Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Stanch transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Stanched ; present participle & verbal noun Stanching .] [ Old French estanchier , French étancher to stpo a liquid from flowing; akin to Pr., Spanish , & Portuguese estancar , Italian stancare to weary, Late Latin stancare , stagnare , to stanch, from Latin stagnare to be or make stagnant. See Stagnate .]
1. To stop the flowing of, as blood; to check; also, to stop the flowing of blood from; as, to stanch a wound. [ Written also staunch .]

Iron or a stone laid to the neck doth stanch the bleeding of the nose.
Bacon.

2. To extinguish; to quench, as fire or thirst. [ Obsolete]

Stanch intransitive verb To cease, as the flowing of blood.

Immediately her issue of blood stanched .
Luke viii. 44.

Stanch noun
1. That which stanches or checks. [ Obsolete]

2. A flood gate by which water is accumulated, for floating a boat over a shallow part of a stream by its release. Knight.

Stanch adjective [ Compar. Stancher ; superl. Stanchest .] [ From Stanch , transitive verb , and hence literally signifying, stopped or stayed; confer Spanish estanco stopped, tight, not leaky, as a ship. See Stanch , transitive verb ] [ Written also staunch .]
1. Strong and tight; sound; firm; as, a stanch ship.

One of the closets is parqueted with plain deal, set in diamond, exceeding stanch and pretty.
Evelyn.

2. Firm in principle; constant and zealous; loyal; hearty; steady; steadfast; as, a stanch churchman; a stanch friend or adherent. V. Knox.

In politics I hear you 're stanch .
Prior.

3. Close; secret; private. [ Obsolete]

This to be kept stanch .
Locke.

Stanch transitive verb To prop; to make stanch, or strong.

His gathered sticks to stanch the wall
Of the snow tower when snow should fall.
Emerson.

Stanchel noun A stanchion.

Stancher noun One who, or that which, stanches, or stops, the flowing, as of blood.

Stanchion noun [ Old French estanson , estançon , French étançon , from Old French estance a stay, a prop, from Latin stans , stantis , standing, present participle of stare to stand. See Stand , and confer Stanza .] [ Written also stanchel .]
1. (Architecture) A prop or support; a piece of timber in the form of a stake or post, used for a support or stay.

2. (Nautical) Any upright post or beam used as a support, as for the deck, the quarter rails, awnings, etc.

3. A vertical bar for confining cattle in a stall.

Stanchless adjective
1. Incapable of being stanched, or stopped.

2. Unquenchable; insatiable. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Stanchly adverb In a stanch manner.

Stanchness noun The quality or state of being stanch.

Stand intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Stood ; present participle & verbal noun Standing .] [ Middle English standen ; Anglo-Saxon standan ; akin to OFries. stonda , stān , Dutch staan , Old Saxon standan , stān , German stehen , Icelandic standa , Danish staae , Swedish stå , Goth. standan , Russian stoiate , Latin stare , Greek ... to cause to stand, ... to stand, Sanskrit sthā . √163. Confer Assist , Constant , Contrast , Desist , Destine , Ecstasy , Exist , Interstice , Obstacle , Obstinate , Prest , noun , Rest remainder, Soltice , Stable , adjective & noun , State , noun , Statute , Stead , Steed , Stool , Stud of horses, Substance , System .]
1. To be at rest in an erect position; to be fixed in an upright or firm position ; as: (a) To be supported on the feet, in an erect or nearly erect position; -- opposed to lie , sit , kneel , etc. "I pray you all, stand up!" Shak. (b) To continue upright in a certain locality, as a tree fixed by the roots, or a building resting on its foundation.

It stands as it were to the ground yglued.
Chaucer.

The ruined wall
Stands when its wind worn battlements are gone.
Byron.

2. To occupy or hold a place; to have a situation; to be situated or located; as, Paris stands on the Seine.

Wite ye not where there stands a little town?
Chaucer.

3. To cease from progress; not to proceed; to stop; to pause; to halt; to remain stationary.

I charge thee, stand ,
And tell thy name.
Dryden.

The star, which they saw in the east, went before them, till it came and stood over where the young child was.
Matt. ii. 9.

4. To remain without ruin or injury; to hold good against tendencies to impair or injure; to be permanent; to endure; to last; hence, to find endurance, strength, or resources.

My mind on its own center stands unmoved.
Dryden.

5. To maintain one's ground; to be acquitted; not to fail or yield; to be safe.

Readers by whose judgment I would stand or fall.
Spectator.

