Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Written also stilette
, and stylet
.] 1. A stiletto.
[ R.] 2. (Surg.) See Stylet , 2.
; plural Stilettos
. [ Italian , dim. of stilo
a dagger, from Latin stilus
a pointed instrument. See Style
for writing, and confer Stylet
.] 1. A kind of dagger with a slender, rounded, and pointed blade. 2. A pointed instrument for making eyelet holes in embroidery. 3. A beard trimmed into a pointed form.
The very quack of fashions, the very he that Ford.
Wears a stiletto on his chin.
Stiletto transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Stilettoed
; present participle & verbal noun Stilettoing
.] To stab or kill with a stiletto. Bacon.
[ Compar. Stiller
; superl. Stillest
.] [ Middle English stille
, Anglo-Saxon stille
; akin to Dutch stil
, Old Saxon & Old High German stilli
, German still
, Danish stille
, Swedish stilla
, and to English stall
; from the idea of coming to a stand, or halt. Confer Still
] 1. Motionless; at rest; quiet; as, to stand still ; to lie or sit still .
as any stone." Chaucer. 2. Uttering no sound; silent; as, the audience is still ; the animals are still .
The sea that roared at thy command, Addison. 3. Not disturbed by noise or agitation; quiet; calm; as, a still evening; a still atmosphere.
At thy command was still .
"When all the woods are still
." Milton. 4. Comparatively quiet or silent; soft; gentle; low.
small voice." 1 Kings xix. 12. 5. Constant; continual.
By still practice learn to know thy meaning. Shak. 6. Not effervescing; not sparkling; as, still wines. Still life
. (Fine Arts) (a) Inanimate objects
. (b) (Painting) The class or style of painting which represents inanimate objects, as fruit, flowers, dead game, etc. Syn.
-- Quiet; calm; noiseless; serene; motionless; inert; stagnant.
Still noun [ Confer German stille .]
1. Freedom from noise; calm; silence; as, the still of midnight. [ Poetic] 2. A steep hill or ascent. [ Obsolete] W. Browne.
[ Anglo-Saxon stille
quietly. See Still
The modern senses come from the idea of stopping and staying
still, or motionless.] 1. To this time; until and during the time now present; now no less than before; yet.
It hath been anciently reported, and is still received. Bacon. 2. In the future as now and before.
Hourly joys be still upon you! Shak. 3. In continuation by successive or repeated acts; always; ever; constantly; uniformly.
The desire of fame betrays an ambitious man into indecencies that lessen his reputation; he is still afraid lest any of his actions should be thrown away in private. Addison.
Chemists would be rich if they could still do in great quantities what they have sometimes done in little. Boyle. 4. In an increasing or additional degree; even more; -- much used with comparatives.
The guilt being great, the fear doth still exceed. Shak. 5. Notwithstanding what has been said or done; in spite of what has occured; nevertheless; -- sometimes used as a conjunction. See Synonym of But .
As sunshine, broken in the rill, Moore. 6. After that; after what is stated.
Though turned astray, is sunshine still .
In the primitive church, such as by fear being compelled to sacrifice to strange gods, after repented, and kept still the office of preaching the gospel. Whitgift. Still and anon
, at intervals and repeatedly; continually; ever and anon; now and then.
And like the watchful minutes to the hour, Shak.
Still and anon cheered up the heavy time.
Still transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Stilled
; present participle & verbal noun Stilling
.] [ Anglo-Saxon stillan
, from stille
still, quiet, firm. See Still
] 1. To stop, as motion or agitation; to cause to become quiet, or comparatively quiet; to check the agitation of; as, to still the raging sea.
He having a full sway over the water, had power to still and compose it, as well as to move and disturb it. Woodward. 2. To stop, as noise; to silence.
With his name the mothers still their babies. Shak. 3. To appease; to calm; to quiet, as tumult, agitation, or excitement; as, to still the passions. Shak.
Toil that would, at least, have stilled an unquiet impulse in me. Hawthorne. Syn.
-- To quiet; calm; allay; lull; pacify; appease; subdue; suppress; silence; stop; check; restrain.
[ Confer Middle English stillatorie
. See Still
, to distill.] 1. A vessel, boiler, or copper used in the distillation of liquids; specifically, one used for the distillation of alcoholic liquors; a retort. The name is sometimes applied to the whole apparatus used in in vaporization and condensation. 2. A house where liquors are distilled; a distillery. Still watcher
, a device for indicating the progress of distillation by the density of the liquid given over. Knight.
