Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Compar. Sicker
; superl. Sickest
.] [ Middle English sek
, ill, Anglo-Saxon seóc
; akin to Old Saxon siok
, OFries. siak
, Dutch ziek
, German siech
, Old High German sioh
, Icelandic sj...kr
, Swedish sjuk
, Danish syg
, Goth. siuks
to be ill.] 1. Affected with disease of any kind; ill; indisposed; not in health. See the Synonym under Illness .
Simon's wife's mother lay sick of a fever. Mark i. 30.
Behold them that are sick with famine. Jer. xiv. 18. 2. Affected with, or attended by, nausea; inclined to vomit; as, sick at the stomach; a sick headache. 3. Having a strong dislike; disgusted; surfeited; -- with of ; as, to be sick of flattery.
He was not so sick of his master as of his work. L'Estrange. 4. Corrupted; imperfect; impaired; weakned.
So great is his antipathy against episcopacy, that, if a seraphim himself should be a bishop, he would either find or make some sick feathers in his wings. Fuller. Sick bay (Nautical)
, an apartment in a vessel, used as the ship's hospital.
-- Sick bed
, the bed upon which a person lies sick.
-- Sick berth
, an apartment for the sick in a ship of war.
-- Sick headache (Medicine)
, a variety of headache attended with disorder of the stomach and nausea.
-- Sick list
, a list containing the names of the sick.
-- Sick room
, a room in which a person lies sick, or to which he is confined by sickness.
[ These terms, sick bed
, sick berth
, etc., are also written both hyphened and solid.] Syn.
-- Diseased; ill; disordered; distempered; indisposed; weak; ailing; feeble; morbid.
Sick noun Sickness. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Sick intransitive verb To fall sick; to sicken. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Sick-brained adjective Disordered in the brain.
Sicken transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Sickened
; present participle & verbal noun Sickening
.] 1. To make sick; to disease.
Raise this strength, and sicken that to death. Prior. 2. To make qualmish; to nauseate; to disgust; as, to sicken the stomach. 3. To impair; to weaken.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
Sicken intransitive verb 1. To become sick; to fall into disease.
The judges that sat upon the jail, and those that attended, sickened upon it and died. Bacon. 2. To be filled to disgust; to be disgusted or nauseated; to be filled with abhorrence or aversion; to be surfeited or satiated.
Mine eyes did sicken at the sight. Shak. 3. To become disgusting or tedious.
The toiling pleasure sickens into pain. Goldsmith. 4. To become weak; to decay; to languish.
All pleasures sicken , and all glories sink. Pope.
Sickening adjective Causing sickness; specif., causing surfeit or disgust; nauseating. -- Sick"en*ing*ly , adverb
Sicker intransitive verb [ Anglo-Saxon sicerian .] (Mining) To percolate, trickle, or ooze, as water through a crack. [ Also written sigger , zigger , and zifhyr .] [ Prov. Eng.]
Sicker, Siker adjective
[ Middle English siker
; confer Old Saxon sikur
, LG. seker
, Dutch zeker
, Danish sikker
, Old High German sihhur
, German sicher
; all from Latin securus
. See Secure
.] Sure; certain; trusty.
[ Obsolete or Prov. Eng. & Scot.] Burns.
When he is siker of his good name. Chaucer.
Sicker, Siker adverb Surely; certainly.
Believe this as siker as your creed. Chaucer.
Sicker , Willye, thou warnest well. Spenser.
Sickerly, Sikerly adverb Surely; securely.
But sikerly , withouten any fable. Chaucer.
Sickerness, Sikerness noun The quality or state of being sicker, or certain. [ Obsolete] Chaucer. Spenser.
1. Somewhat sick or diseased. 2. Somewhat sickening; as, a sickish taste. -- Sick"ish*ly , adverb -- Sick"ish*ness , noun
[ Middle English sikel
, Anglo-Saxon sicol
; akin to Dutch sikkel
, German sichel
, Old High German sihhila
, Danish segel
, Latin secula
, from secare
to cut; or perhaps from Latin secula
. See Saw
a cutting instrument.] 1. A reaping instrument consisting of a steel blade curved into the form of a hook, and having a handle fitted on a tang. The sickle has one side of the blade notched, so as always to sharpen with a serrated edge. Confer Reaping hook , under Reap .
