Shorage Shor"age noun Duty paid for goods brought on shore. Grabb.
Shore Shore imperfect of Shear . Chaucer.
Shore Shore noun A sewer. [ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.]
Shore Shore noun [ Middle English schore ; akin to LG. schore , Dutch schoor , OD. schoore , Icelandic skor...a , and perhaps to English shear , as being a piece cut off.] A prop, as a timber, placed as a brace or support against the side of a building or other structure; a prop placed beneath anything, as a beam, to prevent it from sinking or sagging. [ Written also shoar .]
Shore Shore transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Shored ; present participle & verbal noun Shoring .] [ Middle English schoren . See Shore a prop.] To support by a shore or shores; to prop; -- usually with up ; as, to shore up a building.
Shore Shore noun
[ Middle English schore
, Anglo-Saxon score
, probably from scieran
, and so meaning properly, that which is shorn off, edge; akin to OD. schoore
. See Shear
, transitive verb
] The coast or land adjacent to a large body of water, as an ocean, lake, or large river.
Michael Cassio, Shak.
Lieutenant to the warlike Moor Othello,
Is come shore .
The fruitful shore of muddy Nile. Spenser. In shore
, near the shore. Marryat.
-- On shore
. See under On .
-- Shore birds (Zoology)
, a collective name for the various limicoline birds found on the seashore.
-- Shore crab (Zoology)
, any crab found on the beaches, or between tides, especially any one of various species of grapsoid crabs, as Heterograpsus nudus of California.
-- Shore lark (Zoology)
, a small American lark ( Otocoris alpestris ) found in winter, both on the seacoast and on the Western plains. Its upper parts are varied with dark brown and light brown. It has a yellow throat, yellow local streaks, a black crescent on its breast, a black streak below each eye, and two small black erectile ear tufts. Called also horned lark .
-- Shore plover (Zoology)
, a large-billed Australian plover ( Esacus magnirostris ). It lives on the seashore, and feeds on crustaceans, etc.
-- Shore teetan (Zoology)
, the rock pipit ( Anthus obscurus ).
[ Prov. Eng.]
Shore Shore transitive verb To set on shore. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Shoreless Shore"less adjective Having no shore or coast; of indefinite or unlimited extent; as, a shoreless ocean. Young.
Shoreling Shore"ling noun See Shorling .
Shorer Shor"er noun One who, or that which, shores or props; a prop; a shore.
Shoreward Shore"ward adverb Toward the shore.
Shoring Shor"ing noun 1. The act of supporting or strengthening with a prop or shore. 2. A system of props; props, collectively.
Shorl Shorl noun , Shor*la"ceous adjective (Min.) See Schorl , Schorlaceous .
Shorling Shor"ling noun 1. The skin of a sheen after the fleece is shorn off, as distinct from the morling , or skin taken from the dead sheep; also, a sheep of the first year's shearing. [ Prov. Eng.] 2. A person who is shorn; a shaveling; hence, in contempt, a priest. [ Obsolete] Halliwell.
Shorn Shorn past participle of Shear .
Short Short adjective
[ Compar. Shorter
; superl. Shortest
.] [ Middle English short
, Anglo-Saxon scort
; akin to Old High German scurz
, Icelandic skorta
to be short of, to lack, and perhaps to English shear
, transitive verb Confer Shirt
.] 1. Not long; having brief length or linear extension; as, a short distance; a short piece of timber; a short flight.
The bed is shorter than that a man can stretch himself on it. Isa. xxviii. 20. 2. Not extended in time; having very limited duration; not protracted; as, short breath.
The life so short , the craft so long to learn. Chaucer.
To short absense I could yield. Milton. 3. Limited in quantity; inadequate; insufficient; scanty; as, a short supply of provisions, or of water. 4. Insufficiently provided; inadequately supplied; scantily furnished; lacking; not coming up to a resonable, or the ordinary, standard; -- usually with of ; as, to be short of money.
We shall be short in our provision. Shak. 5. Deficient; defective; imperfect; not coming up, as to a measure or standard; as, an account which is short of the trith. 6. Not distant in time; near at hand.
Marinell was sore offended Spenser.
That his departure thence should be so short .