Still transitive verb [ Abbreviated from distill .]
1. To cause to fall by drops. 2. To expel spirit from by heat, or to evaporate and condense in a refrigeratory; to distill. Tusser.
Still intransitive verb
[ Latin stillare
. Confer Distill
.] To drop, or flow in drops; to distill.
[ Obsolete] Spenser.
Still-burn transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle still-burnt
; present participle & verbal noun Still-burning
.] To burn in the process of distillation; as, to still-burn brandy.
Still-closing adjective Ever closing. [ Obsolete] " Still-clothing waters." Shak.
Still-hunt noun A hunting for game in a quiet and cautious manner, or under cover; stalking; hence, colloquially, the pursuit of any object quietly and cautiously. -- Still"-hunt`er noun -- Still"- hunt`ing , noun [ U.S.]
Stillage noun (Bleaching) A low stool to keep the goods from touching the floor. Knight.
Stillatitious adjective [ Latin stillaticius , from stillare to drop, stilla a drop.] Falling in drops; drawn by a still.
; plural -ries
. [ From Still
, for distill
. Confer Still
, and Distillatory
] 1. An alembic; a vessel for distillation.
[ R.] Bacon. 2. A laboratory; a place or room in which distillation is performed.
[ R.] Dr. H. More. Sir H. Wotton.
Stillbirth noun The birth of a dead fetus.
1. Dead at the birth; as, a stillborn child. 2. Fig.: Abortive; as, a stillborn poem. Swift.
Stiller noun One who stills, or quiets.
Stillhouse noun A house in which distillation is carried on; a distillery.
Stillicide noun [ Latin stillicidium ; stilla a drop + cadere to fall.] A continual falling or succession of drops; rain water falling from the eaves. Bacon.
Stillicidious adjective Falling in drops. [ Obsolete]
Stilliform adjective [ Latin stilla a drop + -form .] Having the form of a drop. Owen.
Stilling noun [ Confer LG. stelling , German stellen to set, to place.] A stillion. [ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.]
[ See Stilling
.] A stand, as for casks or vats in a brewery, or for pottery while drying.
Stillness noun 1. The quality or state of being still; quietness; silence; calmness; inactivity.
Painting, then, was the art demanded by the modern intellect upon its emergence from the stillness of the Middle Ages. J. A. Symonds. 2. Habitual silence or quiet; taciturnity.
The gravity and stillness of your youth Shak.
The world hath noted.
Stillroom noun 1. A room for distilling. 2. An apartment in a house where liquors, preserves, and the like, are kept.
Floors are rubbed bright, . . . stillroom and kitchen cleared for action. Dickens.
Stillson wrench A pipe wrench having an adjustable L -shaped jaw piece sliding in a sleeve that is pivoted to, and loosely embraces, the handle. Pressure on the handle increases the grip.
Stillstand noun A standstill. [ R.] Shak.
Stilly adjective Still; quiet; calm.
The stilly hour when storms are gone. Moore.
Stilly adverb In a still manner; quietly; silently; softly. Dr. H. More.
The hum of either army stilly sounds. Shak.
Stilpnomelane noun [ Greek stilpno`s shining + me`las , -anos , black.] (Min.) A black or greenish black mineral occurring in foliated flates, also in velvety bronze-colored incrustations. It is a hydrous silicate of iron and alumina.
[ Middle English stilte
; akin to Danish stylte
, Swedish stylta
, LG. & Dutch stelt
, Old High German stelza
, German stelze
, and perhaps to English stout
.] 1. A pole, or piece of wood, constructed with a step or loop to raise the foot above the ground in walking. It is sometimes lashed to the leg, and sometimes prolonged upward so as to be steadied by the hand or arm.
Ambition is but avarice on stilts , and masked. Landor. 2. A crutch; also, the handle of a plow.
[ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell. 3. (Zoology) Any species of limicoline birds belonging to Himantopus and allied genera, in which the legs are remarkably long and slender. Called also longshanks , stiltbird , stilt plover , and lawyer .
» The American species ( Himantopus Mexicanus
) is well known. The European and Asiatic stilt ( H. candidus
) is usually white, except the wings and interscapulars, which are greenish black. The white-headed stilt ( H. leucocephalus
) and the banded stilt ( Cladorhynchus pectoralis
) are found in Australia. Stilt plover (Zoology)
, the stilt.
