Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Vicinage noun [ Old French veisinage , French voisinage , from Old French veisin , French voisin , neighboring, a neighbor, Latin vicunus . See Vicinity .] The place or places adjoining or near; neighborhood; vicinity; as, a jury must be of the vicinage . "To summon the Protestant gentleman of the vicinage ." Macaulay.

Civil war had broken up all the usual ties of vicinage and good neighborhood.
Sir W. Scott.

Vicinal adjective [ Latin vicinalis : confer French vicinal .] Near; vicine. T. Warton.

Vicinal planes (Min.) , subordinate planes on a crystal, which are very near to the fundamental planes in angles, and sometimes take their place. They have in general very complex symbols.

Vicine adjective [ Latin vicinus : confer French voisin .] Near; neighboring; vicinal. [ R.] Glanvill.

Vicine noun (Chemistry) An alkaloid ex tracted from the seeds of the vetch ( Vicia sativa ) as a white crystalline substance.

Vicinity (vĭ*sĭn"ĭ*tȳ; 277) noun [ Latin vicinitas , from vicinus neighboring, near, from vicus a row of houses, a village; akin to Greek o'i^kos a house, Sanskrit vēça a house, viç to enter, Goth. weihs town: confer Old French vicinité . Confer Diocese , Economy , Parish , Vicinage , Wick a village.]


1. The quality or state of being near, or not remote; nearness; propinquity; proximity; as, the value of the estate was increased by the vicinity of two country seats.

A vicinity of disposition and relative tempers.
Jer. Taylor.

2. That which is near, or not remote; that which is adjacent to anything; adjoining space or country; neighborhood. "The vicinity of the sun." Bentley.

Syn. -- Neighborhood; vicinage. See Neighborhood .

Viciosity noun Vitiosity. [ R.]

Vicious adjective [ Old French vicious , French vicieux , from Latin vitiosus , from vitium vice. See Vice a fault.]
1. Characterized by vice or defects; defective; faulty; imperfect.

Though I perchance am vicious in my guess.
Shak.

The title of these lords was vicious in its origin.
Burke.

A charge against Bentley of vicious reasoning.
De Quincey.

2. Addicted to vice; corrupt in principles or conduct; depraved; wicked; as, vicious children; vicious examples; vicious conduct.

Who . . . heard this heavy curse,
Servant of servants, on his vicious race.
Milton.

3. Wanting purity; foul; bad; noxious; as, vicious air, water, etc. Dryden.

4. Not correct or pure; corrupt; as, vicious language; vicious idioms.

5. Not well tamed or broken; given to bad tricks; unruly; refractory; as, a vicious horse.

6. Bitter; spiteful; malignant. [ Colloq.]

Syn. -- Corrupt; faulty; wicked; depraved.

-- Vi"cious*ly , adverb -- Vi"cious*ness , noun

Vicissitude noun [ Latin vicissitudo , from vicis change, turn: confer French vicissitude . See Vicarious .]


1. Regular change or succession from one thing to another; alternation; mutual succession; interchange.

God made two great lights . . .
To illuminate the earth and rule the day
In their vicissitude , and rule the night.
Milton.

2. Irregular change; revolution; mutation.

This man had, after many vicissitudes of fortune, sunk at last into abject and hopeless poverty.
Macaulay.

Vicissitudinary adjective Subject to vicissitudes. Donne.

Vicissitudinous adjective Full of, or subject to, changes.

Vicissy duck (Zoology) A West Indian duck, sometimes domesticated.

Vickers-Maxim automatic machine gun An automatic machine gun in which the mechanism is worked by the recoil, assisted by the pressure of gases from the muzzle, which expand in a gas chamber against a disk attached to the end of the barrel, thus moving the latter to the rear with increased recoil, and against the front wall of the gas chamber, checking the recoil of the system.

Vickers-Maxim gun (Ordnance) One of a system of ordnance, including machine, quick-fire, coast, and field guns, of all calibers, manufactured by the combined firms of Vickers' Sons of Sheffield and Maxim of Birmingham and elsewhere, England.

