Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ See Sordine
.] (Mus.) A sordine.
[ Latin sordidus
, from sordere
to be filthy or dirty; probably akin to English swart
: confer French sordide
. See Swart
] 1. Filthy; foul; dirty.
A sordid god; down from his hoary chin Dryden. 2. Vile; base; gross; mean; as, vulgar, sordid mortals.
A length of beard descends, uncombed, unclean.
"To scorn the sordid
world." Milton. 3. Meanly avaricious; covetous; niggardly.
He may be old, Sir J. Denham.
And yet sordid , who refuses gold.
Sordidly noun Sordidness. [ Obsolete]
Sordidly adverb In a sordid manner.
Sordidness noun The quality or state of being sordid.
[ Italian sordina
, from sordo
deaf, dull-sounding, Latin surdus
. See Surd
.] (Mus.) See Damper , and 5th Mute .
[ French saure
; faucon sor
a sore falcon. See Sorrel
] Reddish brown; sorrel.
[ R.] Sore falcon
. (Zoology) See Sore , noun , 1.
Sore noun (Zoology) A young hawk or falcon in the first year. 2. (Zoology) A young buck in the fourth year. See the Note under Buck .
[ Compar. Sorer
; superl. Sorest
.] [ Middle English sor
, Anglo-Saxon sār
; akin to Dutch zeer
, Old Saxon & Old High German s...r
, German sehr
very, Icelandic sārr
, Swedish sår
, Goth. sair
pain. Confer Sorry
.] 1. Tender to the touch; susceptible of pain from pressure; inflamed; painful; -- said of the body or its parts; as, a sore hand. 2. Fig.: Sensitive; tender; easily pained, grieved, or vexed; very susceptible of irritation.
Malice and hatred are very fretting and vexatious, and apt to make our minds sore and uneasy. Tillotson. 3. Severe; afflictive; distressing; as, a sore disease; sore evil or calamity. Shak. 4. Criminal; wrong; evil.
[ Obsolete] Shak. Sore throat (Medicine)
, inflammation of the throat and tonsils; pharyngitis. See Cynanche .
, sore throat
. See Angina , and under Putrid .
[ Middle English sor
, Anglo-Saxon sār
. See Sore
] 1. A place in an animal body where the skin and flesh are ruptured or bruised, so as to be tender or painful; a painful or diseased place, such as an ulcer or a boil.
The dogs came and licked his sores . Luke xvi. 21. 2. Fig.: Grief; affliction; trouble; difficulty. Chaucer.
I see plainly where his sore lies. Sir W. Scott. Gold sore
. (Medicine) See under Gold , noun
[ Anglo-Saxon sāre
. See Sore
] 1. In a sore manner; with pain; grievously.
Thy hand presseth me sore . Ps. xxxviii. 2. 2. Greatly; violently; deeply.
[ Hannah] prayed unto the Lord and wept sore . 1 Sam. i. 10.
Sore sighed the knight, who this long sermon heard. Dryden.
Sorediate adjective (Botany) Sorediïferous.
Sorediferous, Sorediiferous adjective [ Soredium + -ferous .] (Botany) Bearing soredia; sorediate.
; plural Soredia
. [ New Latin , from Greek ... a heap.] (Botany) A patch of granular bodies on the surface of the thallus of lichens.
Soree noun (Zoology) Same as Sora .
Sorehead noun One who is disgruntled by a failure in politics, or the like. [ Slang, U.S.]
Sorehon noun [ Corrupted from sojourn , Scot. soirne , sorn .] Formerly, in Ireland, a kind of servile tenure which subjected the tenant to maintain his chieftain gratuitously whenever he wished to indulge in a revel. Spenser.
[ A diminutive. See Sore
reddish brown.] 1. (Zoology) A young buck in the third year. See the Note under Buck . Shak. 2. A yellowish or reddish brown color; sorrel.
Sorely adverb In a sore manner; grievously; painfully; as, to be sorely afflicted.
Sorema noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... a heap.] (Botany) A heap of carpels belonging to one flower.
Soreness noun The quality or state of being sore; tenderness; painfull; as, the soreness of a wound; the soreness of an affliction.
Sorex noun [ Latin , a shrew.] (Zoology) A genus of small Insectivora, including the common shrews.
Sorghe (sôr"ge) noun (Zoology) The three-bearded rockling, or whistlefish. [ Prov. Eng.]
[ New Latin , probably of Chinese origin.] (Botany) (a) A genus of grasses, properly limited to two species, Sorghum Halepense , the Arabian millet, or Johnson grass (see Johnson grass ), and S. vulgare , the Indian millet (see Indian millet , under Indian ). (b) A variety of Sorghum vulgare , grown for its saccharine juice; the Chinese sugar cane.
[ Confer Italian sorgo
. See Sorghum
.] (Botany) Indian millet and its varieties. See Sorghum .
, plural of Sorus .
Soricine adjective [ Latin sorricinus , from sorex a shrew.] (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the Shrew family ( Soricidæ ); like a shrew in form or habits; as, the soricine bat ( Glossophaga soricina ).
