Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Side-slip intransitive verb See Skid , below.
Side-taking noun A taking sides, as with a party, sect, or faction. Bp. Hall.
Side-wheel adjective Having a paddle wheel on each side; -- said of steam vessels; as, a side-wheel steamer.
Siderealize transitive verb To elevate to the stars, or to the region of the stars; to etherealize.
German literature transformed, siderealized , as we see it in Goethe, reckons Winckelmann among its initiators. W. Pater.
Sidereous adjective [ Latin sidereus .] Sidereal. [ Obsolete]
Siderite noun [ Latin sideritis loadstone, Greek ............, ............, of iron, from ............ iron.]
1. (Min.) (a) Carbonate of iron, an important ore of iron occuring generally in cleavable masses, but also in rhombohedral crystals. It is of a light yellowish brown color. Called also sparry iron , spathic iron . (b) A meteorite consisting solely of metallic iron. (c) An indigo-blue variety of quartz. (d) Formerly, magnetic iron ore, or loadstone. 2. (Botany) Any plant of the genus Sideritis ; ironwort.
Siderographic, Siderographical adjective Of or pertaining to siderography; executed by engraved plates of steel; as, siderographic art; siderographic impressions.
Siderographist noun One skilled in siderography.
Siderography noun [ Greek ......... iron + -graphy .] The art or practice of steel engraving; especially, the process, invented by Perkins, of multiplying facsimiles of an engraved steel plate by first rolling over it, when hardened, a soft steel cylinder, and then rolling the cylinder, when hardened, over a soft steel plate, which thus becomes a facsimile of the original. The process has been superseded by electrotypy .
[ Greek ......... iron + -lite
.] A kind of meteorite. See under Meteorite .
Sideromancy noun [ Greek ......... iron + -mancy .] Divination by burning straws on red-hot iron, and noting the manner of their burning. Craig.
Sideroscope noun [ Greek ......... iron + -scope .] An instrument for detecting small quantities of iron in any substance by means of a very delicate combination of magnetic needles.
Siderosis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ......... iron.] (Medicine) A sort of pneumonia occuring in iron workers, produced by the inhalation of particles of iron.
Siderostat noun [ Latin sidus , sideris , a star + Greek ......... standing, fixed, from ............ to place.] (Astron.) An apparatus consisting essentially of a mirror moved by clockwork so as to throw the rays of the sun or a star in a fixed direction; -- a more general term for heliostat .
Sideroxylon noun [ New Latin , from Greek ......... iron + ......... wood.] (Botany) A genus of tropical sapotaceous trees noted for their very hard wood; ironwood.
Sidesaddle noun A saddle for women, in which the rider sits with both feet on one side of the animal mounted. Sidesaddle flower (Botany)
, a plant with hollow leaves and curiously shaped flowers; -- called also huntsman's cup . See Sarracenia .
; plural Sidesmen 1. A party man; a partisan. Milton. 2. An assistant to the churchwarden; a questman.
Sidetrack transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Sidetracked
; present participle & verbal noun Sidetracking
.] 1. (Railroads) To transfer to a siding from a main line of track. 2. Hence, fig., to divert or reduce to a position or condition that is relatively secondary or subordinate in activity, importance, effectiveness, or the like; to switch off; to turn aside, as from a purpose.
Such a project was, in fact, sidetracked in favor of the census of school children. Pop. Sci. Monthly.
Sidewalk noun A walk for foot passengers at the side of a street or road; a foot pavement. [ U.S.]
Sideways adverb Toward the side; sidewise.
A second refraction made sideways . Sir I. Newton.
His beard, a good palm's length, at least, . . . Longfellow.
Shot sideways , like a swallow's wings.
Sidewinder noun 1. (Zoology) See Horned rattler, under Horned . 2. A heavy swinging blow from the side, which disables an adversary.
[ Slang.] Side"wise` adverb On or toward one side; laterally; sideways.
I saw them mask their awful glance Emerson.
Sidewise meek in gossamer lids.
1. Attaching one's self to a party. 2. A side track, as a railroad; a turnout. 3. (Carp.) The covering of the outside wall of a frame house, whether made of weatherboards, vertical boarding with cleats, shingles, or the like. 4. (Shipbuilding) The thickness of a rib or timber, measured, at right angles with its side, across the curved edge; as, a timber having a siding of ten inches.
Sidle transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Sidled
; present participle & verbal noun Sidling
.] [ From Side
.] To go or move with one side foremost; to move sidewise; as, to sidle through a crowd or narrow opening. Swift.
He . . . then sidled close to the astonished girl. Sir W. Scott.
[ Middle English sege
, Old French siege
, French siège
a seat, a siege; confer Italian seggia
, a seat, asseggio
, a siege, French assiéger
to besiege, Italian & Late Latin assediare
, Latin obsidium
a siege, besieging; all ultimately from Latin sedere
to sit. See Sit
, and confer See
] 1. A seat; especially, a royal seat; a throne.
[ Obsolete] "Upon the very siege
of justice." Shak.
A stately siege of sovereign majesty, Spenser.
And thereon sat a woman gorgeous gay.
In our great hall there stood a vacant chair . . . Tennyson. 2. Hence, place or situation; seat.
And Merlin called it "The siege perilous."
Ah! traitorous eyes, come out of your shameless siege forever. Painter (Palace of Pleasure). 3. Rank; grade; station; estimation.
I fetch my life and being Shak. 4. Passage of excrements; stool; fecal matter.
From men of royal siege .
