Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Stradometrical adjective [ Italian strada street or road + English metrical .] Of, or relating to, the measuring of streets or roads. [ R.]

Straggle intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Straggled ; present participle & verbal noun Straggling .] [ Freq. of Middle English straken to roam, to stroke. See Stroke , transitive verb ]
1. To wander from the direct course or way; to rove; to stray; to wander from the line of march or desert the line of battle; as, when troops are on the march, the men should not straggle . Dryden.

2. To wander at large; to roam idly about; to ramble.

The wolf spied out a straggling kid.
L'Estrange.

3. To escape or stretch beyond proper limits, as the branches of a plant; to spread widely apart; to shoot too far or widely in growth.

Trim off the small, superfluous branches on each side of the hedge that straggle too far out .
Mortimer.

4. To be dispersed or separated; to occur at intervals. " Straggling pistol shots." Sir W. Scott.

They came between Scylla and Charybdis and the straggling rocks.
Sir W. Raleigh.

Straggle noun The act of straggling. [ R.] Carlyle.

Straggler noun
1. One who straggles, or departs from the direct or proper course, or from the company to which he belongs; one who falls behind the rest; one who rambles without any settled direction.

2. A roving vagabond. Shak.

3. Something that shoots, or spreads out, beyond the rest, or too far; an exuberant growth.

Let thy hand supply the pruning knife,
And crop luxuriant stragglers .
Dryden.

4. Something that stands alone or by itself.

Straggling adjective & noun from Straggle , v.

Stragglingly adverb In a straggling manner.

Stragulum noun ; plural Stragula . [ Latin , a spread or covering, from sternere to spread out.] (Zoology) The mantle, or pallium, of a bird.

Straight adjective A variant of Strait , adjective [ Obsolete or R.]

Egypt is a long country, but it is straight , that is to say, narrow.
Sir J. Mandeville.

Straight adjective [ Compar. Straighter ; superl. Straightest .] [ Middle English strei...t , properly past participle of strecchen to stretch, Anglo-Saxon streht , past participle of streccan to stretch, to extend. See Stretch .]
1. Right, in a mathematical sense; passing from one point to another by the nearest course; direct; not deviating or crooked; as, a straight line or course; a straight piece of timber.

And the crooked shall be made straight .
Isa. xl. 4.

There are many several sorts of crooked lines, but there is only one which is straight .
Dryden.

2. (Botany) Approximately straight; not much curved; as, straight ribs are such as pass from the base of a leaf to the apex, with a small curve.

3. (Card Playing) Composed of cards which constitute a regular sequence, as the ace, king, queen, jack, and ten-spot; as, a straight hand; a straight flush.

4. Conforming to justice and rectitude; not deviating from truth or fairness; upright; as, straight dealing.

5. Unmixed; undiluted; as, to take liquor straight . [ Slang]

6. Making no exceptions or deviations in one's support of the organization and candidates of a political party; as, a straight Republican; a straight Democrat; also, containing the names of all the regularly nominated candidates of a party and no others; as, a straight ballot. [ Political Cant, U.S.]

Straight arch (Architecture) , a form of arch in which the intrados is straight, but with its joints drawn radially, as in a common arch. -- A straight face , one giving no evidence of merriment or other emotion. -- A straight line . "That which lies evenly between its extreme points." Euclid. "The shortest line between two points." Chauvenet. "A line which has the same direction through its whole length." Newcomb. -- Straight- way valve , a valve which, when opened widely, affords a straight passageway, as for water.

Straight adverb In a straight manner; directly; rightly; forthwith; immediately; as, the arrow went straight to the mark. "Floating straight ." Shak.

I know thy generous temper well;
Fling but the appearance of dishonor on it,
It straight takes fire, and mounts into a blaze.
Addison.

Everything was going on straight .
W. Black.

Straight noun (Poker) A hand of five cards in consecutive order as to value; a sequence. When they are of one suit, it is calles straight flush .

Straight transitive verb To straighten. [ R.] A Smith.

Straight-joint adjective (Architecture) Having straight joints. Specifically: (a) Applied to a floor the boards of which are so laid that the joints form a continued line transverse to the length of the boards themselves. Brandle & C. (b) In the United States, applied to planking or flooring put together without the tongue and groove, the pieces being laid edge to edge.

Straight-lined adjective Having straight lines.

Straight-out adjective Acting without concealment, obliquity, or compromise; hence, unqualified; thoroughgoing. [ Colloq. U.S.]

Straight-out and generous indignation.
Mrs. Stowe.

Straight-pight adjective Straight in form or upright in position; erect. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Straight-spoken adjective Speaking with directness; plain-spoken. [ Colloq. U.S.] Lowell.

Straightedge noun A board, or piece of wood or metal, having one edge perfectly straight, -- used to ascertain whether a line is straight or a surface even, and for drawing straight lines.

Straighten transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Straighted ; present participle & verbal noun Straighting .]
1. To make straight; to reduce from a crooked to a straight form.