[ Latin , from Greek swrei`ths
), properly, heaped up (hence, a heap of syllogisms), from swro`s
a heap.] (Logic) An abridged form of stating of syllogisms in a series of propositions so arranged that the predicate of each one that precedes forms the subject of each one that follows, and the conclusion unites the subject of the first proposition with the predicate of the last proposition
, as in following example; --
The soul is a thinking agent;
A thinking agent can not be severed into parts;
That which can not be severed can not be destroyed;
Therefore the soul can not be destroyed.
» When the series is arranged in the reverse order, it is called the Goclenian sorites
, from Goclenius, a philosopher of the sixteenth century. Destructive sorities
. See under Destructive .
Soritical adjective Of or pertaining to a sorites; resembling a sorites.
Sorn intransitive verb
[ See Sorehon
.] To obtrude one's self on another for bed and board.
[ Scot.] Sir W. Scott.
Sorner noun One who obtrudes himself on another for bed and board. [ Scot.] De Quncey.
Sororal adjective [ Latin soror sister: confer French sororal .] Relating to a sister; sisterly. [ R.]
Sororicide noun [ Latin sororocida , and sororicidium ; soror a sister + caedere to kill.] The murder of one's sister; also, one who murders or kills one's own sister. Johnson.
Sororize intransitive verb [ Latin soror , sororis , a sister.] To associate, or hold fellowship, as sisters; to have sisterly feelings; -- analogous to fraternize . [ Recent & R.]
[ New Latin See Sororize
.] A woman's club; an association of women.
[ U. S.]
Sorosis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... a heap.] (Botany) A fleshy fruit formed by the consolidation of many flowers with their receptacles, ovaries, etc., as the breadfruit, mulberry, and pineapple.
[ Confer Sorrel
] The blades of green or barley.
[ Obsolete] Bailey.
Sorrance noun Same as Sorance .
[ French saur
, Old French sor
, probably of Teutonic origin; confer Dutch zoor
dry, LG. soor
; the meaning probably coming from the color of dry leaves. See Sear
, and confer Sorel
.] Of a yellowish or redish brown color; as, a sorrel horse.
Sorrel noun A yellowish or redish brown color.
[ French surelle
, from sur
sour, from Old High German s...r
sour. See Sour
.] (Botany) One of various plants having a sour juice; especially, a plant of the genus Rumex , as Rumex Acetosa , Rumex Acetosella , etc. Mountain sorrel
. (Botany) See under Mountain .
-- Red sorrel
. (Botany) (a) A malvaceous plant ( Hibiscus Sabdariffa ) whose acid calyxes and capsules are used in the West Indies for making tarts and acid drinks
. (b) A troublesome weed ( Rumex Acetosella ), also called sheep sorrel .
-- Salt of sorrel (Chemistry)
, binoxalate of potassa; -- so called because obtained from the juice of Rumex Acetosella , or Rumex Axetosa .
-- Sorrel tree (Botany)
, a small ericaceous tree ( Oxydendrum arboreum ) whose leaves resemble those of the peach and have a sour taste. It is common along the Alleghanies. Called also sourwood .
-- Wood sorrel (Botany)
, any plant of the genus Oxalis.
Sorrento work Ornamental work, mostly carved in olivewood, decorated with inlay, made at or near Sorrento, Italy. Hence, more rarely, jig-saw work and the like done anywhere.
Sorrily adverb In a sorry manner; poorly.
Thy pipe, O Pan, shall help, though I sing sorrily . Sir P. Sidney.
Sorriness noun The quality or state of being sorry.
[ Middle English sorwe
, Anglo-Saxon sorg
; akin to Dutch zorg
care, anxiety, Old Saxon sorga
, Old High German sorga
, German sorge
, Icelandic , Swedish , & Danish sorg
, Goth. saúrga
; of unknown origin.] The uneasiness or pain of mind which is produced by the loss of any good, real or supposed, or by diseappointment in the expectation of good; grief at having suffered or occasioned evil; regret; unhappiness; sadness. Milton.
How great a sorrow suffereth now Arcite! Chaucer.
The safe and general antidote against sorrow is employment. Rambler. Syn.
-- Grief; unhappiness; regret; sadness; heaviness; mourning; affliction. See Affliction
, and Grief
Sorrow intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Sorrowed
; present participle & verbal noun Sorrowing
.] [ Middle English sorowen
, Anglo-Saxon sorgian
; akin to Goth. saúrgan
. See Sorrow
] To feel pain of mind in consequence of evil experienced, feared, or done; to grieve; to be sad; to be sorry.
Sorrowing most of all . . . that they should see his face no more. Acts xx. 38.
I desire no man to sorrow for me. Sir J. Hayward.
Sorrowed adjective Accompanied with sorrow; sorrowful. [ Obsolete] Shak.
[ Middle English sorweful
, Anglo-Saxon sorgful
.] 1. Full of sorrow; exhibiting sorrow; sad; dejected; distressed.
My soul is exceeding sorrowful , even unto death. Matt. xxvi. 38. 2. Producing sorrow; exciting grief; mournful; lamentable; grievous; as, a sorrowful accident. Syn.
-- Sad; mournful; dismal; disconsolate; drear; dreary; grievous; lamentable; doleful; distressing. -- Sor"row*ful*ly
Sorrowless adjective Free from sorrow.