6. To maintain an invincible or permanent attitude; to be fixed, steady, or firm; to take a position in resistance or opposition. "The standing pattern of their imitation." South.

The king granted the Jews . . . to gather themselves together, and to stand for their life.
Esther viii. 11.

7. To adhere to fixed principles; to maintain moral rectitude; to keep from falling into error or vice.

We must labor so as to stand with godliness, according to his appointment.
Latimer.

8. To have or maintain a position, order, or rank; to be in a particular relation; as, Christian charity, or love, stands first in the rank of gifts.

9. To be in some particular state; to have essence or being; to be; to consist. "Sacrifices . . . which stood only in meats and drinks." Hebrew ix. 10.

Accomplish what your signs foreshow;
I stand resigned, and am prepared to go.
Dryden.

Thou seest how it stands with me, and that I may not tarry.
Sir W. Scott.

10. To be consistent; to agree; to accord.

Doubt me not; by heaven, I will do nothing
But what may stand with honor.
Massinger.

11. (Nautical) To hold a course at sea; as, to stand from the shore; to stand for the harbor.

From the same parts of heaven his navy stands .
Dryden.

12. To offer one's self, or to be offered, as a candidate.

He stood to be elected one of the proctors of the university.
Walton.

13. To stagnate; not to flow; to be motionless.

Or the black water of Pomptina stands .
Dryden.

14. To measure when erect on the feet.

Six feet two, as I think, he stands .
Tennyson.

15. (Law) (a) To be or remain as it is; to continue in force; to have efficacy or validity; to abide. Bouvier. (b) To appear in court. Burrill.

Stand by (Nautical) , a preparatory order, equivalent to Be ready . -- To stand against , to opposite; to resist. -- To stand by . (a) To be near; to be a spectator; to be present . (b) To be aside; to be aside with disregard . "In the interim [ we] let the commands stand by neglected." Dr. H. More. (c) To maintain; to defend; to support; not to desert; as, to stand by one's principles or party. (d) To rest on for support; to be supported by . Whitgift. -- To stand corrected , to be set right, as after an error in a statement of fact. Wycherley. -- To stand fast , to be fixed; to be unshaken or immovable. -- To stand firmly on , to be satisfied or convinced of. "Though Page be a secure fool, and stands so firmly on his wife's frailty." Shak. -- To stand for . (a) To side with; to espouse the cause of; to support; to maintain, or to profess or attempt to maintain; to defend. "I stand wholly for you." Shak. (b) To be in the place of; to be the substitute or to represent; as, a cipher at the left hand of a figure stands for nothing. "I will not trouble myself, whether these names stand for the same thing, or really include one another." Locke. -- To stand in , to cost. "The same standeth them in much less cost." Robynson (More's Utopia).

The Punic wars could not have stood the human race in less than three millions of the species.
Burke.

-- To stand in hand , to conduce to one's interest; to be serviceable or advantageous. -- To stand off . (a) To keep at a distance . (b) Not to comply . (c) To keep at a distance in friendship, social intercourse, or acquaintance . (d) To appear prominent; to have relief . "Picture is best when it standeth off , as if it were carved." Sir H. Wotton. -- To stand off and on (Nautical) , to remain near a coast by sailing toward land and then from it. -- To stand on (Nautical) , to continue on the same tack or course. -- To stand out . (a) To project; to be prominent . "Their eyes stand out with fatness." Psalm lxxiii. 7. (b) To persist in opposition or resistance; not to yield or comply; not to give way or recede.

His spirit is come in,
That so stood out against the holy church.
Shak.

-- To stand to . (a) To ply; to urge; to persevere in using . " Stand to your tackles, mates, and stretch your oars." Dryden. (b) To remain fixed in a purpose or opinion. "I will stand to it, that this is his sense." Bp. Stillingfleet. (c) To abide by; to adhere to; as to a contrast, assertion, promise, etc.; as, to stand to an award; to stand to one's word. (d) Not to yield; not to fly; to maintain, as one's ground . "Their lives and fortunes were put in safety, whether they stood to it or ran away." Bacon. (e) To be consistent with; to agree with; as, it stands to reason that he could not have done so. (f) To support; to uphold . " Stand to me in this cause." Shak. -- To stand together , to be consistent; to agree. -- To stand to sea (Nautical) , to direct the course from land. -- To stand under , to undergo; to withstand. Shak. -- To stand up . (a) To rise from sitting; to be on the feet . (b) To arise in order to speak or act . "Against whom, when the accusers stood up , they brought none accusation of such things as I supposed." Acts xxv. 18. (c) To rise and stand on end, as the hair. (d) To put one's self in opposition; to contend . "Once we stood up about the corn." Shak. - - To stand up for , to defend; to justify; to support, or attempt to support; as, to stand up for the administration. -- To stand upon . (a) To concern; to interest . (b) To value; to esteem . "We highly esteem and stand much upon our birth." Ray. (c) To insist on; to attach much importance to; as, to stand upon security; to stand upon ceremony. (d) To attack; to assault. [ A Hebraism] "So I stood upon him, and slew him." 2 Sam. i. 10. -- To stand with , to be consistent with. "It stands with reason that they should be rewarded liberally." Sir J. Davies.

