Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Compar. Shriller
; superl. Shrillest
.] [ Middle English shril
; akin to LG. schrell
, German schrill
. See Shrill
, intransitive verb
] Acute; sharp; piercing; having or emitting a sharp, piercing tone or sound; -- said of a sound, or of that which produces a sound.
Hear the shrill whistle which doth order give Shak.
To sounds confused.
Let winds be shrill , let waves roll high. Byron.
Shrill noun A shrill sound. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Shrill intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Shrilled
; present participle & verbal noun Shrilling
.] [ Middle English schrillen
, akin to German schrillen
; confer Anglo-Saxon scralletan
to resound loudly, Icelandic skrölta
to jolt, Swedish skrälla
to shrill, Norw. skryla
. Confer Skirl
.] To utter an acute, piercing sound; to sound with a sharp, shrill tone; to become shrill.
Break we our pipes, that shrilled loud as lark. Spenser.
No sounds were heard but of the shrilling cock. Goldsmith.
His voice shrilled with passion. Latin Wallace.
Shrill transitive verb To utter or express in a shrill tone; to cause to make a shrill sound.
How poor Andromache shrills her dolors forth. Shak.
Shrill-gorged adjective Having a throat which produces a shrill note. [ R.] Shak.
Shrill-tongued adjective Having a shrill voice. "When shrill-tongued Fulvia scolds." Shak.
Shrillness noun The quality or state of being shrill.
Shrilly adverb In a shrill manner; acutely; with a sharp sound or voice.
Shrilly adjective Somewhat shrill.
[ Poetic] Sir W. Scott.
Some kept up a shrilly mellow sound. Keats.
Shrimp transitive verb
[ Confer Anglo-Saxon scrimman
to dry up, wither, Middle High German schrimpfen
to shrink, German schrumpfen
, Danish skrumpe
, Da. & Swedish skrumpen
shriveled. Confer Scrimp
.] To contract; to shrink.
[ Middle English shrimp
; -- probably so named from its shriveled appearance. See Shrimp
] 1. (Zoology) (a) Any one of numerous species of macruran Crustacea belonging to Crangon and various allied genera, having a slender body and long legs. Many of them are used as food. The larger kinds are called also prawns . See Illust. of Decapoda . (b) In a more general sense, any species of the macruran tribe Caridea , or any species of the order Schizopoda, having a similar form. (c) In a loose sense, any small crustacean, including some amphipods and even certain entomostracans; as, the fairy shrimp , and brine shrimp . See under Fairy , and Brine . 2. Figuratively, a little wrinkled man; a dwarf; -- in contempt.
This weak and writhled shrimp . Shak. Opossum shrimp
. (Zoology) See under Opossum .
-- Spector shrimp
, or Skeleton shrimp (Zoology)
, any slender amphipod crustacean of the genus Caprella and allied genera. See Illust. under Læmodopoda .
-- Shrimp catcher (Zoology)
, the little tern ( Sterna minuta ).
-- Shrimp net
, a dredge net fixed upon a pole, or a sweep net dragged over the fishing ground.
Shrimper noun One who fishes for shrimps.
[ Middle English schrin
, Anglo-Saxon scrīn
, from Latin scrinium
a case, chest, box.] 1. A case, box, or receptacle, especially one in which are deposited sacred relics, as the bones of a saint. 2. Any sacred place, as an altar, tromb, or the like.
Too weak the sacred shrine guard. Byron. 3. A place or object hallowed from its history or associations; as, a shrine of art.
Shrine transitive verb To enshrine; to place reverently, as in a shrine. " Shrined in his sanctuary." Milton.
Shrine noun Short for Ancient Arabic Order of Nobles of the Mystic Shrine , a secret order professedly originated by one Kalif Alu, a son-in-law of Mohammed, at Mecca, in the year of the Hegira 25 (about 646 a.d. ) In the modern order, established in the United States in 1872, only Knights Templars or thirty-second degree Masons are eligible for admission, though the order itself is not Masonic.
