Webster's Dictionary, 1913
So-called adjective So named; called by such a name (but perhaps called thus with doubtful propriety).
[ Compar. Soapier
; superl. Soapiest
.] 1. Resembling soap; having the qualities of, or feeling like, soap; soft and smooth. 2. Smeared with soap; covered with soap.
Soar intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Soared
; present participle & verbal noun Soaring
.] [ French s'essorer
to soar, essorer
to dry (by exposing to the air), from Latin ex
out + aura
the air, a breeze; akin to Greek ................] 1. To fly aloft, as a bird; to mount upward on wings, or as on wings. Chaucer.
When soars Gaul's vulture with his wings unfurled. Byron. 2. Fig.: To rise in thought, spirits, or imagination; to be exalted in mood.
Where the deep transported mind may soar . Milton.
Valor soars above Addison.
What the world calls misfortune.
Soar noun The act of soaring; upward flight.
This apparent soar of the hooded falcon. Coleridge.
Soar adjective See 3d Sore .
Soar adjective See Sore , reddish brown. Soar falcon
. (Zoology) See Sore falcon , under Sore .
Soar intransitive verb (Aëronautics) To fly by wind power; to glide indefinitely without loss of altitude.
Soaring adjective & noun from Soar .
Soave adjective [ Italian ] (Mus.) Sweet.
Soavemente adverb [ Italian ] (Mus.) Sweetly.
Sob transitive verb
[ See Sop
.] To soak.
[ Obsolete] Mortimer.
Sob intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Sobbed
; present participle & verbal noun Sobbing
.] [ Middle English sobben
; akin to Anglo-Saxon seófian
, to complain, bewail, seófung
, sobbing, lamentation; confer Old High German s...ftön
, to sigh, Middle High German siuften
, German seufzen
, Middle High German s...ft
a sigh, properly, a drawing in of breath, from s...fen
to drink, Old High German s...fan
. Confer Sup
.] To sigh with a sudden heaving of the breast, or with a kind of convulsive motion; to sigh with tears, and with a convulsive drawing in of the breath.
Sobbing is the same thing [ as sighing], stronger. Bacon.
She sighed, she sobbed , and, furious with despair. Dryden.
She rent her garments, and she tore her hair.
Sob noun 1. The act of sobbing; a convulsive sigh, or inspiration of the breath, as in sorrow.
Break, heart, or choke with sobs my hated breath. Dryden. 2. Any sorrowful cry or sound.
The tremulous sob of the complaining owl. Wordsworth.
Sobbing noun A series of short, convulsive inspirations, the glottis being suddenly closed so that little or no air enters into the lungs.
[ Compar. Soberer
; superl. Soberest
.] [ Middle English sobre
, French sobre
, from Latin sobrius
, probably from a prefix so-
expressing separation + ebrius
drunken. Confer Ebriety
.] 1. Temperate in the use of spirituous liquors; habitually temperate; as, a sober man.
That we may hereafter live a godly, righteous, and sober life, to the glory of Thy holy name. Bk. of Com. Prayer. 2. Not intoxicated or excited by spirituous liquors; as, the sot may at times be sober . 3. Not mad or insane; not wild, visionary, or heated with passion; exercising cool, dispassionate reason; self- controlled; self-possessed.
There was not a sober person to be had; all was tempestuous and blustering. Druden.
No sober man would put himself into danger for the applause of escaping without breaking his neck. Dryden. 4. Not proceeding from, or attended with, passion; calm; as, sober judgment; a man in his sober senses. 5. Serious or subdued in demeanor, habit, appearance, or color; solemn; grave; sedate.
What parts gay France from sober Spain? Prior.
See her sober over a sampler, or gay over a jointed baby. Pope.
Twilight gray Milton. Syn.
Had in her sober livery all things clad.
-- Grave; temperate; abstinent; abstemious; moderate; regular; steady; calm; quiet; cool; collected; dispassionate; unimpassioned; sedate; staid; serious; solemn; somber. See Grave
Sober transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Sobered
; present participle & verbal noun Sobering
.] To make sober.
There shallow draughts intoxicate the brain, Pope.
And drinking largely sobers us again.
Sober intransitive verb To become sober; -- often with down .
