Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Late Latin ; -- so called from Veronica
, a woman who, according to an old legend, as Christ was carrying the cross, wiped his face with a cloth, which received an impression of his countenance; Veronica
is from MGr. ..., from Macedonian ..., for Greek ..., literally, carrying off victory, victorious.] 1. A portrait or representation of the face of our Savior on the alleged handkerchief of Saint Veronica, preserved at Rome; hence, a representation of this portrait, or any similar representation of the face of the Savior. Formerly called also Vernacle , and Vernicle . 2. (Botany) A genus scrophulariaceous plants; the speedwell. See Speedwell .
» Several herbaceous species are common in both Europe and America, most of which have small blue flowers. A few shrubby species from New Zealand are sometimes found in cultivation.
Verray adjective Very; true. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ Old French veraiement
. See Very
.] Verily; truly.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Verrel noun See Ferrule .
Verriculate adjective [ Latin verriculum a net, seine.] (Zoology) Having thickset tufts of parallel hairs, bristles, or branches.
; plural Verrucæ
. [ Latin Confer Verrugas
.] 1. (Medicine) A wart. 2. (Zoology) A wartlike elevation or roughness.
Verruciform adjective [ Latin verruca wart + -form .] Shaped like a wart or warts.
Verrucose adjective [ Latin verrucosus , from verruca a wart.] Covered with wartlike elevations; tuberculate; warty; verrucous; as, a verrucose capsule.
Verrucous adjective Verrucose.
Verruculose adjective [ Latin verrucula , dim. of verruca a wart.] Minutely verrucose; as, a verruculose leaf or stalk.
[ Spanish , warts. Confer Verruca
.] (Medicine) An endemic disease occurring in the Andes in Peru, characterized by warty tumors which ulcerate and bleed. It is probably due to a special bacillus, and is often fatal.
Vers noun sing. & plural A verse or verses. See Verse .
[ Obsolete] "Ten vers
or twelve." Chaucer.
Vers de société
[ French] See Society verses , under Society .
Versability noun The quality or state of being versable. [ R.] Sterne
[ Latin versabilis
: confer French versable
. See Versatile
.] Capable of being turned.
Versableness noun Versability. [ R.]
Versal adjective Universal. [ Obsolete or Colloq.] Shak.
[ Latin versans
, present participle versare
to turn abound frequently, to turn over in the mind, to meditate. See Versatile
.] Familiar; conversant.
Men not versant with courts of justice. Sydney Smith.
Versant noun [ French] The slope of a side of a mountain chain; hence, the general slope of a country; aspect.
[ Latin versatilis
, from versare
to turn around, v. freq. of vertere
: confer French versatile
. See Verse
.] 1. Capable of being turned round. Harte. 2. Liable to be turned in opinion; changeable; variable; unsteady; inconstant; as versatile disposition. 3. Turning with ease from one thing to another; readily applied to a new task, or to various subjects; many-sided; as, versatile genius; a versatile politician.
Conspicuous among the youths of high promise . . . was the quick and versatile [ Charles] Montagu. Macaulay. 4. (Nat. Hist.) Capable of turning; freely movable; as, a versatile anther, which is fixed at one point to the filament, and hence is very easily turned around; a versatile toe of a bird.
-- -- Ver"sa*tile*ness
Versatility noun [ Confer French versatilité .] The quality or state of being versatile; versatileness.
[ Middle English vers
, Anglo-Saxon fers
, Latin versus
a line in writing, and, in poetry, a verse, from vertere
, to turn, to turn round; akin to English worth
to become: confer French vers
. See Worth
to become, and confer Advertise
.] 1. A line consisting of a certain number of metrical feet (see Foot , noun , 9) disposed according to metrical rules.
» Verses are of various kinds, as hexameter
, etc., according to the number of feet in each. A verse of twelve syllables is called an Alexandrine
. Two or more verses form a stanza
. 2. Metrical arrangement and language; that which is composed in metrical form; versification; poetry.
Such prompt eloquence Milton.
Flowed from their lips in prose or numerous verse .
Virtue was taught in verse . Prior.
Verse embalms virtue. Donne. 3. A short division of any composition.
Specifically: -- (a) A stanza; a stave; as, a hymn of four verses .
» Although this use of verse
is common, it is objectionable, because not always distinguishable from the stricter use in the sense of a line. (b) (Script.) One of the short divisions of the chapters in the Old and New Testaments.
» The author of the division of the Old Testament into verses
is not ascertained. The New Testament was divided into verses
by Robert Stephens [ or Estienne
], a French printer. This arrangement appeared for the first time in an edition printed at Geneva, in 1551. (c) (Mus.) A portion of an anthem to be performed by a single voice to each part. 4. A piece of poetry.
be thine." Pope. Blank verse
, poetry in which the lines do not end in rhymes.
-- Heroic verse
. See under Heroic .
Verse transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Versed
; present participle & verbal noun Versing
.] To tell in verse, or poetry.
Playing on pipes of corn and versing love. Shak.
Verse intransitive verb To make verses; to versify.
It is not rhyming and versing that maketh a poet. Sir P. Sidney.
[ Confer French versé
, Latin versatus
, past participle of versari
to turn about frequently, to turn over, to be engaged in a thing, passive of versare
. See Versant
] Acquainted or familiar, as the result of experience, study, practice, etc.; skilled; practiced.
Deep versed in books and shallow in himself. Milton.
Opinions . . . derived from studying the Scriptures, wherein he was versed beyond any person of his age. Southey.
These men were versed in the details of business. Macaulay.
[ Latin versus
turned, past participle vertere
. See 1st Versed
.] (Math.) Turned. Versed sine
. See under Sine , and Illust. of Functions .
Versemonger noun A writer of verses; especially, a writer of commonplace poetry; a poetaster; a rhymer; -- used humorously or in contempt.
