Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Star-read noun Doctrine or knowledge of the stars; star lore; astrology; astronomy.
Which in star-read were wont have best insight. Spenser.
Star-spangled adjective Spangled or studded with stars. Star-spangled banner , the popular name for the national ensign of the United States. F. S. Key.
[ Anglo-Saxon stær
. See Starling
.] (Zoology) The starling.
Stare intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle stared
; present participle & verbal noun staring
.] [ Anglo-Saxon starian
; akin to LG. & Dutch staren
, Old High German starēn
, German starren
, Icelandic stara
; confer Icelandic stira
, Danish stirre
, Swedish stirra
, and German starr
stiff, rigid, fixed, Greek ... solid (E. stereo-
), Sanskrit sthira
firm, strong. √166. Confer Sterile
.] 1. To look with fixed eyes wide open, as through fear, wonder, surprise, impudence, etc.; to fasten an earnest and prolonged gaze on some object.
For ever upon the ground I see thee stare . Chaucer.
Look not big, nor stamp, nor stare , nor fret. Shak. 2. To be very conspicuous on account of size, prominence, color, or brilliancy; as, staring windows or colors. 3. To stand out; to project; to bristle.
Makest my blood cold, and my hair to stare . Shak.
Take off all the staring straws and jags in the hive. Mortimer. Syn.
-- To gaze; to look earnestly. See Gaze
Stare transitive verb To look earnestly at; to gaze at.
I will stare him out of his wits. Shak. To stare in the face
, to be before the eyes, or to be undeniably evident.
"The law . . . stares
them in the face
whilst they are breaking it." Locke.
Stare noun The act of staring; a fixed look with eyes wide open. "A dull and stupid stare ." Churchill.
Starer noun One who stares, or gazes.
. Starved. Chaucer.
Starfinch noun (Zoology) The European redstart.
Starfish noun 1. (Zoology) Any one of numerous species of echinoderms belonging to the class Asterioidea, in which the body is star-shaped and usually has five rays, though the number of rays varies from five to forty or more. The rays are often long, but are sometimes so short as to appear only as angles to the disklike body. Called also sea star , five-finger , and stellerid .
» The ophiuroids are also sometimes called starfishes. See Brittle star
, and Ophiuroidea
. 2. (Zoology) The dollar fish, or butterfish.
1. One who gazes at the stars; an astrologer; sometimes, in derision or contempt, an astronomer. 2. (Zoology) Any one of several species of spiny-rayed marine fishes belonging to Uranoscopus , Astroscopus , and allied genera, of the family Uranoscopidæ . The common species of the Eastern United States are Astroscopus anoplus , and A. guttatus . So called from the position of the eyes, which look directly upward.
1. The act or practice of observing the stars with attention; contemplation of the stars as connected with astrology or astronomy. Swift. 2. Hence, absent-mindedness; abstraction.
Staringly adverb With a staring look.
[ Compar. Starker
; superl. Starkest
.] [ Middle English stark
stiff, strong, Anglo-Saxon stearc
; akin to Old Saxon starc
strong, Dutch sterk
, Old High German starc
, G. & Swedish stark
, Danish stærk
, Icelandic sterkr
, Goth. ga staúrknan
to become dried up, Lithuanian strëgti
to stiffen, to freeze. Confer Starch
] 1. Stiff; rigid. Chaucer.
Whose senses all were straight benumbed and stark . Spenser.
His heart gan wax as stark as marble stone. Spenser.
Many a nobleman lies stark and stiff Shak.
Under the hoofs of vaunting enemies.
The north is not so stark and cold. B. Jonson. 2. Complete; absolute; full; perfect; entire.
Consider the stark security B. Jonson. 3. Strong; vigorous; powerful.
The common wealth is in now.
A stark , moss-trooping Scot. Sir W. Scott.
Stark beer, boy, stout and strong beer. Beau. & Fl. 4. Severe; violent; fierce.
[ Obsolete] "In starke
stours." [ i. e.
, in fierce combats]. Chaucer. 5. Mere; sheer; gross; entire; downright.
He pronounces the citation stark nonsense. Collier.
Rhetoric is very good or stark naught; there's no medium in rhetoric. Selden.
Stark adverb Wholly; entirely; absolutely; quite; as, stark mind. Shak.
Held him strangled in his arms till he was stark dead. Fuller. Stark naked
, wholly naked; quite bare.
Strip your sword stark naked . Shak.