Stand transitive verb
1. To endure; to sustain; to bear; as, I can not stand the cold or the heat.

2. To resist, without yielding or receding; to withstand. "Love stood the siege." Dryden.

He stood the furious foe.
Pope.

3. To abide by; to submit to; to suffer.

Bid him disband his legions, . . .
And stand the judgment of a Roman senate.
Addison.

4. To set upright; to cause to stand; as, to stand a book on the shelf; to stand a man on his feet.

5. To be at the expense of; to pay for; as, to stand a treat. [ Colloq.] Thackeray.

To stand fire , to receive the fire of arms from an enemy without giving way. -- To stand one's ground , to keep the ground or station one has taken; to maintain one's position. "Peasants and burghers, however brave, are unable to stand their ground against veteran soldiers." Macaulay. -- To stand trial , to sustain the trial or examination of a cause; not to give up without trial.

Stand noun [ As. stand . See Stand , intransitive verb ]
1. The act of standing.

I took my stand upon an eminence . . . to look into thier several ladings.
Spectator.

2. A halt or stop for the purpose of defense, resistance, or opposition; as, to come to, or to make, a stand .

Vice is at stand , and at the highest flow.
Dryden.

3. A place or post where one stands; a place where one may stand while observing or waiting for something.

I have found you out a stand most fit,
Where you may have such vantage on the duke,
He shall not pass you.
Shak.

4. A station in a city or town where carriages or wagons stand for hire; as, a cab stand . Dickens.

5. A raised platform or station where a race or other outdoor spectacle may be viewed; as, the judge's or the grand stand at a race course.

6. A small table; also, something on or in which anything may be laid, hung, or placed upright; as, a hat stand ; an umbrella stand ; a music stand .

7. A place where a witness stands to testify in court.

8. The situation of a shop, store, hotel, etc.; as, a good, bad, or convenient stand for business. [ U. S.]

9. Rank; post; station; standing.

Father, since your fortune did attain
So high a stand , I mean not to descend.
Daniel.

10. A state of perplexity or embarrassment; as, to be at a stand what to do. L'Estrange.

11. A young tree, usually reserved when other trees are cut; also, a tree growing or standing upon its own root, in distinction from one produced from a scion set in a stock, either of the same or another kind of tree.

12. (Com.) A weight of from two hundred and fifty to three hundred pounds, -- used in weighing pitch.

Microscope stand , the instrument, excepting the eyepiece, objective, and other removable optical parts. -- Stand of ammunition , the projectile, cartridge, and sabot connected together. -- Stand of arms . (Mil.) See under Arms . -- Stand of colors (Mil.) , a single color, or flag. Wilhelm (Mil. Dict.) -- To be at a stand , to be stationary or motionless; to be at a standstill; hence, to be perplexed; to be embarrassed. -- To make a stand , to halt for the purpose of offering resistance to a pursuing enemy.

Syn. -- Stop; halt; rest; interruption; obstruction; perplexity; difficulty; embarrassment; hesitation.

Stand intransitive verb (Card Playing) To be, or signify that one is, willing to play with one's hand as dealt.

Stand-by noun One who, or that which, stands by one in need; something upon which one relies for constant use or in an emergency.

Standage noun (Mining) A reservior in which water accumulates at the bottom of a mine.

Standard noun [ Old French estendart , French étendard , probably from Latin extendere to spread out, extend, but influenced by English stand . See Extend .]
1. A flag; colors; a banner; especially, a national or other ensign.

His armies, in the following day,
On those fair plains their standards proud display.
Fairfax.

2. That which is established by authority as a rule for the measure of quantity, extent, value, or quality; esp., the original specimen weight or measure sanctioned by government, as the standard pound, gallon, or yard.