Vickers' gun (Ordnance) One of a system of guns manufactured by the firm of Vickers' Sons, at Sheffield, Eng. now included in Vickers-Maxim guns .

Vicontiel adjective [ From Middle English vicounte a viscount. See Viscount .] (O. Eng. Law) Of or pertaining to the viscount or sheriff of a country.

Vicontiel rents . See Vicontiels . -- Vicontiel writs , such writs as were triable in the sheriff, or county, court.

Vicontiels noun plural [ See Vicontiel .] (O. Eng. Law) Things belonging to the sheriff; especially, farms (called also vicontiel rents ) for which the sheriff used to pay rent to the king.

Vicount noun See Viscount .

Victim noun [ Latin victima : confer French victime .]


1. A living being sacrificed to some deity, or in the performance of a religious rite; a creature immolated, or made an offering of.

Led like a victim , to my death I'll go.
Dryden.

2. A person or thing destroyed or sacrificed in the pursuit of an object, or in gratification of a passion; as, a victim to jealousy, lust, or ambition.

3. A person or living creature destroyed by, or suffering grievous injury from, another, from fortune or from accident; as, the victim of a defaulter; the victim of a railroad accident.

4. Hence, one who is duped, or cheated; a dupe; a gull. [ Colloq.]

Victimate transitive verb [ Latin victimatus , past participle of victimare to sacrifice.] To make a victim of; to sacrifice; to immolate. [ Obsolete] Bullokar.

Victimize transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Victimized ; present participle & verbal noun Victimizing .] To make a victim of, esp. by deception; to dupe; to cheat.

Victor noun [ Latin victor , from vincere , victum , to vanquish, to conquer. See Vanquish .]
1. The winner in a contest; one who gets the better of another in any struggle; esp., one who defeats an enemy in battle; a vanquisher; a conqueror; -- often followed by art , rarely by of .

In love, the victors from the vanquished fly;
They fly that wound, and they pursue that die.
Waller.

2. A destroyer. [ R. & Poetic]

There, victor of his health, of fortune, friends,
And fame, this lord of useless thousands ends.
Pope.

Victor adjective Victorious. "The victor Greeks." Pope.

Victoress noun A victress. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

Victoria noun [ New Latin ]
1. (Botany) A genus of aquatic plants named in honor of Queen Victoria . The Victoria regia is a native of Guiana and Brazil. Its large, spreading leaves are often over five feet in diameter, and have a rim from three to five inches high; its immense rose-white flowers sometimes attain a diameter of nearly two feet.

2. A kind of low four-wheeled pleasure carriage, with a calash top, designed for two persons and the driver who occupies a high seat in front.

3. (Astron.) An asteroid discovered by Hind in 1850; -- called also Clio .

Victoria cross , a bronze Maltese cross, awarded for valor to members of the British army or navy. It was first bestowed in 1857, at the close of the Crimean war. The recipients also have a pension of £10 a year. -- Victoria green . (Chemistry) See Emerald green , under Green . -- Victoria lily (Botany) , the Victoria regia . See def. 1, above.

Victoria noun One of an American breed of medium-sized white hogs with a slightly dished face and very erect ears.

Victoria crape A kind of cotton crape.

Victorian adjective Of or pertaining to the reign of Queen Victoria of England; as, the Victorian poets.

Victorian period . See Dionysian period , under Dyonysian .

Victorine noun A woman's fur tippet.

Victorious adjective [ Latin victoriosus : confer French victorieux . See Victory .] Of or pertaining to victory, or a victor' being a victor; bringing or causing a victory; conquering; winning; triumphant; as, a victorious general; victorious troops; a victorious day.

But I shall rise victorious , and subdue
My vanquisher.
Milton.

Now are our brows bound wind victorious wreaths.
Shak.

-- Vic*to"ri*ous*ly , adverb -- Vic*to"ri*ous*ness , noun

Victorium noun [ New Latin So named after Victoria , queen of Great Britain.] (Chemistry) A probable chemical element discovered by Sir William Crookes in 1898. Its nitrate is obtained byy practical decomposition and crystallization of yttrium nitrate. At. wt., about 117.

