Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Shot imperfect & past participle of Shoot .

Shot adjective Woven in such a way as to produce an effect of variegation, of changeable tints, or of being figured; as, shot silks. See Shoot , transitive verb , 8.

Shot noun [ Anglo-Saxon scot , sceot , from sceótan to shoot; akin to Dutch sschot , Icelandic skot . √159. See Scot a share, Shoot , transitive verb , and confer Shot a shooting.] A share or proportion; a reckoning; a scot.

Here no shots are where all shares be.
Chapman.

A man is never . . . welcome to a place till some certain shot be paid and the hostess say "Welcome."
Shak.

Shot noun ; plural Shot or Shots . [ Middle English shot , schot , Anglo-Saxon gesceot a missile; akin to Dutch schot a shot, shoot, German schuss , ge schoss a missile, Icelandic skot a throwing, a javelin, and English shoot , v.t. √159. See Shoot , and confer Shot a share.]
1. The act of shooting; discharge of a firearm or other weapon which throws a missile.

He caused twenty shot of his greatest cannon to be made at the king's army.
Clarendon.

2. A missile weapon, particularly a ball or bullet; specifically, whatever is discharged as a projectile from firearms or cannon by the force of an explosive.

» Shot used in war is of various kinds, classified according to the material of which it is composed, into lead , wrought-iron , and cast-iron ; according to form, into spherical and oblong ; according to structure and modes of operation, into solid , hollow , and case . See Bar shot , Chain shot , etc., under Bar , Chain , etc.

3. Small globular masses of lead, of various sizes, -- used chiefly for killing game; as, bird shot ; buck shot .

4. The flight of a missile, or the distance which it is, or can be, thrown; as, the vessel was distant more than a cannon shot .

5. A marksman; one who practices shooting; as, an exellent shot .

Shot belt , a belt having a pouch or compartment for carrying shot. -- Shot cartridge , a cartridge containing powder and small shot, forming a charge for a shotgun. -- Shot garland (Nautical) , a wooden frame to contain shot, secured to the coamings and ledges round the hatchways of a ship. -- Shot gauge , an instrument for measuring the diameter of round shot. Totten. -- shot hole , a hole made by a shot or bullet discharged. - - Shot locker (Nautical) , a strongly framed compartment in the hold of a vessel, for containing shot. -- Shot of a cable (Nautical) , the splicing of two or more cables together, or the whole length of the cables thus united. -- Shot prop (Nautical) , a wooden prop covered with tarred hemp, to stop a hole made by the shot of an enemy in a ship's side. -- Shot tower , a lofty tower for making shot, by dropping from its summit melted lead in slender streams. The lead forms spherical drops which cool in the descent, and are received in water or other liquid. -- Shot window , a window projecting from the wall. Ritson, quoted by Halliwell, explains it as a window that opens and shuts; and Wodrow describes it as a window of shutters made of timber and a few inches of glass above them.

Shot transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Shotted ; present participle & verbal noun Shotting .] To load with shot, as a gun. Totten.

Shot noun
1. (Fisheries) (a) A cast of a net. (b) The entire throw of nets at one time. (c) A place or spot for setting nets. (d) A single draft or catch of fish made.

2. (Athletics) A spherical weight, to be put, or thrown, in competition for distance.

3. A stroke or propulsive action in certain games, as in billiards, hockey, curling, etc.; also, a move, as in chess.

4. A guess; conjecture; also, an attempt. [ Colloq.]

Shot samples (Metal.) Samples taken for assay from a molten metallic mass pouring a portion into water, to granulate it.

Shot-clog noun A person tolerated only because he pays the shot, or reckoning, for the rest of the company, otherwise a mere clog on them. [ Old Slang]

Thou common shot-clog , gull of all companies.
Chapman.

Shot-free adjective Not to be injured by shot; shot-proof. [ Obsolete] Feltham.

Shot-free adjective Free from charge or expense; hence, unpunished; scot-free. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Shot-proof adjective Impenetrable by shot.

Shote noun [ Anglo-Saxon sceóta a darting fish, a trout, from sceótan . See Shoot , transitive verb ]
1. (Zoology) A fish resembling the trout. [ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.] Garew.

2. [ Perh. a different word.] A young hog; a shoat.

Shotgun noun A light, smooth- bored gun, often double-barreled, especially designed for firing small shot at short range, and killing small game.

Shots noun plural The refuse of cattle taken from a drove. [ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.

Shotted adjective
1. Loaded with shot.

2. (Medicine) Having a shot attached; as, a shotten suture.

