babbola
, Late Latin baubellum
gem, jewel, Latin babulus
, a baburrus
, foolish.] 1. A trifling piece of finery; a gewgaw; that which is gay and showy without real value; a cheap, showy plaything.
The ineffective bauble of an Indian pagod. 2. The fool's club.
[ Obsolete] "A fool's bauble
was a short stick with a head ornamented with an ass's ears fantastically carved upon it." Nares.
Baubling adjective See Bawbling .
[ Middle English bawdekin
rich silk stuff, Old French baudequin
. See Baldachin
.] The richest kind of stuff used in garments in the Middle Ages, the web being gold, and the woof silk, with embroidery: -- made originally at Bagdad.
[ Spelt also baudkin
, and baldakin
Baudrick noun A belt. See Baldric .
Bauk, Baulk noun & v. See Balk .
Baumé adjective Designating or conforming to either of the scales used by the French chemist Antoine Baumé in the graduation of his hydrometers; of or relating to Baumé's scales or hydrometers. There are two Baumé hydrometers. One, which is used with liquids heavier than water, sinks to 0Â° in pure water, and to 15Â° in a 15 per cent salt solution; the other, for liquids lighter than water, sinks to 0Â° in a 10 per cent salt solution and to 10Â° in pure water. In both cases the graduation, based on the distance between these fundamental points, is continued along the stem as far as desired. Since all the degrees on a Baumé scale are thus equal in length, while those on a specific-gravity scale grow smaller as the density increases, there is no simple relation between degrees Bé. and Spanish gr. However, readings on Baumés scale may be approximately reduced to specific gravities by the following formulæ ( x in each case being the reading on Baumé's scale) : (a) for liquids heavier than water, sp. gr. = 144 Ã· (144 - x ); (b) for liquids lighter than water, sp. gr. = 144 Ã· (134 + x ).
Baunscheidtism noun [ From the introducer, a German named Baunscheidt .] (Medicine) A form of acupuncture, followed by the rubbing of the part with a stimulating fluid.
Bauxite, Beauxite noun [ French, from Baux or Beaux , near Arles.] (Min.) A ferruginous hydrate of alumina. It is largely used in the preparation of aluminium and alumina, and for the lining of furnaces which are exposed to intense heat.
Bavardage noun [ French] Much talking; prattle; chatter. Byron.
Bavarian adjective Of or pertaining to Bavaria.
-- noun A native or an inhabitant of Bavaria. Bavarian cream
. See under Cream .
[ French Bavarois
Bavarian.] A kind of cloak or surtout.
[ Obsolete] Johnson.
Let the looped bavaroy the fop embrace.
[ See Baboon
.] A baboon.
Bavin (băv"ĭn) noun [ Confer Gael. & Ir. baban tuft, tassel.]
1. A fagot of brushwood, or other light combustible matter, for kindling fires; refuse of brushwood. [ Obsolete or Dial. Eng.] 2. Impure limestone. [ Prov. Eng.] Wright.
Bawbee noun [ Perh. corrupt. from halfpenny .] A halfpenny. [ Spelt also baubee .] [ Scot. & Prov. Eng.]
Bawble noun A trinket. See Bauble .
Bawbling adjective Insignificant; contemptible. [ Obsolete]
[ From French beau
fine + English cock
(the bird); or more probably from Old French baud
bold, gay + English cock
. Confer Bawd
.] A fine fellow; -- a term of endearment.
[ Obsolete] "How now, my bawcock
[ Middle English baude
, Old French balt
, bold, merry, perhaps from Old High German bald
bold; or from Celtic, confer W. baw
dirt. Confer Bold
.] A person who keeps a house of prostitution, or procures women for a lewd purpose; a procurer or procuress; a lewd person; -- usually applied to a woman.
Bawd intransitive verb To procure women for lewd purposes.
Bawdily adverb Obscenely; lewdly.
Bawdiness noun Obscenity; lewdness.
Bawdrick noun A belt. See Baldric .
[ Middle English baudery
, Old French bauderie
, boldness, joy. See Bawd
.] 1. The practice of procuring women for the gratification of lust. 2. Illicit intercourse; fornication. Shak. 3. Obscenity; filthy, unchaste language.
"The pert style of the pit bawdry
Bawdy adjective 1. Dirty; foul; -- said of clothes.
It [ a garment] is al bawdy and to-tore also. 2. Obscene; filthy; unchaste.
Bawdyhouse noun A house of prostitution; a house of ill fame; a brothel.