Webster's Dictionary, 1913
1. A kind of shallow plow used in tillage to break the ground, and clear it of weeds. 2. (Machinery) A thin piece of metal placed between two parts to make a fit.
Shimmer intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Shimmered
; present participle & verbal noun Shimmering
.] [ Middle English schimeren
, Anglo-Saxon scimerian
; akin to scīmian
, to glitter, Dutch schemeren
, German schimmern
, Danish skimre
, Swedish skimra
, Anglo-Saxon scīma
a light, brightness, Icelandic skīma
, Goth. skeima
a torch, a lantern, and English shine
. √157. See Shine
, intransitive verb
] To shine with a tremulous or intermittent light; to shine faintly; to gleam; to glisten; to glimmer.
The shimmering glimpses of a stream. Tennyson.
Shimmer noun A faint, tremulous light; a gleaming; a glimmer.
TWo silver lamps, fed with perfumed oil, diffused . . . a trembling twilight-seeming shimmer through the quiet apartment. Sir W. Scott.
Shimmering noun A gleam or glimmering. "A little shimmering of a light." Chaucer.
Shimmy noun A chemise. [ Colloq.]
[ Middle English shine
, Anglo-Saxon scina; akin to Dutch scheen
, Old High German scina
, German schiene
bein, Danish skinne
been, Swedish sken
ben. Confer Chine
.] 1. The front part of the leg below the knee; the front edge of the shin bone; the lower part of the leg; the shank.
"On his shin
." Chaucer. 2. (Railbroad) A fish plate for rails. Knight. Shin bone (Anat.)
, the tibia.
-- Shin leaf (Botany)
, a perennial ericaceous herb ( Pyrola elliptica ) with a cluster of radical leaves and a raceme of greenish white flowers.
Shin intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Shinned
; present participle & verbal noun Shinning
.] 1. To climb a mast, tree, rope, or the like, by embracing it alternately with the arms and legs, without help of steps, spurs, or the like; -- used with up ; as, to shin up a mast.
[ Slang] 2. To run about borrowing money hastily and temporarily, as for the payment of one's notes at the bank.
[ Slang, U.S.] Bartlett.
Shin transitive verb To climb (a pole, etc.) by shinning up. [ Slang]
Shin Shu [ Jap., lit., true sect.] The leading and most progressive Buddhist sect of Japan, resting its faith rather upon Amida than Gautama Buddha. Rites and ceremonies are held useless without uprightness.
[ See 2d Shingle
.] A shingle; also, a slate for roofing.
[ Obsolete] Holland.
Shindle transitive verb To cover or roof with shindles. [ Obsolete]
; plural Shindies
. [ Etymol. uncertain; confer Shinney
.] 1. An uproar or disturbance; a spree; a row; a riot.
[ Slang] Thackeray. 2. Hockey; shinney. Bartlett. 3. A fancy or liking.
[ Local, U. S.] Bartlett.
Shine intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Shone
(... or ...; 277) (archaic Shined
); present participle & verbal noun Shining
.] [ Middle English shinen
, Anglo-Saxon scīnan
; akin to Dutch schijnen
, OFries. skīna
, Old Saxon & Old High German scīnan
, German scheinen
, Icelandic skīna
, Swedish skina
, Danish skinne
, Goth. skeinan
, and perhaps to Greek ......... shadow. √157. Confer Sheer
pure, and Shimmer
.] 1. To emit rays of light; to give light; to beam with steady radiance; to exhibit brightness or splendor; as, the sun shines by day; the moon shines by night.
Hyperion's quickening fire doth shine . Shak.
God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Cghrist. 2 Cor. iv. 6.
Let thine eyes shine forth in their full luster. Denham. 2. To be bright by reflection of light; to gleam; to be glossy; as, to shine like polished silver. 3. To be effulgent in splendor or beauty.
"So proud she shined
in her princely state." Spenser.
