Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Stating noun The act of one who states anything; statement; as, the stating of one's opinions.
[ French, from Latin statio
, from stare
, to stand. See Stand
.] 1. The act of standing; also, attitude or pose in standing; posture.
A station like the herald, Mercury. Shak.
Their manner was to stand at prayer, whereupon their meetings unto that purpose . . . had the names of stations given them. Hooker. 2. A state of standing or rest; equilibrium.
All progression is performed by drawing on or impelling forward some part which was before in station , or at quiet. Sir T. Browne. 3. The spot or place where anything stands, especially where a person or thing habitually stands, or is appointed to remain for a time; as, the station of a sentinel.
Specifically: (a) A regular stopping place in a stage road or route; a place where railroad trains regularly come to a stand, for the convenience of passengers, taking in fuel, moving freight, etc. (b) The headquarters of the police force of any precinct. (c) The place at which an instrument is planted, or observations are made, as in surveying. (d) (Biol.) The particular place, or kind of situation, in which a species naturally occurs; a habitat. (e) (Nautical) A place to which ships may resort, and where they may anchor safely. (f) A place or region to which a government ship or fleet is assigned for duty. (g) (Mil.) A place calculated for the rendezvous of troops, or for the distribution of them; also, a spot well adapted for offensive measures. Wilhelm (Mil. Dict.) . (h) (Mining) An enlargement in a shaft or galley, used as a landing, or passing place, or for the accomodation of a pump, tank, etc. 4. Post assigned; office; the part or department of public duty which a person is appointed to perform; sphere of duty or occupation; employment.
By spending this day [ Sunday] in religious exercises, we acquire new strength and resolution to perform God's will in our several stations the week following. R. Nelson. 5. Situation; position; location.
The fig and date -- why love they to remain Prior. 6. State; rank; condition of life; social status.
In middle station , and an even plain?
The greater part have kept, I see, Milton.
Their station .
They in France of the best rank and station . Shak. 7. (Eccl.) (a) The fast of the fourth and sixth days of the week, Wednesday and Friday, in memory of the council which condemned Christ, and of his passion. (b) (R. C. Ch.) A church in which the procession of the clergy halts on stated days to say stated prayers. Addis & Arnold. (c) One of the places at which ecclesiastical processions pause for the performance of an act of devotion; formerly, the tomb of a martyr, or some similarly consecrated spot; now, especially, one of those representations of the successive stages of our Lord's passion which are often placed round the naves of large churches and by the side of the way leading to sacred edifices or shrines, and which are visited in rotation, stated services being performed at each; -- called also Station of the cross . Fairholt. Station bill
. (Nautical) Same as Quarter bill , under Quarter .
-- Station house
. (a) The house serving for the headquarters of the police assigned to a certain district, and as a place of temporary confinement
. (b) The house used as a shelter at a railway station.
-- Station master
, one who has charge of a station, esp. of a railway station.
-- Station pointer (Surv.)
, an instrument for locating on a chart the position of a place from which the angles subtended by three distant objects, whose positions are known, have been observed.
-- Station staff (Surv.)
, an instrument for taking angles in surveying. Craig. Syn.
. In the United States, a stopping place on a railway for passengers and freight is commonly called a depot
: but to a considerable extent in official use, and in common speech, the more appropriate name, station
, has been adopted.
Station transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Stationed
; present participle & verbal noun Stationing
.] To place; to set; to appoint or assign to the occupation of a post, place, or office; as, to station troops on the right of an army; to station a sentinel on a rampart; to station ships on the coasts of Africa.
He gained the brow of the hill, where the English phalanx was stationed . Lyttelton.
Station noun In Australia, a sheep run or cattle run, together with the buildings belonging to it; also, the homestead and buildings belonging to such a run.
Stational adjective [ Latin stationalis : confer French stationnale ( église ).] Of or pertaining to a station. [ R.]
Stationariness noun The quality or state of being stationary; fixity.
[ Latin stationarius
: confer French stationnaire
. Confer Stationer
.] 1. Not moving; not appearing to move; stable; fixed.
Charles Wesley, who is a more stationary man, does not believe the story. Southey. 2. Not improving or getting worse; not growing wiser, greater, better, more excellent, or the contrary. 3. Appearing to be at rest, because moving in the line of vision; not progressive or retrograde, as a planet. Stationary air (Physiol.)
, the air which under ordinary circumstances does not leave the lungs in respiration.
-- Stationary engine
. (a) A steam engine thet is permanently placed, in distinction from a portable engine, locomotive, marine engine, etc.
Specifically: (b) A factory engine, in distinction from a blowing, pumping, or other kind of engine which is also permanently placed.
; plural -ries One who, or that which, is stationary, as a planet when apparently it has neither progressive nor retrograde motion. Holland.
[ Confer Stationary
] 1. A bookseller or publisher; -- formerly so called from his occupying a stand, or station , in the market place or elsewhere.
[ Obsolete] Dryden. 2. One who sells paper, pens, quills, inkstands, pencils, blank books, and other articles used in writing.