When corn has once felt the sickle , it has no more benefit from the sunshine. Shak. 2. (Astron.) A group of stars in the constellation Leo. See Illust. of Leo . Sickle pod (Botany)
, a kind of rock cress ( Arabis Canadensis ) having very long curved pods.
Sicklebill noun (Zoology) (a) Any one of three species of humming birds of the genus Eutoxeres , native of Central and South America. They have a long and strongly curved bill. Called also the sickle-billed hummer . (b) A curlew. (c) A bird of the genus Epimachus and allied genera.
Sickled adjective Furnished with a sickle.
; plural Sicklemen One who uses a sickle; a reaper.
You sunburned sicklemen , of August weary. Shak.
Sickler noun One who uses a sickle; a sickleman; a reaper.
Sickless adjective Free from sickness.
Give me long breath, young beds, and sickless ease. Marston.
Sicklewort noun [ Anglo-Saxon sicolwyrt .] (Botany) (a) A plant of the genus Coronilla ( C. scorpioides ); -- so named from its curved pods. (b) The healall ( Brunella vulgaris ).
Sicklied adjective Made sickly. See Sickly , v.
Sickliness noun The quality or state of being sickly.
[ Compar. Sicklier
; superl. Sickliest
.] 1. Somewhat sick; disposed to illness; attended with disease; as, a sickly body.
This physic but prolongs thy sickly days. Shak. 2. Producing, or tending to, disease; as, a sickly autumn; a sickly climate. Cowper. 3. Appearing as if sick; weak; languid; pale.
The moon grows sickly at the sight of day. Dryden.
Nor torrid summer's sickly smile. Keble. 4. Tending to produce nausea; sickening; as, a sickly smell; sickly sentimentality. Syn.
-- Diseased; ailing; infirm; weakly; unhealthy; healthless; weak; feeble; languid; faint.
Sickly adverb In a sick manner or condition; ill.
My people sickly [ with ill will] beareth our marriage. Chaucer.
Sickly transitive verb To make sick or sickly; -- with over , and probably only in the past participle.
Sicklied o'er with the pale cast of thought. Shak.
Sentiments sicklied over . . . with that cloying heaviness into which unvaried sweetness is too apt to subside. Jeffrey.
[ Anglo-Saxon seócness
.] 1. The quality or state of being sick or diseased; illness; sisease or malady.
I do lament the sickness of the king. Shak.
Trust not too much your now resistless charms; Pope. 2. Nausea; qualmishness; as, sickness of stomach. Syn.
Those, age or sickness soon or late disarms.
-- Illness; disease; malady. See Illness
[ French, from Latin silcus
, Hebrew shegel
. See Shekel
.] A shekel.
The holy mother brought five sicles and a pair of turtledoves to redeem the Lamb of God. Jer. Taylor.
Sida noun [ New Latin , from Greek ......... a kind of plant.] (Botany) A genus of malvaceous plants common in the tropics. All the species are mucilaginous, and some have tough ligneous fibers which are used as a substitute for hemp and flax. Balfour (Cyc. of India).
Siddow adjective Soft; pulpy. [ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.]
[ Anglo-Saxon sīde
; akin to Dutch zijde
, German seite
, Old High German sīta
, Icelandic sī...a
, Danish side
, Swedish sida
; confer Anglo-Saxon sīd
large, spacious, Icelandic sī...r
long, hanging.] 1. The margin, edge, verge, or border of a surface; especially (when the thing spoken of is somewhat oblong in shape), one of the longer edges as distinguished from the shorter edges, called ends ; a bounding line of a geometrical figure; as, the side of a field, of a square or triangle, of a river, of a road, etc. 3. Any outer portion of a thing considered apart from, and yet in relation to, the rest; as, the upper side of a sphere; also, any part or position viewed as opposite to or contrasted with another; as, this or that side .
