Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Sowar noun [ Persian sawār a horseman.] In India, a mounted soldier.
Sowbane noun (Botany) The red goosefoot ( Chenopodium rubrum ), -- said to be fatal to swine.
Sowce noun & v. See Souse .
[ French soudan
. See Soldan
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Sowdanesse noun A sultaness. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Sowens noun plural [ Scottish; confer Anglo-Saxon seáw juice, glue, paste.] A nutritious article of food, much used in Scotland, made from the husk of the oat by a process not unlike that by which common starch is made; -- called flummery in England. [ Written also sowans , and sowins .]
Sower noun One who, or that which, sows.
Sowins noun plural See Sowens .
Sowl intransitive verb See Soul , intransitive verb
Sowl, Sowle transitive verb [ Confer prov. German zaulen , zauseln , German zausen to tug, drag.] To pull by the ears; to drag about. [ Obsolete] hak.
Sown past participle of Sow .
Sowne transitive verb & i. To sound. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Sowse noun & v. See Souse .
[ Obsolete] ryden.
Sowter noun See Souter .
[ Obsolete] B. Jonson.
[ Chinese shōyū
.] 1. A Chinese and Japanese liquid sauce for fish, etc., made by subjecting boiled beans (esp. soja beans), or beans and meal, to long fermentation and then long digestion in salt and water. 2. (Botany) The soja, a kind of bean. See Soja .
Soyle transitive verb [ Aphetic form of assoil .] To solve, to clear up; as, to soyl all other texts. [ Obsolete] Tyndate.
[ Confer Soil
to feed.] Prey.
[ Obsolete] Spenser.
Soyned adjective [ French soigner to care.] Filled with care; anxious. [ Obsolete] Mir. for Mag.
Sozzle transitive verb [ Freq. from soss , v.]
1. To splash or wet carelessly; as, to sozzle the feet in water. [ Local, U.S.] Bartlett. 2. To heap up in confusion. [ Prov. Eng.] Forby.
1. One who spills water or other liquids carelessly; specifically, a sluttish woman. [ Local, U.S.] 2. A mass, or heap, confusedly mingled. [ Prov. Eng.]
Spa noun A spring or mineral water; -- so called from a place of this name in Belgium.
[ Confer German spath
spar. See Spar
the mineral.] (Min.) A kind of spar; earth flax, or amianthus.
[ Obsolete] oodward.
[ Middle English space
, French espace
, from Latin spatium
space; confer Greek spa^n
to draw, to tear; perhaps akin to English span
. Confer Expatiate
.] 1. Extension, considered independently of anything which it may contain; that which makes extended objects conceivable and possible.
Pure space is capable neither of resistance nor motion. Locke. 2. Place, having more or less extension; room.
They gave him chase, and hunted him as hare; R. of Brunne.
Long had he no space to dwell [ in].
While I have time and space . Chaucer. 3. A quantity or portion of extension; distance from one thing to another; an interval between any two or more objects; as, the space between two stars or two hills; the sound was heard for the space of a mile.
Put a space betwixt drove and drove. Gen. xxxii. 16. 4. Quantity of time; an interval between two points of time; duration; time.
"Grace God gave him here, this land to keep long space
." R. of brunne.
Nine times the space that measures day and night. Milton.
God may defer his judgments for a time, and give a people a longer space of repentance. Tillotson. 5. A short time; a while.
[ R.] "To stay your deadly strife a space
." Spenser. 6. Walk; track; path; course.
This ilke [ same] monk let old things pace, Chaucer. 7. (print.) (a) A small piece of metal cast lower than a face type, so as not to receive the ink in printing, -- used to separate words or letters. (b) The distance or interval between words or letters in the lines, or between lines, as in books.
And held after the new world the space .
» Spaces are of different thicknesses to enable the compositor to arrange the words at equal distances from each other in the same line. 8. (Mus.) One of the intervals, or open places, between the lines of the staff. Absolute space
, Euclidian space
, etc. See under Absolute , Euclidian , etc.
-- Space line (Print.)
, a thin piece of metal used by printers to open the lines of type to a regular distance from each other, and for other purposes; a lead. Hansard.
-- Space rule (Print.)
, a fine, thin, short metal rule of the same height as the type, used in printing short lines in tabular matter.
Space intransitive verb
[ Confer Old French espacier
, Latin spatiari
. See Space
] To walk; to rove; to roam.
