Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Soubise (sō`bēz") noun
1. [ French] A sauce made of white onions and melted butter mixed with velouté sauce. 2. A kind of cravat worn by men in the late 18th century.
Soubrette noun [ French] A female servant or attendant; specifically, as a term of the theater, a lady's maid, in comedies, who acts the part of an intrigante; a meddlesome, mischievous female servant or young woman.
Souce noun See 1st Souse .
Souce transitive verb & i. See Souse .
[ Obsolete] penser.
Souchong noun [ Chin. seou chong little plant or sort.] A kind of black tea of a fine quality.
Soudan noun [ French] A sultan. [ Obsolete]
Souded, Soudet adjective
[ See Solder
.] United; consolidated; made firm; strengthened.
O martyr souded for virginity! Chaucer.
Souffle noun [ French] (Medicine) A murmuring or blowing sound; as, the uterine souffle heard over the pregnant uterus.
Soufflé noun [ French, from soufflé , past participle of souffler to puff.] (Cookery) A side dish served hot from the oven at dinner, made of eggs, milk, and flour or other farinaceous substance, beaten till very light, and flavored with fruits, liquors, or essence.
Soufflé adjective [ French, from soufflé , past participle of souffler to puff.]
1. (Ceramics) Decorated with very small drops or sprinkles of color, as if blown from a bellows. 2. (Cookery) Often Soufflée Filled with air by beating, and baked; as, an omelette soufflé .
Sough noun A sow. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Sough noun [ Etymol. uncertain.] A small drain; an adit. [ Prov. Eng.] W. M. Buchanan.
[ Confer Icelandic s...gr
(in comp.) a rushing sound, or Middle English swough
, a sound, Anglo-Saxon sw...gan
to rustle. Confer Surf
, intransitive verb
] 1. The sound produced by soughing; a hollow murmur or roaring.
The whispering leaves or solemn sough of the forest. W. Howitt. 2. Hence, a vague rumor or flying report.
[ Scot.] 3. A cant or whining mode of speaking, especially in preaching or praying.
[ Scot.] Jamieson.
Sough intransitive verb To whistle or sigh, as the wind.
Sought imperfect & past participle of Seek .
Souke transitive verb & i. To suck. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Soul adjective Sole. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Soul intransitive verb
[ French soûler
to satiate. See Soil
to feed.] To afford suitable sustenance.
[ Obsolete] Warner.
[ Middle English soule
, Anglo-Saxon sāwel
; akin to OFries. s...le
, Old Saxon s...ola
, Dutch ziel
, German seele
, Old High German s...la
, Icelandic sāla
, Swedish själ
, Danish siæl
, Goth. saiwala
; of uncertain origin, perhaps akin to Latin saeculum
a lifetime, age (cf. Secular
.)] 1. The spiritual, rational, and immortal part in man; that part of man which enables him to think, and which renders him a subject of moral government; -- sometimes, in distinction from the higher nature, or spirit, of man, the so-called animal soul, that is, the seat of life, the sensitive affections and phantasy, exclusive of the voluntary and rational powers; -- sometimes, in distinction from the mind, the moral and emotional part of man's nature, the seat of feeling, in distinction from intellect; -- sometimes, the intellect only; the understanding; the seat of knowledge, as distinguished from feeling . In a more general sense, "an animating, separable, surviving entity, the vehicle of individual personal existence." Tylor.
The eyes of our souls only then begin to see, when our bodily eyes are closing. Law. 2. The seat of real life or vitality; the source of action; the animating or essential part.
"The hidden soul
of harmony." Milton.
Thou sun, of this great world both eye and soul . Milton. 3. The leader; the inspirer; the moving spirit; the heart; as, the soul of an enterprise; an able general is the soul of his army.
He is the very soul of bounty! Shak. 4. Energy; courage; spirit; fervor; affection, or any other noble manifestation of the heart or moral nature; inherent power or goodness.
That he wants algebra he must confess; Young. 5. A human being; a person; -- a familiar appellation, usually with a qualifying epithet; as, poor soul .
But not a soul to give our arms success.
As cold waters to a thirsty soul , so is good news from a far country. Prov. xxv. 25.
God forbid so many simple souls Shak.
Should perish by the aword!
Now mistress Gilpin (careful soul ). Cowper. 6. A pure or disembodied spirit.
That to his only Son . . . every soul in heaven Milton.
Shall bend the knee.
is used in the formation of numerous compounds, most of which are of obvious signification; as, soul
- distracting, soul
-withering, etc. Syn.
