Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Icelandic spānn...r
, properly, new as a ship just split; spānn
chip + n...r
new. See Spoon
, and New
.] Quite new; brand-new; fire-new.
"A span- new
archbishop's chair." Fuller.
Spank transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Spanked
; present participle & verbal noun Spanking
.] [ Of unknown origin; confer LG. spakken
, to run and spring about quickly.] To strike, as the breech, with the open hand; to slap.
Spank noun A blow with the open hand; a slap.
Spank intransitive verb To move with a quick, lively step between a trot and gallop; to move quickly. Thackeray.
Spanker noun 1. One who spanks, or anything used as an instrument for spanking. 2. (Nautical) The after sail of a ship or bark, being a fore-and-aft sail attached to a boom and gaff; -- sometimes called driver . See Illust. under Sail . Totten. 3. One who takes long, quick strides in walking; also, a fast horse.
[ Colloq.] 4. Something very large, or larger than common; a whopper, as a stout or tall person.
[ Colloq.] Spanker boom (Nautical)
, a boom to which a spanker sail is attached. See Illust. of Ship .
Spanker noun A small coin. [ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.]
Spanking adjective 1. Moving with a quick, lively pace, or capable of so doing; dashing.
Four spanking grays ready harnessed. G. Colman, the Younger. 2. Large; considerable.
Spanking breeze (Nautical) , a strong breeze.
Spanless adjective Incapable of being spanned.
1. One who, or that which, spans. 2. The lock of a fusee or carbine; also, the fusee or carbine itself. [ Obsolete] 3. An iron instrument having a jaw to fit a nut or the head of a bolt, and used as a lever to turn it with; a wrench; specifically, a wrench for unscrewing or tightening the couplings of hose. 4. plural A contrivance in some of the ealier steam engines for moving the valves for the alternate admission and shutting off of the steam.
[ From Old French espanir
to spread, French épanou...
. See Expand
.] The full blooming of a flower.
[ Obsolete] Rom. of R.
Spanpiece noun (Architecture) The collar of a roof; sparpiece.
Spanworm noun (Zoology) The larva of any geometrid moth, as the cankeworm; a geometer; a measuring worm.
[ Anglo-Saxon spær
chalkstone; akin to Middle High German spar
, German spar
kalk plaster.] (Min.) An old name for a nonmetallic mineral, usually cleavable and somewhat lustrous; as, calc spar , or calcite, fluor spar , etc. It was especially used in the case of the gangue minerals of a metalliferous vein. Blue spar
, Cube spar
, etc. See under Blue , Cube , etc.
[ Middle English sparre
; akin to Dutch spar
, German sparren
, Old High German sparro
, Dan.& Swedish sparre
, Icelandic sparri
; of uncertain origin. ... 171. Confer Spar
, transitive verb
] 1. (Nautical) A general term any round piece of timber used as a mast, yard, boom, or gaff. 2. (Architecture) Formerly, a piece of timber, in a general sense; -- still applied locally to rafters. 3. The bar of a gate or door.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. Spar buoy (Nautical)
, a buoy anchored by one end so that the other end rises above the surface of the water.
-- Spar deck (Nautical)
, the upper deck of a vessel; especially, in a frigate, the deck which is continued in a straight line from the quarter-deck to the forecastle, and on which spare spars are usually placed. See under Deck .
-- Spar torpedo (Nautical)
, a torpedo carried on the end of a spar usually projecting from the bow of a vessel, and intended to explode upon contact with an enemy's ships.
Spar transitive verb
[ Middle English sparren
, Anglo-Saxon sparrian
; akin to German sperren
, Icelandic sperra
; from the noun. √171. See Spara
beam, bar.] 1. To bolt; to bar.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. 2. To To supply or equip with spars, as a vessel.