» According to Professor Skeat, " stark-naked
" is derived from steort-naked
, or start-naked
, literally tail-naked
, and hence wholly naked
. If this etymology be true the preferable form is stark-naked
Stark transitive verb To stiffen.
If horror have not starked your limbs. H. Taylor.
Starkly adverb In a stark manner; stiffly; strongly.
Its onward force too starky pent Emerson.
In figure, bone, and lineament.
Starkness noun The quality or state of being stark.
Starless adjective Being without stars; having no stars visible; as, a starless night. Milton.
Starlight noun The light given by the stars.
Nor walk by moon, Milton.
Or glittering starlight , without thee is sweet.
Starlight adjective Lighted by the stars, or by the stars only; as, a starlight night.
A starlight evening and a morning fair. Dryden.
Starlike adjective 1. Resembling a star; stellated; radiated like a star; as, starlike flowers. 2. Shining; bright; illustrious. Dryden.
The having turned many to righteousness shall confer a starlike and immortal brightness. Boyle.
[ Middle English sterlyng
, a dim. of Middle English stare
, Anglo-Saxon stær
; akin to Anglo-Saxon stearn
, German star
, Old High German stara
, Icelandic starri
, Swedish stare
, Danish stær
, Latin sturnus
. Confer Stare
a starling.] 1. (Zoology) Any passerine bird belonging to Sturnus and allied genera. The European starling ( Sturnus vulgaris ) is dark brown or greenish black, with a metallic gloss, and spotted with yellowish white. It is a sociable bird, and builds about houses, old towers, etc. Called also stare , and starred . The pied starling of India is Sternopastor contra . 2. (Zoology) A California fish; the rock trout. 3. A structure of piles driven round the piers of a bridge for protection and support; -- called also sterling . Rose-colored starling
. (Zoology) See Pastor .
Starlit adjective Lighted by the stars; starlight.
Starmonger noun A fortune teller; an astrologer; -- used in contempt. B. Jonson.
Starn noun (Zoology) The European starling. [ Prov. Eng.]
Starnose noun (Zoology) A curious American mole ( Condylura cristata ) having the nose expanded at the end into a stellate disk; -- called also star- nosed mole .
Starost noun [ Pol. starosta , from stary old.] A nobleman who possessed a starosty. [ Poland]
Starosty noun A castle and domain conferred on a nobleman for life. [ Poland] Brande & C.
Starproof adjective Impervious to the light of the stars; as, a starproof elm. [ Poetic] Milton.
[ From Star
.] 1. Adorned or studded with stars; bespangled. 2. Influenced in fortune by the stars.
My third comfort, Shak.
Starred most unluckily.
Starriness noun The quality or state of being starry; as, the starriness of the heavens.
Starry adjective 1. Abounding with stars; adorned with stars.
"Above the starry
sky." Pope. 2. Consisting of, or proceeding from, the stars; stellar; stellary; as, starry light; starry flame.
Do not Christians and Heathens, Jews and Gentiles, poets and philosophers, unite in allowing the starry influence? Sir W. Scott. 3. Shining like stars; sparkling; as, starry eyes. 4. Arranged in rays like those of a star; stellate. Starry ray (Zoology)
, a European skate ( Raita radiata ); -- so called from the stellate bases of the dorsal spines.
Starshine noun The light of the stars.
The starshine lights upon our heads. R. Latin Stevenson.
Starstone noun (Min.) Asteriated sapphire.
Start intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle started
; present participle & verbal noun starting
.] [ Middle English sterten
; akin to Dutch storten
8hurl, rush, fall, German stürzen
, Old High German sturzen
to turn over, to fall, Swedish störa
to cast down, to fall, Danish styrte
, and probably also to English start
a tail; the original sense being, perhaps, to show the tail, to tumble over suddenly. √166. Confer Start
a tail.] 1. To leap; to jump.
[ Obsolete] 2. To move suddenly, as with a spring or leap, from surprise, pain, or other sudden feeling or emotion, or by a voluntary act.
And maketh him out of his sleep to start . Chaucer.
I start as from some dreadful dream. Dryden.
Keep your soul to the work when ready to start aside. I. Watts.
But if he start , Shak. 3. To set out; to commence a course, as a race or journey; to begin; as, to start business.
It is the flesh of a corrupted heart.
At once they start , advancing in a line. Dryden.
At intervals some bird from out the brakes Byron. 4. To become somewhat displaced or loosened; as, a rivet or a seam may start under strain or pressure. To start after
Starts into voice a moment, then is still.
, to set out after; to follow; to pursue.
