Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Sterilizer noun One that sterilizes anything; specif., an apparatus for sterilizing an organic fluid or mixture.
Sterlet noun [ Russian sterliade .] (Zoology) A small sturgeon ( Acipenser ruthenus ) found in the Caspian Sea and its rivers, and highly esteemed for its flavor. The finest caviare is made from its roe.
Sterling noun (Engineering) Same as Starling , 3.
[ Middle English sterlynge
, for easterling
, Late Latin esterlingus
, probably from Easterling
, once the popular name of German trades in England, whose money was of the purest quality: confer Middle High German sterlink
a certain coin. Confer East
. "Certain merchants of Norwaie, Denmarke, and of others those parties, called Ostomanni, or (as in our vulgar language we tearme them), easterlings
, because they lie east
in respect of us." Holinshed.
"In the time of . . . King Richard the First, monie coined in the east parts of Germanie began to be of especiall request in England for the puritie thereof, and was called Easterling
monie, as all inhabitants of those parts were called Easterlings
, and shortly after some of that countrie, skillful in mint matters and allaies, were sent for into this realme to bring the coine to perfection; which since that time was called of them sterling
, for Easterling
"Four thousand pound of sterlings
." R. of Gloucester.
] 1. Any English coin of standard value; coined money.
So that ye offer nobles or sterlings . Chaucer.
And Roman wealth in English sterling view. Arbuthnot. 2. A certain standard of quality or value for money.
Sterling was the known and approved standard in England, in all probability, from the beginning of King Henry the Second's reign. S. M. Leake.
1. Belonging to, or relating to, the standard British money of account, or the British coinage; as, a pound sterling ; a shilling sterling ; a penny sterling ; -- now chiefly applied to the lawful money of England; but sterling cost, sterling value, are used. "With sterling money." Shak. 2. Genuine; pure; of excellent quality; conforming to the highest standard; of full value; as, a work of sterling merit; a man of sterling good sense.
[ Anglo-Saxon stearn
a kind of bird. See Starling
.] (Zoology) The black tern.
[ Compar. Sterner
; superl. Sternest
.] [ Middle English sterne
, Anglo-Saxon styrne
; confer Dutch stuurish
stern, Swedish stursk
refractory. √166.] Having a certain hardness or severity of nature, manner, or aspect; hard; severe; rigid; rigorous; austere; fixed; unchanging; unrelenting; hence, serious; resolute; harsh; as, a stern resolve; a stern necessity; a stern heart; a stern gaze; a stern decree.
The sterne wind so loud gan to rout. Chaucer.
I would outstare the sternest eyes that look. Shak.
When that the poor have cried, Cæsar hath wept; Shak.
Ambition should be made of sterner stuff.
Stern as tutors, and as uncles hard. Dryden.
These barren rocks, your stern inheritance. Wordsworth. Syn.
-- Gloomy; sullen; forbidding; strict; unkind; hard- hearted; unfeeling; cruel; pitiless.
[ Icelandic stjōrn
a steering, or a doubtful Anglo-Saxon steórn
. √166. See Steer
, transitive verb
] 1. The helm or tiller of a vessel or boat; also, the rudder.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. 2. (Nautical) The after or rear end of a ship or other vessel, or of a boat; the part opposite to the stem, or prow. 3. Fig.: The post of management or direction.
And sit chiefest stern of public weal. Shak. 4. The hinder part of anything. Spenser. 5. The tail of an animal; -- now used only of the tail of a dog. By the stern
. (Nautical) See By the head , under By .
Stern adjective Being in the stern, or being astern; as, the stern davits. Stern board (Nautical)
, a going or falling astern; a loss of way in making a tack; as, to make a stern board . See Board , noun , 8 (b) .
-- Stern chase
. (Nautical) (a) See under Chase , noun (b) A stern chaser.
-- Stern chaser (Nautical)
, a cannon placed in a ship's stern, pointing backward, and intended to annoy a ship that is in pursuit.
-- Stern fast (Nautical)
, a rope used to confine the stern of a ship or other vessel, as to a wharf or buoy.
-- Stern frame (Nautical)
, the framework of timber forms the stern of a ship.
-- Stern knee
. See Sternson .
-- Stern port (Nautical)
, a port, or opening, in the stern of a ship.
-- Stern sheets (Nautical)
, that part of an open boat which is between the stern and the aftmost seat of the rowers, -- usually furnished with seats for passengers.
-- Stern wheel
, a paddle wheel attached to the stern of the steamboat which it propels.
Stern-wheel adjective Having a paddle wheel at the stern; as, a stern-wheel steamer.
Stern-wheeler noun A steamboat having a stern wheel instead of side wheels. [ Colloq. U.S.]
Sternage noun Stern. [ R.] Shak.
Sternal adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the sternum; in the region of the sternum. Sternal ribs
. See the Note under Rib , noun , 1.
