Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Shopworn adjective Somewhat worn or damaged by having been kept for a time in a shop.
Shorage noun Duty paid for goods brought on shore. Grabb.
Shore imperfect of Shear . Chaucer.
Shore noun A sewer. [ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.]
Shore noun [ Middle English schore ; akin to LG. schore , Dutch schoor , OD. schoore , Icelandic skor...a , and perhaps to English shear , as being a piece cut off.] A prop, as a timber, placed as a brace or support against the side of a building or other structure; a prop placed beneath anything, as a beam, to prevent it from sinking or sagging. [ Written also shoar .]
Shore transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Shored
; present participle & verbal noun Shoring
.] [ Middle English schoren
. See Shore
a prop.] To support by a shore or shores; to prop; -- usually with up ; as, to shore up a building.
Shore transitive verb To set on shore. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Shoreless adjective Having no shore or coast; of indefinite or unlimited extent; as, a shoreless ocean. Young.
Shorer noun One who, or that which, shores or props; a prop; a shore.
Shoreward adverb Toward the shore.
1. The act of supporting or strengthening with a prop or shore. 2. A system of props; props, collectively.
1. The skin of a sheen after the fleece is shorn off, as distinct from the morling , or skin taken from the dead sheep; also, a sheep of the first year's shearing. [ Prov. Eng.] 2. A person who is shorn; a shaveling; hence, in contempt, a priest. [ Obsolete] Halliwell.
Shorn past participle of Shear .
[ Compar. Shorter
; superl. Shortest
.] [ Middle English short
, Anglo-Saxon scort
; akin to Old High German scurz
, Icelandic skorta
to be short of, to lack, and perhaps to English shear
, transitive verb Confer Shirt
.] 1. Not long; having brief length or linear extension; as, a short distance; a short piece of timber; a short flight.
The bed is shorter than that a man can stretch himself on it. Isa. xxviii. 20. 2. Not extended in time; having very limited duration; not protracted; as, short breath.
The life so short , the craft so long to learn. Chaucer.
To short absense I could yield. Milton. 3. Limited in quantity; inadequate; insufficient; scanty; as, a short supply of provisions, or of water. 4. Insufficiently provided; inadequately supplied; scantily furnished; lacking; not coming up to a resonable, or the ordinary, standard; -- usually with of ; as, to be short of money.
We shall be short in our provision. Shak. 5. Deficient; defective; imperfect; not coming up, as to a measure or standard; as, an account which is short of the trith. 6. Not distant in time; near at hand.
Marinell was sore offended Spenser.
That his departure thence should be so short .
He commanded those who were appointed to attend him to be ready by a short day. Clarendon. 7. Limited in intellectual power or grasp; not comprehensive; narrow; not tenacious, as memory.
Their own short understandings reach Rowe. 8. Less important, efficaceous, or powerful; not equal or equivalent; less (than); -- with of .
No farther than the present.
Hardly anything short of an invasion could rouse them again to war. Landor. 9. Abrupt; brief; pointed; petulant; as, he gave a short answer to the question. 10. (Cookery) Breaking or crumbling readily in the mouth; crisp; as, short pastry. 11. (Metal) Brittle.
» Metals that are brittle when hot are called ...ot- short
; as, cast iron may be hot-short
, owing to the presence of sulphur. Those that are brittle when cold are called cold-short
; as, cast iron may be cold-short
, on account of the presence of phosphorus. 12. (Stock Exchange) Engaging or engaged to deliver what is not possessed; as, short contracts; to be short of stock. See The shorts , under Short , noun , and To sell short , under Short , adverb
» In mercantile transactions, a note or bill is sometimes made payable at short sight
, that is, in a little time after being presented to the payer. 13. (Phon.) Not prolonged, or relatively less prolonged, in utterance; -- opposed to long , and applied to vowels or to syllables. In English, the long and short of the same letter are not, in most cases, the long and short of the same sound; thus, the i in ill is the short sound, not of i in isle , but of ee in eel , and the e in pet is the short sound of a in pate , etc. See Quantity , and Guide to Pronunciation , §§22, 30.
is much used with participles to form numerous self-explaining compounds; as, short
- billed, short
- necked, short
- winged, short
-wooled, etc. At short notice
, in a brief time; promptly.
-- Short rib (Anat.)
, one of the false ribs.
-- Short suit (Whist)
, any suit having only three cards, or less than three. R. A. Proctor.
-- To come short
, To cut short
, To fall short
, etc. See under Come , Cut , etc.
Short noun 1. A summary account.
The short and the long is, our play is preferred. Shak. 2. plural The part of milled grain sifted out which is next finer than the bran.
The first remove above bran is shorts . Halliwell. 3. plural Short, inferior hemp. 4. plural Breeches; shortclothes.
[ Slang] Dickens. 5. (Phonetics) A short sound, syllable, or vowel.
If we compare the nearest conventional shorts and longs in English, as in "bit" and "beat," "not" and "naught," we find that the short vowels are generally wide, the long narrow, besides being generally diphthongic as well. Hence, originally short vowels can be lengthened and yet kept quite distinct from the original longs. H. Sweet. In short
, in few words; in brief; briefly.