Once brightest shined this child of heat and air. Pope. 4. To be eminent, conspicuous, or distinguished; to exhibit brilliant intellectual powers; as, to shine in courts; to shine in conversation.
Few are qualified to shine in company; but it in most men's power to be agreeable. Swift. To make
, or cause
, the face to shine upon
, to be propitious to; to be gracious to. Num. vi. 25.
Shine transitive verb 1. To cause to shine, as a light.
He [ God] doth not rain wealth, nor shine honor and virtues, upon men equally. Bacon. 2. To make bright; to cause to shine by reflected light; as, in hunting, to shine the eyes of a deer at night by throwing a light on them.
[ U. S.] Bartlett.
Shine noun 1. The quality or state of shining; brightness; luster, gloss; polish; sheen.
Now sits not girt with taper's holy shine . Milton.
Fair opening to some court's propitious shine . Pope.
The distant shine of the celestial city. Hawthorne. 2. Sunshine; fair weather.
Be it fair or foul, or rain or shine . Dryden. 3. A liking for a person; a fancy.
[ Slang, U.S.] 4. Caper; antic; row.
[ Slang] To cut up shines
, to play pranks.
[ Slang, U.S.]
[ Anglo-Saxon scīn
. See Shine
, intransitive verb
] Shining; sheen.
[ Obsolete] Spenser.
Shiner noun That which shines.
Specifically: (a) A luminary. (b) A bright piece of money.
Has she the shiners , d' ye think? Foote. (c) (Zoology) Any one of numerous species of small freshwater American cyprinoid fishes, belonging to Notropis , or Minnilus , and allied genera; as the redfin ( Notropis megalops ), and the golden shiner ( Notemigonus chrysoleucus ) of the Eastern United States; also loosely applied to various other silvery fishes, as the dollar fish, or horsefish, menhaden, moonfish, sailor's choice, and the sparada. (d) (Zoology) The common Lepisma, or furniture bug. Blunt-nosed shiner (Zoology)
, the silver moonfish.
Shingle noun [ Prob. from Norw. singl , singling , coarse gravel, small round stones.] (Geol.) Round, water-worn, and loose gravel and pebbles, or a collection of roundish stones, such as are common on the seashore and elsewhere.
[ Middle English shingle
, from Latin scindula
; confer scindere
to cleave, to split, English shed
, v.t., Greek ........., ........., shingle, ......... to slit.] 1. A piece of wood sawed or rived thin and small, with one end thinner than the other, -- used in covering buildings, especially roofs, the thick ends of one row overlapping the thin ends of the row below.
I reached St. Asaph, . . . where there is a very poor cathedral church covered with shingles or tiles. Ray. 2. A sign for an office or a shop; as, to hang out one's shingle .
[ Jocose, U. S.] Shingle oak (Botany)
, a kind of oak ( Quercus imbricaria ) used in the Western States for making shingles.
Shingle transitive verb
[ imperfect &. past participle Shingled
; present participle & verbal noun Shingling
.] 1. To cover with shingles; as, to shingle a roof.
They shingle their houses with it. Evelyn. 2. To cut, as hair, so that the ends are evenly exposed all over the head, as shingles on a roof.
Shingle transitive verb To subject to the process of shindling, as a mass of iron from the pudding furnace.
1. One who shingles. 2. A machine for shingling puddled iron.
[ Old French cengle
a girth, French sangle
, from Latin cingulum
a girdle, from cingere
to gird. Confer Cincture
.] (Medicine) A kind of herpes ( Herpes zoster ) which spreads half way around the body like a girdle, and is usually attended with violent neuralgic pain.
Shingling noun Shingling hammer , a ponderous hammer moved by machinery, used in shingling puddled iron. -- Shingling mill , a mill or forge where puddled iron is shingled.
1. The act of covering with shingles; shingles, collectively; a covering made of shingles. 2. (Metal) The process of expelling scoriæ and other impurities by hammering and squeezing, in the production of wrought iron.