2. To make right or correct; to reduce to order; as, to straighten one's affairs; to straighten an account.

To straighten one's face , to cease laughing or smiling, etc., and compose one's features.

Straighten transitive verb A variant of Straiten . [ Obsolete or R.]

Straightener noun One who, or that which, straightens.

Straightforth adverb Straightway. [ Obsolete]

Straightforward adjective Proceeding in a straight course or manner; not deviating; honest; frank. -- adverb In a straightforward manner. -- Straight`for"ward*ly , adverb -- Straight`for"ward*ness , noun

Straighthorn noun (Paleon.) An orthoceras.

Straightly adverb In a right line; not crookedly.

Straightly adverb A variant of Straitly . See 1st Straight .

Straightness noun The quality, condition, or state, of being straight; as, the straightness of a path.

Straightness noun A variant of Straitness .

Straightway adverb Immediately; without loss of time; without delay.

He took the damsel by the hand, and said unto her, Talitha cumi. . . . And straightway the damsel arose.
Mark v. 41,42.

Straightways adverb Straightway. [ Obsolete]

Straik noun A strake.

Strain noun [ See Strene .]
1. Race; stock; generation; descent; family.

He is of a noble strain .
Shak.

With animals and plants a cross between different varieties, or between individuals of the same variety but of another strain , gives vigor and fertility to the offspring.
Darwin.

2. Hereditary character, quality, or disposition.

Intemperance and lust breed diseases, which, propogated, spoil the strain of nation.
Tillotson.

3. Rank; a sort. "The common strain ." Dryden.

Strain transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Strained ; present participle & verbal noun Straining .] [ Old French estraindre , estreindre , French étreindre , Latin stringere to draw or bind tight; probably akin to Greek ... a halter, ... that which is squeezwd out, a drop, or perhaps to English strike . Confer Strangle , Strike , Constrain , District , Strait , adjective Stress , Strict , Stringent .]
1. To draw with force; to extend with great effort; to stretch; as, to strain a rope; to strain the shrouds of a ship; to strain the cords of a musical instrument. "To strain his fetters with a stricter care." Dryden.

2. (Mech.) To act upon, in any way, so as to cause change of form or volume, as forces on a beam to bend it.

3. To exert to the utmost; to ply vigorously.

He sweats,
Strains his young nerves.
Shak.

They strain their warbling throats
To welcome in the spring.
Dryden.

4. To stretch beyond its proper limit; to do violence to, in the matter of intent or meaning; as, to strain the law in order to convict an accused person.

There can be no other meaning in this expression, however some may pretend to strain it.
Swift.

5. To injure by drawing, stretching, or the exertion of force; as, the gale strained the timbers of the ship.

6. To injure in the muscles or joints by causing to make too strong an effort; to harm by overexertion; to sprain; as, to strain a horse by overloading; to strain the wrist; to strain a muscle.

Prudes decayed about may track,
Strain their necks with looking back.
Swift.

7. To squeeze; to press closely.

Evander with a close embrace
Strained his departing friend.
Dryden.

8. To make uneasy or unnatural; to produce with apparent effort; to force; to constrain.

He talks and plays with Fatima, but his mirth
Is forced and strained .
Denham.

The quality of mercy is not strained .
Shak.

9. To urge with importunity; to press; as, to strain a petition or invitation.

Note, if your lady strain his entertainment.
Shak.

10. To press, or cause to pass, through a strainer, as through a screen, a cloth, or some porous substance; to purify, or separate from extraneous or solid matter, by filtration; to filter; as, to strain milk through cloth.

To strain a point , to make a special effort; especially, to do a degree of violence to some principle or to one's own feelings. -- To strain courtesy , to go beyond what courtesy requires; to insist somewhat too much upon the precedence of others; -- often used ironically. Shak.

Strain (strān) intransitive verb
1. To make violent efforts. " Straining with too weak a wing." Pope.

To build his fortune I will strain a little.
Shak.

2. To percolate; to be filtered; as, water straining through a sandy soil.

Strain noun
1. The act of straining, or the state of being strained. Specifically: --

(a) A violent effort; an excessive and hurtful exertion or tension, as of the muscles; as, he lifted the weight with a strain ; the strain upon a ship's rigging in a gale; also, the hurt or injury resulting; a sprain.

Whether any poet of our country since Shakespeare has exerted a greater variety of powers with less strain and less ostentation.
Landor.

Credit is gained by custom, and seldom recovers a strain .
Sir W. Temple.

(b) (Mech. Physics) A change of form or dimensions of a solid or liquid mass, produced by a stress. Rankine.

2. (Mus.) A portion of music divided off by a double bar; a complete musical period or sentence; a movement, or any rounded subdivision of a movement.

Their heavenly harps a lower strain began.
Dryden.