Stationery noun The articles usually sold by stationers, as paper, pens, ink, quills, blank books, etc.
Stationery adjective Belonging to, or sold by, a stationer.
[ From State
.] The art of governing a state; statecraft; policy.
The enemies of God . . . call our religion statism . South.
[ From State
.] 1. A statesman; a politician; one skilled in government.
Statists indeed, Milton. 2. A statistician. Fawcett.
And lovers of their country.
Statistic, Statistical adjective [ Confer French statistique .] Of or pertaining to statistics; as, statistical knowledge, statistical tabulation.
Statistically adverb In the way of statistics.
Statistician noun [ Confer French statisticien .] One versed in statistics; one who collects and classifies facts for statistics.
[ Confer French statistique
, German statistik
. See State
] 1. The science which has to do with the collection and classification of certain facts respecting the condition of the people in a state.
[ In this sense gramatically singular.] 2. plural Classified facts respecting the condition of the people in a state, their health, their longevity, domestic economy, arts, property, and political strength, their resources, the state of the country, etc., or respecting any particular class or interest; especially, those facts which can be stated in numbers, or in tables of numbers, or in any tabular and classified arrangement.
.] See Statistics , 2.
Stative adjective [ Latin stativus , from stare , statum , to stand.] (Mil.) Of or pertaining to a fixed camp, or military posts or quarters. [ Obsolete or R.]
[ Greek ... standing ( i. e.
, remaining) + -blast
.] (Zoology) One of a peculiar kind of internal buds, or germs, produced in the interior of certain Bryozoa and sponges, especially in the fresh- water species; -- also called winter buds .
» They are protected by a firm covering, and are usually destined to perpetuate the species during the winter season. They burst open and develop in the spring. In some fresh-water sponges they serve to preserve the species during the dry season. See Illust.
Statocracy noun [ State + -cracy , as in democracy .] Government by the state, or by political power, in distinction from government by ecclesiastical power. [ R.] O. A. Brownson.
Stator noun (Machinery) A stationary part in or about which another part (the rotor) revolves, esp. when both are large; as, (a) (Electricity) The stationary member of an electrical machine, as of an induction motor. (b) (Steam Turbine) The case inclosing a turbine wheel; the body of stationary blades or nozzles.
[ Latin ] A statue.
They spake not a word; Shak.
But, like dumb statuas or breathing stones,
Gazed each on other.
; plural Statuaries
. [ Latin statuarius
, noun , from statuarius
, adjective , of or belonging to statues, from statua
statue: confer French statuaire
. See Statue
.] 1. One who practices the art of making statues.
On other occasions the statuaries took their subjects from the poets. Addison. 2.
[ Latin statuaria
): confer French statuaire
.] The art of carving statues or images as representatives of real persons or things; a branch of sculpture. Sir W. Temple. 3. A collection of statues; statues, collectively.
[ French, from Latin statua
(akin to stativus
standing still), from stare
, to stand. See Stand
.] 1. The likeness of a living being sculptured or modeled in some solid substance, as marble, bronze, or wax; an image; as, a statue of Hercules, or of a lion.
I will raise her statue in pure gold. Shak. 2. A portrait.
[ Obsolete] Massinger.
Statue transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Statued
; present participle & verbal noun Statuing
.] To place, as a statue; to form a statue of; to make into a statue.
"The whole man becomes as if statued
into stone and earth." Feltham.
Statued adjective Adorned with statues. "The statued hall." Longfellow. " Statued niches." G. Eliot.
Statueless adjective Without a statue.
Statuelike adjective Like a statue; motionless.
Statuesque adjective Partaking of, or exemplifying, the characteristics of a statue; having the symmetry, or other excellence, of a statue artistically made; as, statuesque limbs; a statuesque attitude.
Their characters are mostly statuesque even in this respect, that they have no background. Hare.
Statuesquely adverb In a statuesque manner; in a way suggestive of a statue; like a statue.
A character statuesquely simple in its details. Lowell.
[ French, confer Italian statuetta
.] A small statue; -- usually applied to a figure much less than life size, especially when of marble or bronze, or of plaster or clay as a preparation for the marble or bronze, as distinguished from a figure in terra cotta or the like. Confer Figurine .
Statuminate transitive verb [ Latin statuminatus , past participle of statuminare to prop, from statumen a prop, from statuere to place.] To prop or support. [ Obsolete] B. Jonson.
[ French stature
, Old French estature
, from Latin statura
, originally, an upright posture, hence, height or size of the body, from stare
, to stand. See Stand
.] The natural height of an animal body; -- generally used of the human body.
Foreign men of mighty stature came. Dryden.
Statured adjective Arrived at full stature. [ R.]
Status noun [ Latin ] State; condition; position of affairs.
Status in quo Sta"tus quo" [ Latin , state in which.] The state in which anything is already. The phrase is also used retrospectively, as when, on a treaty of place, matters return to the status quo ante bellum , or are left in statu quo ante bellum , i.e., the state (or, in the state) before the war.
1. Made or introduced by statute; proceeding from an act of the legistature; as, a statutable provision or remedy. 2. Made or being in conformity to statute; standard; as, statutable measures.
