Soldering Sol"der·ing adjective & noun from Solder , transitive verb Soldering iron , Soldering tool , an instrument for soldering, consisting of a bit or bolt of copper having a pointed or wedge-shaped end, and furnished with a handle.
Soldier Sol"dier noun
[ Middle English souldier
, Old French soldier
, from Latin solidus
a piece of money (hence applied to the pay of a soldier), from solidus
solid. See Solid
, and confer Sold
] 1. One who is engaged in military service as an officer or a private; one who serves in an army; one of an organized body of combatants.
I am a soldier and unapt to weep. Shak. 2. Especially, a private in military service, as distinguished from an officer.
It were meet that any one, before he came to be a captain, should have been a soldier . Spenser. 3. A brave warrior; a man of military experience and skill, or a man of distinguished valor; -- used by way of emphasis or distinction. Shak. 4. (Zoology) The red or cuckoo gurnard ( Trigla pini .)
[ Prov. Eng.] 5. (Zoology) One of the asexual polymorphic forms of white ants, or termites, in which the head and jaws are very large and strong. The soldiers serve to defend the nest. See Termite . Soldier beetle (Zoology)
, an American carabid beetle ( Chauliognathus Americanus ) whose larva feeds upon other insects, such as the plum curculio.
-- Soldier bug (Zoology)
, any hemipterous insect of the genus Podisus and allied genera, as the spined soldier bug ( Podius spinosus ). These bugs suck the blood of other insects.
-- Soldier crab (Zoology) (a) The hermit crab. (b) The fiddler crab.
-- Soldier fish (Zoology)
, a bright-colored etheostomoid fish ( Etheostoma cœruleum ) found in the Mississippi River; -- called also blue darter , and rainbow darter .
-- Soldier fly (Zoology)
, any one of numerous species of small dipterous flies of the genus Stratyomys and allied genera. They are often bright green, with a metallic luster, and are ornamented on the sides of the back with markings of yellow, like epaulets or shoulder straps.
-- Soldier moth (Zoology)
, a large geometrid moth ( Euschema militaris ), having the wings bright yellow with bluish black lines and spots.
-- Soldier orchis (Botany)
, a kind of orchis ( Orchis militaris ).
Soldier Sol"dier intransitive verb 1. To serve as a soldier. 2. To make a pretense of doing something, or of performing any task.
[ Colloq.U.S.] » In this sense the vulgar pronounciation (sō"jẽr) is jocosely preserved.
It needs an opera glass to discover whether the leaders are pulling, or only soldiering . C. D. Warner.
Soldieress Sol"dier·ess noun A female soldier. [ Obsolete]
Soldiering Sol"dier·ing noun 1. The act of serving as a soldier; the state of being a soldier; the occupation of a soldier. 2. The act of feigning to work. See the Note under Soldier , intransitive verb , 2. [ Colloq. U.S.]
Soldierlike Sol"dier·like" adjective Like a soldier; soldierly.
Soldierly Sol"dier·ly adjective Like or becoming a real soldier; brave; martial; heroic; honorable; soldierlike. " Soldierly discipline." Sir P. Sidney.
Soldiership Sol"dier·ship noun Military qualities or state; martial skill; behavior becoming a soldier. [ R.] Shak.
Soldierwood Sol"dier·wood` noun (Botany) A showy leguminous plant ( Calliandra purpurea ) of the West Indies. The flowers have long tassels of purple stamens.
Soldiery Sol"dier·y noun 1. A body of soldiers; soldiers, collectivelly; the military.
A camp of faithful soldiery . Milton. 2. Military service.
[ Obsolete] Sir P. Sidney.
Soldo Sol"do noun
; plural Soldi
. [ Italian See Sou
.] A small Italian coin worth a sou or a cent; the twentieth part of a lira.
Sole Sole noun [ French sole , Latin solea ; -- so named from its flat shape. See Sole of the foot.] (Zoology) (a) Any one of several species of flatfishes of the genus Solea and allied genera of the family Soleidæ , especially the common European species ( Solea vulgaris ), which is a valuable food fish. (b) Any one of several American flounders somewhat resembling the true sole in form or quality, as the California sole ( Lepidopsetta bilineata ), the long-finned sole ( Glyptocephalus zachirus ), and other species. Lemon , or French , sole (Zoology) , a European species of sole ( Solea pegusa ). -- Smooth sole (Zoology) , the megrim.
Sole Sole noun
[ Anglo-Saxon sole
, from Latin soolea
(or rather an assumed Latin sola
), akin to solum
round, soil, sole of the foot. Confer Exile
the fish.] 1. The bottom of the foot; hence, also, rarely, the foot itself.
The dove found no rest for the sole of her foot. Gen. viii. 9.
Hast wandered through the world now long a day, Spenser. 2. The bottom of a shoe or boot, or the piece of leather which constitutes the bottom.
Yet ceasest not thy weary soles to lead.
The "caliga" was a military shoe, with a very thick sole , tied above the instep. Arbuthnot. 3. The bottom or lower part of anything, or that on which anything rests in standing.