-- Spirit; life; courage; fire; ardor. Cure of souls
. See Cure , noun , 2.
-- Soul bell
, the passing bell. Bp. Hall.
-- Soul foot
. See Soul scot , below.
[ Obsolete] -- Soul scot
or Soul shot
. [ Soul
, or shot
; confer Anglo-Saxon sāwelsceat
.] (O. Eccl. Law) A funeral duty paid in former times for a requiem for the soul. Ayliffe.
Soul transitive verb To indue with a soul; to furnish with a soul or mind. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Souled adjective Furnished with a soul; possessing soul and feeling; -- used chiefly in composition; as, great- souled Hector. "Grecian chiefs . . . largely souled ." Dryden.
Soulili noun (Zoology) A long-tailed, crested Javan monkey ( Semnopithecus mitratus ). The head, the crest, and the upper surface of the tail, are black.
Soulless adjective Being without a soul, or without greatness or nobleness of mind; mean; spiritless.
Slave, souless villain, dog! Shak.
Soullessly adverb In a soulless manner. Tylor.
Soun noun & v. Sound. [ Obsolete] aucer.
[ Anglo-Saxon sund
a swimming, akin to English swim
. See Swim
.] The air bladder of a fish; as, cod sounds are an esteemed article of food.
Sound noun (Zoology) A cuttlefish. [ Obsolete] Ainsworth.
[ Compar. Sounder
; superl. Soundest
.] [ Middle English sound
, Anglo-Saxon sund
; akin to D. ge zond
, G. ge sund
, Old High German gi sunt
, Dan. & Swedish sund
, and perhaps to Latin sanus
. Confer Sane
.] 1. Whole; unbroken; unharmed; free from flaw, defect, or decay; perfect of the kind; as, sound timber; sound fruit; a sound tooth; a sound ship. 2. Healthy; not diseased; not being in a morbid state; -- said of body or mind; as, a sound body; a sound constitution; a sound understanding. 3. Firm; strong; safe.
The brasswork here, how rich it is in beams, Chapman. 4. Free from error; correct; right; honest; true; faithful; orthodox; -- said of persons; as, a sound lawyer; a sound thinker.
And how, besides, it makes the whole house sound .
Do not I know you a favorer Shak. 5. Founded in truth or right; supported by justice; not to be overthrown on refuted; not fallacious; as, sound argument or reasoning; a sound objection; sound doctrine; sound principles.
Of this new seat? Ye are nor sound .
Hold fast the form of sound words, which thou hast heard of me. 2 Tim. i. 13. 6. heavy; laid on with force; as, a sound beating. 7. Undisturbed; deep; profound; as, sound sleep. 8. Founded in law; legal; valid; not defective; as, a sound title to land.
is sometimes used in the formation of self- explaining compounds; as, sound
-timbered, etc. Sound currency (Com.)
, a currency whose actual value is the same as its nominal value; a currency which does not deteriorate or depreciate or fluctuate in comparision with the standard of values.
Sound adverb Soundly.
So sound he slept that naught might him awake. Spenser.
Sound transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Sounded
; present participle & verbal noun Sounding
.] [ French sonder
; confer Anglo-Saxon sund
gyrd a sounding rod, sund
line a sounding line (see Sound
a narrow passage of water).] 1. To measure the depth of; to fathom; especially, to ascertain the depth of by means of a line and plummet. 2. Fig.: To ascertain, or try to ascertain, the thoughts, motives, and purposes of (a person); to examine; to try; to test; to probe.
I was in jest, Dryden.
And by that offer meant to sound your breast.
I've sounded my Numidians man by man. Addison. 3. (Medicine) To explore, as the bladder or urethra, with a sound; to examine with a sound; also, to examine by auscultation or percussion; as, to sound a patient.
Sound intransitive verb To ascertain the depth of water with a sounding line or other device.
I sound as a shipman soundeth in the sea with his plummet to know the depth of sea. Palsgrave.
[ French sonde
. See Sound
to fathom.] (Medicine) Any elongated instrument or probe, usually metallic, by which cavities of the body are sounded or explored, especially the bladder for stone, or the urethra for a stricture.
[ Middle English soun
, Old French son
, French son
, from Latin sonus
akin to Sanskrit svana
to sound, and perhaps to English swan
. Confer Assonant
.] 1. The peceived object occasioned by the impulse or vibration of a material substance affecting the ear; a sensation or perception of the mind received through the ear, and produced by the impulse or vibration of the air or other medium with which the ear is in contact; the effect of an impression made on the organs of hearing by an impulse or vibration of the air caused by a collision of bodies, or by other means; noise; report; as, the sound of a drum; the sound of the human voice; a horrid sound ; a charming sound ; a sharp, high, or shrill sound .
