Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Solfanaria noun [ Italian , from solfo sulphur.] A sulphur mine.

Solfatara noun [ Italian , from solfo brimstone, sulphur, Latin sulfur , English sulphur .] (Geol.) A volcanic area or vent which yields only sulphur vapors, steam, and the like. It represents the stages of the volcanic activity.

Solfeggiare intransitive verb [ Italian ] (Mus.) To sol-fa. See Sol-fa , intransitive verb

Solfeggio noun [ Italian , from solfa the gamut.] (Mus.) The system of arranging the scale by the names do , re , mi , fa , sol , la , si , by which singing is taught; a singing exercise upon these syllables.

Solferino noun A brilliant deep pink color with a purplish tinge, one of the dyes derived from aniline; -- so called from Solferino in Italy, where a battle was fought about the time of its discovery.

Soli noun , plural of Solo .

Solicit transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Solicited ; present participle & verbal noun Soliciting .] [ French sollicier , Latin sollicitare , solicitare , -atum , from sollicitus wholly ( i. e. , violently) moved; sollus whole + citus , past participle of ciere to move, excite. See Solemn , Cite .]
1. To ask from with earnestness; to make petition to; to apply to for obtaining something; as, to solicit person for alms.

Did I solicit thee
From darkness to promote me?

2. To endeavor to obtain; to seek; to plead for; as, to solicit an office; to solicit a favor.

I view my crime, but kindle at the view,
Repent old pleasures, and solicit new.

3. To awake or excite to action; to rouse desire in; to summon; to appeal to; to invite.

That fruit . . . solicited her longing eye.

Sounds and some tangible qualities solicit their proper senses, and force an entrance to the mind.

4. To urge the claims of; to plead; to act as solicitor for or with reference to. [ Obsolete]

My brother henceforth study to forget
The vow that he hath made thee, I would ever
Solicit thy deserts.

5. To disturb; to disquiet; -- a Latinism rarely used.

Hath any ill solicited thine ears?

But anxious fears solicit my weak breast.

Syn. To beseech; ask; request; crave; supplicate; entreat; beg; implore; importune. See Beseech .

Solicitant noun [ Latin sollicitans , present participle ] One who solicits.

Solicitate adjective Solicitous. [ Obsolete] Eden.

Solicitation noun [ French sollicitation , or Latin sollicitatio .]
1. The act of soliciting; earnest request; persistent asking; importunity.

2. Excitement; invitation; as, the solicitation of the senses. Locke.

Solicitor noun [ French solliciteur , Latin sollicitator .]
1. One who solicits.

2. (Law) (a) An attorney or advocate; one who represents another in court; -- formerly, in English practice, the professional designation of a person admitted to practice in a court of chancery or equity. See the Note under Attorney . (b) The law officer of a city, town, department, or government; as, the city solicitor ; the solicitor of the treasury.

Solicitor-general noun The second law officer in the government of Great Britain; also, a similar officer under the United States government, who is associated with the attorney-general; also, the chief law officer of some of the States.

Solicitous adjective [ Latin sollicitus , solicitus . See Solicit , transitive verb ] Disposed to solicit; eager to obtain something desirable, or to avoid anything evil; concerned; anxious; careful. " Solicitous of my reputation." Dryden. "He was solicitous for his advice." Calerendon.

Enjoy the present, whatsoever it be, and be not solicitous about the future.
Jer. Taylor.

The colonel had been intent upon other things, and not enough solicitous to finish the fortifications.

-- So*lic"it*ous*ly , adverb -- So*lic"it*ous*ness , noun

Solicitress noun A woman who solicits.

Solicitude noun [ French sollicitude ,r Latin sollicitudo .] The state of being solicitous; uneasiness of mind occasioned by fear of evil or desire good; anxiety.

The many cares and great labors of worldly men, their solicitude and outward shows.
Sir W. Raleigh.

The mother looked at her with fond solicitude .
G. W. Cable.

Syn. -- Carefulness; concern; anxiety. See Care .

Solid (sŏl"ĭd) adjective [ Latin solidus , probably akin to sollus whole, entire, Greek .........: confer French solide . Confer Consolidate , Soda , Solder , Soldier , Solemn .]
1. Having the constituent parts so compact, or so firmly adhering, as to resist the impression or penetration of other bodies; having a fixed form; hard; firm; compact; -- opposed to fluid and liquid or to plastic , like clay, or to incompact , like sand.

2. Not hollow; full of matter; as, a solid globe or cone, as distinguished from a hollow one; not spongy; dense; hence, sometimes, heavy.

3. (Arith.) Having all the geometrical dimensions; cubic; as, a solid foot contains 1,728 solid inches.