Specifially: (a) (Agriculture) The bottom of the body of a plow; -- called also slade ; also, the bottom of a furrow. (b) (Far.) The horny substance under a horse's foot, which protects the more tender parts. (c) (Fort.) The bottom of an embrasure. (d) (Nautical) A piece of timber attached to the lower part of the rudder, to make it even with the false keel. Totten. (e) (Mining) The seat or bottom of a mine; -- applied to horizontal veins or lodes. Sole leather
, thick, strong, used for making the soles of boots and shoes, and for other purposes.
Sole Sole transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Soled ; present participle & verbal noun Soling .] To furnish with a sole; as, to sole a shoe.
Sole Sole adjective
[ Latin solus
, or Old French sol
, French seul
(fr. Latin solus
; confer Latin sollus
whole, entire. Confer Desolate
.] 1. Being or acting without another; single; individual; only.
son of my queen." Shak.
He, be sure . . . first and last will reign Milton. 2. (Law) Single; unmarried; as, a feme sole . Corporation sole
. See the Note under Corporation . Syn.
-- Single; individual; only; alone; solitary.
Sole trader Sole trader A feme sole trader.
Solecism Sol"e·cism noun
[ French solécisme
, Latin soloecismus
, Greek soloikismo`s
, from soloiki`zein
to speak or write incorrectly, from so`loikos
speaking incorrectly, from the corruption of the Attic dialect among the Athenian colonists of So`loi
in Cilicia.] 1. An impropriety or incongruity of language in the combination of words or parts of a sentence; esp., deviation from the idiom of a language or from the rules of syntax.
A barbarism may be in one word; a solecism must be of more. Johnson. 2. Any inconsistency, unfitness, absurdity, or impropriety, as in deeds or manners.
Cæsar, by dismissing his guards and retaining his power, committed a dangerous solecism in politics. C. Middleton.
The idea of having committed the slightest solecism in politeness was agony to him. Sir W. Scott. Syn.
-- Barbarism; impropriety; absurdity.
Solecist Sol"e·cist noun [ Greek ..........] One who commits a solecism. Blackwall.
Solecistic Sol`e·cis"tic adjective Solecistical.
Solecistical Sol`e·cis"tic·al adjective Pertaining to, or involving, a solecism; incorrect. "He thought it made the language solecistical and absurd." Blackwall.
Solecistically Sol`e·cis"tic·al·ly adverb In a solecistic manner.
Solecize Sol"e·cize intransitive verb [ Greek ................] To commit a solecism. [ R.] Dr. H. More.
Solely Sole"ly adverb Singly; alone; only; without another; as, to rest a cause solely one argument; to rely solely n one's own strength.
Solemn Sol"emn adjective
[ Middle English solempne
, Old French solempne
, Latin solemnis
all, entire + annus
a year; properly, that takes place every year; -- used especially of religious solemnities. Confer Silly
.] 1. Marked with religious rites and pomps; enjoined by, or connected with, religion; sacred.
His holy rites and solemn feasts profaned. Milton.
The worship of this image was advanced, and a solemn supplication observed everry year. Bp. Stillingfleet. 2. Pertaining to a festival; festive; festal.
[ Obsolete] "On this solemn
day." Chaucer. 3. Stately; ceremonious; grand.
His feast so solemn and so rich. Chaucer.
To-night we hold a splemn supper. Shak. 4. Fitted to awaken or express serious reflections; marked by seriousness; serious; grave; devout; as, a solemn promise; solemn earnestness.
Nor wanting power to mitigate and swage Milton.
With solemn touches troubled thoughts.
There reigned a solemn silence over all. Spenser. 5. Real; earnest; downright.
[ Obsolete & R.]
Frederick, the emperor, . . . has spared no expense in strengthening this city; since which time we find no solemn taking it by the Turks. Fuller. 6. Affectedly grave or serious; as, to put on a solemn face.
coxcomb." Swift. 7. (Law) Made in form; ceremonious; as, solemn war; conforming with all legal requirements; as, probate in solemn form. Burrill. Jarman. Greenleaf. Solemn League and Covenant
. See Covenant , 2. Syn.
-- Grave; formal; ritual; ceremonial; sober; serious; reverential; devotional; devout. See Grave
Solemness Sol"em·ness noun Solemnness .
Some think he wanted solemnes . Sir H. Wotton.
Solemnity So·lem"ni·ty noun
; plural Solemnities
. [ Latin solemnitas
: confer French solennité
, Old French also sollempnité
.] 1. A rite or ceremony performed with religious reverence; religious or ritual ceremony; as, the solemnity of a funeral, a sacrament.
Great was the cause; our old solemnities Pope. 2. ceremony adapted to impress with awe.
From no blind zeal or fond tradition rise,
But saved from death, our Argives yearly pay
These grateful honors to the god of day.
The forms and solemnities of the last judgment. Atterburry. 3. Ceremoniousness; impressiveness; seriousness; grave earnestness; formal dignity; gravity.
With much glory and great solemnity . Chaucer.