The warlike sound Milton. 2. The occasion of sound; the impulse or vibration which would occasion sound to a percipient if present with unimpaired; hence, the theory of vibrations in elastic media such cause sound; as, a treatise on sound .
Of trumpets loud and clarions.
» In this sense, sounds are spoken of as audible
. 3. Noise without signification; empty noise; noise and nothing else.
Sense and not sound . . . must be the principle. Locke. Sound boarding
, boards for holding pugging, placed in partitions of under floors in order to deaden sounds.
- - Sound bow
, in a series of transverse sections of a bell, that segment against which the clapper strikes, being the part which is most efficacious in producing the sound. See Illust. of Bell .
-- Sound post
. (Mus.) See Sounding post , under Sounding .
Sound intransitive verb
[ Middle English sounen
, Old French soner
, French sonner
, from Latin sonare
. See Sound
a noise.] 1. To make a noise; to utter a voice; to make an impulse of the air that shall strike the organs of hearing with a perceptible effect.
"And first taught speaking trumpets how to sound
How silver-sweet sound lovers' tongues! Shak. 2. To be conveyed in sound; to be spread or published; to convey intelligence by sound.
From you sounded out the word of the Lord. 1 Thess. i. 8. 3. To make or convey a certain impression, or to have a certain import, when heard; hence, to seem; to appear; as, this reproof sounds harsh; the story sounds like an invention.
Good sir, why do you start, and seem to fear Shak. To sound in
Things that do sound so fair?
, to tend to; to partake of the nature of; to be consonant with.
[ Obsolete, except in the phrase To sound in damages, below.]
Soun[ d]ing in moral virtue was his speech. Chaucer.
-- To sound in damages (Law)
, to have the essential quality of damages. This is said of an action brought, not for the recovery of a specific thing, as replevin, etc., but for damages only, as trespass, and the like.
Sound transitive verb 1. To causse to make a noise; to play on; as, to sound a trumpet or a horn.
A bagpipe well could he play and soun [ d]. Chaucer. 2. To cause to exit as a sound; as, to sound a note with the voice, or on an instrument. 3. To order, direct, indicate, or proclain by a sound, or sounds; to give a signal for by a certain sound; as, to sound a retreat; to sound a parley.
The clock sounded the hour of noon. G. H. Lewes. 4. To celebrate or honor by sounds; to cause to be reported; to publish or proclaim; as, to sound the praises of fame of a great man or a great exploit. 5. To examine the condition of (anything) by causing the same to emit sounds and noting their character; as, to sound a piece of timber; to sound a vase; to sound the lungs of a patient. 6. To signify; to import; to denote.
[ Obsolete] Milton.
Soun[ d]ing alway the increase of his winning. Chaucer.
Sound-board noun A sounding- board.
To many a row of pipes the sound-board breathes. Milton.
Soundable adjective Capable of being sounded.
Soundage noun Dues for soundings.
Sounder noun One who, or that which; sounds; specifically, an instrument used in telegraphy in place of a register, the communications being read by sound.
Sounder noun (Zoology) A herd of wild hogs.
Sounding adjective Making or emitting sound; hence, sonorous; as, sounding words. Dryden.
Sounding noun 1. The act of one who, or that which, sounds (in any of the senses of the several verbs). 2. (Nautical)
[ From Sound
to fathom.] (a) measurement by sounding; also, the depth so ascertained. (b) Any place or part of the ocean, or other water, where a sounding line will reach the bottom; -- usually in the plural. (c) The sand, shells, or the like, that are brought up by the sounding lead when it has touched bottom. Sounding lead
, the plummet at the end of a sounding line.
-- Sounding line
, a line having a plummet at the end, used in making soundings.
-- Sounding post (Mus.)
, a small post in a violin, violoncello, or similar instrument, set under the bridge as a support, for propagating the sounds to the body of the instrument; -- called also sound post .
-- Sounding rod (Nautical)
, a rod used to ascertain the depth of water in a ship's hold.
-- In soundings
, within the eighty-fathom line. Ham. Nav. Encyc.
Sounding balloon An unmanned balloon sent aloft for meteorological or aëronautic purposes.
Sounding-board noun 1. (Mus.) A thin board which propagates the sound in a piano, in a violin, and in some other musical instruments. 2. A board or structure placed behind or over a pulpit or rostrum to give distinctness to a speaker's voice. 3. plural See Sound boarding , under Sound , a noise.