-- Stilt sandpiper (Zoology)
, an American sandpiper ( Micropalama himantopus ) having long legs. The bill is somewhat expanded at the tip.
Stilt transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Stilted
; present participle & verbal noun Stilting
.] To raise on stilts, or as if on stilts.
Stiltbird noun (Zoology) See Stilt , noun , 3.
Stilted adjective Elevated as if on stilts; hence, pompous; bombastic; as, a stilted style; stilted declamation. Stilted arch (Architecture) , an arch in which the springing line is some distance above the impost, the space between being occupied by a vertical member, molded or ornamented, as a continuation of the archivolt, intrados, etc.
Stiltify transitive verb [ Stilt + -fy .] To raise upon stilts, or as upon stilts; to stilt.
Stilton cheese or Stil"ton noun A peculiarly flavored unpressed cheese made from milk with cream added; -- so called from the village or parish of Stilton , England, where it was originally made. It is very rich in fat.
Thus, in the outset he was gastronomic; discussed the dinner from the soup to the stilton . C. Lever.
Stilty adjective Unreasonably elevated; pompous; stilted; as, a stilty style.
Stime noun [ Etymology uncertain.] A slight gleam or glimmer; a glimpse. [ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.
Stimey, Stimie noun & transitive verb See Stymie .
[ Latin stimulans
, present participle; confer French stimulant
. See Stimulate
.] 1. Serving to stimulate. 2. (Physiol.) Produced increased vital action in the organism, or in any of its parts.
[ Confer French stimulant
.] 1. That which stimulates, provokes, or excites.
His feelings had been exasperated by the constant application of stimulants . Macaulay. 2. (Physiol. & Med.) An agent which produces a temporary increase of vital activity in the organism, or in any of its parts; -- sometimes used without qualification to signify an alcoholic beverage used as a stimulant.
Stimulate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Stimulated
; present participle & verbal noun Stimulating
.] [ Latin stimulatus
, past participle of stimulare
to prick or goad on, to incite, from stimulus
a goad. See Stimulus
.] 1. To excite as if with a goad; to excite, rouse, or animate, to action or more vigorous exertion by some pungent motive or by persuasion; as, to stimulate one by the hope of reward, or by the prospect of glory.
To excite and stimulate us thereunto. Dr. J. Scott. 2. (Physiol.) To excite; to irritate; especially, to excite the activity of (a nerve or an irritable muscle), as by electricity. Syn.
-- To animate; incite; encourage; impel; urge; instigate; irritate; exasperate; incense.
Stimulation noun [ Latin stimulatio : confer French stimulation .]
1. The act of stimulating, or the state of being stimulated. 2. (Physiol.) The irritating action of various agents (stimuli) on muscles, nerves, or a sensory end organ, by which activity is evoked; especially, the nervous impulse produced by various agents on nerves, or a sensory end organ, by which the part connected with the nerve is thrown into a state of activity; irritation.
Stimulative adjective Having the quality of stimulating. -- noun That which stimulates.
Stimulator noun [ Latin : confer French stimulateur .] One who stimulates.
Stimulatress noun A woman who stimulates.
Stimulism noun (Medicine) (a) The theory of medical practice which regarded life as dependent upon stimulation, or excitation, and disease as caused by excess or deficiency in the amount of stimulation. (b) The practice of treating disease by alcoholic stimulants. Dr. H. Hartshorne.
; plural Stimuli
. [ Latin , for stigmulus
, akin to Latin instigare
to stimulate. See Instigare
, transitive verb
] 1. A goad; hence, something that rouses the mind or spirits; an incentive; as, the hope of gain is a powerful stimulus to labor and action. 2. That which excites or produces a temporary increase of vital action, either in the whole organism or in any of its parts; especially (Physiol.) , any substance or agent capable of evoking the activity of a nerve or irritable muscle, or capable of producing an impression upon a sensory organ or more particularly upon its specific end organ.
» Of the stimuli applied to the sensory apparatus, physiologists distinguish two kinds: ( a
) Homologous stimuli
, which act only upon the end organ, and for whose action the sense organs are especially adapted, as the rods and cones of the retina for the vibrations of the either. ( b
) Heterologous stimuli
, which are mechanical, chemical, electrical, etc., and act upon the nervous elements of the sensory apparatus along their entire course, producing, for example, the flash of light beheld when the eye is struck. Landois & Stirling.