Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Sharp-set adjective Eager in appetite or desire of gratification; affected by keen hunger; ravenous; as, an eagle or a lion sharp-set .
The town is sharp-set on new plays. Pope.
Sharp-sighted adjective Having quick or acute sight; -- used literally and figuratively. -- Sharp`-sight`ed*ness , noun
Sharp-witted adjective Having an acute or nicely discerning mind.
Sharper noun A person who bargains closely, especially, one who cheats in bargains; a swinder; also, a cheating gamester.
Sharpers , as pikes, prey upon their own kind. L'Estrange. Syn.
-- Swindler; cheat; deceiver; trickster; rogue. See Swindler
Sharpie noun (Nautical) A long, sharp, flat-bottomed boat, with one or two masts carrying a triangular sail. They are often called Fair Haven sharpies , after the place on the coast of Connecticut where they originated. [ Local, U.S.]
Sharpling noun (Zoology) A stickleback. [ Prov. Eng.]
Sharply adverb In a sharp manner,; keenly; acutely.
They are more sharply to be chastised and reformed than the rude Irish. Spenser.
The soldiers were sharply assailed with wants. Hayward.
You contract your eye when you would see sharply . Bacon.
Sharpness noun [ Anglo-Saxon scearpness .] The quality or condition of being sharp; keenness; acuteness.
Sharpsaw noun (Zoology) The great titmouse; -- so called from its harsh call notes. [ Prov. Eng.]
Sharpshooter noun One skilled in shooting at an object with exactness; a good marksman.
Sharpshooting noun A shooting with great precision and effect; hence, a keen contest of wit or argument.
Sharptail noun (Zoology) (a) The pintail duck. (b) The pintail grouse, or prairie chicken.
[ See Sash
.] 1. The scarf of a turban.
[ Obsolete] Fuller. 2. A sash.
Shasta noun A mountain peak, etc., in California.
Shasta daisy A large-flowered garden variety of the oxeye daisy.
Shasta fir A Californian fir ( Abies shastensis ).
Shasta Sam (Card Playing) A game like California Jack, except that the pack drawn from is turned face down.
Shaster Shas"tra noun [ Sanskrit cāstra an order or command, a sacred book, from cās to order, instruct, govern. Confer Sastra .] A treatise for authoritative instruction among the Hindoos; a book of institutes; especially, a treatise explaining the Vedas. [ Written also sastra .]
Shathmont noun A shaftment. [ Scot.]
Shatter transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Shattered
; present participle & verbal noun Shattering
.] [ Middle English schateren
, to scatter, to dash, Anglo-Saxon scateran
; confer Dutch schateren
to crack, to make a great noise, OD. schetteren
to scatter, to burst, to crack. Confer Scatter
.] 1. To break at once into many pieces; to dash, burst, or part violently into fragments; to rend into splinters; as, an explosion shatters a rock or a bomb; too much steam shatters a boiler; an oak is shattered by lightning.
A monarchy was shattered to pieces, and divided amongst revolted subjects. Locke. 2. To disorder; to derange; to render unsound; as, to be shattered in intellect; his constitution was shattered ; his hopes were shattered .
A man of a loose, volatile, and shattered humor. Norris. 3. To scatter about.
Shatter your leaves before the mellowing year. Milton.
Shatter intransitive verb To be broken into fragments; to fall or crumble to pieces by any force applied.
Some fragile bodies break but where the force is; some shatter and fly in many places. Bacon.
Shatter noun A fragment of anything shattered; -- used chiefly or soley in the phrase into shatters ; as, to break a glass into shatters . Swift.
Shatter-brained, Shatter-pated adjective Disordered or wandering in intellect; hence, heedless; wild. J. Goodman.
Shattery adjective Easily breaking into pieces; not compact; loose of texture; brittle; as, shattery spar.
Shave obsolete past participle of Shave . Chaucer.
His beard was shave as nigh as ever he can. Chaucer.