The statelines and gravity of the Spaniards shows itself in the solemnity of their language. Addison.
These promises were often made with great solemnity and confirmed with an oath. J. Edwards. 4. Hence, affected gravity or seriousness.
Solemnity 's a cover for a sot. Young. 5. Solemn state or feeling; awe or reverence; also, that which produces such a feeling; as, the solemnity of an audience; the solemnity of Westminster Abbey. 6. (Law) A solemn or formal observance; proceeding according to due form; the formality which is necessary to render a thing done valid.
Solemnizate So·lem"ni·zate transitive verb To solemnize; as, to solemnizate matrimony. [ R.] Bp. Burnet.
Solemnization Sol`em·ni·za"tion noun [ Confer French solemnisation , solennisation .] The act of solemnizing; celebration; as, the solemnization of a marriage.
Solemnize Sol"em·nize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Solemnized
; present participle & verbal noun Solemnizing
.] [ Confer French solemniser
.] 1. To perform with solemn or ritual ceremonies, or according to legal forms.
Baptism to be administered in one place, and marriage solemnized in another. Hooker. 2. To dignify or honor by ceremonies; to celebrate.
Their choice nobility and flowers . . . Milton. 3. To make grave, serious, and reverential.
Met from all parts to solemnize this feast.
Wordsworth was solemnizzed and elevated by this his first look on Yarrow. J. C. Shairp.
Every Israelite . . . arose, solemnized his face, looked towards Jerusalem . . . and prayed. Latin Wallace.
Solemnize Sol"em·nize noun Solemnization.
Though spoused, yet wanting wedlock's solemnize . Spenser.
Solemnizer Sol"em·ni`zer noun One who solemnizes.
Solemnly Sol"emn·ly adverb In a solemn manner; with gravity; seriously; formally.
There in deaf murmurs solemnly are wise. Dryden.
I do solemnly assure the reader. Swift.
Solemnness Sol"emn·ness noun The state or quality of being solemn; solemnity; impressiveness; gravity; as, the solemnness of public worship. [ Written also solemness .]
Solempne So·lemp"ne adjective [ See Solemn .] Solemn; grand; stately; splendid; magnificent. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Solen So"len noun [ New Latin , from Greek ......... channel, a shellfish.] 1. (Medicine) A cradle, as for a broken limb. See Cradle , 6. 2. (Zoology) Any marine bivalve mollusk belonging to Solen or allied genera of the family Solenidæ ; a razor shell.
Solenacean Sol`e·na"cean noun (Zoöl) . Any species of marine bivalve shells belonging to the family Solenidæ .
Solenaceous Sol`e·na"ceous adjective (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the solens or family Solenidæ .
Soleness Sole"ness noun The state of being sole, or alone; singleness. [ R.] Chesterfield.
Solenette Sole·nette" noun (Zoology) A small European sole ( Solea minuta ).
Solenoconcha So·le`no·con"cha noun plural [ New Latin See Solen , and Conch .] (Zoology) Same as Scaphopoda .
Solenodon So·le"no·don noun [ Greek ............ a channel + ............, ........., a tooth.] (Zoology) Either one of two species of singular West Indian insectivores, allied to the tenrec. One species ( Solendon paradoxus ), native of St. Domingo, is called also agouta ; the other ( S. Cubanus ), found in Cuba, is called almique .
Solenogastra So·le`no·gas"tra noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ............ channel + ............, ............, stomach.] (Zoology) An order of lowly organized Mollusca belonging to the Isopleura. A narrow groove takes the place of the foot of other gastropods.
Solenoglyph So·le"no·glyph adjective (Zoology) Pertaining to the Selenoglypha. See Ophidia . -- noun One of the Selenoglypha.
Solenoglypha So`le·nog"ly·pha noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ............ a channel + ............ to engrave.] (Zoology) A suborder of serpents including those which have tubular erectile fangs, as the viper and rattlesnake. See Fang .
Solenoid So"len·oid noun [ Greek ......... channel + -oid .] (Electricity) An electrodynamic spiral having the conjuctive wire turned back along its axis, so as to neutralize that component of the effect of the current which is due to the length of the spiral, and reduce the whole effect to that of a series of equal and parallel circular currents. When traversed by a current the solenoid exhibits polarity and attraction or repulsion, like a magnet.
Solenostomi So`le·nos"to·mi noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ............... a channel + ............ a mouth.] (Zoology) A tribe of lophobranch fishes having a tubular snout. The female carries the eggs in a ventral pouch.
Soleplate Sole"plate` noun (Machinery) (a) A bedplate; as, the soleplate of a steam engine. (b) The plate forming the back of a waterwheel bucket.
Soler, Solere So"ler, So"lere noun [ Middle English See Solar , noun ] A loft or garret. See Solar , noun Sir W. Scott.
Solert So"lert adjective [ Latin solers , sollers , -ertis ,clever, skillful.] Skillful; clever; crafty. [ Obsolete] Cudworth.
Solertiousness So·ler"tious·ness noun The quality or state of being solert. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hacket.
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