-- The long and the short
, the whole; a brief summing up.
-- The shorts (Stock Exchange)
, those who are unsupplied with stocks which they contracted to deliver.
Short adverb In a short manner; briefly; limitedly; abruptly; quickly; as, to stop short in one's course; to turn short .
He was taken up very short , and adjudged corrigible for such presumptuous language. Howell. To sell short (Stock Exchange)
, to sell, for future delivery, what the party selling does not own, but hopes to buy at a lower rate.
Short transitive verb [ Anglo-Saxon sceortian .] To shorten. [ Obsolete]
Short intransitive verb To fail; to decrease. [ Obsolete]
Short circuit (Electricity) A circuit formed or closed by a conductor of relatively low resistance because shorter or of relatively great conductivity.
1. Having short-breath, or quick respiration. 2. Having short life.
Short-circuit transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Short-circuited
; present participle & verbal noun Short-circuiting
.] (Electricity) To join, as the electrodes of a battery or dynamo or any two points of a circuit, by a conductor of low resistance.
Short-dated adjective Having little time to run from the date. "Thy short-dated life." Sandys.
Short-handed adjective Short of, or lacking the regular number of, servants or helpers.
Short-jointed adjective Having short intervals between the joints; -- said of a plant or an animal, especially of a horse whose pastern is too short.
Short-lived adjective Not living or lasting long; being of short continuance; as, a short-lived race of beings; short-lived pleasure; short-lived passion.
Short-spoken adjective Speaking in a quick or short manner; hence, gruff; curt. [ Colloq.]
Short-waisted adjective Having a short waist.
Short-winded adjective Affected with shortness of breath; having a quick, difficult respiration, as dyspnoic and asthmatic persons. May.
Short-wited adjective Having little wit; not wise; having scanty intellect or judgment.
Shortage noun Amount or extent of deficiency, as determined by some requirement or standard; as, a shortage in money accounts.
Shortcake noun An unsweetened breakfast cake shortened with butter or lard, rolled thin, and baked.
Shortclothes noun Coverings for the legs of men or boys, consisting of trousers which reach only to the knees, -- worn with long stockings.
Shortcoming noun The act of falling, or coming short ; as: (a) The failure of a crop, or the like. (b) Neglect of, or failure in, performance of duty.
Shorten transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Shortened ...
; present participle & verbal noun Shortening
.] [ See Short
] 1. To make short or shorter in measure, extent, or time; as, to shorten distance; to shorten a road; to shorten days of calamity. 2. To reduce or diminish in amount, quantity, or extent; to lessen; to abridge; to curtail; to contract; as, to shorten work, an allowance of food, etc.
Here, where the subject is so fruitful, I am shortened by my chain. Dryden. 3. To make deficient (as to); to deprive; -- with of .
Spoiled of his nose, and shortened of his ears. Dryden. 4. To make short or friable, as pastry, with butter, lard, pot liquor, or the like. To shorten a rope (Nautical)
, to take in the slack of it.
-- To shorten sail (Nautical)
, to reduce sail by taking it in.
Shorten intransitive verb To become short or shorter; as, the day shortens in northern latitudes from June to December; a metallic rod shortens by cold.
Shortener noun One who, or that which, shortens.
1. The act of making or becoming short or shorter. 2. (Cookery) That which renders pastry short or friable, as butter, lard, etc.
Shorthand noun A compendious and rapid method or writing by substituting characters, abbreviations, or symbols, for letters, words, etc.; short writing; stenography. See Illust. under Phonography .
Shorthead noun A sucking whale less than one year old; -- so called by sailors.
Shorthorn adjective One of a breed of large, heavy domestic cattle having short horns. The breed was developed in England.
[ Anglo-Saxon sceortlice
.] 1. In a short or brief time or manner; soon; quickly. Chaucer.
I shall grow jealous of you shortly . Shak.
The armies came shortly in view of each other. Clarendon. 2. In few words; briefly; abruptly; curtly; as, to express ideas more shortly in verse than in prose.
Shortness noun The quality or state of being short; want of reach or extension; brevity; deficiency; as, the shortness of a journey; the shortness of the days in winter; the shortness of an essay; the shortness of the memory; a shortness of provisions; shortness of breath.
Shortsighted adjective 1. Not able to see far; nearsighted; myopic. See Myopic , and Myopia . 2. Fig.: Not able to look far into futurity; unable to understand things deep; of limited intellect. 3. Having little regard for the future; heedless.
Cunning is a kind of shortsightedness . Addison.
Shortstop noun (Baseball) The player stationed in the field bewtween the second and third bases.
Shortwing noun (Zoology) Any one of several species of small wrenlike Asiatic birds having short wings and a short tail. They belong to Brachypterix , Callene , and allied genera.
Shory adjective Lying near the shore. [ Obsolete]
Shoshones noun plural ; sing. Shoshone (Ethnol.) A linguistic family or stock of North American Indians, comprising many tribes, which extends from Montana and Idaho into Mexico. In a restricted sense the name is applied especially to the Snakes, the most northern of the tribes.