He commanded those who were appointed to attend him to be ready by a short day. Clarendon. 7. Limited in intellectual power or grasp; not comprehensive; narrow; not tenacious, as memory.
Their own short understandings reach Rowe. 8. Less important, efficaceous, or powerful; not equal or equivalent; less (than); -- with of .
No farther than the present.
Hardly anything short of an invasion could rouse them again to war. Landor. 9. Abrupt; brief; pointed; petulant; as, he gave a short answer to the question. 10. (Cookery) Breaking or crumbling readily in the mouth; crisp; as, short pastry. 11. (Metal) Brittle.
» Metals that are brittle when hot are called ...ot- short
; as, cast iron may be hot-short
, owing to the presence of sulphur. Those that are brittle when cold are called cold-short
; as, cast iron may be cold-short
, on account of the presence of phosphorus. 12. (Stock Exchange) Engaging or engaged to deliver what is not possessed; as, short contracts; to be short of stock. See The shorts , under Short , noun , and To sell short , under Short , adverb
» In mercantile transactions, a note or bill is sometimes made payable at short sight
, that is, in a little time after being presented to the payer. 13. (Phon.) Not prolonged, or relatively less prolonged, in utterance; -- opposed to long , and applied to vowels or to syllables. In English, the long and short of the same letter are not, in most cases, the long and short of the same sound; thus, the i in ill is the short sound, not of i in isle , but of ee in eel , and the e in pet is the short sound of a in pate , etc. See Quantity , and Guide to Pronunciation , §§22, 30.
is much used with participles to form numerous self-explaining compounds; as, short
- billed, short
- necked, short
- winged, short
-wooled, etc. At short notice
, in a brief time; promptly.
-- Short rib (Anat.)
, one of the false ribs.
-- Short suit (Whist)
, any suit having only three cards, or less than three. R. A. Proctor.
-- To come short
, To cut short
, To fall short
, etc. See under Come , Cut , etc.
Short Short noun 1. A summary account.
The short and the long is, our play is preferred. Shak. 2. plural The part of milled grain sifted out which is next finer than the bran.
The first remove above bran is shorts . Halliwell. 3. plural Short, inferior hemp. 4. plural Breeches; shortclothes.
[ Slang] Dickens. 5. (Phonetics) A short sound, syllable, or vowel.
If we compare the nearest conventional shorts and longs in English, as in "bit" and "beat," "not" and "naught," we find that the short vowels are generally wide, the long narrow, besides being generally diphthongic as well. Hence, originally short vowels can be lengthened and yet kept quite distinct from the original longs. H. Sweet. In short
, in few words; in brief; briefly.
-- The long and the short
, the whole; a brief summing up.
-- The shorts (Stock Exchange)
, those who are unsupplied with stocks which they contracted to deliver.
Short Short adverb In a short manner; briefly; limitedly; abruptly; quickly; as, to stop short in one's course; to turn short .
He was taken up very short , and adjudged corrigible for such presumptuous language. Howell. To sell short (Stock Exchange)
, to sell, for future delivery, what the party selling does not own, but hopes to buy at a lower rate.
Short Short transitive verb [ Anglo-Saxon sceortian .] To shorten. [ Obsolete]
Short Short intransitive verb To fail; to decrease. [ Obsolete]
Short circuit Short" cir"cuit (Electricity) A circuit formed or closed by a conductor of relatively low resistance because shorter or of relatively great conductivity.
Short-breathed Short"-breathed` adjective 1. Having short-breath, or quick respiration. 2. Having short life.
Short-circuit Short"-cir`cuit transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Short-circuited ; present participle & verbal noun Short-circuiting .] (Electricity) To join, as the electrodes of a battery or dynamo or any two points of a circuit, by a conductor of low resistance.
Short-dated Short"-dat`ed adjective Having little time to run from the date. "Thy short-dated life." Sandys.
Short-handed Short`-hand"ed adjective Short of, or lacking the regular number of, servants or helpers.
Short-jointed Short"-joint`ed adjective Having short intervals between the joints; -- said of a plant or an animal, especially of a horse whose pastern is too short.