3. That which is established as a rule or model by authority, custom, or general consent; criterion; test.

The court, which used to be the standard of property and correctness of speech.
Swift.

A disposition to preserve, and an ability to improve, taken together, would be my standard of a statesman.
Burke.

4. (Coinage) The proportion of weights of fine metal and alloy established by authority.

By the present standard of the coinage, sixty- two shillings is coined out of one pound weight of silver.
Arbuthnot.

5. (Hort.) A tree of natural size supported by its own stem, and not dwarfed by grafting on the stock of a smaller species nor trained upon a wall or trellis.

In France part of their gardens is laid out for flowers, others for fruits; some standards , some against walls.
Sir W. Temple.

6. (Botany) The upper petal or banner of a papilionaceous corolla.

7. (Mech. & Carp.) An upright support, as one of the poles of a scaffold; any upright in framing.

8. (Shipbuilding) An inverted knee timber placed upon the deck instead of beneath it, with its vertical branch turned upward from that which lies horizontally.

9. The sheth of a plow.

10. A large drinking cup. Greene.

Standard bearer , an officer of an army, company, or troop, who bears a standard; -- commonly called color sergeant or color bearer ; hence, the leader of any organization; as, the standard bearer of a political party.

Standard adjective
1. Being, affording, or according with, a standard for comparison and judgment; as, standard time; standard weights and measures; a standard authority as to nautical terms; standard gold or silver.

2. Hence: Having a recognized and permanent value; as, standard works in history; standard authors.

3. (Hort.) (a) Not supported by, or fastened to, a wall; as, standard fruit trees. (b) Not of the dwarf kind; as, a standard pear tree.

Standard candle , Standard gauge . See under Candle , and Gauge . - - Standard solution . (Chemistry) See Standardized solution , under Solution .

Standard-bred adjective Bred in conformity to a standard. Specif., applied to a registered trotting horse which comes up to the standard adopted by the National Association of Trotting-horse Breeders. [ U. S.]

Standard-wing noun (Zoology) A curious paradise bird ( Semioptera Wallacii ) which has two long special feathers standing erect on each wing.

Standardize transitive verb (Chemistry) To reduce to a normal standard; to calculate or adjust the strength of, by means of, and for uses in, analysis.

Standel noun A young tree, especially one reserved when others are cut. [ Obsolete] Fuller.

Stander noun
1. One who stands.

2. Same as Standel . [ Obsolete] Ascham.

Stander-by noun One who stands near; one who is present; a bystander.

Standergrass noun (Botany) A plant ( Orchis mascula ); -- called also standerwort , and long purple . See Long purple , under Long .

Standgale noun See Stannel . [ Prov. Eng.]

Standing adjective
1. Remaining erect; not cut down; as, standing corn.

2. Not flowing; stagnant; as, standing water.

3. Not transitory; not liable to fade or vanish; lasting; as, a standing color.

4. Established by law, custom, or the like; settled; continually existing; permanent; not temporary; as, a standing army; legislative bodies have standing rules of proceeding and standing committees.

5. Not movable; fixed; as, a standing bed (distinguished from a trundle -bed).

Standing army . See Standing army , under Army . -- Standing bolt . See Stud bolt , under Stud , a stem. -- Standing committee , in legislative bodies, etc., a committee appointed for the consideration of all subjects of a particular class which shall arise during the session or a stated period. -- Standing cup , a tall goblet, with a foot and a cover. -- Standing finish (Architecture) , that part of the interior fittings, esp. of a dwelling house, which is permanent and fixed in its place, as distinguished from doors, sashes, etc. -- Standing order (Eccl.) , the denomination (Congregiational) established by law; -- a term formerly used in Connecticut. See also under Order . -- Standing part . (Nautical) (a) That part of a tackle which is made fast to a block, point, or other object . (b) That part of a rope around which turns are taken with the running part in making a knot of the like. -- Standing rigging (Nautical) , the cordage or rope which sustain the masts and remain fixed in their position, as the shrouds and stays, -- distinguished from running rigging .

Standing noun
1. The act of stopping, or coming to a stand; the state of being erect upon the feet; stand.

2. Maintenance of position; duration; duration or existence in the same place or condition; continuance; as, a custom of long standing ; an officer of long standing .

An ancient thing of long standing .
Bunyan.

3. Place to stand in; station; stand.

I will provide you a good standing to see his entry.
Bacon.

I think in deep mire, where there is no standing .
Ps. lxix. 2.

