Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Start-up noun 1. One who comes suddenly into notice; an upstart.
[ Obsolete] Shak. 2. A kind of high rustic shoe.
[ Obsolete] Drayton.
A startuppe , or clownish shoe. Spenser.
Start-up adjective Upstart. [ R.] Walpole.
Startlish adjective Easily startled; apt to start; startish; skittish; -- said especially of a hourse. [ Colloq.]
Starvation noun The act of starving, or the state of being starved. » This word was first used, according to Horace Walpole, by Henry Dundas, the first Lord Melville, in a speech on American affairs in 1775, which obtained for him the nickname of Starvation Dundas. " Starvation , we are also told, belongs to the class of 'vile compounds' from being a mongrel; as if English were not full of mongrels, and if it would not be in distressing straits without them." Fitzed. Hall.
Starve intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Starved
; present participle & verbal noun Starving
.] [ Middle English sterven
to die, Anglo-Saxon steorfan
; akin to Dutch sterven
, German sterben
, Old High German sterban
, Icelandic starf
labor, toil.] 1. To die; to perish.
[ Obsolete, except in the sense of perishing with cold or hunger.] Lydgate.
In hot coals he hath himself raked . . . Chaucer. 2. To perish with hunger; to suffer extreme hunger or want; to be very indigent.
Thus starved this worthy mighty Hercules.
Sometimes virtue starves , while vice is fed. Pope. 3. To perish or die with cold. Spenser.
Have I seen the naked starve for cold? Sandys.
Starving with cold as well as hunger. W. Irving.
» In this sense, still common in England, but rarely used of the United States.
Starve transitive verb 1. To destroy with cold.
From beds of raging fire, to starve in ice Milton. 2. To kill with hunger; as, maliciously to starve a man is, in law, murder. 3. To distress or subdue by famine; as, to starve a garrison into a surrender.
Their soft ethereal warmth.
Attalus endeavored to starve Italy by stopping their convoy of provisions from Africa. Arbuthnot. 4. To destroy by want of any kind; as, to starve plans by depriving them of proper light and air. 5. To deprive of force or vigor; to disable.
The pens of historians, writing thereof, seemed starved for matter in an age so fruitful of memorable actions. Fuller.
The powers of their minds are starved by disuse. Locke.
Starvedly adverb In the condition of one starved or starving; parsimoniously.
Some boasting housekeeper which keepth open doors for one day, . . . and lives starvedly all the year after. Bp. Hall.
.] One who, or that which, pines from lack or food, or nutriment.
Old Sir John hangs with me, and thou knowest he is no starveling . Shak.
Starveling adjective Hungry; lean; pining with want.
Starwort noun (Botany) (a) Any plant of the genus Aster . See Aster . (b) A small plant of the genus Stellaria , having star-shaped flowers; star flower; chickweed. Gray. Water starwort
, an aquatic plant ( Callitriche verna ) having some resemblance to chickweed.
-- Yellow starwort
, a plant of the genus Inula ; elecampane.
; plural Stasmia
. [ New Latin , from Greek sta`simon
, neut. of sta`simos
stationary, steadfast.] In the Greek tragedy, a song of the chorus, continued without the interruption of dialogue or anapæstics. Liddell & Scott.
Stasis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... a standing still.] (Physiol.) A slackening or arrest of the blood current in the vessels, due not to a lessening of the heart's beat, but presumably to some abnormal resistance of the capillary walls. It is one of the phenomena observed in the capillaries in inflammation.
Statable adjective That can be stated; as, a statable grievance; the question at issue is statable .
Statal adjective Of, pertaining to, or existing with reference to, a State of the American Union, as distinguished from the general government.
I have no knowledge of any other kind of political citizenship, higher or lower, statal or national. Edward Bates.
Statant adjective [ Latin stare to stand.] (Her.) In a standing position; as, a lion statant .
Statarian adjective Fixed; settled; steady; statary. [ Obsolete]
Statarianly adverb Fixedly; steadly. [ Obsolete]
Statary adjective [ Latin statarius standing fast, from stare to stand.] Fixed; settled. [ Obsolete] "The set and statary times of paring of nails and cutting hair." Sir T. Browne.
[ Middle English stat
, Old French estat
, French état
, from Latin status
a standing, position, from stare
, to stand. See Stand
, and confer Estate
.] 1. The circumstances or condition of a being or thing at any given time.
