Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Stolid adjective [ Latin stolidus .] Hopelessly insensible or stupid; not easily aroused or excited; dull; impassive; foolish.
[ Latin stoliditas
.] The state or quality of being stolid; dullness of intellect; obtuseness; stupidity.
Indocile, intractable fools, whose stolidity can baffle all arguments, and be proof against demonstration itself. Bentley.
[ Latin stolo
, - onis
: confer French stolon
. Confer Stole
a stolon, 1st Stool
.] 1. (Botany) A trailing branch which is disposed to take root at the end or at the joints; a stole. 2. (Zoology) An extension of the integument of the body, or of the body wall, from which buds are developed, giving rise to new zooids, and thus forming a compound animal in which the zooids usually remain united by the stolons. Such stolons are often present in Anthozoa, Hydroidea, Bryozoa, and social ascidians. See Illust. under Scyphistoma .
Stoloniferous adjective [ Stolon + -ferous : confer French stolonifère .] Producing stolons; putting forth suckers.
; plural Stomata
. [ New Latin , from Greek ..., ..., a mouth.] 1. (Anat.) One of the minute apertures between the cells in many serous membranes. 2. (Botany) (a) The minute breathing pores of leaves or other organs opening into the intercellular spaces, and usually bordered by two contractile cells. (b) The line of dehiscence of the sporangium of a fern. It is usually marked by two transversely elongated cells. See Illust. of Sporangium . 3. (Zoology) A stigma. See Stigma , noun , 6 (a) & (b) .
[ Middle English stomak
, French estomac
, Latin stomachus
, from Greek sto`machos
stomach, throat, gullet, from sto`ma
a mouth, any outlet or entrance.] 1. (Anat.) An enlargement, or series of enlargements, in the anterior part of the alimentary canal, in which food is digested; any cavity in which digestion takes place in an animal; a digestive cavity. See Digestion , and Gastric juice , under Gastric . 2. The desire for food caused by hunger; appetite; as, a good stomach for roast beef. Shak. 3. Hence appetite in general; inclination; desire.
He which hath no stomach to this fight, Shak. 4. Violence of temper; anger; sullenness; resentment; willful obstinacy; stubbornness.
Let him depart.
Stern was his look, and full of stomach vain. Spenser.
This sort of crying proceeding from pride, obstinacy, and stomach , the will, where the fault lies, must be bent. Locke. 5. Pride; haughtiness; arrogance.
He was a man Shak. Stomach pump (Medicine)
Of an unbounded stomach .
, a small pump or syringe with a flexible tube, for drawing liquids from the stomach, or for injecting them into it.
-- Stomach tube (Medicine)
, a long flexible tube for introduction into the stomach.
-- Stomach worm (Zoology)
, the common roundworm ( Ascaris lumbricoides ) found in the human intestine, and rarely in the stomach.
Stomach transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Stomached
; present participle & verbal noun Stomaching
.] [ Confer Latin stomachari
, v.t. & i., to be angry or vexed at a thing.] 1. To resent; to remember with anger; to dislike. Shak.
The lion began to show his teeth, and to stomach the affront. L'Estrange.
The Parliament sit in that body . . . to be his counselors and dictators, though he stomach it. Milton. 2. To bear without repugnance; to brook.
Stomach intransitive verb To be angry. [ Obsolete] Hooker.
Stomachal adjective [ Confer French stomacal .]
1. Of or pertaining to the stomach; gastric. 2. Helping the stomach; stomachic; cordial.
Stomachal noun A stomachic. Dunglison.
Stomacher noun 1. One who stomachs. 2.
(... or ...) An ornamental covering for the breast, worn originally both by men and women. Those worn by women were often richly decorated.
A stately lady in a diamond stomacher . Johnson.
Stomachful adjective Willfully obstinate; stubborn; perverse. [ Obsolete] -- Stom"ach*ful*ly , adverb [ Obsolete] -- Stom"ach*ful*ness , noun [ Obsolete]
Stomachic noun (Medicine) A medicine that strengthens the stomach and excites its action.