Shave transitive verb
[ imperfect Shaved
; past participle Shaved
; present participle & verbal noun Shaving
.] [ Middle English shaven
, Anglo-Saxon scafan
; akin to Dutch schaven
, German schaben
, Icelandic skafa
, Swedish skafva
, Danish skave
, Goth. scaban
, Russian kopate
to dig, Greek ............, and probably to Latin scabere
to scratch, to scrape. Confer Scab
.] 1. To cut or pare off from the surface of a body with a razor or other edged instrument; to cut off closely, as with a razor; as, to shave the beard. 2. To make bare or smooth by cutting off closely the surface, or surface covering, of; especially, to remove the hair from with a razor or other sharp instrument; to take off the beard or hair of; as, to shave the face or the crown of the head; he shaved himself.
I'll shave your crown for this. Shak.
The laborer with the bending scythe is seen Gay. 3. To cut off thin slices from; to cut in thin slices.
Shaving the surface of the waving green.
Plants bruised or shaven in leaf or root. Bacon. 4. To skim along or near the surface of; to pass close to, or touch lightly, in passing.
Now shaves with level wing the deep. Milton. 5. To strip; to plunder; to fleece.
[ Colloq.] To shave a note
, to buy it at a discount greater than the legal rate of interest, or to deduct in discounting it more than the legal rate allows.
[ Cant, U.S.]
Shave intransitive verb To use a razor for removing the beard; to cut closely; hence, to be hard and severe in a bargain; to practice extortion; to cheat.
[ Anglo-Saxon scafa
, sceafa, a sort of knife. See Shave
, transitive verb
] 1. A thin slice; a shaving. Wright. 2. A cutting of the beard; the operation of shaving. 3. (a) An exorbitant discount on a note.
[ Cant, U.S.] (b) A premium paid for an extension of the time of delivery or payment, or for the right to vary a stock contract in any particular.
[ Cant, U.S.] N. Biddle. 4. A hand tool consisting of a sharp blade with a handle at each end; a drawing knife; a spokeshave. 5. The act of passing very near to, so as almost to graze; as, the bullet missed by a close shave .
[ Colloq.] Shave grass (Botany)
, the scouring rush. See the Note under Equisetum .
-- Shave hook
, a tool for scraping metals, consisting of a sharp- edged triangular steel plate attached to a shank and handle.
Shaveling noun A man shaved; hence, a monk, or other religious; -- used in contempt.
I am no longer a shaveling than while my frock is on my back. Sir W. Scott.
Shaver noun 1. One who shaves; one whose occupation is to shave. 2. One who is close in bargains; a sharper. Swift. 3. One who fleeces; a pillager; a plunderer.
By these shavers the Turks were stripped. Knolles. 4. A boy; a lad; a little fellow.
[ Colloq.] "These unlucky little shavers
As I have mentioned at the door to this young shaver , I am on a chase in the name of the king. Dickens. 5. (Mech.) A tool or machine for shaving. A note shaver
, a person who buys notes at a discount greater than the legal rate of interest.
[ Cant, U.S.]
Shaving noun Shaving brush , a brush used in lathering the face preparatory to shaving it.
1. The act of one who, or that which, shaves; specifically, the act of cutting off the beard with a razor. 2. That which is shaved off; a thin slice or strip pared off with a shave, a knife, a plane, or other cutting instrument. " Shaving of silver." Chaucer.
[ Middle English schawe
, thicket, grove, Anglo-Saxon scaga
; akin to Danish skov
, Swedish skog
, Icelandic skōgr
.] 1. A thicket; a small wood or grove.
[ Obsolete or Prov. Eng. & Scot.] Burns.
Gaillard he was as goldfinch in the shaw . Chaucer.
The green shaws , the merry green woods. Howitt. 2. plural The leaves and tops of vegetables, as of potatoes, turnips, etc.
[ Scot.] Jamieson.
Shawfowl noun [ Scot. schaw , shaw , show + fowl .] The representation or image of a fowl made by fowlers to shoot at. Johnson.
