Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ French vert-de-gris
, apparently from verd
, green + de
of + gris
gray, but really a corruption of Late Latin viride aeris
(equivalent to Latin aerugo
), from Latin viridis
green + aes
, brass. See Verdant
, and 2d Ore
.] 1. (Chemistry) A green poisonous substance used as a pigment and drug, obtained by the action of acetic acid on copper, and consisting essentially of a complex mixture of several basic copper acetates. 2. The green rust formed on copper.
[ Colloq.] » This rust is a carbonate of copper, and should not be confounded with true verdigris. U. S. Disp. Blue verdigris (Chemistry)
, a verdigris having a blue color, used a pigment, etc.
-- Distilled verdigris (Old Chem.)
, an acid copper acetate; -- so called because the acetic acid used in making it was obtained from distilled vinegar.
-- Verdigris green
, clear bluish green, the color of verdigris.
Verdigris transitive verb To cover, or coat, with verdigris. [ R.] "An old verdigrised brass bugle." Hawthorne.
Verdin noun [ Confer Spanish verdino bright green, French verdin the yellow-hammer.] (Zoology) A small yellow-headed bird ( Auriparus flaviceps ) of Lower California, allied to the titmice; -- called also goldtit .
Verdine noun [ French verd , vert , green.] (Chemistry) A commercial name for green aniline dye.
Verdingale noun See Farthingale .
[ Spelled also verdingall
.] [ Obsolete]
Verdit noun Verdict. Chaucer.
Verditer noun [ French vert-de-terre , literally, green of earth.] (Chemistry) (a) Verdigris. [ Obsolete] (b) Either one of two pigments (called blue verditer , and green verditer ) which are made by treating copper nitrate with calcium carbonate (in the form of lime, whiting, chalk, etc.) They consist of hydrated copper carbonates analogous to the minerals azurite and malachite. Verditer blue , a pale greenish blue color, like that of the pigment verditer.
[ Confer Verditer
.] The faintest and palest green.
[ French verdoyer
to become green. See Verdant
.] (Her.) Charged with leaves, fruits, flowers, etc.; -- said of a border.
[ French, from Latin viridis
green. See Verdant
.] Green; greenness; freshness of vegetation; as, the verdure of the meadows in June.
A wide expanse of living verdure , cultivated gardens, shady groves, fertile cornfields, flowed round it like a sea. Motley.
Verdured adjective Covered with verdure. Poe.
Verdureless adjective Destitute of verdure.
Verdurous adjective Covered with verdure; clothed with the fresh green of vegetation; verdured; verdant; as, verdurous pastures. Milton.
Verecund adjective [ Latin verecundus , from vereri to feel awe.] Rashful; modest. [ Obsolete]
Verecundious adjective Verecund. [ Obsolete] " Verecundious generosity." Sir H. Wotton.
Verecundity noun The quality or state of being verecund; modesty. [ Obsolete]
Verein noun [ G.] A union, association, or society; -- used in names of German organizations.
Veretillum noun [ Latin , dim. of veretrum the private parts.] (Zoology) Any one of numerous species of club-shaped, compound Alcyonaria belonging to Veretillum and allied genera, of the tribe Pennatulacea. The whole colony can move about as if it were a simple animal.
[ French verge
, Latin virga
; perhaps akin to English wisp
.] 1. A rod or staff, carried as an emblem of authority; as, the verge , carried before a dean. 2. The stick or wand with which persons were formerly admitted tenants, they holding it in the hand, and swearing fealty to the lord. Such tenants were called tenants by the verge .
[ Eng.] 3. (Eng. Law) The compass of the court of Marshalsea and the Palace court, within which the lord steward and the marshal of the king's household had special jurisdiction; -- so called from the verge, or staff, which the marshal bore. 4. A virgate; a yardland.
[ Obsolete] 5. A border, limit, or boundary of a space; an edge, margin, or brink of something definite in extent.
Even though we go to the extreme verge of possibility to invent a supposition favorable to it, the theory . . . implies an absurdity. J. S. Mill.
But on the horizon's verge descried, M. Arnold. 6. A circumference; a circle; a ring.
Hangs, touched with light, one snowy sail.
The inclusive verge Shak. 7. (Architecture) (a) The shaft of a column, or a small ornamental shaft. Oxf. Gloss. (b) The edge of the tiling projecting over the gable of a roof. Encyc. Brit. 8. (Horol.) The spindle of a watch balance, especially one with pallets, as in the old vertical escapement. See under Escapement . 9. (Hort.) (a) The edge or outside of a bed or border. (b) A slip of grass adjoining gravel walks, and dividing them from the borders in a parterre. 10. The penis. 11. (Zoology) The external male organ of certain mollusks, worms, etc. See Illustration in Appendix. Syn.
Of golden metal that must round my brow.
-- Border; edge; rim; brim; margin; brink.
Verge intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Verged
; present participle & verbal noun Verging
.] [ Latin vergere
to bend, turn, incline; confer Sanskrit v...j
to turn.] 1. To border upon; to tend; to incline; to come near; to approach. 2. To tend downward; to bend; to slope; as, a hill verges to the north.
Our soul, from original instinct, vergeth towards him as its center. Barrow.
I find myself verging to that period of life which is to be labor and sorrow. Swift.
.] (Architecture) The ornament of woodwork upon the gable of a house, used extensively in the 15th century. It was generally suspended from the edge of the projecting roof (see Verge , noun , 4), and in position parallel to the gable wall. Called also bargeboard .
1. The act of verging or approaching; tendency; approach. [ R.] 2. (Opt.) The reciprocal of the focal distance of a lens, used as measure of the divergence or convergence of a pencil of rays. [ R.] Humphrey Lloyd.