The siege of this mooncalf. Shak. 5. The sitting of an army around or before a fortified place for the purpose of compelling the garrison to surrender; the surrounding or investing of a place by an army, and approaching it by passages and advanced works, which cover the besiegers from the enemy's fire. See the Note under Blockade . 6. Hence, a continued attempt to gain possession.
Love stood the siege , and would not yield his breast. Dryden. 7. The floor of a glass-furnace. 8. A workman's bench. Knught. Siege gun
, a heavy gun for siege operations.
-- Siege train
, artillery adapted for attacking fortified places.
Siege transitive verb To besiege; to beset.
Through all the dangers that can siege Buron.
The life of man.
Siegework noun A temporary fort or parallel where siege guns are mounted.
Siemens-Martin process See Open-hearth process , etc., under Open .
Siemens-Martin steel See Open-hearth steel , under Open .
Sienna noun [ Italian terra di Siena , from Siena in Italy.] (Chemistry) Clay that is colored red or brown by the oxides of iron or manganese, and used as a pigment. It is used either in the raw state or burnt. Burnt sienna , sienna made of a much redder color by the action of fire. -- Raw sienna , sienna in its natural state, of a transparent yellowish brown color.
Siennese adjective Of or pertaining to Sienna, a city of Italy.
[ Spanish , properly, a saw, from Latin serra
a saw. See Serrate
.] A ridge of mountain and craggy rocks, with a serrated or irregular outline; as, the Sierra Nevada.
The wild sierra overhead. Whitter.
[ Spanish , probably from Latin sessitare
to sit much or long, v. freq. of sedere
, to sit. See Sit
.] A short sleep taken about the middle of the day, or after dinner; a midday nap.
[ French, abbrev. from seigneur. Confer Monsieur
.] Sir; -- a title of respect used by the French.
Sieva noun (Botany) A small variety of the Lima bean ( Phaseolus lunatus ).
[ Middle English sive
, Anglo-Saxon sife
; akin to Dutch zeef
, Old High German sib
, German sieb
. √151 a
. Confer Sift
.] 1. A utensil for separating the finer and coarser parts of a pulverized or granulated substance from each other. It consist of a vessel, usually shallow, with the bottom perforated, or made of hair, wire, or the like, woven in meshes.
"In a sieve
thrown and sifted." Chaucer. 2. A kind of coarse basket. Simmonds. Sieve cells (Botany)
, cribriform cells. See under Cribriform .
Sifac noun (Zoology) The white indris of Madagascar. It is regarded by the natives as sacred.
Sifflement noun [ French, a whistling or hissing.] The act of whistling or hissing; a whistling sound; sibilation. [ Obsolete] A. Brewer.
[ Confer French siflet
.] (Zoology) The six-shafted bird of paradise. See Paradise bird , under Paradise .
Sift transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Sifted
; present participle & verbal noun Sifting
.] [ Anglo-Saxon siftan
, from sife
sieve. √151 a
. See Sieve
.] 1. To separate with a sieve, as the fine part of a substance from the coarse; as, to sift meal or flour; to sift powder; to sift sand or lime. 2. To separate or part as if with a sieve.
When yellow sands are sifted from below, Dryden. 3. To examine critically or minutely; to scrutinize.
The glittering billows give a golden show.
Sifting the very utmost sentence and syllable. Hooker.
Opportunity I here have had Milton.
To try thee, sift thee.
Let him but narrowly sift his ideas. I. Taylor. To sift out
, to search out with care, as if by sifting.
1. One who, or that which, sifts. 2. (Zoology) Any lamellirostral bird, as a duck or goose; -- so called because it sifts or strains its food from the water and mud by means of the lamell... of the beak.
[ Akin to Anglo-Saxon sīgan
to fall. √151 adjective See Sink
, transitive verb
[ Prov. Eng.]
Sigaultian adjective (Surg.) Pertaining to Sigault , a French physician. See Symphyseotomy .
Sigger intransitive verb Same as Sicker
. [ Prov. Eng.]
Sigh intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Sighed
; present participle & verbal noun Sighing
.] [ Middle English sighen
; confer also Middle English siken
, Anglo-Saxon sīcan
, and Middle English sighten
, Anglo-Saxon siccettan
; all, perhaps, of imitative origin.] 1. To inhale a larger quantity of air than usual, and immediately expel it; to make a deep single audible respiration, especially as the result or involuntary expression of fatigue, exhaustion, grief, sorrow, or the like. 2. Hence, to lament; to grieve.
He sighed deeply in his spirit. Mark viii. 12. 3. To make a sound like sighing.
And the coming wind did roar more loud, Coleridge.
And the sails did sigh like sedge.
The winter winds are wearily sighing . Tennyson.
» An extraordinary pronunciation of this word as sīth
is still heard in England and among the illiterate in the United States.
Sigh transitive verb 1. To exhale (the breath) in sighs.
Never man sighed truer breath. Shak. 2. To utter sighs over; to lament or mourn over.
Ages to come, and men unborn, Pior. 3. To express by sighs; to utter in or with sighs.
Shall bless her name, and sigh her fate.
They . . . sighed forth proverbs. Shak.
The gentle swain . . . sighs back her grief. Hoole.
[ Middle English sigh
; confer Middle English sik
. See Sigh
, intransitive verb
] 1. A deep and prolonged audible inspiration or respiration of air, as when fatigued or grieved; the act of sighing.
I could drive the boat with my sighs . Shak. 2. Figuratively, a manifestation of grief; a lan...ent.
With their sighs the air Milton.
Frequenting, sent from hearts contrite.
Sigh-born adjective Sorrowful; mournful. [ R.] " Sigh-born thoughts." De Quincey.
Sigher noun One who sighs.