Shawl noun [ Persian & Hind. shāl : confer French châle .] A square or oblong cloth of wool, cotton, silk, or other textile or netted fabric, used, especially by women, as a loose covering for the neck and shoulders. India shawl , a kind of rich shawl made in India from the wool of the Cashmere goat. It is woven in pieces, which are sewed together. -- Shawl goat (Zoology) , the Cashmere goat.
Shawl transitive verb To wrap in a shawl. Thackeray.
[ Middle English shalmie
, Old French chalemie
; confer French chalumeau
haulm, stalk; all from Latin calamus
a reed, reed pipe. See Haulm
, and confer Calumet
.] (Mus.) A wind instrument of music, formerly in use, supposed to have resembled either the clarinet or the hautboy in form.
[ Written also shalm
Even from the shrillest shaum unto the cornamute. Drayton.
Shawnees noun plural ; sing. Shawnee (Ethnol.) A tribe of North American Indians who occupied Western New York and part of Ohio, but were driven away and widely dispersed by the Iroquois.
Shay noun A chaise. [ Prov. Eng. & Local, U.S.]
[ sing. nom. She
; poss. Her
. or Hers
; obj. Her
; pl. nom. They
; poss. Their
; obj. Them
.] [ Middle English she
, Anglo-Saxon seó
, fem. of the definite article, originally a demonstrative pronoun; confer Old Saxon siu
, Dutch zij
, German sie
, Old High German siu
, Icelandic sū
, Goth. si
, fem. article, Russian siia
, fem., this, Greek ..., fem. article, Sanskrit sā
. The possessive her
, and the objective her
, are from a different root. See Her
.] 1. This or that female; the woman understood or referred to; the animal of the female sex, or object personified as feminine, which was spoken of.
She loved her children best in every wise. Chaucer.
Then Sarah denied, . . . for she was afraid. Gen. xviii. 15. 2. A woman; a female; -- used substantively.
Lady, you are the cruelest she alive. Shak.
is used in composition with nouns of common gender, for female
, to denote an animal of the female sex; as, a she
-bear; a she
Shea tree (Botany) An African sapotaceous tree ( Bassia, or Butyrospermum, Parkii ), from the seeds of which a substance resembling butter is obtained; the African butter tree.
[ From Anglo-Saxon scādan
, to separate, divide. See Shed
, transitive verb
] A tithing, or division, in the Isle of Man, in which there is a coroner, or chief constable. The island is divided into six sheadings.
Sheaf noun (Mech.) A sheave. [ R.]
; plural Sheaves
. [ Middle English sheef
, Anglo-Saxon sceáf
; akin to Dutch schoof
, Old High German scoub
, German schaub
, Icelandic skauf
a fox's brush, and English shove
. See Shove
.] 1. A quantity of the stalks and ears of wheat, rye, or other grain, bound together; a bundle of grain or straw.
The reaper fills his greedy hands, Dryden. 2. Any collection of things bound together; a bundle; specifically, a bundle of arrows sufficient to fill a quiver, or the allowance of each archer, -- usually twenty-four.
And binds the golden sheaves in brittle bands.
The sheaf of arrows shook and rattled in the case. Dryden.
Sheaf transitive verb To gather and bind into a sheaf; to make into sheaves; as, to sheaf wheat.
Sheaf intransitive verb To collect and bind cut grain, or the like; to make sheaves.
They that reap must sheaf and bind. Shak.
Sheafy adjective Pertaining to, or consisting of, a sheaf or sheaves; resembling a sheaf.
Sheal transitive verb To put under a sheal or shelter. [ Scot.]
Sheal transitive verb
[ See Shell
.] To take the husks or pods off from; to shell; to empty of its contents, as a husk or a pod.
[ Obsolete or Prov. Eng. & Scot.] Jamieson.
That's a shealed peascod. Shak.
Sheal noun A shell or pod. [ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.]