Encyclo - Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Stone-cold adjective Cold as a stone.

Stone-cold without, within burnt with love's flame.
Fairfax.

Stone-dead adjective As dead as a stone.

Stone-deaf adjective As deaf as a stone; completely deaf.

Stone-hearted adjective Hard- hearted; cruel; pitiless; unfeeling.

Stone-horse noun Stallion. [ Obsolete] Mortimer.

Stone-still adjective As still as a stone. Shak.

Stonechat noun [ Stone + chat .] [ So called from the similarity of its alarm note to the clicking together of two pebbles.] (Zoology) (a) A small, active, and very common European singing bird ( Pratincola rubicola ); -- called also chickstone , stonechacker , stonechatter , stoneclink , stonesmith . (b) The wheatear. (c) The blue titmouse.

» The name is sometimes applied to various species of Saxicola , Pratincola , and allied genera; as, the pied stonechat of India ( Saxicola picata ).

Stonecray noun [ Stone + French craie chalk, Latin creta .] A distemper in hawks.

Stonecrop noun [ Anglo-Saxon stāncropp .]
1. A sort of tree. [ Obsolete] Mortimer.

2. (Botany) Any low succulent plant of the genus Sedum , esp. Sedum acre , which is common on bare rocks in Europe, and is spreading in parts of America. See Orpine .

Virginian , or Ditch , stonecrop , an American plant ( Penthorum sedoides ).

Stonecutter noun One whose occupation is to cut stone; also, a machine for dressing stone.

Stonecutting noun Hewing or dressing stone.

Stonegall noun [ Confer Dutch steengal , German steingall . See Stannel .] (Zoology) See Stannel . [ Prov. Eng.]

Stonehatch noun (Zoology) The ring plover, or dotterel. [ Prov. Eng.]

Stonehenge noun An assemblage of upright stones with others placed horizontally on their tops, on Salisbury Plain, England, -- generally supposed to be the remains of an ancient Druidical temple.

Stoner noun
1. One who stones; one who makes an assault with stones.

2. One who walls with stones.

Stoneroot noun (Botany) A North American plant ( Collinsonia Canadensis ) having a very hard root; horse balm. See Horse balm , under Horse .

Stonerunner noun (Zoology) (a) The ring plover, or the ringed dotterel. [ Prov. Eng.] (b) The dotterel. [ Prov. Eng.]

Stonesmickle noun (Zoology) The stonechat; -- called also stonesmitch . [ Prov. Eng.]

Stoneware noun A species of coarse potter's ware, glazed and baked.

Stoneweed noun (Botany) Any plant of the genus Lithospermum , herbs having a fruit composed of four stony nutlets.

Stonework noun Work or wall consisting of stone; mason's work of stone. Mortimer.

Stonewort noun (Botany) Any plant of the genus Chara; -- so called because they are often incrusted with carbonate of lime. See Chara .

Stonily adverb In a stony manner.

Stoniness noun The quality or state of being stony.

Stonish adjective Stony. [ R.] "Possessed with stonish insensibility." Robynson (More's Utopia).

Stont obsolete 3d pers. sing. present of Stand .

Stony adjective [ Compar. Stonier ; superl. Stoniest .] [ Anglo-Saxon stānig . See Stone .]
1. Of or pertaining to stone, consisting of, or abounding in, stone or stones; resembling stone; hard; as, a stony tower; a stony cave; stony ground; a stony crust.

2. Converting into stone; petrifying; petrific.

The stony dart of senseless cold.
Spenser.

3. Inflexible; cruel; unrelenting; pitiless; obdurate; perverse; cold; morally hard; appearing as if petrified; as, a stony heart; a stony gaze.

Stony coral . (Zoology) Same as Stone coral , under Stone .

Stood imperfect & past participle of Stand .

Stook noun [ Scot. stook , stouk ; confer LG. stuke a heap, bundle, German stauche a truss, bundle of flax.] (Agriculture) A small collection of sheaves set up in the field; a shock; in England, twelve sheaves.

Stook transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Stooked ; present participle & verbal noun Stooking .] (Agriculture) To set up, as sheaves of grain, in stooks.

Stool noun [ Latin stolo . See Stolon .] (Hort.) A plant from which layers are propagated by bending its branches into the soil. P. Henderson.

Stool intransitive verb (Agriculture) To ramfy; to tiller, as grain; to shoot out suckers. R. D. Blackmore.

Stool noun [ Anglo-Saxon stōl a seat; akin to OFries. & Old Saxon stōl , Dutch stoel , German stuhl , Old High German stuol , Icelandic stōll , Swedish & Danish stol , Goth. stōls , Lithuanian stalas a table, Russian stol' ; from the root of English stand . √163. See Stand , and confer Fauteuil .]
1. A single seat with three or four legs and without a back, made in various forms for various uses.

2. A seat used in evacuating the bowels; hence, an evacuation; a discharge from the bowels.

3. A stool pigeon, or decoy bird. [ U. S.]

4. (Nautical) A small channel on the side of a vessel, for the dead-eyes of the backstays. Totten.

