Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Vesicularia noun [ New Latin See Vesicle .] (Zoology) Any one of numerous species of marine Bryozoa belonging to Vesicularia and allied genera. They have delicate tubular cells attached in clusters to slender flexible stems.

Vesiculata noun plural [ New Latin See Vesicle .] (Zoology) The campanularian medusæ.

Vesiculate adjective Bladdery; full of, or covered with, bladders; vesicular.

Vesiculate transitive verb To form vesicles in, as lava.

Vesiculation noun (Geol.) The state of containing vesicles, or the process by which vesicles are formed.

Vesiculitis noun [ New Latin ; vesicula + -itis .] Inflammation of a vesicle.

Vesiculose, Vesiculous adjective [ Latin vesiculosus : confer French vésiculeux .] Bladdery; vesicular; vesiculate; composed of vesicles; covered with vesicles; as, a vesiculose shell.

Vespa noun [ Latin , wasp.] (Zoology) A genus of Hymenoptera including the common wasps and hornets.

Vesper noun [ Latin , the evening, the evening star, the west; akin to Greek ..., ..., and perhaps to English west . Confer Hesperian , Vespers .] The evening star; Hesper; Venus, when seen after sunset; hence, the evening. Shak.

Vesper adjective Of or pertaining to the evening, or to the service of vespers; as, a vesper hymn; vesper bells.

Vesper sparrow , the grass finch. See under Grass .

Vesperal adjective Vesper; evening. [ R.]

Vespers noun plural [ Old French vespres , French vêpres , Late Latin vesperae , from Latin vespera evening. See Vesper , noun ] (R. C. Ch.) (a) One of the little hours of the Breviary. (b) The evening song or service.

Sicilian vespers . See under Sicilian , adjective

Vespertilio noun [ Latin , a bat.] (Zoology) A genus of bats including some of the common small insectivorous species of North America and Europe.

Vespertiliones noun plural [ New Latin ] (Zoology) A tribe of bats including the common insectivorous bats of America and Europe, belonging to Vespertilio and allied genera. They lack a nose membrane.

Vespertilionine adjective (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the Vespertiliones.

Vespertinal adjective Vespertine. Lowell.

Vespertine adjective [ Latin vespertinus . See Vesper .]
1. Of or pertaining to the evening; happening or being in the evening. Gray.

2. (Botany) Blossoming in the evening.

Vespiary noun [ Latin vespa a wasp.] A nest, or habitation, of insects of the wasp kind.

Vespillo noun ; plural Vespilloes . [ Latin ] (Rom. Antiq.) One who carried out the dead bodies of the poor at night for burial.

Like vespilloes or grave makers.
Sir T. Browne.

Vessel noun [ Old French vessel , veissel , vaissel , vaissiel , French vascellum , dim. of vasculum , dim. of vas a vessel. Confer Vascular , Vase .]
1. A hollow or concave utensil for holding anything; a hollow receptacle of any kind, as a hogshead, a barrel, a firkin, a bottle, a kettle, a cup, a bowl, etc.

[ They drank] out of these noble vessels .
Chaucer.

2. A general name for any hollow structure made to float upon the water for purposes of navigation; especially, one that is larger than a common rowboat; as, a war vessel ; a passenger vessel .

[ He] began to build a vessel of huge bulk.
Milton.

3. Fig.: A person regarded as receiving or containing something; esp. (Script.) , one into whom something is conceived as poured, or in whom something is stored for use; as, vessels of wrath or mercy.

He is a chosen vessel unto me.
Acts ix. 15.

[ The serpent] fit vessel , fittest imp of fraud, in whom
To enter.
Milton.

4. (Anat.) Any tube or canal in which the blood or other fluids are contained, secreted, or circulated, as the arteries, veins, lymphatics, etc.

5. (Botany) A continuous tube formed from superposed large cylindrical or prismatic cells (tracheæ), which have lost their intervening partitions, and are usually marked with dots, pits, rings, or spirals by internal deposition of secondary membranes; a duct.

Acoustic vessels . See under Acoustic . -- Weaker vessel , a woman; -- now applied humorously. "Giving honor unto the wife, as unto the weaker vessel ." 1 Peter iii. 7. "You are the weaker vessel ." Shak.

Vessel transitive verb To put into a vessel. [ Obsolete] Bacon.

Vesselful noun ; plural Vesselfuls As much as a vessel will hold; enough to fill a vessel.

Vesses, Vessets noun A kind of worsted; also, a worsted cloth. [ Prov. Eng.]

Vessicnon, Vessignon noun [ French vessigon , from Latin vesica a bladder, blister.] (Far.) A soft swelling on a horse's leg; a windgall.

Vest noun [ Latin vestis a garment, vesture; akin to Goth. wasti , and English wear : confer French veste . See Wear to carry on the person, and confer Divest , Invest , Travesty .]