Verser noun A versifier. B. Jonson.
Verset noun [ French] A verse. [ Obsolete] Milton.
[ Latin versiculus
, dim. of versus
. See Verse
.] A little verse; especially, a short verse or text said or sung in public worship by the priest or minister, and followed by a response from the people.
The psalms were in number fifteen, . . . being digested into versicles . Strype.
Versicolor, Versicolored adjective [ Latin versicolor ; versare to change + color color.] Having various colors; changeable in color. " Versicolor , sweet-smelling flowers." Burton.
[ See Versicle
.] Of or pertaining to verses; designating distinct divisions of a writing.
Versification noun [ Latin versificatio : confer French versification .] The act, art, or practice, of versifying, or making verses; the construction of poetry; metrical composition.
Versificator noun [ Latin ] A versifier. [ R.] "The best versificator next Virgil." Dryden.
1. One who versifies, or makes verses; as, not every versifier is a poet. Dryden. 2. One who converts into verse; one who expresses in verse the ideas of another written in prose; as, Dr. Watts was a versifier of the Psalms.
Versify intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Versified
; present participle & verbal noun Versifying
.] [ Middle English versifien
, French versifier
, Latin versificare
a verse + -ficare
to make. See Verse
, and -fy
.] To make verses.
I'll versify in spite, and do my best. Dryden.
Versify transitive verb 1. To relate or describe in verse; to compose in verse.
I'll versify the truth, not poetize. Daniel. 2. To turn into verse; to render into metrical form; as, to versify the Psalms. Chaucer.
[ French, from Latin vertere
, to turn, to change, to translate. See Verse
.] 1. A change of form, direction, or the like; transformation; conversion; turning.
The version of air into water. Bacon. 2. (Medicine) A condition of the uterus in which its axis is deflected from its normal position without being bent upon itself. See Anteversion , and Retroversion . 3. The act of translating, or rendering, from one language into another language. 4. A translation; that which is rendered from another language; as, the Common, or Authorized, Version of the Scriptures (see under Authorized ); the Septuagint Version of the Old Testament. 5. An account or description from a particular point of view, especially as contrasted with another account; as, he gave another version of the affair.
Versionist noun One who makes or favors a version; a translator. [ R.]
Verso noun [ Latin versus , past participle of vertere to turn: confer French verso .] (Print.) The reverse, or left-hand, page of a book or a folded sheet of paper; -- opposed to recto .
[ New Latin , from Latin vertere
, to turn. See Version
.] (Geom.) The turning factor of a quaternion.
» The change of one vector into another is considered in quaternions as made up of two operations; 1st, the rotation of the first vector so that it shall be parallel to the second; 2d, the change of length so that the first vector shall be equal to the second. That which expresses in amount and kind the first operation is a versor
, and is denoted geometrically by a line at right angles to the plane in which the rotation takes place, the length of this line being proportioned to the amount of rotation. That which expresses the second operation is a tensor
. The product of the versor and tensor expresses the total operation, and is called a quaternion
. See Quaternion
. Quadrantal versor
. See under Quadrantal .
Verst noun [ Russian versta : confer French verste .] A Russian measure of length containing 3,500 English feet. [ Written also werst .]
Versual adjective Of or pertaining to a verse.
[ Latin , toward, turned in the direction of, from vertere
, to turn. See Verse
.] Against; as, John Doe versus Richard Roe; -- chiefly used in legal language, and abbreviated to v. or vs.
Versute adjective [ Latin versutus , from vertere , versum , to turn.] Crafty; wily; cunning; artful. [ R.]
[ French, green, from Latin viridis
. See Verdant
, and confer Verd
.] 1. (Eng. Forest Law) (a) Everything that grows, and bears a green leaf, within the forest; as, to preserve vert and venison is the duty of the verderer. (b) The right or privilege of cutting growing wood. 2. (Her.) The color green, represented in a drawing or engraving by parallel lines sloping downward toward the right.
Verteber noun A vertebra. [ Obsolete]
; plural Vertebræ
. [ Latin vertebra
, from vertere
to turn, change. See Verse
.] 1. (Anat.) One of the serial segments of the spinal column.
» In many fishes the vertebræ
are simple cartilaginous disks or short cylinders, but in the higher vertebrates they are composed of many parts, and the vertebræ in different portions of the same column vary very greatly. A well-developed vertebra usually consists of a more or less cylindrical and solid body, or centrum
, which is surmounted dorsally by an arch, leaving an opening which forms a part of the canal containing the spinal cord. From this dorsal, or neural, arch spring various processes, or apophyses
, which have received special names: a dorsal, or neural, spine, spinous process
, or neurapophysis
, on the middle of the arch; two anterior and two posterior articular processes
, or zygapophyses
; and one or two transverse processes
on each side. In those vertebræ which bear well-developed ribs, a tubercle near the end of the rib articulates at a tubercular facet
on the transverse process ( diapophysis
), while the end, or head, of the rib articulates at a more ventral capitular facet
which is sometimes developed into a second, or ventral, transverse process ( parapophysis
). In vertebrates with well-developed hind limbs, the spinal column is divided into five regions in each of which the vertebræ are specially designated: those vertebræ in front of, or anterior to, the first vertebra which bears ribs connected with the sternum are cervical
; all those which bear ribs and are back of the cervicals are dorsal
; the one or more directly supporting the pelvis are sacral and form the sacrum; those between the sacral and dorsal are lumbar
; and all those back of the sacral are caudal
, or coccygeal
. In man there are seven cervical vertebræ, twelve dorsal, five lumbar, five sacral, and usually four, but sometimes five and rarely three, coccygeal. 2. (Zoology) One of the central ossicles in each joint of the arms of an ophiuran.