Victory noun ; plural Victories . [ Middle English victorie , Old French victorie , victoire , French victoire , Latin victoria . See Victor .] The defeat of an enemy in battle, or of an antagonist in any contest; a gaining of the superiority in any struggle or competition; conquest; triumph; -- the opposite of defeat .

Death is swallowed up in victory .
1 Cor. xv. 54.

God on our side, doubt not of victory .
Shak.

Victory may be honorable to the arms, but shameful to the counsels, of a nation.
Bolingbroke.

Victress noun [ Confer Latin victrix .] A woman who wins a victory; a female victor.

Victrice noun A victress. [ R.] B. Jonson.

Victrix noun [ Latin ] Victress. C. Bronté.

Victual noun
1. Food; -- now used chiefly in the plural. See Victuals . 2 Chron. xi. 23. Shak.

He was not able to keep that place three days for lack of victual .
Knolles.

There came a fair-hair'd youth, that in his hand
Bare victual for the movers.
Tennyson.

Short allowance of victual .
Longfellow.

2. Grain of any kind. [ Scot.] Jamieson.

Victual transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Victualed or Victualled ; present participle & verbal noun Victualing or Victualling .] To supply with provisions for subsistence; to provide with food; to store with sustenance; as, to victual an army; to victual a ship.

I must go victual Orleans forthwith.
Shak.

Victualage noun Victuals; food. [ R.] "With my cargo of victualage ." C. Bronté.

Victualer noun [ French victuailleur .] [ Written also victualler .]
1. One who furnishes victuals.

2. One who keeps a house of entertainment; a tavern keeper; an innkeeper. Shak.

3. A vessel employed to carry provisions, usually for military or naval use; a provision use; a provision ship.

4. One who deals in grain; a corn factor. [ Scot.]

Licensed victualer . See under Licensed .

Victualing adjective Of or pertaining to victuals, or provisions; supplying provisions; as, a victualing ship.

Victuals noun plural [ Middle English vitaille , Old French vitaille , French victuaille , plural victuailles , from Latin victualia , plural of. victualis belonging to living or nourishment, from victus nourishment, from vivere , victum , to live; akin to vivus living. See Vivid .] Food for human beings, esp. when it is cooked or prepared for the table; that which supports human life; provisions; sustenance; meat; viands.

Then had we plenty of victuals .
Jer. xliv. 17.

Victus noun [ Latin ] (Zoology) Food; diet.

Vicuña Vi*cu"gna noun [ Spanish vicuña . Confer Vigonia .] (Zoology) A South American mammal ( Auchenia vicunna ) native of the elevated plains of the Andes, allied to the llama but smaller. It has a thick coat of very fine reddish brown wool, and long, pendent white hair on the breast and belly. It is hunted for its wool and flesh.

Vida finch (Zoology) The whidah bird.

Vidame noun [ French, from Late Latin vice- dominus , from Latin vice instead of + dominus master, lord.] (Fr. Feud. Law) One of a class of temporal officers who originally represented the bishops, but later erected their offices into fiefs, and became feudal nobles.

Vide imperative sing. of Latin videre , to see; -- used to direct attention to something; as, vide supra , see above.

Videlicet adverb [ Latin , contr. from videre licet , literally, it is easy to see, one may or can see.] To wit; namely; -- often abbreviated to viz.

Vidette noun (Mil.) Same Vedette .

Vidonia noun [ Confer Portuguese vidonho the quality of grapes, Spanish veduño .] A dry white wine, of a tart flavor, produced in Teneriffe; -- called also Teneriffe .

Viduage noun [ See Vidual .] The state of widows or of widowhood; also, widows, collectively.

Vidual adjective [ Latin vidualis , from vidua a widow, from viduus widowed. See Widow .] Of or pertaining to the state of a widow; widowed. [ R.] Jer. Taylor.