Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Vauntingly adverb In a vaunting manner.

Vauntmure noun [ French avant-mur . See Vanguard , and Mure .] (Fort.) A false wall; a work raised in front of the main wall. [ Written also vaimure , and vamure .] Camden.

Vauquelinite noun [ So called after the French chemist Vauquelin , who died in 1829: confer French vauquelinite .] (Min.) Chromate of copper and lead, of various shades of green.

Vaut intransitive verb To vault; to leap. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

Vaut noun A vault; a leap. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

Vauty adjective Vaulted. "The haughty vauty welkin." [ Obsolete] Taylor (1611).

Vavasor noun [ Middle English vavasour , Old French vavassor , vavassour , French vavasseur , Late Latin vavassor , probably contr. from vassus vassorum vassal of the vassals. See Vassal .] (Feud. Law) The vassal or tenant of a baron; one who held under a baron, and who also had tenants under him; one in dignity next to a baron; a title of dignity next to a baron. Burrill. "A worthy vavasour ." Chaucer. [ Also written vavasour , vavassor , valvasor , etc.]

Vavasours subdivide again to vassals, exchanging land and cattle, human or otherwise, against fealty.
Motley.

Vavasory noun [ French vavassorie .] (Feud. Law) The quality or tenure of the fee held by a vavasor; also, the lands held by a vavasor.

Vaward noun [ For vanward , equivalent to vanguard . See Vanguard , Ward guard.] The fore part; van. [ Obsolete]

Since we have the vaward of the day.
Shak.

Vaza parrot (Zoology) Any one of several species of parrots of the genus Coracopsis , native of Madagascar; -- called also vasa parrot .

Veadar noun The thirteenth, or intercalary, month of the Jewish ecclesiastical calendar, which is added about every third year.

Veal noun [ Middle English veel , Old French veel , French veau , Latin vitellus , dim. of vitulus a calf; akin to English wether . See Wether , and confer Vellum , Vituline .] The flesh of a calf when killed and used for food.

Vection noun [ Latin vectio , from vehere , vectum , to carry.] Vectitation. [ Obsolete]

Vectitation noun [ Latin vectitatus born... about, from ve...tare , v. intens. from vehere , vectum , to carry.] The act of carrying, or state of being carried. [ Obsolete]

Vector noun [ Latin , a bearer, carrier. from vehere , vectum , to carry.]
1. Same as Radius vector .

2. (Math.) A directed quantity, as a straight line, a force, or a velocity. Vectors are said to be equal when their directions are the same their magnitudes equal. Confer Scalar .

» In a triangle, either side is the vector sum of the other two sides taken in proper order; the process finding the vector sum of two or more vectors is vector addition (see under Addition ).

Vecture noun [ Latin vectura , from vehere , vectum , to carry. Confer Vettura , Voiture .] The act of carrying; conveyance; carriage. [ Obsolete] Bacon.

Veda noun [ Sanskrit v...da , properly, knowledge, from vid to know. See Wit .] The ancient sacred literature of the Hindus; also, one of the four collections, called Rig-Veda , Yajur-Veda , Sama-Veda , and Atharva-Veda , constituting the most ancient portions of that literature.

» The language of the Vedas is usually called Vedic Sanskrit , as distinguished from the later and more settled form called classical Sanskrit .

Vedanta noun [ Sanskrit V...danta .] A system of philosophy among the Hindus, founded on scattered texts of the Vedas, and thence termed the "Anta," or end or substance. Balfour (Cyc. of India.)

Vedantic adjective Of or pertaining to the Vedas.

Vedantist noun One versed in the doctrines of the Vedantas.

Vedette noun [ French vedette , Italian vedetta , for veletta (influenced by vedere to see, Latin videre ), from Italian veglia watch, Latin vigilia . See Vigil .] A sentinel, usually on horseback, stationed on the outpost of an army, to watch an enemy and give notice of danger; a vidette.