-- To start against
, to act as a rival candidate against.
-- To start for
, to be a candidate for, as an office.
-- To start up
, to rise suddenly, as from a seat or couch; to come suddenly into notice or importance.
Start transitive verb 1. To cause to move suddenly; to disturb suddenly; to startle; to alarm; to rouse; to cause to flee or fly; as, the hounds started a fox.
Upon malicious bravery dost thou come Shak.
To start my quiet?
Brutus will start a spirit as soon as Cæsar. Shak. 2. To bring onto being or into view; to originate; to invent.
Sensual men agree in the pursuit of every pleasure they can start . Sir W. Temple. 3. To cause to move or act; to set going, running, or flowing; as, to start a railway train; to start a mill; to start a stream of water; to start a rumor; to start a business.
I was engaged in conversation upon a subject which the people love to start in discourse. Addison. 4. To move suddenly from its place or position; to displace or loosen; to dislocate; as, to start a bone; the storm started the bolts in the vessel.
One, by a fall in wrestling, started the end of the clavicle from the sternum. Wiseman. 5.
[ Perh. from Dutch storten
, which has this meaning also.] (Nautical) To pour out; to empty; to tap and begin drawing from; as, to start a water cask.
Start noun 1. The act of starting; a sudden spring, leap, or motion, caused by surprise, fear, pain, or the like; any sudden motion, or beginning of motion.
The fright awakened Arcite with a start . Dryden. 2. A convulsive motion, twitch, or spasm; a spasmodic effort.
For she did speak in starts distractedly. Shak.
Nature does nothing by starts and leaps, or in a hurry. L'Estrange. 3. A sudden, unexpected movement; a sudden and capricious impulse; a sally; as, starts of fancy.
To check the starts and sallies of the soul. Addison. 4. The beginning, as of a journey or a course of action; first motion from a place; act of setting out; the outset; -- opposed to finish .
The start of first performance is all. Bacon.
I see you stand like greyhounds in the slips, Shak. At a start
Straining upon the start .
, at once; in an instant.
At a start he was betwixt them two. Chaucer. To get
, or have
, the start
, to before another; to gain or have the advantage in a similar undertaking; -- usually with of .
" Get the start
of the majestic world." Shak.
"She might have forsaken him if he had not got the start
of her." Dryden.
[ Middle English stert
a tail, Anglo-Saxon steort
; akin to LG. stert
, Dutch staart
, German sterz
, Icelandic stertr
, Danish stiert
, Swedish stjert
. √166. Confer Stark naked
, under Stark
, intransitive verb
] 1. A tail, or anything projecting like a tail. 2. The handle, or tail, of a plow; also, any long handle.
[ Prov. Eng.] 3. The curved or inclined front and bottom of a water-wheel bucket. 4. (Mining) The arm, or level, of a gin, drawn around by a horse.
1. One who, or that which, starts; as, a starter on a journey; the starter of a race. 2. A dog that rouses game.
Startful adjective Apt to start; skittish. [ R.]
Startfulness noun Aptness to start. [ R.]
Starthroat noun (Zoology) Any humming bird of the genus Heliomaster . The feathers of the throat have a brilliant metallic luster.
Starting adjective & noun from Start , v. Starting bar (Steam Eng.)
, a hand lever for working the values in starting an engine.
-- Starting hole
, a loophole; evasion.
[ Obsolete] -- Starting point
, the point from which motion begins, or from which anything starts.
-- Starting post
, a post, stake, barrier, or place from which competitors in a race start, or begin the race.
Startingly adverb By sudden fits or starts; spasmodically. Shak.
Startish adjective Apt to start; skittish; shy; -- said especially of a horse. [ Colloq.]
Startle transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Startled
; present participle & verbal noun Startling
.] [ Freq. of start
.] To move suddenly, or be excited, on feeling alarm; to start.
Why shrinks the soul Addison.
Back on herself, and startles at destruction?
Startle transitive verb 1. To excite by sudden alarm, surprise, or apprehension; to frighten suddenly and not seriously; to alarm; to surprise.
The supposition, at least, that angels do sometimes assume bodies need not startle us. Locke. 2. To deter; to cause to deviate.
[ R.] Clarendon. Syn.
-- To start; shock; fright; frighten; alarm.
Startle noun A sudden motion or shock caused by an unexpected alarm, surprise, or apprehension of danger.
After having recovered from my first startle , I was very well pleased with the accident. Spectator.
Startlingly adverb In a startling manner.