Shotten noun [ Properly past participle of shoot ; Anglo-Saxon scoten , sceoten , past participle of sceótan .]
1. Having ejected the spawn; as, a shotten herring. Shak.

2. Shot out of its socket; dislocated, as a bone.

Shough noun (Zoology) A shockdog.

Shough interj. See Shoo . Beau. & Fl.

Should imperfect of Shall . [ Middle English sholde , shulde , scholde , schulde , Anglo-Saxon scolde , sceolde . See Shall .] Used as an auxiliary verb, to express a conditional or contingent act or state, or as a supposition of an actual fact; also, to express moral obligation (see Shall ); e. g. : they should have come last week; if I should go; I should think you could go. "You have done that you should be sorry for." Shak.

Syn. -- See Ought .

Shoulder noun [ Middle English shulder , shuldre , schutder , Anglo-Saxon sculdor ; akin to Dutch schoulder , German schulter , Old High German scultarra , Danish skulder , Swedish skuldra .]
1. (Anat.) The joint, or the region of the joint, by which the fore limb is connected with the body or with the shoulder girdle; the projection formed by the bones and muscles about that joint.

2. The flesh and muscles connected with the shoulder joint; the upper part of the back; that part of the human frame on which it is most easy to carry a heavy burden; -- often used in the plural.

Then by main force pulled up, and on his shoulders bore
The gates of Azza.
Milton.

Adown her shoulders fell her length of hair.
Dryden.

3. Fig.: That which supports or sustains; support.

In thy shoulder do I build my seat.
Shak.

4. That which resembles a human shoulder, as any protuberance or projection from the body of a thing.

The north western shoulder of the mountain.
Sir W. Scott.

5. The upper joint of the fore leg and adjacent parts of an animal, dressed for market; as, a shoulder of mutton.

6. (Fort.) The angle of a bastion included between the face and flank. See Illust. of Bastion .

7. An abrupt projection which forms an abutment on an object, or limits motion, etc., as the projection around a tenon at the end of a piece of timber, the part of the top of a type which projects beyond the base of the raised character, etc.

Shoulder belt , a belt that passes across the shoulder. -- Shoulder blade (Anat.) , the flat bone of the shoulder, to which the humerus is articulated; the scapula. -- Shoulder block (Nautical) , a block with a projection, or shoulder, near the upper end, so that it can rest against a spar without jamming the rope. -- Shoulder clapper , one who claps another on the shoulder, or who uses great familiarity. [ Obsolete] Shak. -- Shoulder girdle . (Anat.) See Pectoral girdle , under Pectoral . -- Shoulder knot , an ornamental knot of ribbon or lace worn on the shoulder; a kind of epaulet or braided ornament worn as part of a military uniform. -- Shoulder-of-mutton sail (Nautical) , a triangular sail carried on a boat's mast; -- so called from its shape. -- Shoulder slip , dislocation of the shoulder, or of the humerous. Swift. -- Shoulder strap , a strap worn on or over the shoulder. Specifically (Mil. & Naval) , a narrow strap worn on the shoulder of a commissioned officer, indicating, by a suitable device, the rank he holds in the service. See Illust. in App.

Shoulder transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Shouldered ; present participle & verbal noun Shouldering .]
1. To push or thrust with the shoulder; to push with violence; to jostle.

As they the earth would shoulder from her seat.
Spenser.

Around her numberless the rabble flowed,
Shouldering each other, crowding for a view.
Rowe.

2. To take upon the shoulder or shoulders; as, to shoulder a basket; hence, to assume the burden or responsibility of; as, to shoulder blame; to shoulder a debt.

As if Hercules
Or burly Atlas shouldered up their state.
Marston.

Right shoulder arms (Mil.) , a position in the Manual of Arms which the piece is placed on the right shoulder, with the lock plate up, and the muzzle elevated and inclined to the left, and held as in the illustration.

Shoulder intransitive verb To push with the shoulder; to make one's way, as through a crowd, by using the shoulders; to move swaying the shoulders from side to side.

A yoke of the great sulky white bullocks . . . came shouldering along together.
Kipling.

Shoulder-shotten adjective Sprained in the shoulder, as a horse. Shak.

Shouldered adjective Having shoulders; -- used in composition; as, a broad- shouldered man. "He was short- shouldered ." Chaucer.

Shout (shout) intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Shouted ; present participle & verbal noun Shouting .] [ Middle English shouten , of unknown origin; perhaps akin to shoot ; confer Icelandic skūta , skūti , a taunt.] To utter a sudden and loud outcry, as in joy, triumph, or exultation, or to attract attention, to animate soldiers, etc.

Shouting of the men and women eke.
Chaucer.

