Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Stanniferous adjective [ Latin stannum tin + -ferous .] Containing or affording tin.
Stannine, Stannite noun (Min.) A mineral of a steel-gray or iron-black color; tin pyrites. It is a sulphide of tin, copper, and iron.
Stanno- [ Latin stannum tin.] (Chemistry) A combining form (also used adjectively) denoting relation to , or connection with , tin , or including tin as an ingredient .
Stannofluoride (-flū"ŏr*ĭd or -īd) noun (Chemistry) Any one of a series of double fluorides of tin ( stannum ) and some other element.
Stannoso- (stăn*nō"so-) adjective (Chemistry) A combining form (also used adjectively) denoting relation to , or connection with , certain stannnous compounds .
Stannotype (stăn"no*tīp) noun [ Stanno- + -type .] (Photog.) A photograph taken upon a tin plate; a tintype.
Stannous (-nŭs) adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or containing, tin; specifically, designating those compounds in which the element has a lower valence as contrasted with stannic compounds. Stannous chloride (Chemistry) , a white crystalline substance, SnCl 2 .(H 2 O) 2 , obtained by dissolving tin in hydrochloric acid. It is used as a mordant in dyeing.
[ Latin , alloy of silver and lead; later, tin.] (Chemistry) The technical name of tin. See Tin .
Stannyel, Stanyel noun (Zoology) See Stannel .
obsolete 3d pers. sing. present
, for standeth
. Stands. Chaucer.
; plural Stanzas
. [ Italian stanza
a room, habitation, a stanza, i. e.
, a stop, from Latin stans
, present participle of stare
to stand. See Stand
, and confer Estancia
.] 1. A number of lines or verses forming a division of a song or poem, and agreeing in meter, rhyme, number of lines, etc., with other divisions; a part of a poem, ordinarily containing every variation of measure in that poem; a combination or arrangement of lines usually recurring; whether like or unlike, in measure.
Horace confines himself strictly to one sort of verse, or stanza , in every ode. Dryden. 2. (Architecture) An apartment or division in a building; a room or chamber.
Stanzaic adjective Pertaining to, or consisting of, stanzas; as, a couplet in stanzaic form.
Stapedial adjective [ Late Latin stapes stirrup.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to stapes.
Stapelia noun [ New Latin So named after John Bodæus a Stapel , a physician of Amsterdam.] (Botany) An extensive and curious genus of African plants of the natural order Asclepiadaceæ (Milkweed family). They are succulent plants without leaves, frequently covered with dark tubercles giving them a very grotesque appearance. The odor of the blossoms is like that of carrion.
[ Late Latin , a stirrup.] (Anat.) The innermost of the ossicles of the ear; the stirrup, or stirrup bone; -- so called from its form. See Illust. of Ear .
Staphyline adjective [ Greek ... botryodial, from ... a bunch of grapes.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the uvula or the palate.
Staphylinid noun [ Greek ... a kind of insect.] (Zoology) Any rove beetle.
Staphyloma noun [ Latin , from Greek ..., from ... a bunch of grapes.] (Medicine) A protrusion of any part of the globe of the eye; as, a staphyloma of the cornea.
Staphylomatous adjective (Medicine) Of or pertaining to staphyloma; affected with staphyloma.
Staphyloplasty noun [ Greek ... a bunch of grapes, also, the uvula when swollen at the lower end + - plasty .] (Surg.) The operation for restoring or replacing the soft palate when it has been lost. Dunglison. -- Staph`y*lo*plas"tic adjective
Staphyloraphy, Staphylorrhaphy noun [ Greek ... the uvula when swollen + ... to sew: confer French staphylorraphie .] The operation of uniting a cleft palate, consisting in paring and bringing together the edges of the cleft. -- Staph`y*lo*raph"ic , Staph`y*lor*rhaph"ic adjective
Staphylotomy noun [ Greek ... the uvula when swollen + ... to cut.] (Surg.) The operation of removing a staphyloma by cutting.