Vedro noun [ Russian ] A Russian liquid measure, equal to 3.249 gallons of U. S. standard measure, or 2.706 imperial gallons. McElrath.

Veer intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Veered ; present participle & verbal noun Veering .] [ French virer (cf. Spanish virar , birar ), Late Latin virare ; perhaps from Latin vibrare to brandish, vibrate (cf. Vibrate ); or confer Latin viriae armlets, bracelets, viriola a little bracelet (cf. Ferrule ). Confer Environ .] To change direction; to turn; to shift; as, wind veers to the west or north. "His veering gait." Wordsworth.

And as he leads, the following navy veers .
Dryden.

an ordinary community which is hostile or friendly as passion or as interest may veer about.
Burke.

To veer and haul (Nautical) , to vary the course or direction; -- said of the wind, which veers aft and hauls forward. The wind is also said to veer when it shifts with the sun.

Veer transitive verb To direct to a different course; to turn; to wear; as, to veer , or wear, a vessel.

To veer and haul (Nautical) , to pull tight and slacken alternately. Totten. -- To veer away or out (Nautical) , to let out; to slacken and let run; to pay out; as, to veer away the cable; to veer out a rope.

Veering adjective Shifting. -- Veer"ing*ly , adverb

Veery noun (Zoology) An American thrush ( Turdus fuscescens ) common in the Northern United States and Canada. It is light tawny brown above. The breast is pale buff, thickly spotted with brown. Called also Wilson's thrush .

Sometimes I hear the veery's clarion.
Thoreau.

Vega (vē"gȧ) noun (Astron.) [ Arabic wāgi' , properly, falling: confer French Wéga .] A brilliant star of the first magnitude, the brightest of those constituting the constellation Lyra.

Vega noun [ Spanish ] An open tract of ground; a plain, esp. one which is moist and fertile, as those used for tobacco fields. [ Spanish Amer. & Phil. Islands]

Vegetability noun The quality or state of being vegetable. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.

Vegetable adjective [ French végétable growing, capable of growing, formerly also, as a noun, a vegetable, from Latin vegetabilis enlivening, from vegetare to enliven, invigorate, quicken, vegetus enlivened, vigorous, active, vegere to quicken, arouse, to be lively, akin to vigere to be lively, to thrive, vigil watchful, awake, and probably to English wake , v. See Vigil , Wake , v. ]


1. Of or pertaining to plants; having the nature of, or produced by, plants; as, a vegetable nature; vegetable growths, juices, etc.

Blooming ambrosial fruit
Of vegetable gold.
Milton.

2. Consisting of, or comprising, plants; as, the vegetable kingdom.

Vegetable alkali (Chemistry) , an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone . (Botany) See Vegetable sulphur , below. -- Vegetable butter (Botany) , a name of several kinds of concrete vegetable oil; as that produced by the Indian butter tree, the African shea tree, and the Pentadesma butyracea , a tree of the order Guttiferæ , also African. Still another kind is pressed from the seeds of cocoa ( Theobroma ). -- Vegetable flannel , a textile material, manufactured in Germany from pine-needle wool, a down or fiber obtained from the leaves of the Pinus sylvestris . -- Vegetable ivory . See Ivory nut , under Ivory . -- Vegetable jelly . See Pectin . -- Vegetable kingdom . (Nat. Hist.) See the last Phrase, below. -- Vegetable leather . (a) (Botany) A shrubby West Indian spurge ( Euphorbia punicea ), with leathery foliage and crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather , under Leather . -- Vegetable marrow (Botany) , an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long. It is noted for the very tender quality of its flesh, and is a favorite culinary vegetable in England. It has been said to be of Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of the American pumpkin. -- Vegetable oyster (Botany) , the oyster plant. See under Oyster . -- Vegetable parchment , papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep (Botany) , a white woolly plant ( Raoulia eximia ) of New Zealand, which grows in the form of large fleecy cushions on the mountains. -- Vegetable silk , a cottonlike, fibrous material obtained from the coating of the seeds of a Brazilian tree ( Chorisia speciosa ). It us used for various purposes, as for stuffing, and the like, but is incapable of being spun on account of a want of cohesion among the fibers. -- Vegetable sponge . See 1st Loof . -- Vegetable sulphur , the fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss ( Lycopodium clavatum ); witch. -- Vegetable tallow , a substance resembling tallow, obtained from various plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow , obtained from the seeds of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes given to piney tallow. -- Vegetable wax , a waxy excretion on the leaves or fruits of certain plants, as the bayberry.