» In this sense, cubic s now generally used.

4. Firm; compact; strong; stable; unyielding; as, a solid pier; a solid pile; a solid wall.

5. Applied to a compound word whose parts are closely united and form an unbroken word; -- opposed to hyphened .

6. Fig.: Worthy of credit, trust, or esteem; substantial, as opposed to frivolous or fallacious ; weighty; firm; strong; valid; just; genuine.

The solid purpose of a sincere and virtuous answer.

These, wanting wit, affect gravity, and go by the name of solid men.

The genius of the Italians wrought by solid toil what the myth-making imagination of the Germans had projected in a poem.
J. A. Symonds.

7. Sound; not weakly; as, a solid constitution of body. I. Watts.

8. (Botany) Of a fleshy, uniform, undivided substance, as a bulb or root; not spongy or hollow within, as a stem.

9. (Metaph.) Impenetrable; resisting or excluding any other material particle or atom from any given portion of space; -- applied to the supposed ultimate particles of matter.

10. (Print.) Not having the lines separated by leads; not open.

11. United; without division; unanimous; as, the delegation is solid for a candidate. [ Polit. Cant. U.S.]

Solid angle . (Geom.) See under Angle . -- Solid color , an even color; one not shaded or variegated. -- Solid green . See Emerald green (a) , under Green . -- Solid measure (Arith.) , a measure for volumes, in which the units are each a cube of fixed linear magnitude, as a cubic foot, yard, or the like; thus, a foot, in solid measure , or a solid foot , contains 1,728 solid inches. -- Solid newel (Architecture) , a newel into which the ends of winding stairs are built, in distinction from a hollow newel . See under Hollow , adjective -- Solid problem (Geom.) , a problem which can be construed geometrically, only by the intersection of a circle and a conic section or of two conic sections. Hutton. -- Solid square (Mil.) , a square body or troops in which the ranks and files are equal.

Syn. -- Hard; firm; compact; strong; substantial; stable; sound; real; valid; true; just; weighty; profound; grave; important. -- Solid , Hard . These words both relate to the internal constitution of bodies; but hard notes a more impenetrable nature or a firmer adherence of the component parts than solid . Hard is opposed to soft , and solid to fluid , liquid , open , or hollow . Wood is usually solid ; but some kinds of wood are hard , and others are soft .

Repose you there; while I [ return] to this hard house,
More harder than the stones whereof 't is raised.

I hear his thundering voice resound,
And trampling feet than shake the solid ground.

Solid noun
1. A substance that is held in a fixed form by cohesion among its particles; a substance not fluid.

2. (Geom.) A magnitude which has length, breadth, and thickness; a part of space bounded on all sides.

Solid of revolution . (Geom.) See Revolution , noun , 5.

Solid-drawn adjective Drawn out from a heated solid bar, as by a process of spiral rolling which first hollows the bar and then expands the cavity by forcing the bar over a pointed mandrel fixed in front of the rolls; -- said of a weldless tube.

Solidago noun [ New Latin , from Latin solidare to strengthen, unite; -- so called in allusion to its reputed healing qualities.] (Botany) A genus of yellow- flowered composite perennial herbs; golden-rod.

Solidare noun [ Late Latin solidus . Confer Sou .] A small piece of money. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Solidarity noun [ French solidarité , from solide . See Solid .] An entire union or consolidation of interests and responsibilities; fellowship; community.

Solidarity [ a word which we owe to the French Communists], signifies a fellowship in gain and loss, in honor and dishonor, in victory and defeat, a being, so to speak, all in the same boat.

The solidarity . . . of Breton and Welsh poetry.
M. Arnold.

Solidary adjective Having community of interests and responsibilities.

Men are solidary , or copartners; and not isolated.
M. Arnold.

Solidate transitive verb [ Latin solidatus , past participle of solidare . See Solder .] To make solid or firm. [ Obsolete] Cowley.

Solidifiable adjective Capable of being solidified.

Solidification noun [ Confer French solidification .] Act of solidifying, or state of being solidified.

Solidify transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Solidified ; present participle & verbal noun Solidifying .] [ Solid + -fy : confer French solidifier .] To make solid or compact.

Every machine is a solidified mechanical theorem.
H. Spencer.

Solidify intransitive verb To become solid; to harden.

Solidism noun (Medicine) The doctrine that refers all diseases to morbid changes of the solid parts of the body. It rests on the view that the solids alone are endowed with vital properties, and can receive the impression of agents tending to produce disease.

Solidist noun (Medicine) An advocate of, or believer in, solidism. Dunglison.