[ Anglo-Saxon stapul
, a step, a prop, post, table, from stapan
to step, go, raise; akin to Dutch stapel
a pile, stocks, emporium, German stapel
a heap, mart, stake, staffel
step of a ladder, Swedish stapel
, Danish stabel
, and English step
confer Old French estaple
a mart, French étape
. See Step
.] 1. A settled mart; an emporium; a city or town to which merchants brought commodities for sale or exportation in bulk; a place for wholesale traffic.
The customs of Alexandria were very great, it having been the staple of the Indian trade. Arbuthnot.
For the increase of trade and the encouragement of the worthy burgesses of Woodstock, her majesty was minded to erect the town into a staple for wool. Sir W. Scott.
» In England, formerly, the king's staple
was established in certain ports or towns, and certain goods could not be exported without being first brought to these places to be rated and charged with the duty payable of the king or the public. The principal commodities on which customs were lived were wool, skins, and leather; and these were originally the staple
commodities. 2. Hence: Place of supply; source; fountain head.
Whitehall naturally became the chief staple of news. Whenever there was a rumor that any thing important had happened or was about to happen, people hastened thither to obtain intelligence from the fountain head. Macaulay. 3. The principal commodity of traffic in a market; a principal commodity or production of a country or district; as, wheat, maize, and cotton are great staples of the United States.
We should now say, Cotton is the great staple , that is, the established merchandize, of Manchester. Trench. 4. The principal constituent in anything; chief item. 5. Unmanufactured material; raw material. 6. The fiber of wool, cotton, flax, or the like; as, a coarse staple ; a fine staple ; a long or short staple . 7. A loop of iron, or a bar or wire, bent and formed with two points to be driven into wood, to hold a hook, pin, or the like. 8. (Mining) (a) A shaft, smaller and shorter than the principal one, joining different levels. (b) A small pit. 9. A district granted to an abbey.
[ Obsolete] Camden.
Staple adjective 1. Pertaining to, or being market of staple for, commodities; as, a staple town.
[ R.] 2. Established in commerce; occupying the markets; settled; as, a staple trade. Dryden. 3. Fit to be sold; marketable.
[ R.] Swift. 4. Regularly produced or manufactured in large quantities; belonging to wholesale traffic; principal; chief.
Wool, the great staple commodity of England. H.........om.
Staple transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle stapled
; present participle & verbal noun stapling
.] To sort according to its staple; as, to staple cotton.
1. A dealer in staple goods. 2. One employed to assort wool according to its staple.
[ Middle English sterre
, Anglo-Saxon steorra
; akin to OFries. stera
, Old Saxon sterro
, Dutch ster
, Old High German sterno
, German stern
, Icelandic stjarna
, Swedish stjerna
, Danish stierne
, Goth. staírnō
, Armor. & Corn. steren
, Latin stella
, Greek 'asth`r
, Sanskrit star
; perhaps from a root meaning, to scatter, Sanskrit str
, Latin sternere
), and originally applied to the stars as being strewn over the sky, or as being scatterers or spreaders of light. √296. Confer Aster
.] 1. One of the innumerable luminous bodies seen in the heavens; any heavenly body other than the sun, moon, comets, and nebulæ.
His eyen twinkled in his head aright, Chaucer.
As do the stars in the frosty night.
» The stars are distinguished as planets
, and fixed stars
. See Planet
, Fixed stars
, and Magnitude of a star
. 2. The polestar; the north star. Shak. 3. (Astrol.) A planet supposed to influence one's destiny; (usually plural ) a configuration of the planets, supposed to influence fortune.
O malignant and ill-brooding stars . Shak.
Blesses his stars , and thinks it luxury. Addison. 4. That which resembles the figure of a star, as an ornament worn on the breast to indicate rank or honor.