Shingly adjective Abounding with shingle, or gravel.
Shinhopple noun The hobblebush.
Shining adjective 1. Emitting light, esp. in a continuous manner; radiant; as, shining lamps; also, bright by the reflection of light; as, shining armor.
"Fish . . . with their fins and shining
scales." Milton. 2. Splendid; illustrious; brilliant; distinguished; conspicious; as, a shining example of charity. 3. Having the surface smooth and polished; -- said of leaves, the surfaces of shells, etc. Syn.
-- Glistening; bright; radiant; resplendent; effulgent; lustrous; brilliant; glittering; splendid; illustrious. -- Shining
describes the steady emission of a strong light, or the steady reflection of light from a clear or polished surface. Brilliant
denotes a shining of great brightness, but with gleams or flashes. Sparkling
implies a fitful, intense shining from radiant points or sparks, by which the eye is dazzled. The same distinctions obtain when these epithets are figuratively applied. A man of shining
talents is made conspicious by possessing them; if they flash upon the mind with a peculiarly striking effect, we call them brilliant
; if his brilliancy is marked by great vivacity and occasional intensity, he is sparkling
True paradise . . . inclosed with shining rock. Milton.
Some in a brilliant buckle bind her waist, Gay.
Some round her neck a circling light display.
His sparkling blade about his head he blest. Spenser.
Shining noun Emission or reflection of light.
Shiningness noun Brightness. J. Spence.
[ CF. Shindy
.] The game of hockey; -- so called because of the liability of the players to receive blows on the shin. Halliwell.
Shinplaster noun Formerly, a jocose term for a bank note greatly depreciated in value; also, for paper money of a denomination less than a dollar. [ U. S.]
Shintiyan (shĭn"tĭ*yăn), Shin"ty*an (shĭn"tĭ*ăn) , noun [ Arabic shintīān .] A kind of wide loose drawers or trousers worn by women in Mohammedan countries.
Shinto, Shintiism noun [ Chin. shin god + tao way, doctrine.] One of the two great systems of religious belief in Japan. Its essence is ancestor worship, and sacrifice to dead heroes. [ Written also Sintu , and Sintuism .]
Shintoist noun An adherent of Shintoism.
Shinty noun [ Confer Gael. sinteag a skip, a bound.] A Scotch game resembling hockey; also, the club used in the game. Jamieson.
[ Compar. Shinier
; superl. Shiniest
.] Bright; luminous; clear; unclouded.
Like distant thunder on a shiny day. Dryden.
[ Anglo-Saxon scipe
.] Pay; reward.
In withholding or abridging of the ship or the hire or the wages of servants. Chaucer.
[ Middle English ship
, Anglo-Saxon scip
; akin to OFries. skip
, Old Saxon scip
, Dutch schip
, German schiff
, Old High German scif
, Danish skib
, Swedish skeep
, Icelandic & Goth. skip
; of unknown origin. Confer Equip
.] 1. Any large seagoing vessel.
Like a stately ship . . . Milton.
With all her bravery on, and tackle trim,
Sails filled, and streamers waving.