3. Any sustained note or movement; a song; a distinct portion of an ode or other poem; also, the pervading note, or burden, of a song, poem, oration, book, etc.; theme; motive; manner; style; also, a course of action or conduct; as, he spoke in a noble strain ; there was a strain of woe in his story; a strain of trickery appears in his career. "A strain of gallantry." Sir W. Scott.

Such take too high a strain at first.
Bacon.

The genius and strain of the book of Proverbs.
Tillotson.

It [ Pilgrim's Progress] seems a novelty, and yet contains
Nothing but sound and honest gospel strains .
Bunyan.

4. Turn; tendency; inborn disposition. Confer 1st Strain .

Because heretics have a strain of madness, he applied her with some corporal chastisements.
Hayward.

Strain noun (Hort.) A cultural subvariety that is only slightly differentiated.

Strainable (-ȧ*b'l) adjective
1. Capable of being strained.

2. Violent in action. Holinshed.

Strainably adverb Violently. Holinshed.

Strained adjective
1. Subjected to great or excessive tension; wrenched; weakened; as, strained relations between old friends.

2. Done or produced with straining or excessive effort; as, his wit was strained .

Strainer noun
1. One who strains.

2. That through which any liquid is passed for purification or to separate it from solid matter; anything, as a screen or a cloth, used to strain a liquid; a device of the character of a sieve or of a filter; specifically, an openwork or perforated screen, as for the end of the suction pipe of a pump, to prevent large solid bodies from entering with a liquid.

Straining adjective & noun from Strain .

Straining piece (Architecture) , a short piece of timber in a truss, used to maintain the ends of struts or rafters, and keep them from slipping. See Illust. of Queen- post .

Straint (strānt) noun [ Old French estrainte , estreinte , French étrainte . See 2nd Strain .] Overexertion; excessive tension; strain. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

Strait adjective A variant of Straight . [ Obsolete]

Strait adjective [ Compar. Straiter ; superl. Straitest .] [ Middle English straight , streyt , streit , Old French estreit , estroit , French étroit , from Latin strictus drawn together, close, tight, past participle of stringere to draw tight. See 2nd Strait , and confer Strict .]
1. Narrow; not broad.

Strait is the gate, and narrow is the way, which leadeth unto life, and few there be that find it.
Matt. vii. 14.

Too strait and low our cottage doors.
Emerson.

2. Tight; close; closely fitting. Shak.

3. Close; intimate; near; familiar. [ Obsolete] "A strait degree of favor." Sir P. Sidney.

4. Strict; scrupulous; rigorous.

Some certain edicts and some strait decrees.
Shak.

The straitest sect of our religion.
Acts xxvi. 5 (Rev. Ver.).

5. Difficult; distressful; straited.

To make your strait circumstances yet straiter .
Secker.

6. Parsimonious; niggargly; mean. [ Obsolete]

I beg cold comfort, and you are so strait ,
And so ingrateful, you deny me that.
Shak.

Strait adverb Strictly; rigorously. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Strait noun ; plural Straits . [ Middle English straight , streit , Old French estreit , estroit . See Strait , adjective ]
1. A narrow pass or passage.

He brought him through a darksome narrow strait
To a broad gate all built of beaten gold.
Spenser.

Honor travels in a strait so narrow
Where one but goes abreast.
Shak.

2. Specifically: (Geology) A (comparatively) narrow passageway connecting two large bodies of water; -- often in the plural; as, the strait , or straits , of Gibraltar; the straits of Magellan; the strait , or straits , of Mackinaw.

We steered directly through a large outlet which they call a strait , though it be fifteen miles broad.
De Foe.

3. A neck of land; an isthmus. [ R.]

A dark strait of barren land.
Tennyson.

4. Fig.: A condition of narrowness or restriction; doubt; distress; difficulty; poverty; perplexity; -- sometimes in the plural; as, reduced to great straits .

For I am in a strait betwixt two.
Phil. i. 23.

Let no man, who owns a Providence, grow desperate under any calamity or strait whatsoever.
South.

Ulysses made use of the pretense of natural infirmity to conceal the straits he was in at that time in his thoughts.
Broome.

Strait transitive verb To put to difficulties. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Strait-handed adjective Parsimonious; sparing; niggardly. [ R.] -- Strait"- hand`ed*ness , noun [ R.]

Strait-jacket noun A dress of strong materials for restraining maniacs or those who are violently delirious. It has long sleeves, which are closed at the ends, confining the hands, and may be tied behind the back.

Straiten transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Straitened ; present participle & verbal noun Straitening .]
1. To make strait; to make narrow; hence, to contract; to confine.

Waters, when straitened , as at the falls of bridges, give a roaring noise.
Bacon.

In narrow circuit, straitened by a foe.
Milton.

2. To make tense, or tight; to tighten.

They straiten at each end the cord.
Pope.

3. To restrict; to distress or embarrass in respect of means or conditions of life; -- used chiefly in the past participle; -- as, a man straitened in his circumstances.