Shrink intransitive verb
[ imperfect Shrank
or Shrunk past participle Shrunk
but the latter is now seldom used except as a participial adjective; present participle & verbal noun Shrinking
.] [ Middle English shrinken
, Anglo-Saxon scrincan
; akin to OD. schrincken
, and probably to Swedish skrynka
a wrinkle, skrynkla
to wrinkle, to rumple, and English shrimp
, noun & v., scrimp
. CF. Shrimp
.] 1. To wrinkle, bend, or curl; to shrivel; hence, to contract into a less extent or compass; to gather together; to become compacted.
And on a broken reed he still did stay Spenser.
His feeble steps, which shrunk when hard thereon he lay.
I have not found that water, by mixture of ashes, will shrink or draw into less room. Bacon.
Against this fire do I shrink up. Shak.
And shrink like parchment in consuming fire. Dryden.
All the boards did shrink . Coleridge. 2. To withdraw or retire, as from danger; to decline action from fear; to recoil, as in fear, horror, or distress.
What happier natures shrink at with affright, Pope.
The hard inhabitant contends is right.
They assisted us against the Thebans when you shrank from the task. Jowett (Thucyd.) 3. To express fear, horror, or pain by contracting the body, or part of it; to shudder; to quake.
[ R.] Shak.
Shrink transitive verb 1. To cause to contract or shrink; as, to shrink finnel by imersing it in boiling water. 2. To draw back; to withdraw.
The Libyc Hammon shrinks his horn. Milton. To shrink on (Machinery)
, to fix (one piece or part) firmly around (another) by natural contraction in cooling, as a tire on a wheel, or a hoop upon a cannon, which is made slightly smaller than the part it is to fit, and expanded by heat till it can be slipped into place.
Shrink noun The act shrinking; shrinkage; contraction; also, recoil; withdrawal.
Yet almost wish, with sudden shrink , Leigh Hunt.
That I had less to praise.
1. The act of shrinking; a contraction into less bulk or measurement. 2. The amount of such contraction; the bulk or dimension lost by shrinking, as of grain, castings, etc. 3. Decrease in value; depreciation. [ Colloq.]
Shrinker noun One who shrinks; one who withdraws from danger.
Shrinking adjective & noun from Shrink . Shrinking head (Founding)
, a body of molten metal connected with a mold for the purpose of supplying metal to compensate for the shrinkage of the casting; -- called also sinking head , and riser .
Shrinkingly adverb In a shrinking manner.
Shrivalty noun Shrievalty. Johnson.
Shrive transitive verb
[ imperfect Shrived
; past participle Shriven
; present participle & verbal noun Shriving
.] [ Middle English shriven
, Anglo-Saxon scrīvan
to shrive, to impose penance or punishment; akin to OFries. skrīva
to impose punishment; confer Old Saxon bi skrīban
to be troubled. Confer Shrift
.] 1. To hear or receive the confession of; to administer confession and absolution to; -- said of a priest as the agent.
That they should shrive their parishioners. Piers Plowman.
Doubtless he shrives this woman, . . . Shak.
Else ne'er could he so long protract his speech.
Till my guilty soul be shriven . Longfellow. 2. To confess, and receive absolution; -- used reflexively.
Get you to the church and shrive yourself. Beau. & Fl.
Shrive intransitive verb To receive confessions, as a priest; to administer confession and absolution. Spenser.
Shrivel intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Shriveled
; present participle & verbal noun Shriveling
.] [ Probably akin to shrimp
; confer dial. Anglo-Saxon screpa
to pine away, Norw. skrypa
to waste, skryp
, transitory, frail, Swedish skröpling
feeble, Danish skröbelig
, Icelandic skrj...pr
brittle, frail.] To draw, or be drawn, into wrinkles; to shrink, and form corrugations; as, a leaf shriveles in the hot sun; the skin shrivels with age; -- often with up .
Shrivel transitive verb To cause to shrivel or contract; to cause to shrink onto corruptions.
Shriven past participle of Shrive .
Shriver noun One who shrives; a confessor.
Shriving noun Shrift; confession. Spenser.
Shroff noun [ Arabic sarrāf .] A banker, or changer of money. [ East Indies]
Shroffage noun The examination of coins, and the separation of the good from the debased. [ East Indies]
Shroffage noun A money dealer's commission; also, more commonly, the examination of coins, and the separation of the good from the debased.
Shrood transitive verb
[ Confer Shroud
.] [ Written also shroud
, and shrowd
.] To trim; to lop.
[ Prov. Eng.]