Solidity noun [ Latin soliditas : confer French solidité .]
1. The state or quality of being solid; density; consistency, -- opposed to fluidity ; compactness; fullness of matter, -- opposed to openness or hollowness ; strength; soundness, -- opposed to weakness or instability ; the primary quality or affection of matter by which its particles exclude or resist all others; hardness; massiveness.

That which hinders the approach of two bodies when they are moving one toward another, I call solidity .

2. Moral firmness; soundness; strength; validity; truth; certainty; -- as opposed to weakness or fallaciousness ; as, the solidity of arguments or reasoning; the solidity of principles, triuths, or opinions.

3. (Geom.) The solid contents of a body; volume; amount of inclosed space.

Syn. -- Firmness; solidness; hardness; density; compactness; strength; soundness; validity; certainty.

Solidly adverb In a solid manner; densely; compactly; firmly; truly.

Solidness noun
1. State or quality of being solid; firmness; compactness; solidity, as of material bodies.

2. Soundness; strength; truth; validity, as of arguments, reasons, principles, and the like.

Solidungula noun plural [ New Latin , from Latin solidus solid + ungula a hoof.] (Zoology) A tribe of ungulates which includes the horse, ass, and related species, constituting the family Equidæ .

Solidungular adjective (Zoology) Solipedous.

Solidungulate noun [ Solid + ungulate .] (Zool.) Same as Soliped .

Solidungulous adjective (Zoology) Solipedous.

Solifidian noun [ Latin solus alone + fides faith.] (Eccl.) One who maintains that faith alone, without works, is sufficient for justification; -- opposed to nullifidian . Hammond.

Solifidian adjective Holding the tenets of Solifidians; of or pertaining to the solifidians.

Solifidianism noun The state of Solifidians.

Soliform adjective [ Latin sol sun + -form .] Like the sun in form, appearance, or nature; resembling the sun. [ R.] " Soliform things." Cudworth.

Solifugæ noun plural [ New Latin , from Latin solifuga (better solipuga ), a kind of venomous ant, or spider.] (Zoology) A division of arachnids having large, powerful fangs and a segmented abdomen; -- called also Solpugidea , and Solpugides .

Soliloquize intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Soliloquized ; present participle & verbal noun Soliloquizing .] To utter a soliloquy; to talk to one's self.

Soliloquy noun ; plural Soliloquies . [ Latin soliloquium ; solus alone + loqui to speak. See Sole ly, and Loquacious .]
1. The act of talking to one's self; a discourse made by one in solitude to one's self; monologue.

Lovers are always allowed the comfort of soliloquy .

2. A written composition, reciting what it is supposed a person says to himself.

The whole poem is a soliloquy .

Soliped noun [ Confer French solipède , Italian solipede , Spanish solipedo ; apparently from Latin solus alone + pes , pedis , a foot; but probably from Latin solidipes solid-footed, whole-hoofed. See Solid , and Pedal .] (Zoology) A mammal having a single hoof on each foot, as the horses and asses; a solidungulate. [ Written also solipede .]

The solipeds , or firm-hoofed animals, as horses, asses, and mules, etc., -- they are, also, in mighty number.
Sir T. Browne.

Solipedous adjective Having single hoofs.

Solipsism noun [ Latin solus alone + ipse self.]
1. (Ethics) Egotism. Krauth-Fleming.

2. (Metaph.) Egoism. Krauth- Fleming.

Solisequious adjective [ Latin sol sun + sequi to follow.] Following the course of the sun; as, solisequious plants. [ R.] Sir T. Browne.

Solitaire noun [ French See Solitary .]
1. A person who lives in solitude; a recluse; a hermit. Pope.

2. A single diamond in a setting; also, sometimes, a precious stone of any kind set alone.

Diamond solitaires blazing on his breast and wrists.
Mrs. R. H. Davis.

3. A game which one person can play alone; -- applied to many games of cards, etc.; also, to a game played on a board with pegs or balls, in which the object is, beginning with all the places filled except one, to remove all but one of the pieces by "jumping," as in draughts.

4. (Zoology) (a) A large extinct bird ( Pezophaps solitaria ) which formerly inhabited the islands of Mauritius and Rodrigeuz. It was larger and taller than the wild turkey. Its wings were too small for flight. Called also solitary . (b) Any species of American thrushlike birds of the genus Myadestes . They are noted their sweet songs and retiring habits. Called also fly-catching thrush . A West Indian species ( Myadestes sibilans ) is called the invisible bird .

Solitarian noun [ See Solitary .] A hermit; a solitary. [ Obsolete] Sir R. Twisden.

Solitariety noun The state of being solitary; solitariness. [ Obsolete] Cudworth.