Looking round on every side beheld Milton. 4. (a) One of the halves of the body, of an animals or man, on either side of the mesial plane; or that which pertains to such a half; as, a side of beef; a side of sole leather. (b) The right or left part of the wall or trunk of the body; as, a pain in the side .
A pathless desert.
One of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side . John xix. 34. 5. A slope or declivity, as of a hill, considered as opposed to another slope over the ridge.
Along the side of yon small hill. Milton. 6. The position of a person or party regarded as opposed to another person or party, whether as a rival or a foe; a body of advocates or partisans; a party; hence, the interest or cause which one maintains against another; a doctrine or view opposed to another.
God on our side , doubt not of victory. Shak.
We have not always been of the . . . same side in politics. Landor.
Sets the passions on the side of truth. Pope. 7. A line of descent traced through one parent as distinguished from that traced through another.
To sit upon thy father David's throne, Milton. 8. Fig.: Aspect or part regarded as contrasted with some other; as, the bright side of poverty. By the side of
By mother's side thy father.
, close at hand; near to.
-- Exterior side
. (Fort.) See Exterior , and Illust. of Ravelin .
-- Interior side (Fort.)
, the line drawn from the center of one bastion to that of the next, or the line curtain produced to the two oblique radii in front. H. Latin Scott.
-- Side by side
, close together and abreast; in company or along with.
-- To choose sides
, to select those who shall compete, as in a game, on either side.
-- To take sides
, to attach one's self to, or give assistance to, one of two opposing sides or parties.
Side adjective 1. Of or pertaining to a side, or the sides; being on the side, or toward the side; lateral.
One mighty squadron with a side wind sped. Dryden. 2. Hence, indirect; oblique; collateral; incidental; as, a side issue; a side view or remark.
The law hath no side respect to their persons. Hooker. 3.
[ Anglo-Saxon sīd
. Cf Side
] Long; large; extensive.
[ Obsolete or Scot.] Shak.
His gown had side sleeves down to mid leg. Laneham. Side action
, in breech-loading firearms, a mechanism for operating the breech block, which is moved by a lever that turns sidewise.
-- Side arms
, weapons worn at the side, as sword, bayonet, pistols, etc.
-- Side ax
, an ax of which the handle is bent to one side.
-- Side-bar rule (Eng. Law.)
, a rule authorized by the courts to be granted by their officers as a matter of course, without formal application being made to them in open court; -- so called because anciently moved for by the attorneys at side bar , that is, informally. Burril.
-- Side box
, a box or inclosed seat on the side of a theater.
To insure a side-box station at half price. Cowper.
-- Side chain
, one of two safety chains connecting a tender with a locomotive, at the sides.
-- Side cut
, a canal or road branching out from the main one.
[ U.S.] -- Side dish
, one of the dishes subordinate to the main course.
-- Side glance
, a glance or brief look to one side.
-- Side hook (Carp.)
, a notched piece of wood for clamping a board to something, as a bench.
-- Side lever
, a working beam of a side-lever engine.
-- Side-lever engine
, a marine steam engine having a working beam of each side of the cylinder, near the bottom of the engine, communicating motion to a crank that is above them.
-- Side pipe (Steam Engine)
, a steam or exhaust pipe connecting the upper and lower steam chests of the cylinder of a beam engine.
-- Side plane
, a plane in which the cutting edge of the iron is at the side of the stock.
-- Side posts (Carp.)
, posts in a truss, usually placed in pairs, each post set at the same distance from the middle of the truss, for supporting the principal rafters, hanging the tiebeam, etc.
-- Side rod
. (a) One of the rods which connect the piston-rod crosshead with the side levers, in a side-lever engine. (b) See Parallel rod , under Parallel .
-- Side screw (Firearms)
, one of the screws by which the lock is secured to the side of a firearm stock.
-- Side table
, a table placed either against the wall or aside from the principal table.
-- Side tool (Machinery)
, a cutting tool, used in a lathe or planer, having the cutting edge at the side instead of at the point.
-- Side wind
, a wind from one side; hence, an indirect attack, or indirect means. Wright.