Short-lived Short"-lived` adjective Not living or lasting long; being of short continuance; as, a short-lived race of beings; short-lived pleasure; short-lived passion.
Short-spoken Short"-spo`ken adjective Speaking in a quick or short manner; hence, gruff; curt. [ Colloq.]
Short-waisted Short"-waist`ed adjective Having a short waist.
Short-winded Short"-wind`ed adjective Affected with shortness of breath; having a quick, difficult respiration, as dyspnoic and asthmatic persons. May.
Short-wited Short"-wit`ed adjective Having little wit; not wise; having scanty intellect or judgment.
Shortage Short"age noun Amount or extent of deficiency, as determined by some requirement or standard; as, a shortage in money accounts.
Shortcake Short"cake` noun An unsweetened breakfast cake shortened with butter or lard, rolled thin, and baked.
Shortclothes Short"clothes` noun Coverings for the legs of men or boys, consisting of trousers which reach only to the knees, -- worn with long stockings.
Shortcoming Short"com`ing noun The act of falling, or coming short ; as: (a) The failure of a crop, or the like. (b) Neglect of, or failure in, performance of duty.
Shorten Short"en transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Shortened ...
; present participle & verbal noun Shortening
.] [ See Short
] 1. To make short or shorter in measure, extent, or time; as, to shorten distance; to shorten a road; to shorten days of calamity. 2. To reduce or diminish in amount, quantity, or extent; to lessen; to abridge; to curtail; to contract; as, to shorten work, an allowance of food, etc.
Here, where the subject is so fruitful, I am shortened by my chain. Dryden. 3. To make deficient (as to); to deprive; -- with of .
Spoiled of his nose, and shortened of his ears. Dryden. 4. To make short or friable, as pastry, with butter, lard, pot liquor, or the like. To shorten a rope (Nautical)
, to take in the slack of it.
-- To shorten sail (Nautical)
, to reduce sail by taking it in.
Shorten Short"en intransitive verb To become short or shorter; as, the day shortens in northern latitudes from June to December; a metallic rod shortens by cold.
Shortener Short"en·er noun One who, or that which, shortens.
Shortening Short"en·ing noun 1. The act of making or becoming short or shorter. 2. (Cookery) That which renders pastry short or friable, as butter, lard, etc.
Shorthand Short"hand` noun A compendious and rapid method or writing by substituting characters, abbreviations, or symbols, for letters, words, etc.; short writing; stenography. See Illust. under Phonography .
Shorthead Short"head` noun A sucking whale less than one year old; -- so called by sailors.
Shorthorn Short"horn` adjective One of a breed of large, heavy domestic cattle having short horns. The breed was developed in England.
Shortly Short"ly adverb
[ Anglo-Saxon sceortlice
.] 1. In a short or brief time or manner; soon; quickly. Chaucer.
I shall grow jealous of you shortly . Shak.
The armies came shortly in view of each other. Clarendon. 2. In few words; briefly; abruptly; curtly; as, to express ideas more shortly in verse than in prose.
Shortness Short"ness noun The quality or state of being short; want of reach or extension; brevity; deficiency; as, the shortness of a journey; the shortness of the days in winter; the shortness of an essay; the shortness of the memory; a shortness of provisions; shortness of breath.
Shortsighted Short"sight`ed adjective 1. Not able to see far; nearsighted; myopic. See Myopic , and Myopia . 2. Fig.: Not able to look far into futurity; unable to understand things deep; of limited intellect. 3. Having little regard for the future; heedless.
Cunning is a kind of shortsightedness . Addison.
Shortstop Short"stop` noun (Baseball) The player stationed in the field bewtween the second and third bases.
Shortwing Short"wing` noun (Zoology) Any one of several species of small wrenlike Asiatic birds having short wings and a short tail. They belong to Brachypterix , Callene , and allied genera.
Shory Shor"y adjective Lying near the shore. [ Obsolete]
Shoshones Sho·sho"nes noun plural ; sing. Shoshone (Ethnol.) A linguistic family or stock of North American Indians, comprising many tribes, which extends from Montana and Idaho into Mexico. In a restricted sense the name is applied especially to the Snakes, the most northern of the tribes.
Shot Shot imperfect & past participle of Shoot .
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