Statutably adverb Conformably to statute.
[ French statut
, Late Latin statutum
, from Latin statutus
, past participle of statuere
to set, station, ordain, from status
position, station, from stare
, to stand. See Stand
, and confer Constitute
.] 1. An act of the legislature of a state or country, declaring, commanding, or prohibiting something; a positive law; the written will of the legislature expressed with all the requisite forms of legislation; -- used in distinction fraom common law . See Common law , under Common , adjective Bouvier.
is commonly applied to the acts of a legislative body consisting of representatives. In monarchies, legislature laws of the sovereign are called edicts
, etc. In works on international law and in the Roman law, the term is used as embracing all laws imposed by competent authority. Statutes in this sense are divided into statutes real, statutes personal, and statutes mixed; statutes real
applying to immovables; statutes personal
to movables; and statutes mixed
to both classes of property. 2. An act of a corporation or of its founder, intended as a permanent rule or law; as, the statutes of a university. 3. An assemblage of farming servants (held possibly by statute) for the purpose of being hired; -- called also statute fair .
[ Eng.] Confer 3d Mop
, 2. Halliwell. Statute book
, a record of laws or legislative acts. Blackstone.
-- Statute cap
, a kind of woolen cap; -- so called because enjoined to be worn by a statute, dated in 1571, in behalf of the trade of cappers.
[ Obsolete] Halliwell.
-- Statute fair
. See Statute , noun , 3, above.
-- Statute labor
, a definite amount of labor required for the public service in making roads, bridges, etc., as in certain English colonies.
-- Statute merchant (Eng. Law)
, a bond of record pursuant to the stat. 13 Edw. I., acknowledged in form prescribed, on which, if not paid at the day, an execution might be awarded against the body, lands, and goods of the debtor, and the obligee might hold the lands until out of the rents and profits of them the debt was satisfied; -- called also a pocket judgment . It is now fallen into disuse. Tomlins. Bouvier.
-- Statute mile
. See under Mile .
-- Statute of limitations (Law)
, a statute assigned a certain time, after which rights can not be enforced by action.
-- Statute staple
, a bond of record acknowledged before the mayor of the staple, by virtue of which the creditor may, on nonpayment, forthwith have execution against the body, lands, and goods of the debtor, as in the statute merchant . It is now disused. Blackstone. Syn.
-- Act; regulation; edict; decree. See Law
Statutory adjective Enacted by statute; depending on statute for its authority; as, a statutory provision.
Staurolite noun [ Greek ... a cross + -lite .] (Min.) A mineral of a brown to black color occurring in prismatic crystals, often twinned so as to form groups resembling a cross. It is a silicate of aluminia and iron, and is generally found imbedded in mica schist. Called also granatite , and grenatite .
Staurolitic adjective (Min.) Of or pertaining to staurolite; resembling or containing staurolite.
Stauroscope noun [ Greek ... a cross + -scope .] (Crystallog.) An optical instrument used in determining the position of the planes of light-vibration in sections of crystals.
Staurotide noun [ French staurotide , from Greek ... cruciform (from Greek ... a cross) + ... form.] (Min.) Staurolite.
[ From Staff
, and corresponding to the plural staves
. See Staff
.] 1. One of a number of narrow strips of wood, or narrow iron plates, placed edge to edge to form the sides, covering, or lining of a vessel or structure; esp., one of the strips which form the sides of a cask, a pail, etc. 2. One of the cylindrical bars of a lantern wheel; one of the bars or rounds of a rack, a ladder, etc. 3. A metrical portion; a stanza; a staff.
Let us chant a passing stave Wordsworth. 4. (Mus.) The five horizontal and parallel lines on and between which musical notes are written or pointed; the staff.
In honor of that hero brave.
[ Obsolete] Stave jointer
, a machine for dressing the edges of staves.
Stave transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Staved
; present participle & verbal noun Staving
.] [ From Stave
, or Staff
] 1. To break in a stave or the staves of; to break a hole in; to burst; -- often with in ; as, to stave a cask; to stave in a boat. 2. To push, as with a staff; -- with off .
The condition of a servant staves him off to a distance. South. 3. To delay by force or craft; to drive away; -- usually with off ; as, to stave off the execution of a project.
And answered with such craft as women use, Tennyson. 4. To suffer, or cause, to be lost by breaking the cask.
Guilty or guilties, to stave off a chance
That breaks upon them perilously.
All the wine in the city has been staved . Sandys. 5. To furnish with staves or rundles. Knolles. 6. To render impervious or solid by driving with a calking iron; as, to stave lead, or the joints of pipes into which lead has been run. To stave and tail
, in bear baiting, ( to stave ) to interpose with the staff, doubtless to stop the bear; ( to tail ) to hold back the dog by the tail. Nares.
Stave intransitive verb To burst in pieces by striking against something; to dash into fragments.
Like a vessel of glass she stove and sank. Longfellow.
; plural of Staff .
"Banners, scarves and staves
." R. Browning.
Also (stāvz), plural of Stave .