Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Arabic shirb
, a drink, beverage, from shariba
to drink. Confer Sirup
.] A liquor composed of vegetable acid, especially lemon juice, and sugar, with spirit to preserve it.
Shrub noun [ Middle English schrob , Anglo-Saxon scrob , scrobb ; akin to Norw. skrubba the dwarf cornel tree.] (Botany) A woody plant of less size than a tree, and usually with several stems from the same root.
Shrub transitive verb To lop; to prune. [ Obsolete] Anderson (1573).
; plural Shrubberies 1. A collection of shrubs. 2. A place where shrubs are planted. Macaulay.
Shrubbiness noun Quality of being shrubby.
[ Compar. Shrubbier
; superl. Shrubbiest
.] 1. Full of shrubs. 2. Of the nature of a shrub; resembling a shrub.
browse." J. Philips.
Shrubless adjective having no shrubs. Byron.
[ Confer Scruff
.] Rubbish. Specifically: (a) Dross or refuse of metals. [ Obsolete] (b) Light, dry wood, or stuff used for fuel.
[ Prov. Eng.]
Shrug transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Shrugged
; present participle & verbal noun Shrugging
.] [ Probably akin to shrink
, past participle shrunk
; confer Danish skrugge
, to stoop, dial. Swedish skrukka
, to crouch.] To draw up or contract (the shoulders), especially by way of expressing dislike, dread, doubt, or the like.
He shrugs his shoulders when you talk of securities. Addison.
Shrug intransitive verb To raise or draw up the shoulders, as in expressing dislike, dread, doubt, or the like.
They grin, they shrug . Swift.
They bow, they snarl, they snatch, they hug.
Shrug noun A drawing up of the shoulders, -- a motion usually expressing dislike, dread, or doubt.
The Spaniards talk in dialogues Hudibras.
Of heads and shoulders, nods and shrugs .
Shrunken past participle & adjective from Shrink .
Shuck noun A shock of grain. [ Prev.Eng.]
Shuck noun [ Perhaps akin to German shote a husk, pod, shell.]
1. A shell, husk, or pod; especially, the outer covering of such nuts as the hickory nut, butternut, peanut, and chestnut. 2. The shell of an oyster or clam. [ U. S.]
Shuck transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Shucked
; present participle & verbal noun Shucking
.] To deprive of the shucks or husks; as, to shuck walnuts, Indian corn, oysters, etc.
Shuck transitive verb To remove or take off (shucks); hence, to discard; to lay aside; -- usually with off .
" Shucking " his coronet, after he had imbibed several draughts of fire water. F. A. Ober.
He had only been in Africa long enough to shuck off the notions he had acquired about the engineering of a west coast colony. Pall Mall Mag.
Shucker noun One who shucks oysters or clams
Shudder intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Shuddered
; present participle & verbal noun Shuddering
.] [ Middle English shoderen
; akin to LG. schuddern
, Dutch schudden
to shake, Old Saxon skuddian
, German schaudern
to shudder, schütteln
to shake, schütten
to pour, to shed, Old High German scutten
, to shake.] To tremble or shake with fear, horrer, or aversion; to shiver with cold; to quake.
horror pale." Milton.
The shuddering tennant of the frigid zone. Goldsmith.
Shudder noun The act of shuddering, as with fear. Shak.
Shudderingly adverb In a shuddering manner.
Shude noun The husks and other refuse of rice mills, used to adulterate oil cake, or linseed cake.
Shuffle transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Shuffled
; present participle & verbal noun Shuffling
.] [ Originally the same word as scuffle
, and properly a freq. of shove
. See Shove
, and Scuffle
.] 1. To shove one way and the other; to push from one to another; as, to shuffle money from hand to hand. 2. To mix by pushing or shoving; to confuse; to throw into disorder; especially, to change the relative positions of, as of the cards in a pack.
A man may shuffle cards or rattle dice from noon to midnight without tracing a new idea in his mind. Rombler. 3. To remove or introduce by artificial confusion.
It was contrived by your enemies, and shuffled into the papers that were seizen. Dryden. To shuffe off
, to push off; to rid one's self of.
-- To shuffe up
, to throw together in hastel to make up or form in confusion or with fraudulent disorder; as, he shuffled up a peace.
Shuffle intransitive verb 1. To change the relative position of cards in a pack; as, to shuffle and cut. 2. To change one's position; to shift ground; to evade questions; to resort to equivocation; to prevaricate.
I myself, . . . hiding mine honor in my necessity, am fain to shuffle . Shak. 3. To use arts or expedients; to make shift.