Thou, too, sail on, O Ship of State! Longfellow. 2. Specifically, a vessel furnished with a bowsprit and three masts (a mainmast, a foremast, and a mizzenmast), each of which is composed of a lower mast, a topmast, and a topgallant mast, and square-rigged on all masts. See Illustation in Appendix. l
Port or Larboard Side; s
Starboard Side; 1 Roundhouse or Deck House; 2 Tiller; 3 Grating; 4 Wheel; 5 Wheel Chains; 6 Binnacle; 7 Mizzenmast; 8 Skylight; 9 Capstan; 10 Mainmast; 11 Pumps; 12 Galley or Caboose; 13 Main Hatchway; 14 Windlass; 15 Foremast; 16 Fore Hatchway; 17 Bitts; 18 Bowsprit; 19 Head Rail; 20 Boomkins; 21 Catheads on Port Bow and Starboard Bow; 22 Fore Chains; 23 Main Chains; 24 Mizzen Chains; 25 Stern. 1 Fore Royal Stay; 2 Flying Jib Stay; 3 Fore Topgallant Stay;4 Jib Stay; 5 Fore Topmast Stays; 6 Fore Tacks; 8 Flying Martingale; 9 Martingale Stay, shackled to Dolphin Striker; 10 Jib Guys; 11 Jumper Guys; 12 Back Ropes; 13 Robstays; 14 Flying Jib Boom; 15 Flying Jib Footropes; 16 Jib Boom; 17 Jib Foottropes; 18 Bowsprit; 19 Fore Truck; 20 Fore Royal Mast; 21 Fore Royal Lift; 22 Fore Royal Yard; 23 Fore Royal Backstays; 24 Fore Royal Braces; 25 Fore Topgallant Mast and Rigging; 26 Fore Topgallant Lift; 27 Fore Topgallant Yard; 28 Fore Topgallant Backstays; 29 Fore Topgallant Braces; 30 Fore Topmast and Rigging; 31 Fore Topsail Lift; 32 Fore Topsail Yard; 33 Fore Topsail Footropes; 34 Fore Topsail Braces; 35 Fore Yard; 36 Fore Brace; 37 Fore Lift; 38 Fore Gaff; 39 Fore Trysail Vangs; 40 Fore Topmast Studding-sail Boom; 41 Foremast and Rigging; 42 Fore Topmast Backstays; 43 Fore Sheets; 44 Main Truck and Pennant; 45 Main Royal Mast and Backstay; 46 Main Royal Stay; 47 Main Royal Lift; 48 Main Royal Yard; 49 Main Royal Braces; 50 Main Topgallant Mast and Rigging; 51 Main Topgallant Lift; 52 Main Topgallant Backstays; 53 Main Topgallant Yard; 54 Main Topgallant Stay; 55 Main Topgallant Braces; 56 Main Topmast and Rigging; 57 Topsail Lift; 58 Topsail Yard; 59 Topsail Footropes; 60 Topsail Braces; 61 Topmast Stays; 62 Main Topgallant Studding-sail Boom; 63 Main Topmast Backstay; 64 Main Yard; 65 Main Footropes; 66 Mainmast and Rigging; 67 Main Lift; 68 Main Braces; 69 Main Tacks; 70 Main Sheets; 71 Main Trysail Gaff; 72 Main Trysail Vangs; 73 Main Stays; 74 Mizzen Truck; 75 Mizzen Royal Mast and Rigging; 76 Mizzen Royal Stay; 77 Mizzen Royal Lift; 78 Mizzen Royal Yard; 79 Mizzen Royal Braces; 80 Mizzen Topgallant Mast and Rigging; 81 Mizzen Topgallant Lift; 82 Mizzen Topgallant Backstays; 83 Mizzen Topgallant Braces; 84 Mizzen Topgallant Yard; 85 Mizzen Topgallant Stay; 86 Mizzen Topmast and Rigging; 87 Mizzen Topmast Stay; 88 Mizzen Topsail Lift; 89 Mizzen Topmast Backstays; 90 Mizzen Topsail Braces; 91 Mizzen Topsail Yard; 92 Mizzen Topsail Footropes; 93 Crossjack Yard; 94 Crossjack Footropes; 95 Crossjack Lift; 96 Crossjack Braces; 97 Mizzenmast and Rigging; 98 Mizzen Stay; 99 Spanker Gaff; 100 Peak Halyards; 101 Spanker Vangs; 102 Spanker Boom; 103 Spanker Boom Topping Lift; 104 Jacob's Ladder, or Stern Ladder; 105 Spanker Sheet; 106 Cutwater; 107 Starboard Bow; 108 Starboard Beam; 109 Water Line; 110 Starboard Quarter; 111 Rudder. 3. A dish or utensil (originally fashioned like the hull of a ship) used to hold incense.