On whom . . . Tennyson. 5. Specifically, a radiated mark in writing or printing; an asterisk [ thus, *]; -- used as a reference to a note, or to fill a blank where something is omitted, etc. 6. (Pyrotechny) A composition of combustible matter used in the heading of rockets, in mines, etc., which, exploding in the air, presents a starlike appearance. 7. A person of brilliant and attractive qualities, especially on public occasions, as a distinguished orator, a leading theatrical performer, etc.
Lavish Honor showered all her stars .
is used in the formation of compound words generally of obvious signification: as, star
- roofed; star
-wreathed. Blazing star
, Double star
, Multiple star
, Shooting star
, etc. See under Blazing , Double , etc.
-- Nebulous star (Astron.)
, a small well- defined circular nebula, having a bright nucleus at its center like a star.
-- Star anise (Botany)
, any plant of the genus Illicium; -- so called from its star-shaped capsules.
-- Star apple (Botany)
, a tropical American tree ( Chrysophyllum Cainito ), having a milky juice and oblong leaves with a silky-golden pubescence beneath. It bears an applelike fruit, the carpels of which present a starlike figure when cut across. The name is extended to the whole genus of about sixty species, and the natural order ( Sapotaceæ ) to which it belongs is called the Star-apple family .
-- Star conner
, one who cons, or studies, the stars; an astronomer or an astrologer. Gascoigne.
-- Star coral (Zoology)
, any one of numerous species of stony corals belonging to Astræa , Orbicella , and allied genera, in which the calicles are round or polygonal and contain conspicuous radiating septa.
-- Star cucumber
. (Botany) See under Cucumber .
-- Star flower
. (Botany) (a) A plant of the genus Ornithogalum ; star-of-Bethlehem
. (b) See Starwort (b)
. (c) An American plant of the genus Trientalis ( Trientalis Americana )
-- Star fort (Fort.)
, a fort surrounded on the exterior with projecting angles; -- whence the name.
-- Star gauge (Ordnance)
, a long rod, with adjustable points projecting radially at its end, for measuring the size of different parts of the bore of a gun.
-- Star grass
. (Botany) (a) A small grasslike plant ( Hypoxis erecta ) having star-shaped yellow flowers
. (b) The colicroot. See Colicroot .
-- Star hyacinth (Botany)
, a bulbous plant of the genus Scilla ( S. autumnalis ); -- called also star-headed hyacinth .
-- Star jelly (Botany)
, any one of several gelatinous plants ( Nostoc commune , N. edule , etc.). See Nostoc .
-- Star lizard
. (Zoology) Same as Stellion .
-- Star- of-Bethlehem (Botany)
, a bulbous liliaceous plant ( Ornithogalum umbellatum ) having a small white starlike flower.
-- Star-of-the-earth (Botany) , a plant of the genus Plantago ( P. coronopus ), growing upon the seashore.
-- Star polygon (Geom.)
, a polygon whose sides cut each other so as to form a star-shaped figure.
-- Stars and Stripes
, a popular name for the flag of the United States, which consists of thirteen horizontal stripes, alternately red and white, and a union having, in a blue field, white stars to represent the several States, one for each.
With the old flag, the true American flag, the Eagle, and the Stars and Stripes , waving over the chamber in which we sit. D. Webster.
-- Star showers
. See Shooting star , under Shooting .
-- Star thistle (Botany)
, an annual composite plant ( Centaurea solstitialis ) having the involucre armed with radiating spines.
-- Star wheel (Machinery)
, a star-shaped disk, used as a kind of ratchet wheel, in repeating watches and the feed motions of some machines.
-- Star worm (Zoology)
, a gephyrean.
-- Temporary star (Astron.)
, a star which appears suddenly, shines for a period, and then nearly or quite disappears. These stars are supposed by some astronometers to be variable stars of long and undetermined periods.
-- Variable star (Astron.)
, a star whose brilliancy varies periodically, generally with regularity, but sometimes irregularly; -- called periodical star when its changes occur at fixed periods.