Shropshire noun [ From Shropshire , country of England.] An English breed of black-faced hornless sheep similar to the Southdown, but larger, now extensively raised in many parts of the world.
[ Middle English shroud
, Anglo-Saxon scrūd
a garment, clothing; akin to Icelandic skruð
the shrouds of a ship, furniture of a church, a kind of stuff, Swedish skrud
dress, attire, and English shred
. See Shred
, and confer Shrood
.] 1. That which clothes, covers, conceals, or protects; a garment. Piers Plowman.
Swaddled, as new born, in sable shrouds . Sandys. 2. Especially, the dress for the dead; a winding sheet.
"A dead man in his shroud
." Shak. 3. That which covers or shelters like a shroud.
Jura answers through her misty shroud . Byron. 4. A covered place used as a retreat or shelter, as a cave or den; also, a vault or crypt.
The shroud to which he won Chapman.
His fair-eyed oxen.
A vault, or shroud , as under a church. Withals. 5. The branching top of a tree; foliage.
The Assyrian wad a cedar in Lebanon, with fair branches and with a shadowing shroad . Ezek. xxxi. 3. 6. plural (Nautical) A set of ropes serving as stays to support the masts. The lower shrouds are secured to the sides of vessels by heavy iron bolts and are passed around the head of the lower masts. 7. (Machinery) One of the two annular plates at the periphery of a water wheel, which form the sides of the buckets; a shroud plate. Bowsprit shrouds (Nautical)
, ropes extending from the head of the bowsprit to the sides of the vessel.
-- Futtock shrouds (Nautical)
, iron rods connecting the topmast rigging with the lower rigging, passing over the edge of the top.
-- Shroud plate
. (a) (Nautical) An iron plate extending from the dead-eyes to the ship's side
. Ham. Nav. Encyc. (b) (Machinery) A shroud. See def. 7, above.
Shroud transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Shrouded
; present participle & verbal noun Shrouding
.] [ Confer Anglo-Saxon scr...dan
. See Shroud
] 1. To cover with a shroud; especially, to inclose in a winding sheet; to dress for the grave.
The ancient Egyptian mummies were shrouded in a number of folds of linen besmeared with gums. Bacon. 2. To cover, as with a shroud; to protect completely; to cover so as to conceal; to hide; to veil.
One of these trees, with all his young ones, may shroud four hundred horsemen. Sir W. Raleigh.
Some tempest rise, Dryden.
And blow out all the stars that light the skies,
To shroud my shame.
Shroud intransitive verb To take shelter or harbor.
If your stray attendance be yet lodged, Milton.
Or shroud within these limits.
Shroud transitive verb To lop. See Shrood .
[ Prov. Eng.]
Shroud-laid adjective Composed of four strands, and laid right-handed with a heart, or center; -- said of rope. See Illust. under Cordage .
Shrouded adjective Provided with a shroud or shrouds. Shrouded gear (Machinery) , a cogwheel or pinion having flanges which form closed ends to the spaces between the teeth and thus strengthen the teeth by tying them together.
Shrouding noun The shrouds. See Shroud , noun , 7.
Shroudless adjective Without a shroud.
Shroudy adjective Affording shelter. [ R.] Milton.
Shrove imperfect of Shrive . Shrove Sunday
, Quinguagesima Sunday.
-- Shrove Tuesday
, the Tuesday following Quinguagesima Sunday, and preceding the first day of Lent, or Ash Wednesday.
It was formerly customary in England, on this day, for the people to confess their sins to their parish priests, after which they dined on pancakes, or fritters, and the occasion became one of merriment. The bell rung on this day is popularly called Pancake Bell
, and the day itself Pancake Tuesday
. P. Cyc.
Shrove intransitive verb To join in the festivities of Shrovetide; hence, to make merry. [ Obsolete] J. Fletcher.
Shrovetide noun [ From shrive to take a confession (OE. imperfect shrof , Anglo-Saxon scrāf ) + tide .] The days immediately preceding Ash Widnesday, especially the period between the evening before Quinguagesima Sunday and the morning of Ash Wednesday.
Shroving noun The festivity of Shrovetide. [ Obsolete]
Shrow noun A shrew. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Shrowd transitive verb See Shrood .
[ Prov. Eng.]