Vance gradually sobered down. Ld. Lytton.
Sober-minded adjective Having a disposition or temper habitually sober. -- So"ber- mind`ed*ness , noun
Soberize transitive verb & i. To sober. [ R.] Crabbe.
Soberly adverb In a sober manner; temperately; cooly; calmly; gravely; seriously.
Soberly adjective Grave; serious; solemn; sad.
[ He] looked hollow and thereto soberly . Chaucer.
Soberness noun The quality or state of being sober.
Soboles noun [ Latin , a short.] (Botany) (a) A shoot running along under ground, forming new plants at short distances. (b) A sucker, as of tree or shrub.
[ Latin soboles + -ferous
.] (Botany) Producing soboles. See Illust. of Houseleek .
Sobranje noun [ Bulgarian, lit., assembly.] The unicameral national assembly of Bulgaria, elected for a term of five years by universal suffrage of adult males.
[ Latin sobrietas
: confer French sobriété
. See Sober
.] 1. Habitual soberness or temperance as to the use of spirituous liquors; as, a man of sobriety .
Public sobriety is a relative duty. Blackstone. 2. Habitual freedom from enthusiasm, inordinate passion, or overheated imagination; calmness; coolness; gravity; seriousness; as, the sobriety of riper years.
Mirth makes them not mad, Denham. Syn.
Nor sobriety sad.
-- Soberness; temperance; abstinence; abstemiousness; moderation; regularity; steadness; calmness; coolness; sober- mindeness; sedateness; staidness; gravity; seriousness; solemnity.
Sobriquet (so`bre`ka") noun [ French sobriquet , Old French soubzbriquet , soubriquet , a chuck under the chin, hence, an affront, a nickname; of uncertain origin; confer Italian sottobecco a chuck under the chin.] An assumed name; a fanciful epithet or appellation; a nickname. [ Sometimes less correctly written soubriquet .]
[ Anglo-Saxon sōc
the power of holding court, sway, domain, properly, the right of investigating or seeking; akin to English sake
, and confer Sac
, and Soke
.] [ Written also sock
, and soke
.] 1. (O. Eng. Law) (a) The lord's power or privilege of holding a court in a district, as in manor or lordship; jurisdiction of causes, and the limits of that jurisdiction. (b) Liberty or privilege of tenants excused from customary burdens. 2. An exclusive privilege formerly claimed by millers of grinding all the corn used within the manor or township which the mill stands.
[ Eng.] Soc and sac (O. Eng. Law)
, the full right of administering justice in a manor or lordship.
[ From Soc
; confer Late Latin socagium
.] (O.Eng. Law) A tenure of lands and tenements by a certain or determinate service; a tenure distinct from chivalry or knight's service, in which the obligations were uncertain. The service must be certain, in order to be denominated socage , as to hold by fealty and twenty shillings rent.
[ Written also soccage
.] » Socage
is of two kinds; free socage
, where the services are not only certain, but honorable; and villein socage
, where the services, though certain, are of a baser nature. Blackstone.
Socager noun (O. Eng. Law) A tennant by socage; a socman.
Sociability noun [ Confer French sociabilité .] The quality of being sociable; sociableness.
[ French, from Latin sociabilis
, from sociare
to associate, from socius
a companion. See Social
.] 1. Capable of being, or fit to be, united in one body or company; associable.
They are sociable parts united into one body. Hooker. 2. Inclined to, or adapted for, society; ready to unite with others; fond of companions; social.
Society is no comfort to one not sociable . Shak.
What can be more uneasy to this sociable creature than the dry, pensive retirements of solitude? South. 3. Ready to converse; inclined to talk with others; not taciturn or reserved. 4. Affording opportunites for conversation; characterized by much conversation; as, a sociable party. 5. No longer hostile; friendly.
[ Obsolete] Beau. & Fl. Sociable bird
, or Sociable weaver (Zoology)
, a weaver bird which builds composite nests. See Republican , noun , 3. (b) . Syn.
-- Social; companionable; conversible; friendly; familiar; communicative; accessible.
1. A gathering of people for social purposes; an informal party or reception; as, a church sociable . [ Colloq. U. S.] 2. A carriage having two double seats facing each other, and a box for the driver. Miss Edgeworth.
