Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ French chalon
, from Châlons
, in France, where it was first made.] A thin, loosely woven, twilled worsted stuff.
In blue shalloon shall Hannibal be clad. Swift.
[ French chaloupe
, probably from Dutch sloep
. Confer Sloop
.] (Nautical) A boat.
[ She] thrust the shallop from the floating strand. Spenser.
» The term shallop
is applied to boats of all sizes, from a light canoe up to a large boat with masts and sails.
[ Old French eschalote
), French échalote
. See Scallion
, and confer Eschalot
.] (Botany) A small kind of onion ( Allium Ascalonicum ) growing in clusters, and ready for gathering in spring; a scallion, or eschalot.
[ Compar. Shallower
; superl. Shallowest
.] [ Middle English schalowe
, probably originally, sloping or shelving; confer Icelandic skjālgr
wry, squinting, Anglo-Saxon sceolh
, D. & German scheel
, Old High German schelah
. Confer Shelve
to slope, Shoal
shallow.] 1. Not deep; having little depth; shoal.
brooks, and rivers wide." Milton. 2. Not deep in tone.
The sound perfecter and not so shallow and jarring. Bacon. 3. Not intellectually deep; not profound; not penetrating deeply; simple; not wise or knowing; ignorant; superficial; as, a shallow mind; shallow learning.
The king was neither so shallow , nor so ill advertised, as not to perceive the intention of the French king. Bacon.
Deep versed in books, and shallow in himself. Milton.
Shallow noun 1. A place in a body of water where the water is not deep; a shoal; a flat; a shelf.
A swift stream is not heard in the channel, but upon shallows of gravel. Bacon.
Dashed on the shallows of the moving sand. Dryden. 2. (Zoology) The rudd.
[ Prov. Eng.]
Shallow transitive verb To make shallow. Sir T. Browne.
Shallow intransitive verb To become shallow, as water.
Shallow-bodied adjective (Nautical) Having a moderate depth of hold; -- said of a vessel.
Shallow-brained adjective Weak in intellect; foolish; empty-headed. South. Shal"low-heart`ed adjective Incapable of deep feeling. Tennyson.
Shallow-pated adjective Shallow- brained.
Shallow-waisted adjective (Nautical) Having a flush deck, or with only a moderate depression amidships; -- said of a vessel.
Shallowly adverb In a shallow manner.
Shallowness noun Quality or state of being shallow.
Shalm noun See Shawm .
[ Obsolete] Knolles.
Shalt 2d per. sing. of Shall .
Shaly adjective Resembling shale in structure.
[ Originally the same word as shame
, hence, a disgrace, a trick. See Shame
] 1. That which deceives expectation; any trick, fraud, or device that deludes and disappoint; a make-believe; delusion; imposture, humbug.
"A mere sham
." Bp. Stillingfleet.
Believe who will the solemn sham , not I. Addison. 2. A false front, or removable ornamental covering. Pillow sham
, a covering to be laid on a pillow.
Sham adjective False; counterfeit; pretended; feigned; unreal; as, a sham fight.
They scorned the sham independence proffered to them by the Athenians. Jowett (Thucyd)
Sham transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Shammed
; present participle & verbal noun Shamming
.] 1. To trick; to cheat; to deceive or delude with false pretenses.
Fooled and shammed into a conviction. L'Estrange. 2. To obtrude by fraud or imposition.
We must have a care that we do not . . . sham fallacies upon the world for current reason. L'Estrange. 3. To assume the manner and character of; to imitate; to ape; to feign. To sham Abram
, to feign sickness; to malinger. Hence a malingerer is called, in sailors' cant, Sham Abram , or Sham Abraham .
Sham intransitive verb To make false pretenses; to deceive; to feign; to impose.
Wondering . . . whether those who lectured him were such fools as they professed to be, or were only shamming . Macaulay.
Shama noun [ Hind. shāmā .] (Zoology) A saxicoline singing bird ( Kittacincla macroura ) of India, noted for the sweetness and power of its song. In confinement it imitates the notes of other birds and various animals with accuracy. Its head, neck, back, breast, and tail are glossy black, the rump white, the under parts chestnut.
Shaman noun [ From the native name.] A priest of Shamanism; a wizard among the Shamanists.
Shamanic adjective Of or pertaining to Shamanism.
Shamanism noun The type of religion which once prevalied among all the Ural-Altaic peoples (Tungusic, Mongol, and Turkish), and which still survives in various parts of Northern Asia. The Shaman, or wizard priest, deals with good as well as with evil spirits, especially the good spirits of ancestors. Encyc. Brit.
Shamanist noun An adherent of Shamanism.
[ Middle English schamel
a bench, stool, Anglo-Saxon scamel
, a bench, form, stool, from Latin scamellum
, dim. of scamnum
a bench, stool.] 1. (Mining) One of a succession of niches or platforms, one above another, to hold ore which is thrown successively from platform to platform, and thus raised to a higher level. 2. plural A place where butcher's meat is sold.
As summer flies are in the shambles . Shak. 3. plural A place for slaughtering animals for meat.
To make a shambles of the parliament house. Shak.
Shamble intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Shambled
; present participle & verbal noun Shambling
.] [ Confer OD. schampelen
to slip, schampen
to slip away, escape. Confer Scamble
.] To walk awkwardly and unsteadily, as if the knees were weak; to shuffle along.
Shambling adjective Characterized by an awkward, irregular pace; as, a shambling trot; shambling legs.
Shambling noun An awkward, irregular gait.