1. An article of clothing covering the person; an outer garment; a vestment; a dress; a vesture; a robe.

In state attended by her maiden train,
Who bore the vests that holy rites require.
Dryden.

2. Any outer covering; array; garb.

Not seldom clothed in radiant vest
Deceitfully goes forth the morn.
Wordsworth.

3. Specifically, a waistcoat, or sleeveless body garment, for men, worn under the coat.

Syn. -- Garment; vesture; dress; robe; vestment; waistcoat. -- Vest , Waistcoat . In England, the original word waistcoat is generally used for the body garment worn over the shirt and immediately under the coat. In the United States this garment is commonly called a vest , and the waistcoat is often improperly given to an under-garment.

Vest transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Vested ; present participle & verbal noun Vesting .] [ Confer Latin vestire , vestitum , Old French vestir , French vêtir . See Vest , noun ]
1. To clothe with, or as with, a vestment, or garment; to dress; to robe; to cover, surround, or encompass closely.

Came vested all in white, pure as her mind.
Milton.

With ether vested , and a purple sky.
Dryden.

2. To clothe with authority, power, or the like; to put in possession; to invest; to furnish; to endow; -- followed by with before the thing conferred; as, to vest a court with power to try cases of life and death.

Had I been vested with the monarch's power.
Prior.

3. To place or give into the possession or discretion of some person or authority; to commit to another; -- with in before the possessor; as, the power of life and death is vested in the king, or in the courts.

Empire and dominion was [ were] vested in him.
Locke.

4. To invest; to put; as, to vest money in goods, land, or houses. [ R.]

5. (Law) To clothe with possession; as, to vest a person with an estate; also, to give a person an immediate fixed right of present or future enjoyment of; as, an estate is vested in possession. Bouvier.

Vest intransitive verb To come or descend; to be fixed; to take effect, as a title or right; -- followed by in ; as, upon the death of the ancestor, the estate, or the right to the estate, vests in the heir at law.

Vesta noun [ Latin Vesta , akin to Greek ... Vesta, ... the hearth of the house, and perhaps to Sanskrit ush to burn (see East ), or perhaps to Sanskrit vas to dwell, and English was .]
1. (Rom. Myth.) One of the great divinities of the ancient Romans, identical with the Greek Hestia . She was a virgin, and the goddess of the hearth; hence, also, of the fire on it, and the family round it.

2. (Astron.) An asteroid, or minor planet, discovered by Olbers in 1807.

3. A wax friction match. Simmonds.

Vestal adjective [ Latin Vestalis belonging to Vesta, vestal. See Vesta .] Of or pertaining to Vesta, the virgin goddess of the hearth; hence, pure; chaste.

Vestal noun [ Latin Vestalis (sc. virgo ): confer French vestale . See Vestal , adjective ]
1. (Rom. Antiq.) A virgin consecrated to Vesta, and to the service of watching the sacred fire, which was to be perpetually kept burning upon her altar.

» The Vestals were originally four, but afterward six, in number. Their term of service lasted thirty years, the period of admission being from the sixth to the tenth year of the candidate's age.

2. A virgin; a woman pure and chaste; also, a nun.

How happy is the blameless vestal's lot!
Pope.

Vestales noun plural [ New Latin See Vestal .] (Zoology) A group of butterflies including those known as virgins, or gossamer-winged butterflies.

Vested adjective
1. Clothed; robed; wearing vestments. "The vested priest." Milton.

2. (Law) Not in a state of contingency or suspension; fixed; as, vested rights; vested interests.

Vested legacy (Law) , a legacy the right to which commences in præsenti , and does not depend on a contingency; as, a legacy to one to be paid when he attains to twenty-one years of age is a vested legacy , and if the legatee dies before the testator, his representative shall receive it. Blackstone. -- Vested remainder (Law) , an estate settled, to remain to a determined person, after the particular estate is spent. Blackstone. Kent.

Vested school In Ireland, a national school which has been built by the aid of grants from the board of Commissioners of National Education and is secured for educational purposes by leases to the commissioners themselves, or to the commissioners and the trustees.

Vestiarian adjective [ See Vestiary .] Of or pertaining to a vestiary or vestments.

Vestiary noun [ Latin vestiarium . See Vestry .] A wardrobe; a robing room; a vestry. Fuller.

Vestiary adjective Pertaining to clothes, or vestments.

Vestibular adjective Of or pertaining to a vestibule; like a vestibule.

Vestibule noun [ Latin vestibulum , of uncertain origin: confer French vestibule .] The porch or entrance into a house; a hall or antechamber next the entrance; a lobby; a porch; a hall.