Stomachic, Stomachical adjective [ Latin stomachicus , Greek ...: confer French stomachique .]
1. Of or pertaining to the stomach; as, stomachic vessels. 2. Strengthening to the stomach; exciting the action of the stomach; stomachal; cordial.
Stomaching noun Resentment. [ Obsolete]
1. Being without a stomach. 2. Having no appetite. [ R.] Bp. Hall.
[ Latin stomachosus
angry, peexish. See Stomach
.] Stout; sullen; obstinate.
With stern looks and stomachous disdain. Spenser.
Stomachy adjective Obstinate; sullen; haughty.
A little, bold, solemn, stomachy man, a great professor of piety. R. Latin Stevenson.
Stomapod noun (Zoology) One of the Stomapoda.
Stomapoda noun plural
[ New Latin See Stoma
, and -poda
.] (Zoology) An order of Crustacea including the squillas. The maxillipeds are leglike in form, and the large claws are comblike. They have a large and elongated abdomen, which contains a part of the stomach and heart; the abdominal appendages are large, and bear the gills. Called also Gastrula , Stomatopoda , and Squilloidea .
Stomate noun (Botany) A stoma.
Stomatic adjective (Botany) Of or pertaining to a stoma; of the nature of a stoma.
Stomatic noun [ Greek sto`ma , -atos , mouth.] (Medicine) A medicine for diseases of the mouth. Dunglison.
Stomatiferous adjective [ Greek sto`ma , -atos mouth + -ferous .] Having or producing stomata.
Stomatitis noun [ New Latin , from Greek sto`ma , -atos , mouth + -itis .] (Medicine) Inflammation of the mouth.
Stomatoda noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ..., ..., mouth.] (Zoology) A division of Protozoa in which a mouthlike opening exists.
Stomatode adjective (Zoology) Having a mouth; -- applied to certain Protozoa. -- noun One of the Stomatoda.
Stomatogastric adjective [ Greek ..., ..., mouth + English gastric .] Of or pertaining to the mouth and the stomach; as, the stomatogastric ganglion of certain Mollusca.
Stomatology noun [ Greek ..., ..., mouth + -logy .] (Medicine) Scientific study or knowledge of the mouth.
Stomatoplastic adjective [ Greek ..., ..., mouth + -plastic .] (Medicine) Of or pertaining to the operation of forming a mouth where the aperture has been contracted, or in any way deformed.
Stomatoplasty noun [ Greek ..., ..., mouth + -plasty .] Plastic surgery of the mouth.
Stomatopod noun (Zoology) One of the Stomatopoda.
Stomatopodous adjective (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the Stomatopoda.
Stomatoscope noun [ Greek ..., ..., mouth + -scope .] (Medicine) An apparatus for examining the interior of the mouth.
Stomatous adjective Having a stoma.
[ New Latin , from Greek ..., ..., mouth + ... to divide.] 1. (Anat.) A part of the alimentary canal. See under Mesenteron . 2. (Zoology) The primitive mouth and esophagus of the embryo of annelids and arthropods.
Stomp intransitive verb
[ See Stamp
.] To stamp with the foot.
[ Colloq.] "In gallant procession, the priests mean to stomp
." R. Browning.
Stond noun [ For stand .]
1. Stop; halt; hindrance. [ Obsolete] Bacon. 2. A stand; a post; a station. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Stond intransitive verb To stand. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ Middle English ston
, Anglo-Saxon stān
; akin to Old Saxon & OFries. stēn
, Dutch steen
, German stein
, Icelandic steinn
, Swedish sten
, Danish steen
, Goth. stains
, Russian stiena
a wall, Greek ..., ..., a pebble. √167. Confer Steen
.] 1. Concreted earthy or mineral matter; also, any particular mass of such matter; as, a house built of stone ; the boy threw a stone ; pebbles are rounded stones .
"Dumb as a stone
They had brick for stone , and slime . . . for mortar. Gen. xi. 3.
» In popular language, very large masses of stone are called rocks
; small masses are called stones
; and the finer kinds, gravel
, or sand
, or grains of sand
. Stone is much and widely used in the construction of buildings of all kinds, for walls, fences, piers, abutments, arches, monuments, sculpture, and the like. 2. A precious stone; a gem.