[ Obsolete] Tyndale. Armed ship
, a private ship taken into the service of the government in time of war, and armed and equipped like a ship of war.
[ Eng.] Brande & C.
-- General ship
. See under General .
-- Ship biscuit
, hard biscuit prepared for use on shipboard; -- called also ship bread . See Hardtack .
-- Ship boy
, a boy who serves in a ship.
"Seal up the ship boy's
-- Ship breaker
, one who breaks up vessels when unfit for further use.
-- Ship broker
, a mercantile agent employed in buying and selling ships, procuring cargoes, etc., and generally in transacting the business of a ship or ships when in port.
-- Ship canal
, a canal suitable for the passage of seagoing vessels.
-- Ship carpenter
, a carpenter who works at shipbuilding; a shipwright.
-- Ship chandler
, one who deals in cordage, canvas, and other, furniture of vessels.
-- Ship chandlery
, the commodities in which a ship chandler deals; also, the business of a ship chandler.
-- Ship fever (Medicine)
, a form of typhus fever; -- called also putrid, jail, or hospital fever .
-- Ship joiner
, a joiner who works upon ships.
-- Ship letter
, a letter conveyed by a ship not a mail packet.
-- Ship money (Eng. Hist.)
, an imposition formerly charged on the ports, towns, cities, boroughs, and counties, of England, for providing and furnishing certain ships for the king's service. The attempt made by Charles I. to revive and enforce this tax was resisted by John Hampden, and was one of the causes which led to the death of Charles. It was finally abolished.
-- Ship of the line
. See under Line .
-- Ship pendulum
, a pendulum hung amidships to show the extent of the rolling and pitching of a vessel.
-- Ship railway
. (a) An inclined railway with a cradelike car, by means of which a ship may be drawn out of water, as for repairs
. (b) A railway arranged for the transportation of vessels overland between two water courses or harbors.
-- Ship's company
, the crew of a ship or other vessel.
-- Ship's days
, the days allowed a vessel for loading or unloading.
-- Ship's husband
. See under Husband .
-- Ship's papers (Mar. Law)
, papers with which a vessel is required by law to be provided, and the production of which may be required on certain occasions. Among these papers are the register, passport or sea letter, charter party, bills of lading, invoice, log book, muster roll, bill of health, etc. Bouvier. Kent.
-- To make ship
, to embark in a ship or other vessel.
Ship transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Shipped
; present participle & verbal noun Shipping
.] 1. To put on board of a ship, or vessel of any kind, for transportation; to send by water.
The timber was . . . shipped in the bay of Attalia, from whence it was by sea transported to Pelusium. Knolles. 2. By extension, in commercial usage, to commit to any conveyance for transportation to a distance; as, to ship freight by railroad. 3. Hence, to send away; to get rid of.
[ Colloq.] 4. To engage or secure for service on board of a ship; as, to ship seamen. 5. To receive on board ship; as, to ship a sea. 6. To put in its place; as, to ship the tiller or rudder.
Ship intransitive verb
1. To engage to serve on board of a vessel; as, to ship on a man-of- war. 2. To embark on a ship. Wyclif (Acts xxviii. 11)
Ship railway (a) An inclined railway running into the water with a cradelike car on which a vessel may be drawn out on land, as for repairs. (b) A railway on which to transport vessels overland between bodies of water.
, 8] A ship's side; hence, by extension, a ship; -- found chiefly in adverbial phrases; as, on shipboard ; a shipboard .
Shipbuilder noun A person whose occupation is to construct ships and other vessels; a naval architect; a shipwright.
Shipbuilding noun Naval architecturel the art of constructing ships and other vessels.
; plural Shipfuls As much or as many as a ship will hold; enough to fill a ship.
Shipholder noun A shipowner.
Shipless adjective Destitute of ships. Gray.
Shiplet noun A little ship. [ R.] Holinshed.
Shipload noun The load, or cargo, of a ship.