And loved in forests wild to space . Spenser.
Space transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Spaced
; present participle & verbal noun Spacong
.] [ Confer French espacer
. See Space
] (Print.) To arrange or adjust the spaces in or between; as, to space words, lines, or letters.
Space bar, key (Machinery) A bar or key, in a typewriter or typesetting machine, used for spacing between letters.
Spaceful adjective Wide; extensive. Sandys.
Spaceless adjective Without space. Coleridge.
Spacially adverb See Spatially . Sir W. Hamilton.
[ Latin spatiousus
: confer French spacieux
. See Space
] 1. Extending far and wide; vast in extent.
plain outstretched in circuit wide." Milton. 2. Inclosing an extended space; having large or ample room; not contracted or narrow; capacious; roomy; as, spacious bounds; a spacious church; a spacious hall.
Spad noun (Mining) A nail one or two inches long, of iron, brass, tin, or tinner iron, with a hole through the flattened head, used to mark stations in underground surveying.
Spadassin noun [ French, from Italian spadaccino a swordsman, from spada a sword.] A bravo; a bully; a duelist. Ld. Lytton.
Spaddle noun A little spade. [ Obsolete]
[ Confer Spay
] 1. (Zoology) A hart or stag three years old.
[ Written also spaid
[ Confer Latin spado
.] A castrated man or beast.
[ Anglo-Saxon spæd
; akin to Dutch spade
, German spaten
, Icelandic spaði
, Dan. & Swedish spade
, Latin spatha
a spatula, a broad two-edged sword, a spathe, Greek spa`qh
. Confer Epaulet
at cards, Spathe
.] 1. An implement for digging or cutting the ground, consisting usually of an oblong and nearly rectangular blade of iron, with a handle like that of a shovel.
and pickax armed." Milton. 2.
[ Spanish espada
, literally, a sword; -- so caused because these cards among the Spanish bear the figure of a sword. Spanish espada
is from Latin spatha
, Greek spa`qh
. See the Etymology above.] One of that suit of cards each of which bears one or more figures resembling a spade.
"Let spades be trumps!" she said. Pope. 3. A cutting instrument used in flensing a whale. Spade bayonet
, a bayonet with a broad blade which may be used digging; -- called also trowel bayonet .
-- Spade handle (Machinery)
, the forked end of a connecting rod in which a pin is held at both ends. See Illust. of Knuckle joint , under Knuckle .
Spade transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Spaded
; present participle & verbal noun Spading
.] To dig with a spade; to pare off the sward of, as land, with a spade.
Spadebone noun Shoulder blade. [ Prov. Eng.]
Spadefish noun (Zoology) An American market fish ( Chætodipterus faber ) common on the southern coasts; -- called also angel fish , moonfish , and porgy .
Spadefoot noun (Zoology) Any species of burrowing toads of the genus Scaphiopus , esp. S. Holbrookii , of the Eastern United States; -- called also spade toad .
; plural Spadefuls
. [ Spade
.] As much as a spade will hold or lift.
Spader noun One who, or that which, spades; specifically, a digging machine.
[ Latin spadix
, a date-brown or nut-brown color. See Spadix
.] 1. Of a bright clear brown or chestnut color. Sir T. Browne. 2. (Botany) Bearing flowers on a spadix; of the nature of a spadix.
Spadicose adjective (Botany) Spadiceous.
[ French, from Spanish espadilla
, dim. of espada
. See Spade
a card.] (Card Playing) The ace of spades in omber and quadrille.
, English Spadixes
. [ Latin , a palm branch broken off, with its fruit, Greek ....] 1. (Botany) A fleshy spike of flowers, usually inclosed in a leaf called a spathe . 2. (Zoology) A special organ of the nautilus, due to a modification of the posterior tentacles.
; plural Spadones
. [ Latin , from Greek ....] 1. Same as Spade , 2. 2. (Law) An impotent person.
[ Confer F. & Spanish espadon
, Italian spadone
. See Espadon
.] A sword, especially a broadsword, formerly used both to cut and thrust.
Spae intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Spaed
; present participle & verbal noun Spaeing
.] [ Scot. spae
, to foretell, to divine, Icelandic spā
.] To foretell; to divine.
Spaeman noun A prophet; a diviner. [ Scot.]