They shouted thrice: what was the last cry for?
Shak.

To shout at , to utter shouts at; to deride or revile with shouts.

Shout transitive verb
1. To utter with a shout; to cry; -- sometimes with out ; as, to shout , or to shout out, a man's name.

2. To treat with shouts or clamor. Bp. Hall.

Shout noun A loud burst of voice or voices; a vehement and sudden outcry, especially of a multitudes expressing joy, triumph, exultation, or animated courage.

The Rhodians, seeing the enemy turn their backs, gave a great shout in derision.
Knolles.

Shout intransitive verb To entertain with refreshments or the like gratuitously; to treat. [ Slang, Australia & U. S.]

Shout transitive verb To treat (one) to something; also, to give (something) by way of treating. [ Slang, Australia & U. S.]

Shout noun A gratuitous entertainment, with refreshments or the like; a treat. [ Slang, Australia & U. S.]

Shouter noun One who shouts.

Shove (shŭv) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Shoved (shŭvd); present participle & verbal noun Shoving .] [ Middle English shoven , Anglo-Saxon scofian , from scūfan ; akin to OFries. skūva , Dutch schuiven , German schieben , Old High German scioban , Icelandic skūfa , skȳfa , Swedish skuffa , Danish skuffe , Goth. af skiuban to put away, cast away; confer Sanskrit kshubh to become agitated, to quake, Lithuanian skubrus quick, skubinti to hasten. √160. Confer Sheaf a bundle of stalks, Scoop , Scuffle .]
1. To drive along by the direct and continuous application of strength; to push; especially, to push (a body) so as to make it move along the surface of another body; as, to shove a boat on the water; to shove a table across the floor.

2. To push along, aside, or away, in a careless or rude manner; to jostle.

And shove away the worthy bidden guest.
Milton.

He used to shove and elbow his fellow servants.
Arbuthnot.

Shove intransitive verb
1. To push or drive forward; to move onward by pushing or jostling.

2. To move off or along by an act pushing, as with an oar a pole used by one in a boat; sometimes with off .

He grasped the oar,
eceived his guests on board, and shoved from shore.
Garth.

Shove noun The act of shoving; a forcible push.

I rested . . . and then gave the boat another shove .
Swift.

Syn. -- See Thrust .

Shove obsolete past participle of Shove . Chaucer.

Shoveboard, Shovegroat noun The same as Shovelboard .

Shovel noun [ Middle English shovele , schovele , Anglo-Saxon scoft , sceoft ; akin to Dutch schoffel , German schaufel , Old High German sc...vala , Danish skovl , Swedish skofvel , skyffel , and to English shove . √160. See Shove , transitive verb ] An implement consisting of a broad scoop, or more or less hollow blade, with a handle, used for lifting and throwing earth, coal, grain, or other loose substances.

Shovel hat , a broad-brimmed hat, turned up at the sides, and projecting in front like a shovel, -- worn by some clergy of the English Church. [ Colloq.] -- Shovelspur (Zoology) , a flat, horny process on the tarsus of some toads, -- used in burrowing. -- Steam shovel , a machine with a scoop or scoops, operated by a steam engine, for excavating earth, as in making railway cuttings.

Shovel transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Shoveled or Shovelled ; present participle & verbal noun Shoveling or Shovelling .]
1. To take up and throw with a shovel; as, to shovel earth into a heap, or into a cart, or out of a pit.

2. To gather up as with a shovel.

Shovel-nosed adjective (Zoology) Having a broad, flat nose; as, the shovel- nosed duck, or shoveler.

Shovelard noun (Zoology) Shoveler. [ Prov. Eng.]

Shovelbill noun (Zoology) The shoveler.

Shovelboard noun
1. A board on which a game is played, by pushing or driving pieces of metal or money to reach certain marks; also, the game itself. Called also shuffleboard , shoveboard , shovegroat , shovelpenny .

2. A game played on board ship in which the aim is to shove or drive with a cue wooden disks into divisions chalked on the deck; -- called also shuffleboard .

Shoveler noun [ Also shoveller .]
1. One who, or that which, shovels.

2. (Zoology) A river duck ( Spatula clypeata ), native of Europe and America. It has a large bill, broadest towards the tip. The male is handsomely variegated with green, blue, brown, black, and white on the body; the head and neck are dark green. Called also broadbill , spoonbill , shovelbill , and maiden duck . The Australian shoveler, or shovel-nosed duck ( S. rhynchotis ), is a similar species.

Shovelful noun ; plural Shovelfuls As much as a shovel will hold; enough to fill a shovel.