Your life, good master, Shak. 4. To move in a slovenly, dragging manner; to drag or scrape the feet in walking or dancing.
Must shuffle for itself.
The aged creature came Keats. Syn.
Shuffling along with ivory-headed wand.
-- To equivicate; prevaricate; quibble; cavil; shift; sophisticate; juggle.
Shuffle noun 1. The act of shuffling; a mixing confusedly; a slovenly, dragging motion.
The unguided agitation and rude shuffles of matter. Bentley. 2. A trick; an artifice; an evasion.
The gifts of nature are beyond all shame and shuffles . L'Estrange.
Shufflecap noun A play performed by shaking money in a hat or cap. [ R.] Arbuthnot.
Shuffler noun 1. One who shuffles. 2. (Zoology) Either one of the three common American scaup ducks. See Scaup duck , under Scaup .
Shufflewing noun (Zoology) The hedg sparrow. [ Prov. Eng.]
1. Moving with a dragging, scraping step. "A shuffling nag." Shak. 2. Evasive; as, a shuffling excuse. T. Burnet.
Shuffling v. In a shuffling manner.
Shug intransitive verb
[ Confer Shrug
.] 1. To writhe the body so as to produce friction against one's clothes, as do those who have the itch.
[ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell. 2. Hence, to crawl; to sneak.
There I 'll shug in and get a noble countenance. Ford.
Shumac noun (Botany) Sumac.
Shun transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Shunned
; present participle & verbal noun Shunning
.] [ Middle English shunien
, Anglo-Saxon scunian
; confer Dutch schuinen
to slepe, schuin
oblique, sloping, Icelandic skunda
, to hasten. Confer Schooner
.] To avoid; to keep clear of; to get out of the way of; to escape from; to eschew; as, to shun rocks, shoals, vice.
I am pure from the blood of all men. For I have not shunned to declare unto you all the counsel of God. Acts xx. 26,27.
Scarcity and want shall shun you. Shak. Syn.
-- See Avoid
Shunless adjective Not to be shunned; inevitable; unavoidable. [ R.] " Shunless destiny." Shak.
Shunt transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Shunted
; present participle & verbal noun Shunting
.] [ Prov. E., to move from, to put off, from Middle English shunten
; confer Dutch schuinte
a slant, slope, Icelandic skunda
to hasten. Confer Shun
.] 1. To shun; to move from.
[ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.] 2. To cause to move suddenly; to give a sudden start to; to shove.
[ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.] Ash. 3. To turn off to one side; especially, to turn off, as a grain or a car upon a side track; to switch off; to shift.
For shunting your late partner on to me. T. Hughes. 4. (Electricity) To provide with a shunt; as, to shunt a galvanometer.
Shunt intransitive verb To go aside; to turn off.
[ Confer Dutch schuinte
slant, slope, declivity. See Shunt
, transitive verb
] 1. (Railroad) A turning off to a side or short track, that the principal track may be left free. 2. (Electricity) A conducting circuit joining two points in a conductor, or the terminals of a galvanometer or dynamo, so as to form a parallel or derived circuit through which a portion of the current may pass, for the purpose of regulating the amount passing in the main circuit. 3. (Gunnery) The shifting of the studs on a projectile from the deep to the shallow sides of the grooves in its discharge from a shunt gun. Shunt dynamo (Electricity)
, a dynamo in which the field circuit is connected with the main circuit so as to form a shunt to the letter, thus employing a portion of the current from the armature to maintain the field.
-- Shunt gun
, a firearm having shunt rifling. See under Rifling .
Shunt valve (Machinery) A valve permitting a fluid under pressure an easier avenue of escape than normally; specif., a valve, actuated by the governor, used in one system of marine-engine governing to connect both ends of the low-pressure cylinder as a supplementary control.
Shunt winding (Electricity) A winding so arranged as to divide the armature current and lead a portion of it around the field-magnet coils; -- opposed to series winding . -- Shunt"-wound` adjective
Shunter noun (Railroad) A person employed to shunt cars from one track to another.
Shunting present participle & verbal noun
. Specif.: verbal noun (a) (Railroads) Switching; as, shunting engine, yard, etc.
[ British] (b) (Finance) Arbitrage conducted between certain local markets without the necessity of the exchange involved in foreign arbitrage.