Side intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Sided
; present participle& verbal noun Siding
.] 1. To lean on one side.
[ Obsolete] Bacon. 2. To embrace the opinions of one party, or engage in its interest, in opposition to another party; to take sides; as, to side with the ministerial party.
All side in parties, and begin the attack. Pope.
Side transitive verb 1. To be or stand at the side of; to be on the side toward.
His blind eye that sided Paridell. Spenser. 2. To suit; to pair; to match.
[ Obsolete] Clarendon. 3. (Shipbuilding) To work (a timber or rib) to a certain thickness by trimming the sides. 4. To furnish with a siding; as, to side a house.
1. (a) A line pert. or attached to the side of a thing. (b) Specif., a line for hobbling an animal by connecting the fore and the hind feet of the same side. 2. (a) A line of goods sold in addition to one's principal articles of trade; a course of business pursued aside from one's regular occupation. (b) A secondary road; esp., a byroad at right angles to a main road. [ Canada]
Side slip See Skid , below.
Side-chain theory (Physiol. Chem.) A theory proposed by Ehrlich as a chemical explanation of immunity phenomena. In brief outline it is as follows: Animal cells and bacteria are complex aggregations of molecules, which are themselves complex. Complex molecules react with one another through certain of their side chains, but only when these side chains have a definite correspondence in structure (this account for the specific action of antitoxins).
Sideboard noun A piece of dining-room furniture having compartments and shelves for keeping or displaying articles of table service.
At a stately sideboard , by the wine, Milton.
That fragrant smell diffused.
Sidebone noun (Far.) A morbid growth or deposit of bony matter and at the sides of the coronet and coffin bone of a horse. J. H. Walsh.
Sided adjective Having (such or so many) sides; -- used in composition; as, one- sided ; many- sided .
Sideflash noun (Electricity) A disruptive discharge between a conductor traversed by an oscillatory current of high frequency (as lightning) and neighboring masses of metal, or between different parts of the same conductor.
Sidehill noun The side or slope of a hill; sloping ground; a descent. [ U. S.]
[ Middle English sideling
, from side
side. See Side
, and confer Sidelong
.] Sidelong; on the side; laterally; also, obliquely; askew.
A fellow nailed up maps . . . some sideling , and others upside down. Swift.
Sideling adjective Inclining to one side; directed toward one side; sloping; inclined; as, sideling ground.
[ See Sideling
] 1. Laterally; obliquely; in the direction of the side. 2. On the side; as, to lay a thing sidelong .
[ See Sideling
Sidelong adjective Lateral; oblique; not being directly in front; as, a sidelong glance.
The bashful virgin's sidelong looks of love. Goldsmith.
Sidepiece noun (Joinery) The jamb, or cheek, of an opening in a wall, as of door or window.
Sider noun One who takes a side.
Sider noun Cider. [ Obsolete]
[ Latin sideralis
. See Sidereal
.] 1. Relating to the stars. 2. (Astrol.) Affecting unfavorably by the supposed influence of the stars; baleful.
Siderated adjective [ Latin sideratus , past participle of siderari to be blasted by a constellation, from sidus , sideris , a constellation.] Planet-struck; blasted. [ Obsolete]
Sideration noun [ Latin sideratio .] The state of being siderated, or planet-struck; esp., blast in plants; also, a sudden and apparently causeless stroke of disease, as in apoplexy or paralysis. [ Obsolete] Ray.
[ Latin sidereus
, from sidus
, a constellation, a star. Confer Sideral
.] 1. Relating to the stars; starry; astral; as, sidereal astronomy. 2. (Astron.) Measuring by the apparent motion of the stars; designated, marked out, or accompanied, by a return to the same position in respect to the stars; as, the sidereal revolution of a planet; a sidereal day. Sidereal clock
. See under Clock , Day , etc.
-- Sideral time
, time as reckoned by sideral days, or, taking the sidereal day as the unit, the time elapsed since a transit of the vernal equinox, reckoned in parts of a sidereal day. This is, strictly, apparent sidereal time , mean sidereal time being reckoned from the transit, not of the true , but of the mean , equinoctial point.