[ Middle English shame
, Anglo-Saxon scamu
; akin to Old Saxon & Old High German scama
, German scham
, Icelandic skömm
, Swedish & Danish skam
, D. & German schande
, Goth. skanda
shame, skaman sik
to be ashamed; perhaps from a root skam
meaning to cover, and akin to the root ( kam
) of German hemd
shirt, English chemise
. Confer Sham
.] 1. A painful sensation excited by a consciousness of guilt or impropriety, or of having done something which injures reputation, or of the exposure of that which nature or modesty prompts us to conceal.
HIde, for shame , Dryden.
Romans, your grandsires' images,
That blush at their degenerate progeny.
Have you no modesty, no maiden shame ? Shak. 2. Reproach incurred or suffered; dishonor; ignominy; derision; contempt.
Ye have borne the shame of the heathen. Ezek. xxxvi. 6.
Honor and shame from no condition rise. Pope.
And every woe a tear can claim Byron. 3. The cause or reason of shame; that which brings reproach, and degrades a person in the estimation of others; disgrace.
Except an erring sister's shame .
O C...sar, what a wounding shame is this! Shak.
Guides who are the shame of religion. Shak. 4. The parts which modesty requires to be covered; the private parts. Isa. xlvii. 3. For shame! you should be ashamed; shame on you!
-- To put to shame
, to cause to feel shame; to humiliate; to disgrace.
"Let them be driven backward and put to shame
that wish me evil." Ps. xl. 14.
Shame transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Shamed
; present participle & verbal noun Shaming
.] 1. To make ashamed; to excite in (a person) a comsciousness of guilt or impropriety, or of conduct derogatory to reputation; to put to shame.
Were there but one righteous in the world, he would . . . shame the world, and not the world him. South. 2. To cover with reproach or ignominy; to dishonor; to disgrace.
And with foul cowardice his carcass shame . Spenser. 3. To mock at; to deride.
[ Obsolete or R.]
Ye have shamed the counsel of the poor. Ps. xiv. 6.
Shame intransitive verb
[ Anglo-Saxon scamian
. See Shame
] To be ashamed; to feel shame.
I do shame Shak.
To think of what a noble strain you are.
Shame-proof noun Shameless. Shak.
[ For shamefast
; Anglo-Saxon scamfæst
. See Shame
, and Fast
firm.] Easily confused or put out of countenance; diffident; bashful; modest.
Your shamefaced virtue shunned the people's prise. Dryden.
was once shamefast
, like steadfast
; but the ordinary manifestations of shame being by the face, have brought it to its present orthography. Trench.
[ Anglo-Saxon scamfæst
.] Modest; shamefaced.
[ Archaic] See Shamefaced
Shamefast she was in maiden shamefastness . Chaucer.
[ Conscience] is a blushing shamefast spirit. Shak.
Modest apparel with shamefastness . 1 Tim. ii. 9 (Rev. Ver.).
Shameful adjective 1. Bringing shame or disgrace; injurious to reputation; disgraceful.
His naval preparations were not more surprising than his quick and shameful retreat. Arbuthnot. 2. Exciting the feeling of shame in others; indecent; as, a shameful picture; a shameful sight. Spenser. Syn.
-- Disgraceful; reproachful; indecent; unbecoming; degrading; scandalous; ignominious; infamous. -- Shame"ful*ly
[ Anglo-Saxon scamleás
.] 1. Destitute of shame; wanting modesty; brazen-faced; insensible to disgrace.
bards we have." Pope.
Shame enough to shame thee, wert thou not shameless . Shak. 2. Indicating want of modesty, or sensibility to disgrace; indecent; as, a shameless picture or poem. Syn.
-- Impudent; unblushing; audacious; immodest; indecent; indelicate. -- Shame"less*ly
Shamer noun One who, or that which, disgraces, or makes ashamed. Beau. & Fl.
Shammer noun One who shams; an impostor. Johnson.
[ French chamious
a chamois, shammy leather. See Chamois
.] 1. (Zoology) The chamois. 2. A soft, pliant leather, prepared originally from the skin of the chamois, but now made also from the skin of the sheep, goat, kid, deer, and calf. See Shamoying .
[ Written also chamois
, and shamois
Shamois, Shamoy noun See Shammy .
[ See Shammy
.] A process used in preparing certain kinds of leather, which consists in frizzing the skin, and working oil into it to supply the place of the astringent (tannin, alum, or the like) ordinarily used in tanning.
Shampoo transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Shampooed
; present participle & verbal noun Shampooing
.] [ Hind. chāmpnā
to press, to squeeze.] [ Writing also champoo
.] 1. To press or knead the whole surface of the body of (a person), and at the same time to stretch the limbs and joints, in connection with the hot bath. 2. To wash throughly and rub the head of (a person), with the fingers, using either soap, or a soapy preparation, for the more thorough cleansing.
Shampoo noun The act of shampooing.
Shampooer noun One who shampoos.
Shamrock noun [ Latin seamrog , seamar , trefoil, white clover, white honeysuckle; akin to Gael. seamrag .] (Botany) A trifoliate plant used as a national emblem by the Irish. The legend is that St. Patrick once plucked a leaf of it for use in illustrating the doctrine of the trinity. » The original plant was probably a kind of wood sorrel ( Oxalis Acetocella ); but now the name is given to the white clover ( Trifolium repens ), and the black medic ( Medicago lupulina ).
Shandrydan noun A jocosely depreciative name for a vehicle. [ Ireland]
Shandygaff noun A mixture of strong beer and ginger beer. [ Eng.]
Shanghai transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Shanghaied
; present participle & verbal noun Shanghaiing
.] To intoxicate and ship (a person) as a sailor while in this condition.
[ Written also shanghae
.] [ Slang, U.S.]
Shanghai noun (Zoology) A large and tall breed of domestic fowl.