State is a term nearly synonymous with "mode," but of a meaning more extensive, and is not exclusively limited to the mutable and contingent. Sir W. Hamilton.
Declare the past and present state of things. Dryden.
Keep the state of the question in your eye. Boyle. 2. Rank; condition; quality; as, the state of honor.
Thy honor, state , and seat is due to me. Shak. 3. Condition of prosperity or grandeur; wealthy or prosperous circumstances; social importance.
She instructed him how he should keep state , and yet with a modest sense of his misfortunes. Bacon.
Can this imperious lord forget to reign, Pope. 4. Appearance of grandeur or dignity; pomp.
Quit all his state , descend, and serve again?
Where least og state there most of love is shown. Dryden. 5. A chair with a canopy above it, often standing on a dais; a seat of dignity; also, the canopy itself.
His high throne, . . . under state Milton.
Of richest texture spread.
When he went to court, he used to kick away the state , and sit down by his prince cheek by jowl. Swift. 6. Estate, possession.
[ Obsolete] Daniel.
Your state , my lord, again in yours. Massinger. 7. A person of high rank.
[ Obsolete] Latimer. 8. Any body of men united by profession, or constituting a community of a particular character; as, the civil and ecclesiastical states, or the lords spiritual and temporal and the commons, in Great Britain. Confer Estate , noun , 6. 9. The principal persons in a government.
The bold design Milton. 10. The bodies that constitute the legislature of a country; as, the States -general of Holland. 11. A form of government which is not monarchial, as a republic.
Pleased highly those infernal states .
Well monarchies may own religion's name, Dryden. 12. A political body, or body politic; the whole body of people who are united one government, whatever may be the form of the government; a nation.
But states are atheists in their very fame.
Municipal law is a rule of conduct prescribed by the supreme power in a state . Blackstone.
The Puritans in the reign of Mary, driven from their homes, sought an asylum in Geneva, where they found a state without a king, and a church without a bishop. R. Choate. 13. In the United States, one of the commonwealth, or bodies politic, the people of which make up the body of the nation, and which, under the national constitution, stands in certain specified relations with the national government, and are invested, as commonwealth, with full power in their several spheres over all matters not expressly inhibited.
» The term State
, in its technical sense, is used in distinction from the federal system, i. e.
, the government of the United States. 14. Highest and stationary condition, as that of maturity between growth and decline, or as that of crisis between the increase and the abating of a disease; height; acme.
[ Obsolete] » When state
is joined with another word, or used adjectively, it denotes public, or what belongs to the community or body politic, or to the government; also, what belongs to the States severally in the American Union; as, state
laws of Iowa. Nascent state
. (Chemistry) See under Nascent .
-- Secretary of state
. See Secretary , noun , 3.
-- State barge a royal barge, or a barge belonging to a government.
-- State bed
, an elaborately carved or decorated bed.
-- State carriage
, a highly decorated carriage for officials going in state, or taking part in public processions.
-- State paper
, an official paper relating to the interests or government of a state. Jay.
-- State prison
, a public prison or penitentiary; -- called also State's prison .
-- State prisoner
, one is confinement, or under arrest, for a political offense.
-- State rights
, or States' rights
, the rights of the several independent States, as distinguished from the rights of the Federal government. It has been a question as to what rights have been vested in the general government.
[ U.S.] -- State's evidence
. See Probator , 2, and under Evidence .
-- State sword
, a sword used on state occasions, being borne before a sovereign by an attendant of high rank.
-- State trial
, a trial of a person for a political offense.
-- States of the Church
. See under Ecclesiastical . Syn.
is the generic term, and denotes in general the mode in which a thing stands or exists. The situation
of a thing is its state in reference to external objects and influences; its condition
is its internal state, or what it is in itself considered. Our situation
is good or bad as outward things bear favorably or unfavorably upon us; our condition
is good or bad according to the state we are actually in as respects our persons, families, property, and other things which comprise our sources of enjoyment.
I do not, brother, Milton.
Infer as if I thought my sister's state
Secure without all doubt or controversy.
We hoped to enjoy with ease what, in our situation , might be called the luxuries of life. Cock.
And, O, what man's condition can be worse Cowley.
Than his whom plenty starves and blessings curse?
1. Stately. [ Obsolete] Spenser. 2. Belonging to the state, or body politic; public.
State transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Stated
; present participle & verbal noun Stating
.] 1. To set; to settle; to establish.