Vegetable kingdom (Nat. Hist.) , that primary division of living things which includes all plants. The classes of the vegetable kingdom have been grouped differently by various botanists. The following is one of the best of the many arrangements of the principal subdivisions.

I. Phænogamia (called also Phanerogamia ). Plants having distinct flowers and true seeds. { 1. Dicotyledons (called also Exogens ). -- Seeds with two or more cotyledons. Stems with the pith, woody fiber, and bark concentrically arranged. Divided into two subclasses: Angiosperms , having the woody fiber interspersed with dotted or annular ducts, and the seed contained in a true ovary; Gymnosperms , having few or no ducts in the woody fiber, and the seeds naked. 2. Monocotyledons (called also Endogens ). -- Seeds with single cotyledon. Stems with slender bundles of woody fiber not concentrically arranged, and with no true bark.

II. Cryptogamia . Plants without true flowers, and reproduced by minute spores of various kinds, or by simple cell division. { 1. Acrogens . -- Plants usually with distinct stems and leaves, existing in two alternate conditions, one of which is nonsexual and sporophoric, the other sexual and oöphoric. Divided into Vascular Acrogens , or Pteridophyta , having the sporophoric plant conspicuous and consisting partly of vascular tissue, as in Ferns, Lycopods, and Equiseta, and Cellular Acrogens , or Bryophyta , having the sexual plant most conspicuous, but destitute of vascular tissue, as in Mosses and Scale Mosses. 2. Thallogens . -- Plants without distinct stem and leaves, consisting of a simple or branched mass of cellular tissue, or educed to a single cell. Reproduction effected variously. Divided into Algæ , which contain chlorophyll or its equivalent, and which live upon air and water, and Fungi , which contain no chlorophyll, and live on organic matter. (Lichens are now believed to be fungi parasitic on included algæ.

» Many botanists divide the Phænogamia primarily into Gymnosperms and Angiosperms, and the latter into Dicotyledons and Monocotyledons. Others consider Pteridophyta and Bryophyta to be separate classes. Thallogens are variously divided by different writers, and the places for diatoms, slime molds, and stoneworts are altogether uncertain.

For definitions, see these names in the Vocabulary.

Vegetable noun
1. (Biol.) A plant. See Plant .

2. A plant used or cultivated for food for man or domestic animals, as the cabbage, turnip, potato, bean, dandelion, etc.; also, the edible part of such a plant, as prepared for market or the table.

» Vegetables and fruits are sometimes loosely distinguished by the usual need of cooking the former for the use of man, while the latter may be eaten raw; but the distinction often fails, as in the case of quinces, barberries, and other fruits, and lettuce, celery, and other vegetables. Tomatoes if cooked are vegetables, if eaten raw are fruits.

Vegetal adjective [ French végétal . See Vegetable .]


1. Of or pertaining to vegetables, or the vegetable kingdom; of the nature of a vegetable; vegetable.

All creatures vegetal , sensible, and rational.
Burton.

2. (Biol.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, that class of vital phenomena, such as digestion, absorption, assimilation, secretion, excretion, circulation, generation, etc., which are common to plants and animals, in distinction from sensation and volition , which are peculiar to animals.

Vegetal noun [ French] A vegetable. [ R.] B. Jonson.

Vegetality noun
1. The quality or state of being vegetal, or vegetable. [ R.]