"Many a rich stone
, unvalued jewels." Shak. 3. Something made of stone. Specifically: - (a) The glass of a mirror; a mirror.
Lend me a looking-glass; Shak. (b) A monument to the dead; a gravestone. Gray.
If that her breath will mist or stain the stone ,
Why, then she lives.
Should some relenting eye Pope. 4. (Medicine) A calculous concretion, especially one in the kidneys or bladder; the disease arising from a calculus. 5. One of the testes; a testicle. Shak. 6. (Botany) The hard endocarp of drupes; as, the stone of a cherry or peach. See Illust. of Endocarp . 7. A weight which legally is fourteen pounds, but in practice varies with the article weighed.
Glance on the where our cold relics lie.
[ Eng.] » The stone
of butchers' meat or fish is reckoned at 8 lbs.; of cheese, 16 lbs.; of hemp, 32 lbs.; of glass, 5 lbs. 8. Fig.: Symbol of hardness and insensibility; torpidness; insensibility; as, a heart of stone .
I have not yet forgot myself to stone . Pope. 9. (Print.) A stand or table with a smooth, flat top of stone, commonly marble, on which to arrange the pages of a book, newspaper, etc., before printing; -- called also imposing stone .
is used adjectively or in composition with other words to denote made of stone
, containing a stone
, employed on stone
, or, more generally, of
or pertaining to stone
; as, stone
fruit, or stone
-hammer, or stone
falcon, or stone
-falcon. Compounded with some adjectives it denotes a degree of the quality expressed by the adjective equal to that possessed by a stone; as, stone
-still, etc. Atlantic stone
[ Obsolete] "Citron tables, or Atlantic stone
-- Bowing stone
. Same as Cromlech . Encyc. Brit.
-- Meteoric stones
, stones which fall from the atmosphere, as after the explosion of a meteor.
-- Philosopher's stone
. See under Philosopher .
-- Rocking stone
. See Rocking-stone .
-- Stone age
, a supposed prehistoric age of the world when stone and bone were habitually used as the materials for weapons and tools; -- called also flint age . The bronze age succeeded to this.
-- Stone bass (Zoology)
, any one of several species of marine food fishes of the genus Serranus and allied genera, as Serranus Couchii , and Polyprion cernium of Europe; -- called also sea perch .
-- Stone biter (Zoology)
, the wolf fish.
-- Stone boiling
, a method of boiling water or milk by dropping hot stones into it, -- in use among savages. Tylor.
-- Stone borer (Zoology)
, any animal that bores stones; especially, one of certain bivalve mollusks which burrow in limestone. See Lithodomus , and Saxicava .
-- Stone bramble (Botany)
, a European trailing species of bramble ( Rubus saxatilis ).
-- Stone- break
. [ Confer German steinbrech
.] (Botany) Any plant of the genus Saxifraga ; saxifrage.
-- Stone bruise
, a sore spot on the bottom of the foot, from a bruise by a stone.
-- Stone canal
. (Zoology) Same as Sand canal , under Sand .
-- Stone cat (Zoology)
, any one of several species of small fresh-water North American catfishes of the genus Noturus . They have sharp pectoral spines with which they inflict painful wounds.
-- Stone coal
, hard coal; mineral coal; anthracite coal.
-- Stone coral (Zoology)
, any hard calcareous coral.
-- Stone crab
. (Zoology) (a) A large crab ( Menippe mercenaria ) found on the southern coast of the United States and much used as food. (b) A European spider crab ( Lithodes maia )
. Stone crawfish (Zoology)
, a European crawfish ( Astacus torrentium ), by many writers considered only a variety of the common species ( A. fluviatilis ).
-- Stone curlew
. (Zoology) (a) A large plover found in Europe ( Edicnemus crepitans ). It frequents stony places. Called also thick-kneed plover or bustard , and thick-knee . (b) The whimbrel
. [ Prov. Eng.] (c) The willet.