Vestibule of the ear . (Anat.) See under Ear . -- Vestibule of the vulva (Anat.) , a triangular space between the nymphæ, in which the orifice of the urethra is situated. -- Vestibule train (Railroads) , a train of passenger cars having the space between the end doors of adjacent cars inclosed, so as to admit of leaving the doors open to provide for intercommunication between all the cars.

Syn. -- Hall; passage. -- Vestibule , Hall , Passage . A vestibule is a small apartment within the doors of a building. A hall is the first large apartment beyond the vestibule, and, in the United States, is often long and narrow, serving as a passage to the several apartments. In England, the hall is generally square or oblong, and a long, narrow space of entrance is called a passage , not a hall , as in America. Vestibule is often used in a figurative sense to denote a place of entrance. "The citizens of Rome placed the images of their ancestors in the vestibules of their houses." Bolingbroke

Vestibule transitive verb To furnish with a vestibule or vestibules. Brander Matthews.

Vestibuled train (Railroad) Same as Vestibule train , under Vestibule .

Vestibulum noun ; plural Vestibula . [ Latin , vestibule.] (Zoology) A cavity into which, in certain bryozoans, the esophagus and anus open.

Vestigate transitive verb [ Latin vestigatus , past participle of vestigare . See Vestige .] To investigate. [ Obsolete]

Vestige noun [ French, from Latin vestigium footprint, trace, sign; the last part ( -stigium ) is probably akin to English sty , intransitive verb Confer Investigate .] The mark of the foot left on the earth; a track or footstep; a trace; a sign; hence, a faint mark or visible sign left by something which is lost, or has perished, or is no longer present; remains; as, the vestiges of ancient magnificence in Palmyra; vestiges of former population.

What vestiges of liberty or property have they left?
Burke.

Ridicule has followed the vestiges of Truth, but never usurped her place.
Landor.

Syn. -- Trace; mark; sign; token. -- Vestige , Trace . These words agree in marking some indications of the past, but differ to some extent in their use and application. Vestige is used chiefly in a figurative sense, for the remains something long passed away; as, the vestiges of ancient times; vestiges of the creation. A trace is literally something drawn out in a line, and may be used in this its primary sense, or figuratively, to denote a sign or evidence left by something that has passed by, or ceased to exist. Vestige usually supposes some definite object of the past to be left behind; while a trace may be a mere indication that something has been present or is present; as, traces of former population; a trace of poison in a given substance.

Vestige noun (Biol.) A small, degenerate, or imperfectly developed part or organ which has been more fully developed in some past generation.

Vestigial adjective Of or pertaining to a vestige or remnant; like a vestige.

Vesting noun Cloth for vests; a vest pattern.

Vestiture noun [ See Vesture .] In vestiture. [ R.]

Vestlet noun [ Dim. of vest .] (Zoology) Any one of several species of actinians belonging to the genus Cerianthus . These animals have a long, smooth body tapering to the base, and two separate circles of tentacles around the mouth. They form a tough, flexible, feltlike tube with a smooth internal lining, in which they dwell, whence the name.

Vestment noun [ Middle English vestement , vestiment , Old French vestement , vestiment , French vêtement , from Latin vestimentum , from vestire to clothe, from vestis a garment, clothing. See Vest .] A covering or garment; some part of clothing or dress ; specifically (Eccl.) , any priestly garment. "Royal vestiment ." Chaucer. "Priests in holy vestments ." Shak.

The sculptor could not give vestments suitable to the quality of the persons represented.
Dryden.

Vestry noun ; plural Vestries . [ Middle English vestrye , French vestiaire , Latin vestiarium , from vestiarius belonging to clothes, from vestis a garment. See Vest , noun , and confer Vestiary .]
1. A room appendant to a church, in which sacerdotal vestments and sacred utensils are sometimes kept, and where meetings for worship or parish business are held; a sacristy; -- formerly called revestiary .

He said unto him that was over the vestry , Bring forth vestments for all the worshipers of Baal.
2 Kings x. 22.

2. (Ch. of Eng.) A parochial assembly; an assembly of persons who manage parochial affairs; -- so called because usually held in a vestry.

3. (Prot. Epis. Ch.) A body, composed of wardens and vestrymen, chosen annually by a parish to manage its temporal concerns.

Metropolitan vestry , in the city of London, and certain specified parishes and places in England, a body composed of householders who pay poor rates. Its duties include the repair of churches, care of highways, the appointment of certain officers, etc. -- Select vestry , a select number of persons chosen in large and populous English parishes to represent and manage the concerns of the parish for one year. Mozley & W. -- Vestry board (Ch. of Eng.) , a vestry. See def. 2, above. -- Vestry clerk , an officer chosen by the vestry, who keeps a record of its proceedings; also, in England, one who keeps the parish accounts and books. -- Vestry meeting , the meeting of a vestry or vestry board; also, a meeting of a parish held in a vestry or other place.