2. (Biol.) The quality or state of being vegetal, or exhibiting those physiological phenomena which are common to plants and animals. See Vegetal , adjective , 2.

Vegetarian noun One who holds that vegetables and fruits are the only proper food for man. Strict vegetarians eat no meat, eggs, or milk.

Vegetarian adjective Of or pertaining to vegetarianism; as, a vegetarian diet.

Vegetarianism noun The theory or practice of living upon vegetables and fruits.

Vegetate intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Vegetated ; present participle & verbal noun Vegetating .] [ Latin vegetatus , past participle of vegetare to enliven. See Vegetable .]


1. To grow, as plants, by nutriment imbibed by means of roots and leaves; to start into growth; to sprout; to germinate.

See dying vegetables life sustain,
See life dissolving vegetate again.
Pope.

2. Fig.: To lead a live too low for an animate creature; to do nothing but eat and grow. Cowper.

Persons who . . . would have vegetated stupidly in the places where fortune had fixed them.
Jeffrey.

3. (Medicine) To grow exuberantly; to produce fleshy or warty outgrowths; as, a vegetating papule.

Vegetation noun [ Confer French végétation , Latin vegetatio an enlivening. See Vegetable .]


1. The act or process of vegetating, or growing as a plant does; vegetable growth.

2. The sum of vegetable life; vegetables or plants in general; as, luxuriant vegetation .

3. (Medicine) An exuberant morbid outgrowth upon any part, especially upon the valves of the heart.

Vegetation of salts (Old Chem.) , a crystalline growth of an arborescent form.

Vegetative adjective [ Confer French végétatif .]


1. Growing, or having the power of growing, as plants; capable of vegetating.

2. Having the power to produce growth in plants; as, the vegetative properties of soil.

3. (Biol.) Having relation to growth or nutrition; partaking of simple growth and enlargement of the systems of nutrition, apart from the sensorial or distinctively animal functions; vegetal.

-- Veg"e*ta*tive*ly , adverb -- Veg"e*ta*tive*ness , noun

Vegete adjective [ Latin vegetus . See Vegetable .] Lively; active; sprightly; vigorous. [ Obsolete]

Even her body was made airy and vegete .
Jer. Taylor.

Vegetism noun Vegetal state or characteristic.

Vegetive adjective [ See Vegetate , and Vegetative .] Having the nature of a plant; vegetable; as, vegetive life. [ R.] Tusser.

Vegetive noun A vegetable. [ Obsolete]

The blest infusions
That dwell in vegetives , in metals, stones.
Shak.

Vegeto-animal adjective (Biol.) Partaking of the nature both of vegetable and animal matter; -- a term sometimes applied to vegetable albumen and gluten, from their resemblance to similar animal products.

Vegetous adjective [ Latin vegetus . See Vegete .] Vigorous; lively; active; vegete. [ Obsolete] B. Jonson.

Vehemence noun [ Latin vehementia : confer French véhémence .]


1. The quality pr state of being vehement; impetuous force; impetuosity; violence; fury; as, the vehemence .

2. Violent ardor; great heat; animated fervor; as, the vehemence of love, anger, or other passions.

I . . . tremble at his vehemence of temper.
Addison.

Vehemency noun Vehemence. [ R.]

The vehemency of your affection.
Shak.

Vehement adjective [ Latin vehemens , the first part of which is perhaps akin to vehere to carry, and the second mens mind: confer French véhément . Confer Vehicle , and Mental .]


1. Acting with great force; furious; violent; impetuous; forcible; mighty; as, vehement wind; a vehement torrent; a vehement fire or heat.

2. Very ardent; very eager or urgent; very fervent; passionate; as, a vehement affection or passion. " Vehement instigation." Shak. " Vehement desire." Milton.

Syn. -- Furious; violent; raging; impetuous; passionate; ardent; eager; hot; fervid; burning.

Vehemently adverb In a vehement manner.