[ Local, U.S.] -- Stone crush
. Same as Stone bruise , above.
-- Stone eater
. (Zoology) Same as Stone borer , above.
-- Stone falcon (Zoology)
, the merlin.
-- Stone fern (Botany)
, a European fern ( Asplenium Ceterach ) which grows on rocks and walls.
-- Stone fly (Zoology)
, any one of many species of pseudoneuropterous insects of the genus Perla and allied genera; a perlid. They are often used by anglers for bait. The larvæ are aquatic.
-- Stone fruit (Botany)
, any fruit with a stony endocarp; a drupe, as a peach, plum, or cherry.
-- Stone grig (Zoology)
, the mud lamprey, or pride.
-- Stone hammer
, a hammer formed with a face at one end, and a thick, blunt edge, parallel with the handle, at the other, -- used for breaking stone.
-- Stone hawk (Zoology)
, the merlin; -- so called from its habit of sitting on bare stones.
-- Stone jar
, a jar made of stoneware.
-- Stone lily (Paleon.)
, a fossil crinoid.
-- Stone lugger
. (Zoology) See Stone roller , below.
-- Stone marten (Zoology)
, a European marten ( Mustela foina ) allied to the pine marten, but having a white throat; -- called also beech marten .
-- Stone mason
, a mason who works or builds in stone.
-- Stone-mortar (Mil.)
, a kind of large mortar formerly used in sieges for throwing a mass of small stones short distances.
-- Stone oil
, rock oil, petroleum.
-- Stone parsley (Botany)
, an umbelliferous plant ( Seseli Labanotis ). See under Parsley .
-- Stone pine
. (Botany) A nut pine. See the Note under Pine , and Piñon .
-- Stone pit
, a quarry where stones are dug.
-- Stone pitch
, hard, inspissated pitch.
-- Stone plover
. (Zoology) (a) The European stone curlew
. (b) Any one of several species of Asiatic plovers of the genus Esacus ; as, the large stone plover ( E. recurvirostris ). (c) The gray or black- bellied plover
. [ Prov. Eng.] (d) The ringed plover. (e) The bar-tailed godwit. [ Prov. Eng.] Also applied to other species of limicoline birds.
-- Stone roller
. (Zoology) (a) An American fresh-water fish ( Catostomus nigricans ) of the Sucker family. Its color is yellowish olive, often with dark blotches. Called also stone lugger , stone toter , hog sucker , hog mullet . (b) A common American cyprinoid fish ( Campostoma anomalum ); -- called also stone lugger .
-- Stone's cast
, or Stone's throw
, the distance to which a stone may be thrown by the hand.
-- Stone snipe (Zoology)
, the greater yellowlegs, or tattler.
[ Local, U.S.] -- Stone toter
. (Zoology) (a) See Stone roller (a) , above
. (b) A cyprinoid fish ( Exoglossum maxillingua ) found in the rivers from Virginia to New York. It has a three-lobed lower lip; -- called also cutlips .
-- To leave no stone unturned
, to do everything that can be done; to use all practicable means to effect an object.
Stone transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Stoned
; present participle & verbal noun Stoning
.] [ From Stone
: confer Anglo-Saxon st...nan
, Goth. stainjan
.] 1. To pelt, beat, or kill with stones.
And they stoned Stephen, calling upon God, and saying, Lord Jesus, receive my spirit. Acts vii. 59. 2. To make like stone; to harden.
O perjured woman! thou dost stone my heart. Shak. 3. To free from stones; also, to remove the seeds of; as, to stone a field; to stone cherries; to stone raisins. 4. To wall or face with stones; to line or fortify with stones; as, to stone a well; to stone a cellar. 5. To rub, scour, or sharpen with a stone.
Stone-blind adjective As blind as a stone; completely blind.
Stonebird noun The yellowlegs; -- called also stone snipe . See Tattler , 2.
[ Local, U.S.]
Stonebow noun A kind of crossbow formerly used for shooting stones. Shak.
Stonebrash noun A subsoil made up of small stones or finely-broken rock; brash.
Stonebrearer noun A machine for crushing or hammering stone. Knight.