» A vessel equipped with spars that are too large or too small is said to be oversparred
Spar intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Sparred
; present participle & verbal noun Sparring
.] [ Of uncertain origin; confer Old French esparer
to kick, French éparer
, or Icelandic sperra
to stretch out the legs, to struggle.] 1. To strike with the feet or spurs, as cocks do. 2. To use the fists and arms scientifically in attack or defense; to contend or combat with the fists, as for exercise or amusement; to box.
Made believe to spar at Paul with great science. Dickens. 3. To contest in words; to wrangle.
1. A contest at sparring or boxing. 2. A movement of offense or defense in boxing.
Spar-hung adjective Hung with spar, as a cave.
Sparable noun [ Corrupted from sparrow bill .] A kind of small nail used by shoemakers.
Sparada noun (Zoology) A small California surf fish ( Micrometrus aggregatus ); -- called also shiner .
Sparadrap noun [ French sparadrap ; confer Italian sparadrappo , New Latin sparadrapa .]
1. A cerecloth. [ Obsolete] 2. (Medicine) Any adhesive plaster.
(?; 48), Spar"a*gus Spar"a*grass` noun Obsolete or corrupt forms of Asparagus .
Sparble transitive verb
[ Old French esparpiller
to scatter, French éparpiller
.] To scatter; to disperse; to rout.
The king's host was sparbled and chased. Fabyan.
Spare transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Spared
; present participle & verbal noun Sparing
.] [ Anglo-Saxon sparian
, from spær
spare, sparing, saving; akin to D. & German sparen
, Old High German spar...n
, Icelandic & Swedish spara
, Danish spare
] 1. To use frugally or stintingly, as that which is scarce or valuable; to retain or keep unused; to save.
"No cost would he spare
[ Thou] thy Father's dreadful thunder didst not spare . Milton.
He that hath knowledge, spareth his words. Prov. xvii. 27. 2. To keep to one's self; to forbear to impart or give.
Be pleased your plitics to spare . Dryden.
Spare my sight the pain Dryden. 3. To preserve from danger or punishment; to forbear to punish, injure, or harm; to show mercy to.
Of seeing what a world of tears it costs you.
Spare us, good Lord. Book of Common Prayer.
Dim sadness did not spare Milton.
That time celestial visages.
Man alone can whom he conquers spare . Waller. 4. To save or gain, as by frugality; to reserve, as from some occupation, use, or duty.
All the time he could spare from the necessary cares of his weighty charge, he ...estowed on . . . serving of God. Knolles. 5. To deprive one's self of, as by being frugal; to do without; to dispense with; to give up; to part with.
Where angry Jove did never spare Roscommon.
One breath of kind and temperate air.
I could have better spared a better man. Shak. To spare one's self
. (a) To act with reserve.
Her thought that a lady should her spare . Chaucer. (b) To save one's self labor, punishment, or blame.
Spare intransitive verb 1. To be frugal; not to be profuse; to live frugally; to be parsimonious.
I, who at some times spend, at others spare , Pope. 2. To refrain from inflicting harm; to use mercy or forbearance.
Divided between carelessness and care.
He will not spare in the day of vengeance. Prov. vi. 34. 3. To desist; to stop; to refrain.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ Compar. Sparer
; superl. Sparest
; -- not used in all the senses of the word.] [ Anglo-Saxon spær
sparing. Confer Spare
, transitive verb
] 1. Scanty; not abundant or plentiful; as, a spare diet. 2. Sparing; frugal; parsimonious; chary.
He was spare , but discreet of speech. Carew. 3. Being over and above what is necessary, or what must be used or reserved; not wanted, or not used; superfluous; as, I have no spare time.
If that no spare clothes he had to give. Spenser. 4. Held in reserve, to be used in an emergency; as, a spare anchor; a spare bed or room. 5. Lean; wanting flesh; meager; thin; gaunt.
O, give me the spare men, and spare me the great ones. Shak. 6. Slow.
[ Obsolete or prov. Eng.] Grose.
Spare noun 1. The act of sparing; moderation; restraint.
Killing for sacrifice, without any spare . Holland. 2. Parsimony; frugal use.
[ Obsolete] Bacon.