[ French verger
, from verge
a rod. See 1st Verge
.] One who carries a verge, or emblem of office.
Specifically: -- (a) An attendant upon a dignitary, as on a bishop, a dean, a justice, etc.
[ Eng.] Strype. (b) The official who takes care of the interior of a church building.
Verger noun A garden or orchard. [ Obsolete]
Vergetté adjective [ Confer French vergeté .] Divided by pallets, or pales; paly. W. Berry.
Vergette noun (Her.) A small pale.
Veridical adjective [ Latin veridicus ; verus true + dicere to say, tell.] Truth-telling; truthful; veracious. [ R.] Carlyle.
Verifiable adjective Capable of being verified; confirmable. Bp. Hall.
Verification noun [ Confer French vérification .] Verification of an equation (Math.) , the operation of testing the equation of a problem, to see whether it expresses truly the conditions of the problem. Davies & Peck. (Math. Dict.)
1. The act of verifying, or the state of being verified; confirmation; authentication. 2. (Law) (a) Confirmation by evidence. (b) A formal phrase used in concluding a plea.
Verificative adjective Serving to verify; verifying; authenticating; confirming.
Verifier noun One who, or that which, verifies.
Verify transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Verified
; present participle & verbal noun Verifying
.] [ French vérifier
, Late Latin verificare
, from Latin verus
true + -ficare
to make. See Very
, and - fy
.] 1. To prove to be true or correct; to establish the truth of; to confirm; to substantiate.
This is verified by a number of examples. Bacon.
So shalt thou best fulfill, best verify . Milton. 2. To confirm or establish the authenticity of by examination or competent evidence; to authenticate; as, to verify a written statement; to verify an account, a pleading, or the like.
The prophets old, who sung thy endless reign.
To verify our title with their lives. Shak. 3. To maintain; to affirm; to support.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
Veriloquent adjective [ Latin verus true + loquens speaking.] Speaking truth; truthful. [ Obsolete]
[ From Very
.] In very truth; beyond doubt or question; in fact; certainly. Bacon.
Trust in the Lord and do good; so shalt thou dwell in the land, and verily thou shalt be fed. Ps. xxxvii. 3.
Verine noun [ Contr. from ver atr ine .] (Chemistry) An alkaloid obtained as a yellow amorphous substance by the decomposition of veratrine.
[ Latin verisimilis
true + similis
like, similar. See Very
, and Similar
.] Having the appearance of truth; probable; likely.
it looks." Carlyle.
[ Latin verisimilitudo
: confer Old French verisimilitude
. See Verisimilar
.] The quality or state of being verisimilar; the appearance of truth; probability; likelihood.
Verisimilitude and opinion are an easy purchase; but true knowledge is dear and difficult. Glanvill.
All that gives verisimilitude to a narrative. Sir. W. Scott.
Verisimility noun Verisimilitude.
The verisimility or probable truth. Sir T. Browne.
Verisimilous adjective Verisimilar. [ Obsolete]
[ French véritable
. See Verity
.] Agreeable to truth or to fact; actual; real; true; genuine.
Deity." Sir W. Hamilton.
[ Confer French véritas
. See Verity
.] The Bureau Veritas. See under Bureau .
; plural Verities
. [ French vérité
, Latin veritas
, from verus
true. See Very
.] 1. The quality or state of being true, or real; consonance of a statement, proposition, or other thing, with fact; truth; reality.
of certain words." Shak.
It is a proposition of eternal verity , that none can govern while he is despised. South. 2. That which is true; a true assertion or tenet; a truth; a reality.
Mark what I say, which you shall find Shak.
By every syllable a faithful verity .
[ Middle English vergeous
, French verjus
, that is, the juice of green fruits; verd
, green + jus
juice. See Verdant
, and Juice
.] 1. The sour juice of crab apples, of green or unripe grapes, apples, etc.; also, an acid liquor made from such juice. 2. Tartness; sourness, as of disposition.
[ French, vermilion, from Late Latin vermiculus
, from Latin vermiculus
a little worm, the coccus Indicus, from vermis
a worm. See Worm
, and confer Vermicule
.] 1. Vermilion; also, the color of vermilion, a bright, beautiful red.
[ Poetic & R.]
In her cheeks the vermeil red did show Spenser. 2. Silver gilt or gilt bronze. 3. A liquid composition applied to a gilded surface to give luster to the gold. Knight.
Like roses in a bed of lilies shed.
Vermeologist noun One who treats of vermes, or worms; a helminthologist.
Vermeology noun [ Latin vermes worms + -logy .] (Zoology) A discourse or treatise on worms; that part of zoölogy which treats of worms; helminthology. [ R.]
Vermes noun plural [ Latin vermes , plural of vermis a worm.] (Zoology) (a) An extensive artificial division of the animal kingdom, including the parasitic worms, or helminths, together with the nemerteans, annelids, and allied groups. By some writers the branchiopods, the bryzoans, and the tunicates are also included. The name was used in a still wider sense by Linnæus and his followers. (b) A more restricted group, comprising only the helminths and closely allied orders.
Vermetid noun (Zoology) Any species of vermetus.
Vermetus noun [ New Latin , from Latin vermis worm.] (Zoology) Any one of many species of marine gastropods belonging to Vermetus and allied genera, of the family Vermetidæ . Their shells are regularly spiral when young, but later in life the whorls become separate, and the shell is often irregularly bent and contorted like a worm tube.
[ Italian , plural of vermicello
, literally, a little worm, dim. of verme
a worm, Latin vermis
. See Worm
, and confer Vermicule
.] The flour of a hard and small-grained wheat made into dough, and forced through small cylinders or pipes till it takes a slender, wormlike form, whence the Italian name. When the paste is made in larger tubes, it is called macaroni .