4. Condition in society; relative position; reputation; rank; as, a man of good standing , or of high standing .

Standing off (Nautical) , sailing from the land. -- Standing on (Nautical) , sailing toward land.

Standish noun [ Stand + dish .] A stand, or case, for pen and ink.

I bequeath to Dean Swift, Esq., my large silver standish .
Swift.

Standpipe noun
1. (Engineering) A vertical pipe, open at the top, between a hydrant and a reservoir, to equalize the flow of water; also, a large vertical pipe, near a pumping engine, into which water is forced up, so as to give it sufficient head to rise to the required level at a distance.

2. (Steam Boiler) A supply pipe of sufficient elevation to enable the water to flow into the boiler, notwithstanding the pressure of the steam. Knight.

Standpoint noun [ Confer German standpunkt .] A fixed point or station; a basis or fundamental principle; a position from which objects or principles are viewed, and according to which they are compared and judged.

Standstill noun A standing without moving forward or backward; a stop; a state or rest.

Stane noun A stone. [ Scot. & Prov. Eng.]

Stang imperfect of Sting . [ Archaic]

Stang noun [ Middle English stange , of Scand. or Dutch origin; confer Icelandic stöng , akin to Danish stang , Swedish stång , Dutch stang , German stange , Old High German stanga , Anglo-Saxon steng ; from the root of English sting .]
1. A long bar; a pole; a shaft; a stake.

2. In land measure, a pole, rod, or perch. [ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.] Swift.

Stang ball , a projectile consisting of two half balls united by a bar; a bar shot. See Illust. of Bar shot , under Bar . -- To ride the stang , to be carried on a pole on men's shoulders. This method of punishing wife beaters, etc., was once in vogue in some parts of England.

Stang intransitive verb [ Akin to sting ; confer Icelandic stanga to prick, to goad.] To shoot with pain. [ Prov. Eng.]

Stanhope noun A light two- wheeled, or sometimes four-wheeled, carriage, without a top; -- so called from Lord Stanhope , for whom it was contrived.

Staniel noun (Zoology) See Stannel .

Stanielry noun Hawking with staniels, -- a base kind of falconry. [ Obsolete]

Stank adjective [ Old French estanc , or Italian stanco . See Stanch , adjective ] Weak; worn out. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

Stank intransitive verb [ Confer Swedish stånka to pant. √165.] To sigh. [ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.]

Stank imperfect of Stink . Stunk.

Stank noun [ Old French estang , French étang , from Latin stagnum a pool. Confer Stagnate , Tank a cistern.]
1. Water retained by an embankment; a pool water. [ Prov. Eng. & Scot.] Robert of Brunne.

2. A dam or mound to stop water. [ Prov. Eng.]

Stank hen (Zoology) , the moor hen; -- called also stankie . [ Prov. Eng.]

Stannary adjective [ Latin stannum tin, an alloy of silver and lead.] Of or pertaining to tin mines, or tin works.

The stannary courts of Devonshire and Cornwall, for the administration of justice among the tinners therein, are also courts of record.
Blackstone.

Stannary noun ; plural Stannaries . [ Late Latin stannaria .] A tin mine; tin works. Bp. Hall.

Stannate noun [ Confer French stannate .] (Chemistry) A salt of stannic acid.

Stannel noun [ Anglo-Saxon stāngella , stangilla ; properly, stone yeller, i. e. , a bird that yells from the rocks. See Stone , and Yell , and confer Stonegall .] (Zoology) The kestrel; -- called also standgale , standgall , stanchel , stand hawk , stannel hawk , steingale , stonegall . [ Written also staniel , stannyel , and stanyel .]

With what wing the staniel checks at it.
Shak.

Stannic adjective [ Latin stannum tin: confer French stannique .] (Chemistry) Of or pertaining to tin; derived from or containing tin; specifically, designating those compounds in which the element has a higher valence as contrasted with stannous compounds.

Stannic acid . (a) A hypothetical substance, Sn(OH) 4 , analogous to silic acid, and called also normal stannic acid . (b) Metastannic acid. -- Stannic chloride , a thin, colorless, fuming liquid, SnCl 4 , used as a mordant in calico printing and dyeing; -- formerly called spirit of tin , or fuming liquor of Libavius . -- Stannic oxide , tin oxide, SnO 2 , produced artificially as a white amorphous powder, and occurring naturally in the mineral cassiterite. It is used in the manufacture of white enamels, and, under the name of putty powder , for polishing glass, etc.

Ständerath, Ständerat noun [ G.] (Switzerland) See Legislature , above.