Poured out their plenty without spite or spare . Spenser. 3. An opening in a petticoat or gown; a placket.
[ Obsolete] 4. That which has not been used or expended. 5. (Tenpins) The right of bowling again at a full set of pins, after having knocked all the pins down in less than three bowls. If all the pins are knocked down in one bowl it is a double spare ; in two bowls, a single spare .
Spareful adjective Sparing; chary. [ Obsolete] Fairfax. -- Spare"ful*ness , noun [ Obsolete] Sir P. Sidney.
Spareless adjective Unsparing. Sylvester.
Sparely adverb In a spare manner; sparingly.
Spareness noun [ Confer Anglo-Saxon spærnis frugality.] The quality or state of being lean or thin; leanness.
Sparer noun One who spares.
Sparerib noun [ Spare , adjective + rib .] A piece of pork, consisting or ribs with little flesh on them.
Sparge transitive verb [ Latin spargere ; confer French asperger .] To sprinkle; to moisten by sprinkling; as, to sparge paper.
Spargefaction noun [ Latin spargere to strew + facere , factum , to make.] The act of sprinkling. [ Obsolete] Swift.
Sparger noun [ Confer French asperger to sprinkle, Latin aspergere , spargere .] A vessel with a perforated cover, for sprinkling with a liquid; a sprinkler.
Sparhawk noun [ Middle English sperhauke .] (Zoology) The sparrow hawk. [ Prov. Eng.]
Sparing adjective Spare; saving; frugal; merciful. Bacon. -- Spar"ing*ly , adverb -- Spar"ing*ness , noun
[ Middle English sparke
, Anglo-Saxon spearca
; akin to Dutch spark
; confer Icelandic spraka
to crackle, Lithuanian spragëti
, Greek ... a bursting with a noise, Sanskrit sph...rj
to crackle, to thunder. Confer Speak
.] 1. A small particle of fire or ignited substance which is emitted by a body in combustion.
Man is born unto trouble, as the sparks fly upward. Job v. 7. 2. A small, shining body, or transient light; a sparkle. 3. That which, like a spark, may be kindled into a flame, or into action; a feeble germ; an elementary principle.
"If any spark
of life be yet remaining." Shak.
"Small intellectual spark
of heavenly flame." Pope.
We have here and there a little clear light, some sparks of bright knowledge . Locke.
Bright gem instinct with music, vocal spark . Wordsworth. Spark arrester
, a contrivance to prevent the escape of sparks while it allows the passage of gas, -- chiefly used in the smokestack of a wood-burning locomotive. Called also spark consumer .
[ Icelandic sparkr
lively, sprightly.] 1. A brisk, showy, gay man.
The finest sparks and cleanest beaux. Prior. 2. A lover; a gallant; a beau.
Spark intransitive verb To sparkle. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Spark intransitive verb To play the spark, beau, or lover.
A sure sign that his master was courting, or, as it is termed, sparking , within. W. Irwing.
Spark intransitive verb (Electricity) To produce, or give off, sparks, as a dynamo at the commutator when revolving under the collecting brushes.
Spark coil (Electricity) (a) An induction coil, esp. of an internal-combustion engine, wireless telegraph apparatus, etc. (b) A self- induction coil used to increase the spark in an electric gas-lighting apparatus.
Spark gap (Electricity) The space filled with air or other dielectric between high potential terminals (as of an electrostatic machine, induction coil, or condenser), through which the discharge passes; the air gap of a jump spark.
Spark plug In internal-combustion engines with electric ignition, a plug, screwed into the cylinder head, having through it an insulated wire which is connected with the induction coil or magneto circuit on the outside, and forms, with another terminal on the base of the plug, a spark gap inside the cylinder.
Sparker noun A spark arrester.
Sparkful adjective Lively; brisk; gay. [ Obsolete] "Our sparkful youth." Camden.
1. Like a spark; airy; gay. W. Walsh. 2. Showy; well-dresed; fine. L'Estrange.