I myself, though meanest stated , Wither.
And in court now almost hated.
Who calls the council, states the certain day. Pope. 2. To express the particulars of; to set down in detail or in gross; to represent fully in words; to narrate; to recite; as, to state the facts of a case, one's opinion, etc. To state it
. To assume state or dignity.
[ Obsolete] "Rarely dressed up, and taught to state it
." Beau. & Fl.
State noun A statement; also, a document containing a statement. [ R.] Sir W. Scott.
State socialism A form of socialism, esp. advocated in Germany, which, while retaining the right of private property and the institution of the family and other features of the present form of the state, would intervene by various measures intended to give or maintain equality of opportunity, as compulsory state insurance, old- age pensions, etc., answering closely to socialism of the chair.
Statecraft noun The art of conducting state affairs; state management; statesmanship.
Stated adjective 1. Settled; established; fixed.
He is capable of corruption who receives more than what is the stated and unquestionable fee of his office. Addison. 2. Recurring at regular time; not occasional; as, stated preaching; stated business hours.
Statedly adverb At stated times; regularly.
Stateful adjective Full of state; stately. [ Obsolete] "A stateful silence." Marston.
Statehood noun The condition of being a State; as, a territory seeking Statehood .
Statehouse noun The building in which a State legislature holds its sessions; a State capitol. [ U. S.]
Stateless adjective Without state or pomp.
Statelily adverb In a stately manner.
Stateliness noun The quality or state of being stately.
For stateliness and majesty, what is comparable to a horse? Dr. H. More.
[ Compar. Statelier
; superl. Stateliest
.] Evincing state or dignity; lofty; majestic; grand; as, stately manners; a stately gait.
homes of England!" Mrs. Hemans.
"Filled with stately
Here is a stately style indeed! Shak. Syn.
-- Lofty; dignified; majestic; grand; august; magnificent.
Stately adverb Majestically; loftily. Milton.
1. The act of stating, reciting, or presenting, orally or in paper; as, to interrupt a speaker in the statement of his case. 2. That which is stated; a formal embodiment in language of facts or opinions; a narrative; a recital. "Admirable perspicuity of statement !" Brougham.
Statemonger noun One versed in politics, or one who dabbles in state affairs.
Stateprison See under State , noun
Stater noun One who states.
Stater noun [ Latin stater , Greek ....] (Gr. Antiq.) The principal gold coin of ancient Grece. It varied much in value, the stater best known at Athens being worth about £1 2s., or about $5.35. The Attic silver tetradrachm was in later times called stater .
1. A magnificent room in a place or great house. 2. A small apartment for lodging or sleeping in the cabin, or on the deck, of a vessel; also, a somewhat similar apartment in a railway sleeping car.
1. In France, before the Revolution, the assembly of the three orders of the kingdom, namely, the clergy, the nobility, and the third estate, or commonalty. 2. In the Netherlands, the legislative body, composed of two chambers.
; plural Statesmen 1. A man versed in public affairs and in the principles and art of government; especially, one eminent for political abilities.
The minds of some of our statesmen , like the pupil of the human eye, contract themselves the more, the stronger light there is shed upon them. More. 2. One occupied with the affairs of government, and influental in shaping its policy. 3. A small landholder.
[ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.
Statesmanlike adjective Having the manner or wisdom of statesmen; becoming a statesman.
Statesmanly adjective Becoming a statesman.
Statesmanship noun The qualifications, duties, or employments of a statesman.
; plural Stateswomen A woman concerned in public affairs.
A rare stateswoman ; I admire her bearing. B. Jonson.
Stathmograph noun [ Greek ... a measuring line + -graph .] A contrivance for recording the speed of a railway train. Knight.
Static, Statical adjective
[ Greek ... causing to stand, skilled in weighing, from ... to cause to stand: confer French statique
. See Stand
, and confer Stage
.] 1. Resting; acting by mere weight without motion; as, statical pressure; static objects. 2. Pertaining to bodies at rest or in equilibrium. Statical electricity
. See Note under Electricity , 1.
-- Statical moment
. See under Moment .
Statically adverb In a statical manner.
[ Confer French statique
, Greek ... the art of weighing, from .... See Static
.] That branch of mechanics which treats of the equilibrium of forces, or relates to bodies as held at rest by the forces acting on them; -- distinguished from dynamics . Social statics
, the study of the conditions which concern the existence and permanence of the social state.