[ Great Britain]
Shut transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Shut
; present participle & verbal noun Shutting
.] [ Middle English shutten
, Anglo-Saxon scyttan
to shut or lock up (akin to Dutch schutten
, German schützen
to protect), properly, to fasten with a bolt or bar shot
across, from Anglo-Saxon sceótan
to shoot. √159. See Shoot
.] 1. To close so as to hinder ingress or egress; as, to shut a door or a gate; to shut one's eyes or mouth. 2. To forbid entrance into; to prohibit; to bar; as, to shut the ports of a country by a blockade.
Shall that be shut to man which to the beast Milton. 3. To preclude; to exclude; to bar out.
from every shore." Dryden. 4. To fold together; to close over, as the fingers; to close by bringing the parts together; as, to shut the hand; to shut a book. To shut in
. (a) To inclose; to confine
. "The Lord shut
." Cen. vii. 16. (b) To cover or intercept the view of; as, one point shuts in another.
-- To shut off
. (a) To exclude
. (b) To prevent the passage of, as steam through a pipe, or water through a flume, by closing a cock, valve, or gate.
-- To shut out
, to preclude from entering; to deny admission to; to exclude; as, to shut out rain by a tight roof.
-- To shut together
, to unite; to close, especially to close by welding.
-- To shut up
. (a) To close; to make fast the entrances into; as, to shut up a house. (b) To obstruct
. "Dangerous rocks shut up
the passage." Sir W. Raleigh. (c) To inclose; to confine; to imprison; to fasten in; as, to shut up a prisoner.
Before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed. Gal. iii. 23. (d) To end; to terminate; to conclude
When the scene of life is shut up , the slave will be above his master if he has acted better. Collier. (e) To unite, as two pieces of metal by welding. (f) To cause to become silent by authority, argument, or force
Shut intransitive verb To close itself; to become closed; as, the door shuts ; it shuts hard. To shut up , to cease speaking. [ Colloq.] T. Hughes.
1. Closed or fastened; as, a shut door. 2. Rid; clear; free; as, to get shut of a person. [ Now dialectical or local, Eng. & U.S.] L'Estrange. 3. (Phon.) (a) Formed by complete closure of the mouth passage, and with the nose passage remaining closed; stopped, as are the mute consonants, p , t , k , b , d , and hard g . H. Sweet. (b) Cut off sharply and abruptly by a following consonant in the same syllable, as the English short vowels, ă, ĕ, ĭ, ŏ, ŭ, always are.
Shut noun The act or time of shutting; close; as, the shut of a door.
Just then returned at shut of evening flowers. Milton. 2. A door or cover; a shutter.
[ Obsolete] Sir I. Newton. 3. The line or place where two pieces of metal are united by welding. Cold shut
, the imperfection in a casting caused by the flowing of liquid metal upon partially chilled metal; also, the imperfect weld in a forging caused by the inadequate heat of one surface under working.
1. One who shuts or closes. 2. A movable cover or screen for a window, designed to shut out the light, to obstruct the view, or to be of some strength as a defense; a blind. 3. A removable cover, or a gate, for closing an aperture of any kind, as for closing the passageway for molten iron from a ladle.
Shutter noun (Photog.) A mechanical device of various forms, attached to a camera for opening and closing to expose the plate.
Shuttered adjective Furnished with shutters.
[ Also shittle
, Middle English schitel
; confer Middle English schitel
a bolt of a door, Anglo-Saxon scyttes
; all from Anglo-Saxon sceótan
to shoot; akin to Danish skyttel
, shuttle, dial. Swedish skyttel
. √159. See Shoot
, and confer Shittle
.] 1. An instrument used in weaving for passing or shooting the thread of the woof from one side of the cloth to the other between the threads of the warp.
Like shuttles through the loom, so swiftly glide Sandys. 2. The sliding thread holder in a sewing machine, which carries the lower thread through a loop of the upper thread, to make a lock stitch. 3. A shutter, as for a channel for molten metal.
My feathered hours.
[ R.] Shuttle box (Weaving)
, a case at the end of a shuttle race, to receive the shuttle after it has passed the thread of the warp; also, one of a set of compartments containing shuttles with different colored threads, which are passed back and forth in a certain order, according to the pattern of the cloth woven.
-- Shutten race
, a sort of shelf in a loom, beneath the warp, along which the shuttle passes; a channel or guide along which the shuttle passes in a sewing machine.
-- Shuttle shell (Zoology)
, any one of numerous species of marine gastropods of the genus Volva , or Radius , having a smooth, spindle-shaped shell prolonged into a channel at each end.
Shuttle intransitive verb To move backwards and forwards, like a shuttle.
I had to fly far and wide, shutting athwart the big Babel, wherever his calls and pauses had to be. Carlyle.