Sternbergite noun [ So named after Count Kaspar Sternberg of Prague.] (Min.) A sulphide of silver and iron, occurring in soft flexible laminæ varying in color from brown to black.
; plural Sternebræ
. [ New Latin , from sternum
+ - bra
.] (Anat.) One of the segments of the sternum.
-- Ster"ne*bral adjective
Sterned adjective Having a stern of a particular shape; -- used in composition; as, square- sterned .
[ See 3d Stern
.] A director.
[ Obsolete & R.] Dr. R. Clerke.
Sternforemost adverb With the stern, instead of the bow, in advance; hence, figuratively, in an awkward, blundering manner.
A fatal genius for going sternforemost . Lowell.
[ From Sternum
.] (Zoology) The sternum of an arthropod somite.
Sternly adverb In a stern manner.
Sternmost adjective Farthest in the rear; farthest astern; as, the sternmost ship in a convoy.
Sternness noun The quality or state of being stern.
Sterno- A combining form used in anatomy to indicate connection with , or relation to , the sternum ; as, sterno costal, sterno scapular.
Sternocoracoid adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the sternum and the coracoid.
Sternocostal adjective [ Sterno- + costal .] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the sternum and the ribs; as, the sternocostal cartilages.
Sternohyoid adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the sternum and the hyoid bone or cartilage.
Sternomastoid adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the sternum and the mastoid process.
Sternothyroid adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the sternum and the thyroid cartilage.
Sternpost noun (Nautical) A straight piece of timber, or an iron bar or beam, erected on the extremity of the keel to support the rudder, and receive the ends of the planks or plates of the vessel.
Sternsman noun A steersman. [ Obsolete]
[ See Stern
, and confer Stemson
.] (Nautical) The end of a ship's keelson, to which the sternpost is bolted; -- called also stern knee .
, English Sternums
. [ New Latin , from Greek ..., the breast, chest.] 1. (Anat.) A plate of cartilage, or a series of bony or cartilaginous plates or segments, in the median line of the pectoral skeleton of most vertebrates above fishes; the breastbone.
» The sternum is connected with the ribs or the pectorial girdle, or with both. In man it is a flat bone, broad anteriorly, narrowed behind, and connected with the clavicles and the cartilages of the seven anterior pairs of ribs. In most birds it has a high median keel for the attachment of the muscles of the wings. 2. (Zoology) The ventral part of any one of the somites of an arthropod.
Sternutation noun [ Latin sternutatio , from sternutare to sneeze, intens. from sternuere .] The act of sneezing. Quincy.
Sternutative adjective Having the quality of provoking to sneeze.
Sternutatory adjective Sternutative. -- noun A sternutatory substance or medicine.
Sternway noun (Nautical) The movement of a ship backward, or with her stern foremost.
Sterquilinous adjective [ Latin sterquilinium a dung pit, from stercus dung.] Pertaining to a dunghill; hence, mean; dirty; paltry. [ Obsolete] Howell.
Sterre noun A star. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Sterrink noun (Zoology) The crab-eating seal ( Lobodon carcinophaga ) of the Antarctic Ocean.
Sterrometal noun [ Greek ... firm, solid + English metal .] Any alloy of copper, zinc, tin, and iron, of which cannon are sometimes made.
obsolete past participle
. Started. Chaucer.
obsolete past participle of Start . Chaucer.
Stertorious (stẽr*tō"rĭ*ŭs) adjective Stertorous. [ R.]
[ Latin stertere
to snore: confer French stertoreux
.] Characterized by a deep snoring, which accompanies inspiration in some diseases, especially apoplexy; hence, hoarsely breathing; snoring.
Burning, stertorous breath that hurt her cheek. Mrs. Browning.
The day has ebbed away, and it is night in his room, before his stertorous breathing lulls. Dickens.
(stẽrv) transitive verb & i. To die, or cause to die; to perish. See Starve .
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. Spenser.
(stĕt), Latin , subjunctive 3d pers. sing.
to stand, remain. [ See Stand
.] (Print.) Let it stand; -- a word used by proof readers to signify that something once erased, or marked for omission, is to remain.
Stet transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Stetted
; present participle & verbal noun Stetting
.] (Print.) To cause or direct to remain after having been marked for omission; to mark with the word stet , or with a series of dots below or beside the matter; as, the proof reader stetted a deled footnote.
Stethal noun [ Ste aric + ethal .] (Chemistry) One of the higher alcohols of the methane series, homologous with ethal, and found in small quantities as an ethereal salt of stearic acid in spermaceti.
[ Greek ... the breast + -graph
.] (Physiol.) See Pneumatograph .
Stethometer noun [ Greek ... chest + -meter .] (Physiol.) An apparatus for measuring the external movements of a given point of the chest wall, during respiration; -- also called thoracometer .