-- Water star grass (Botany)
, an aquatic plant ( Schollera graminea ) with small yellow starlike blossoms.
(stär) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Starred
(stärd); present participle & verbal noun Starring
.] To set or adorn with stars, or bright, radiating bodies; to bespangle; as, a robe starred with gems.
"A sable curtain starred
with gold." Young.
Star intransitive verb To be bright, or attract attention, as a star; to shine like a star; to be brilliant or prominent; to play a part as a theatrical star. W. Irving.
Star drift (Astron.) Similar and probably related motion of the stars of an asterism, as distinguished from apparent change of place due to solar motion.-- ##?? = star streaming? --
Star stereogram A view of the universe of brighter stars as it would appear to an observer transported into space outside or beyond our universe of stars.
Star-blind adjective Half blind.
Star-bowlines noun plural (Nautical) The men in the starboard watch. [ Obsolete] R. H. Dana, Jr.
Star-chamber noun [ So called (as conjectured by Blackstone) from being held in a room at the Exchequer where the chests containing certain Jewish comtracts and obligations called starrs (from the Hebrew shetar , pron. shtar ) were kept; or from the stars with which the ceiling is supposed to have been decorated.] (Eng. Hist.) An ancient high court exercising jurisdiction in certain cases, mainly criminal, which sat without the intervention of a jury. It consisted of the king's council, or of the privy council only with the addition of certain judges. It could proceed on mere rumor or examine witnesses; it could apply torture. It was abolished by the Long Parliament in 1641. Encyc. Brit.
Star-crossed adjective Not favored by the stars; ill-fated.
[ Poetic] Shak.
Such in my star-crossed destiny. Massinger.
[ Middle English sterbord
, Anglo-Saxon steórbord
, i.e., steer board. See Steer
, transitive verb
of a vessel, and confer Larboard
.] (Nautical) That side of a vessel which is on the right hand of a person who stands on board facing the bow; - - opposed to larboard , or port .
Starboard adjective (Nautical) Pertaining to the right-hand side of a ship; being or lying on the right side; as, the starboard quarter; starboard tack.
Starboard transitive verb (Nautical) To put to the right, or starboard, side of a vessel; as, to starboard the helm.
[ Anglo-Saxon stearc
stark, strong, rough. See Stark
.] Stiff; precise; rigid.
[ R.] Killingbeck.
[ From starch
stiff, confer German stärke
, from stark
strong.] 1. (Chemistry) A widely diffused vegetable substance found especially in seeds, bulbs, and tubers, and extracted (as from potatoes, corn, rice, etc.) as a white, glistening, granular or powdery substance, without taste or smell, and giving a very peculiar creaking sound when rubbed between the fingers. It is used as a food, in the production of commercial grape sugar, for stiffening linen in laundries, in making paste, etc.
» Starch is a carbohydrate, being the typical amylose, C 6
, and is detected by the fine blue color given to it by free iodine. It is not fermentable as such, but is changed by diastase into dextrin and maltose, and by heating with dilute acids into dextrose. Confer Sugar
, and Lichenin
. 2. Fig.: A stiff, formal manner; formality. Addison. Starch hyacinth (Botany)
, the grape hyacinth; -- so called because the flowers have the smell of boiled starch. See under Grape .
Starch transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Starched
; present participle & verbal noun Starching
.] To stiffen with starch.
1. Stiffened with starch. 2. Stiff; precise; formal. Swift.
Starchedness noun The quality or state of being starched; stiffness in manners; formality.
Starcher noun One who starches.
Starchly adverb In a starched or starch manner.
Starchness noun Of or pertaining to starched or starch; stiffness of manner; preciseness.
Starchwort noun (Botany) The cuckoopint, the tubers of which yield a fine quality of starch.
Starchy adjective Consisting of starch; resembling starch; stiff; precise.
Starcraft noun Astrology. [ R.] Tennyson.