Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Anglo-Saxon sting
a sting. See Sting
, transitive verb
] 1. (Zoology) Any sharp organ of offense and defense, especially when connected with a poison gland, and adapted to inflict a wound by piercing; as the caudal sting of a scorpion. The sting of a bee or wasp is a modified ovipositor. The caudal sting, or spine, of a sting ray is a modified dorsal fin ray. The term is sometimes applied to the fang of a serpent. See Illust. of Scorpion . 2. (Botany) A sharp-pointed hollow hair seated on a gland which secrets an acrid fluid, as in nettles. The points of these hairs usually break off in the wound, and the acrid fluid is pressed into it. 3. Anything that gives acute pain, bodily or mental; as, the stings of remorse; the stings of reproach.
The sting of death is sin. 1 Cor. xv. 56. 4. The thrust of a sting into the flesh; the act of stinging; a wound inflicted by stinging.
"The lurking serpent's mortal sting
." Shak. 5. A goad; incitement. Shak. 6. The point of an epigram or other sarcastic saying. Sting moth (Zoology)
, an Australian moth ( Doratifera vulnerans ) whose larva is armed, at each end of the body, with four tubercles bearing powerful stinging organs.
-- Sting ray
. (Zoology) See under 6th Ray .
-- Sting winkle (Zoology)
, a spinose marine univalve shell of the genus Murex, as the European species ( Murex erinaceus ). See Illust. of Murex .
Sting transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Stung
); present participle & verbal noun Stinging
.] [ Anglo-Saxon stingan
; akin to Icelandic & Swedish stinga
, Danish stinge
, and probably to English stick
, v.t.; confer Goth. us stiggan
to put out, pluck out. Confer Stick
, transitive verb
] 1. To pierce or wound with a sting; as, bees will sting an animal that irritates them; the nettles stung his hands. 2. To pain acutely; as, the conscience is stung with remorse; to bite.
the brave." Pope. 3. To goad; to incite, as by taunts or reproaches.
Sting ray, Stingray noun Any one of numerous rays of the family Dasyatidæ , syn. Trygonidæ , having one or more large sharp barbed dorsal spines, on the whiplike tail, capable of inflicting severe wounds. Some species reach a large size, and some, esp., on the American Pacific coast, are very destructive to oysters.
Stingaree noun (Zoology) Any sting ray. See under 6th Ray .
Stingbull noun (Zoology) The European greater weever fish ( Trachinus draco ), which is capable of inflicting severe wounds with the spinous rays of its dorsal fin. See Weever .
Stinger noun One who, or that which, stings.
Professor E. Forbes states that only a small minority of the medusæ of our seas are stingers . Owen.
Stingfish noun (Zoology) The weever.
Stingily adverb In a stingy manner.
Stinginess noun The quality or state of being stingy.
Stinging adjective Piercing, or capable of piercing, with a sting; inflicting acute pain as if with a sting, goad, or pointed weapon; pungent; biting; as, stinging cold; a stinging rebuke.
, adverb Stinging cell
. (Zoology) Same as Lasso cell , under Lasso .
Stingless adjective Having no sting.
[ From Sting
.] Old beer; sharp or strong liquor.
[ Old Slang]
Shall I set a cup of old stingo at your elbow? Addison.
Stingtail noun (Zoology) A sting ray.
Stingy adjective Stinging; able to sting.
[ Compar. Stingier
; superl. Stingiest
.] [ Probably from sting
, and meaning originally, stinging; hence, biting, nipping (of the wind), churlish, avaricious; or confer English skinch
.] Extremely close and covetous; meanly avaricious; niggardly; miserly; penurious; as, a stingy churl.
A stingy , narrow-hearted fellow that had a deal of choice fruit, had not the heart to touch it till it began to be rotten. L'estrange.
Stink intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Stunk
, Stank present participle & verbal noun Stinking
.] [ Anglo-Saxon stinkan
to have a smell (whether good or bad); akin to Old High German stinchan
, G. & Dutch stinken
to stink; of uncertain origin; confer Icelandic stökkva
to leap, to spring, Goth. stigqan
to push, strike, or Greek ... rancid. Confer Stench
.] To emit a strong, offensive smell; to send out a disgusting odor.
Stink transitive verb To cause to stink; to affect by a stink.
[ Anglo-Saxon stinc
.] A strong, offensive smell; a disgusting odor; a stench. Fire stink
. See under Fire .
-- Stink-fire lance
. See under Lance .
- - Stink rat (Zoology)
, the musk turtle.
[ Local, U.S.] -- Stink shad (Zoology)
, the gizzard shad.
[ Local, U.S.] -- Stink trap
, a stench trap. See under Stench .
1. A mean, stinking, paltry fellow. B. Jonson. 2. (Zoology) The teledu of the East Indies. It emits a disagreeable odor.
Stinkball noun A composition of substances which in combustion emit a suffocating odor; -- used formerly in naval warfare.
1. One who, or that which, stinks. 2. (Zoology) Any one of the several species of large antarctic petrels which feed on blubber and carrion and have an offensive odor, as the giant fulmar.