Shovelhead noun (Zoology) A shark ( Sphryna tiburio ) allied to the hammerhead, and native of the warmer parts of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans; -- called also bonnet shark .

Shovelnose noun (Zoology) (a) The common sand shark. See under Snad . (b) A small California shark ( Heptranchias maculatus ), which is taken for its oil. (c) A Pacific Ocean shark ( Hexanchus corinus ). (d) A ganoid fish of the Sturgeon family ( Scaphirhynchus platyrhynchus ) of the Mississippi and Ohio rivers; -- called also white sturgeon .

Shoven obsolete past participle of Shove . Chaucer.

Show transitive verb [ imperfect Showed ; past participle Shown or Showed ; present participle & verbal noun Showing . It is sometimes written shew , shewed , shewn , shewing .] [ Middle English schowen , shewen , schewen , shawen , Anglo-Saxon sceáwian , to look, see, view; akin to Old Saxon scaw...n , OFries. skawia , Dutch schouwen , Old High German scouw...n , German schauen , Danish skue , Swedish sk...da , Icelandic sko...a , Goth. us skawjan to waken, skuggwa a mirror, Icelandic skuggy shade, shadow, Latin cavere to be on one's guard, Greek ......... to mark, perceive, hear, Sanskrit kavi wise. Confer Caution , Scavenger , Sheen .]
1. To exhibit or present to view; to place in sight; to display; -- the thing exhibited being the object, and often with an indirect object denoting the person or thing seeing or beholding; as, to show a house; show your colors; shopkeepers show customers goods (show goods to customers).

Go thy way, shew thyself to the priest.
Matt. viii. 4.

Nor want we skill or art from whence to raise
Magnificence; and what can heaven show more?
Milton.

2. To exhibit to the mental view; to tell; to disclose; to reveal; to make known; as, to show one's designs.

Shew them the way wherein they must walk.
Ex. xviii. 20.

If it please my father to do thee evil, then I will shew it thee, and send thee away.
1 Sam. xx. 13.

3. Specifically, to make known the way to (a person); hence, to direct; to guide; to asher; to conduct; as, to show a person into a parlor; to show one to the door.

4. To make apparent or clear, as by evidence, testimony, or reasoning; to prove; to explain; also, to manifest; to evince; as, to show the truth of a statement; to show the causes of an event.

I 'll show my duty by my timely care.
Dryden.

5. To bestow; to confer; to afford; as, to show favor.

Shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me.
Ex. xx. 6.

To show forth , to manifest; to publish; to proclaim. -- To show his paces , to exhibit the gait, speed, or the like; -- said especially of a horse. -- To show off , to exhibit ostentatiously. -- To show up , to expose. [ Colloq.]

Show intransitive verb [ Written also shew .]
1. To exhibit or manifest one's self or itself; to appear; to look; to be in appearance; to seem.

Just such she shows before a rising storm.
Dryden.

All round a hedge upshoots, and shows
At distance like a little wood.
Tennyson.

2. To have a certain appearance, as well or ill, fit or unfit; to become or suit; to appear.

My lord of York, it better showed with you.
Shak.

To show off , to make a show; to display one's self.

Show noun [ Formerly written also shew .]
1. The act of showing, or bringing to view; exposure to sight; exhibition.

2. That which os shown, or brought to view; that which is arranged to be seen; a spectacle; an exhibition; as, a traveling show ; a cattle show .

As for triumphs, masks, feasts, and such shows .
Bacon.

3. Proud or ostentatious display; parade; pomp.

I envy none their pageantry and show .
Young.

4. Semblance; likeness; appearance.

He through the midst unmarked,
In show plebeian angel militant
Of lowest order, passed.
Milton.

5. False semblance; deceitful appearance; pretense.

Beware of the scribes, . . . which devour widows' houses, and for a shew make long prayers.
Luke xx. 46. 47.

6. (Medicine) A discharge, from the vagina, of mucus streaked with blood, occuring a short time before labor.

7. (Mining) A pale blue flame, at the top of a candle flame, indicating the presence of fire damp. Raymond.

Show bill , a broad sheet containing an advertisement in large letters. -- Show box , a box xontaining some object of curiosity carried round as a show. -- Show card , an advertising placard; also, a card for displaying samples. -- Show case , a gla...ed case, box, or cabinet for displaying and protecting shopkeepers' wares, articles on exhibition in museums, etc. -- Show glass , a glass which displays objects; a mirror. -- Show of hands , a raising of hands to indicate judgment; as, the vote was taken by a show of hands . -- Show stone , a piece of glass or crystal supposed to have the property of exhibiting images of persons or things not present, indicating in that way future events.