5. A bishop's seat or see; a bishop- stool. J. P. Peters.

6. A bench or form for resting the feet or the knees; a footstool; as, a kneeling stool .

7. Material, such as oyster shells, spread on the sea bottom for oyster spat to adhere to. [ Local, U.S.]

Stool of a window , or Window stool (Architecture) , the flat piece upon which the window shuts down, and which corresponds to the sill of a door; in the United States, the narrow shelf fitted on the inside against the actual sill upon which the sash descends. This is called a window seat when broad and low enough to be used as a seat. -- Stool of repentance , the cuttystool. [ Scot.] -- Stool pigeon , a pigeon used as a decoy to draw others within a net; hence, a person used as a decoy for others.

Stoolball noun A kind of game with balls, formerly common in England, esp. with young women.

Nausicaa
With other virgins did at stoolball play.
Chapman.

Stoom transitive verb [ Dutch stommen to adulterate, to drug (wine). √163. Confer Stum .] To stum. [ R.]

Stoop noun [ Dutch stoep .] (Architecture) Originally, a covered porch with seats, at a house door; the Dutch stoep as introduced by the Dutch into New York. Afterward, an out-of-door flight of stairs of from seven to fourteen steps, with platform and parapets, leading to an entrance door some distance above the street; the French perron . Hence, any porch, platform, entrance stairway, or small veranda, at a house door. [ U. S.]

Stoop noun [ Middle English stope , Icelandic staup ; akin to Anglo-Saxon steáp , Dutch stoop , German stauf , Old High German stouph .] A vessel of liquor; a flagon. [ Written also stoup .]

Fetch me a stoop of liquor.
Shak.

Stoop noun [ Confer Icelandic staup a knobby lump.] A post fixed in the earth. [ Prov. Eng.]

Stoop intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Stooped ; present participle & verbal noun Stooping .] [ Middle English stoupen ; akin to Anglo-Saxon st...pian , OD. stuypen , Icelandic stūpa , Swedish stupa to fall, to tilt. Cf 5th Steep .]
1. To bend the upper part of the body downward and forward; to bend or lean forward; to incline forward in standing or walking; to assume habitually a bent position.

2. To yield; to submit; to bend, as by compulsion; to assume a position of humility or subjection.

Mighty in her ships stood Carthage long, . . .
Yet stooped to Rome, less wealthy, but more strong.
Dryden.

These are arts, my prince,
In which your Zama does not stoop to Rome.
Addison.

3. To descend from rank or dignity; to condescend. "She stoops to conquer." Goldsmith.

Where men of great wealth stoop to husbandry, it multiplieth riches exceedingly.
Bacon.

4. To come down as a hawk does on its prey; to pounce; to souse; to swoop.

The bird of Jove, stooped from his aëry tour,
Two birds of gayest plume before him drove.
Milton.

5. To sink when on the wing; to alight.

And stoop with closing pinions from above.
Dryden.

Cowering low
With blandishment, each bird stooped on his wing.
Milton.

Syn. -- To lean; yield; submit; condescend; descend; cower; shrink.

Stoop transitive verb
1. To bend forward and downward; to bow down; as, to stoop the body. "Have stooped my neck." Shak.

2. To cause to incline downward; to slant; as, to stoop a cask of liquor.

3. To cause to submit; to prostrate. [ Obsolete]

Many of those whose states so tempt thine ears
Are stooped by death; and many left alive.
Chapman.

4. To degrade. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Stoop noun
1. The act of stooping, or bending the body forward; inclination forward; also, an habitual bend of the back and shoulders.

2. Descent, as from dignity or superiority; condescension; an act or position of humiliation.

Can any loyal subject see
With patience such a stoop from sovereignty?
Dryden.

3. The fall of a bird on its prey; a swoop. L'Estrange.

Stooper noun One who stoops.

Stooping adjective & noun from Stoop . -- Stoop"ing*ly , adverb

Stoor intransitive verb [ Confer Dutch storen to disturb. Confer Stir .] To rise in clouds, as dust. [ Prov. Eng.]

Stoor, Stor adjective [ Anglo-Saxon stōr ; akin to LG. stur , Icelandic stōrr .] Strong; powerful; hardy; bold; audacious. [ Obsolete or Scot.]

O stronge lady stoor , what doest thou?
Chaucer.

Stop transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Stopped ; present participle & verbal noun Stopping .] [ Middle English stoppen , Anglo-Saxon stoppian (in comp.); akin to LG. & Dutch stoppen , German stopfen , Icelandic stoppa , Swedish stoppa , Danish stoppe ; all probably from Late Latin stopare , stupare , from Latin stuppa the coarse part of flax, tow, oakum. Confer Estop , Stuff , Stupe a fomentation.]
1. To close, as an aperture, by filling or by obstructing; as, to stop the ears; hence, to stanch, as a wound. Shak.

2. To obstruct; to render impassable; as, to stop a way, road, or passage.

3. To arrest the progress of; to hinder; to impede; to shut in; as, to stop a traveler; to stop the course of a stream, or a flow of blood.