Sociableness noun The quality of being sociable.
Sociably adverb In a sociable manner.
[ Latin socialis
, from socius
a companion; akin to sequi
to follow: confer French social
. See Sue
to follow.] 1. Of or pertaining to society; relating to men living in society, or to the public as an aggregate body; as, social interest or concerns; social pleasure; social benefits; social happiness; social duties.
phenomena." J. S. Mill. 2. Ready or disposed to mix in friendly converse; companionable; sociable; as, a social person. 3. Consisting in union or mutual intercourse.
Best with thyself accompanied, seek'st not Milton. 4. (Botany) Naturally growing in groups or masses; -- said of many individual plants of the same species. 5. (Zoology) (a) Living in communities consisting of males, females, and neuters, as do ants and most bees. (b) Forming compound groups or colonies by budding from basal processes or stolons; as, the social ascidians. Social science
, the science of all that relates to the social condition, the relations and institutions which are involved in man's existence and his well-being as a member of an organized community; sociology. It concerns itself with questions of the public health, education, labor, punishment of crime, reformation of criminals, and the like.
-- Social whale (Zoology)
, the blackfish.
-- The social evil
, prostitution. Syn.
-- Sociable; companionable; conversible; friendly; familiar; communicative; convival; festive.
[ Confer French socialisme
.] A theory or system of social reform which contemplates a complete reconstruction of society, with a more just and equitable distribution of property and labor. In popular usage, the term is often employed to indicate any lawless, revolutionary social scheme. See Communism , Fourierism , Saint- Simonianism , forms of socialism.
[ Socialism ] was first applied in England to Owen's theory of social reconstruction, and in France to those also of St. Simon and Fourier . . . The word, however, is used with a great variety of meaning, . . . even by economists and learned critics. The general tendency is to regard as socialistic any interference undertaken by society on behalf of the poor, . . . radical social reform which disturbs the present system of private property . . . The tendency of the present socialism is more and more to ally itself with the most advanced democracy. Encyc. Brit.
We certainly want a true history of socialism , meaning by that a history of every systematic attempt to provide a new social existence for the mass of the workers. F. Harrison.
Socialism noun -- Socialism of the chair [ German katheder socialismus ], a term applied about 1872, at first in ridicule, to a group of German political economists who advocated state aid for the betterment of the working classes.
Socialist noun [ Confer French socialiste .] One who advocates or practices the doctrines of socialism.
Socialist, Socialistic adjective Pertaining to, or of the nature of, socialism.
Sociality noun [ Confer French socialisté , Latin socialitas .] The quality of being social; socialness.
Socialize transitive verb
1. To render social. 2. To subject to, or regulate by, socialism.
Socially adverb In a social manner; sociably.
Socialness noun The quality or state of being social.
Sociate adjective [ Latin sociatus , past participle of sociare to associate, from socius companion.] Associated. [ Obsolete]
Sociate noun An associate.
As for you, Dr. Reynolds, and your sociates . Fuller.
Sociate intransitive verb To associate. [ Obsolete] Shelford.
Societarian adjective Of or pertaining to society; social.
The all-sweeping besom of societarian reformation. Lamb.
Societary adjective Societarian. [ R.]
; plural Societies
. [ Latin societas
, from socius
a companion: confer French société
. See Social
.] 1. The relationship of men to one another when associated in any way; companionship; fellowship; company.
"Her loved society
There is society where none intrudes Byron. 2. Connection; participation; partnership.
By the deep sea, and music in its roar.
The meanest of the people and such as have the least society with the acts and crimes of kings. Jer. Taylor. 3. A number of persons associated for any temporary or permanent object; an association for mutual or joint usefulness, pleasure, or profit; a social union; a partnership; as, a missionary society . 4. The persons, collectively considered, who live in any region or at any period; any community of individuals who are united together by a common bond of nearness or intercourse; those who recognize each other as associates, friends, and acquaintances. 5. Specifically, the more cultivated portion of any community in its social relations and influences; those who mutually give receive formal entertainments. Society of Jesus
. See Jesuit .
-- Society verses
[ a translation of French vers de société
], the lightest kind of lyrical poetry; verses for the amusement of polite society.