Stinkhorn noun (Botany) A kind of fungus of the genus Phallus , which emits a fetid odor.
Stinking adjective & noun from Stink , v. Stinking badger (Zoology)
, the teledu.
-- Stinking cedar (Botany)
, the California nutmeg tree; also, a related tree of Florida ( Torreya taxifolia ).
Stinkingly adverb In a stinking manner; with an offensive smell.
Stinkpot noun 1. An earthen jar charged with powder, grenades, and other materials of an offensive and suffocating smell, -- sometimes used in boarding an enemy's vessel. 2. A vessel in which disinfectants are burned. 3. (Zoology) The musk turtle, or musk tortoise. See under Musk .
Stinkstone noun (Min.) One of the varieties of calcite, barite, and feldspar, which emit a fetid odor on being struck; -- called also swinestone .
Stinkwood noun (Botany) A name given to several kinds of wood with an unpleasant smell, as that of the Fœtidia Mauritiana of the Mauritius, and that of the South African Ocotea bullata .
Stint noun (Zoology) (a) Any one of several species of small sandpipers, as the sanderling of Europe and America, the dunlin, the little stint of India ( Tringa minuta ), etc. Called also pume . (b) A phalarope.
Stint transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Stinted
; present participle & verbal noun Stinting
.] [ Middle English stinten
, to cause to cease, Anglo-Saxon styntan
(in comp.) to blunt, dull, from stunt
dull, stupid; akin to Icelandic stytta
to shorten, stuttr
short, dial, Swedish stynta
to shorten, stunt
short. Confer Stent
.] 1. To restrain within certain limits; to bound; to confine; to restrain; to restrict to a scant allowance.
I shall not go about to extenuate the latitude of the curse upon the earth, or stint it only to the production of weeds. Woodward.
She stints them in their meals. Law. 2. To put an end to; to stop.
[ Obsolete] Shak. 3. To assign a certain ( i. e. , limited) task to (a person), upon the performance of which one is excused from further labor for the day or for a certain time; to stent. 4. To serve successfully; to get with foal; -- said of mares.
The majority of maiden mares will become stinted while at work. J. H. Walsh.
Stint intransitive verb To stop; to cease.
They can not stint till no thing be left. Chaucer.
And stint thou too, I pray thee. Shak.
The damsel stinted in her song. Sir W. Scott.
[ Also written stent
. See Stint
, transitive verb
] 1. Limit; bound; restraint; extent.
God has wrote upon no created thing the utmost stint of his power. South. 2. Quantity or task assigned; proportion allotted.
His old stint -- three thousand pounds a year. Cowper.
Stintance noun Restraint; stoppage. [ Obsolete]
Stintedness noun The state of being stinted.
Stinter noun One who, or that which, stints.
Stintless adjective Without stint or restraint.
The stintless tears of old Heraclitus. Marston.
Stipe noun [ Latin stipes a stock, post, branch: confer French stipe .] (Botany) (a) The stalk or petiole of a frond, as of a fern. (b) The stalk of a pistil. (c) The trunk of a tree. (d) The stem of a fungus or mushroom.
[ See Stipule
.] (Botany) The stipule of a leaflet. Gray.
Stipellate adjective (Botany) Having stipels.
Stipend noun [ Latin stipendium ; stips , gen. stipis , a gift, donation, given in small coin + pendere to weigh or pay out.] Settled pay or compensation for services, whether paid daily, monthly, or annually.
Stipend transitive verb To pay by settled wages. [ R.]
Stipendiarian adjective Acting from mercenary considerations; stipendiary. A. Seward.
[ Latin stipendiarius
: confer French stipendiaire
.] Receiving wages, or salary; performing services for a stated price or compensation.
His great stipendiary prelates came with troops of evil-appointed horseman not half full. Knolles.
; plural Stipendiaries One who receives a stipend.
If thou art become Glover.
A tyrant's vile stipendiary .
Stipendiate transitive verb
[ Latin stipendiatus
, past participle of stipendiari
to receive pay.] To provide with a stipend, or salary; to support; to pay. Evelyn.
It is good to endow colleges, and to found chairs, and to stipendiate professors. I. Taylor.
Stipendless (stī"pĕnd*lĕs) adjective Having no stipend.
; plural Stipites
. [ Latin , a stock.] (Zoology) (a) The second joint of a maxilla of an insect or a crustacean. (b) An eyestalk.
[ New Latin stipitatus
, from Latin stipes
, gen. stipitis
, a stock. See Stipe
.] (Botany) Supported by a stipe; elevated on a stipe, as the fronds of most ferns, or the pod of certain cruciferous plants.
Stipitiform adjective [ Stipes + -form .] (Botany) Having the shape of a stalk; stalklike.
Stipple transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Stippled
; present participle & verbal noun Stippling
.] [ Dutch stippelen
to make points, to spot, dot, from stippel
, dim. of stip
a dot, spot.] 1. To engrave by means of dots, in distinction from engraving in lines.
The interlaying of small pieces can not altogether avoid a broken, stippled , spotty effect. Milman. 2. To paint, as in water colors, by small, short touches which together produce an even or softly graded surface.