4. To hinder from acting or moving; to prevent the effect or efficiency of; to cause to cease; to repress; to restrain; to suppress; to interrupt; to suspend; as, to stop the execution of a decree, the progress of vice, the approaches of old age or infirmity.

Whose disposition all the world well knows
Will not be rubbed nor stopped .
Shak.

5. (Mus.) To regulate the sounds of, as musical strings, by pressing them against the finger board with the finger, or by shortening in any way the vibrating part.

6. To point, as a composition; to punctuate. [ R.]

If his sentences were properly stopped .
Landor.

7. (Nautical) To make fast; to stopper.

Syn. -- To obstruct; hinder; impede; repress; suppress; restrain; discontinue; delay; interrupt.

To stop off (Founding) , to fill (a part of a mold) with sand, where a part of the cavity left by the pattern is not wanted for the casting. -- To stop the mouth . See under Mouth .

Stop intransitive verb
1. To cease to go on; to halt, or stand still; to come to a stop.

He bites his lip, and starts;
Stops on a sudden, looks upon the ground;
Then lays his finger on his temple: strait
Springs out into fast gait; then stops again.
Shak.

2. To cease from any motion, or course of action.

Stop , while ye may, suspend your mad career!
Cowper.

3. To spend a short time; to reside temporarily; to stay; to tarry; as, to stop with a friend. [ Colloq.]

By stopping at home till the money was gone.
R. D. Blackmore.

To stop over , to stop at a station beyond the time of the departure of the train on which one came, with the purpose of continuing one's journey on a subsequent train; to break one's journey. [ Railroad Cant, U.S.]

Stop noun
1. The act of stopping, or the state of being stopped; hindrance of progress or of action; cessation; repression; interruption; check; obstruction.

It is doubtful . . . whether it contributed anything to the stop of the infection.
De Foe.

Occult qualities put a stop to the improvement of natural philosophy.
Sir I. Newton.

It is a great step toward the mastery of our desires to give this stop to them.
Locke.

2. That which stops, impedes, or obstructs; as obstacle; an impediment; an obstruction.

A fatal stop traversed their headlong course.
Daniel.

So melancholy a prospect should inspire us with zeal to oppose some stop to the rising torrent.
Rogers.

3. (Machinery) A device, or piece, as a pin, block, pawl, etc., for arresting or limiting motion, or for determining the position to which another part shall be brought.

4. (Mus.) (a) The closing of an aperture in the air passage, or pressure of the finger upon the string, of an instrument of music, so as to modify the tone; hence, any contrivance by which the sounds of a musical instrument are regulated.

The organ sound a time survives the stop .
Daniel.

(b) In the organ, one of the knobs or handles at each side of the organist, by which he can draw on or shut off any register or row of pipes; the register itself; as, the vox humana stop .

5. (Architecture) A member, plain or molded, formed of a separate piece and fixed to a jamb, against which a door or window shuts. This takes the place, or answers the purpose, of a rebate. Also, a pin or block to prevent a drawer from sliding too far.

6. A point or mark in writing or printing intended to distinguish the sentences, parts of a sentence, or clauses; a mark of punctuation. See Punctuation .

7. (Opt.) The diaphragm used in optical instruments to cut off the marginal portions of a beam of light passing through lenses.

8. (Zoology) The depression in the face of a dog between the skull and the nasal bones. It is conspicuous in the bulldog, pug, and some other breeds.

9. (Phonetics) Some part of the articulating organs, as the lips, or the tongue and palate, closed (a) so as to cut off the passage of breath or voice through the mouth and the nose (distinguished as a lip-stop , or a front-stop , etc., as in p , t , d , etc.), or (b) so as to obstruct, but not entirely cut off, the passage, as in l , n , etc.; also, any of the consonants so formed. H. Sweet.

Stop bead (Architecture) , the molding screwed to the inner side of a window frame, on the face of the pulley stile, completing the groove in which the inner sash is to slide. -- Stop motion (Machinery) , an automatic device for arresting the motion of a machine, as when a certain operation is completed, or when an imperfection occurs in its performance or product, or in the material which is supplied to it, etc. -- Stop plank , one of a set of planks employed to form a sort of dam in some hydraulic works. -- Stop valve , a valve that can be closed or opened at will, as by hand, for preventing or regulating flow, as of a liquid in a pipe; -- in distinction from a valve which is operated by the action of the fluid it restrains. -- Stop watch , a watch the hands of which can be stopped in order to tell exactly the time that has passed, as in timing a race. See Independent seconds watch , under Independent , adjective

Syn. -- Cessation; check; obstruction; obstacle; hindrance; impediment; interruption.

Stop order (Finance) An order that aims to limit losses by fixing a figure at which purchases shall be sold or sales bought in, as where stock is bought at 100 and the broker is directed to sell if the market price drops to 98.

Stopcock noun
1. A bib, faucet, or short pipe, fitted with a turning stopper or plug for permitting or restraining the flow of a liquid or gas; a cock or valve for checking or regulating the flow of water, gas, etc., through or from a pipe, etc.

2. The turning plug, stopper, or spigot of a faucet. [ R.]