Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Soke noun 1. (Eng. Law) See Soc . 2. One of the small territorial divisions into which Lincolnshire, England, is divided.
[ Confer Socome
.] 1. A toll. See Soc , noun , 2.
Great sooken had this miller, out of doubt. Chaucer. 2. A district held by socage.
Soko noun (Zoology) An African anthropoid ape, supposed to be a variety of the chimpanzee.
Sol noun [ Latin ]
1. The sun. 2. (Alchem.) Gold; -- so called from its brilliancy, color, and value. Chaucer.
Sol noun [ Italian ] (Mus.) (a) A syllable applied in solmization to the note G, or to the fifth tone of any diatonic scale. (b) The tone itself.
[ See Sou
.] 1. A sou. 2. A silver and gold coin of Peru. The silver sol is the unit of value, and is worth about 68 cents.
Sol, Sole noun [ From hydrosol an aqueous colloidal solution, confused with German sole , soole , salt water from which salt is obtained.] (Chemistry) A fluid mixture of a colloid and a liquid; a liquid colloidal solution or suspension.
[ Latin , fem. of solus
.] See Solus .
Sola noun [ Native name.] (Botany) A leguminous plant ( Æschynomene aspera ) growing in moist places in Southern India and the East Indies. Its pithlike stem is used for making hats, swimming-jackets, etc. [ Written also solah , shola .]
[ Old French solas
, Latin solacium
, from solari
to comfort, console. Confer Console
, transitive verb
] 1. Comfort in grief; alleviation of grief or anxiety; also, that which relieves in distress; that which cheers or consoles; relief.
In business of mirth and of solace . Chaucer.
The proper solaces of age are not music and compliments, but wisdom and devotion. Rambler. 2. Rest; relaxation; ease.
To make his steed some solace . Chaucer. Syn.
-- Comfort; consolation; alleviation; relief.
Solace transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Solaced
; present participle & verbal noun Solacing
.] [ Old French solacier
, French solacier
, Late Latin solatiare
. See Solace
] 1. To cheer in grief or under calamity; to comfort; to relieve in affliction, solitude, or discomfort; to console; -- applied to persons; as, to solace one with the hope of future reward. 2. To allay; to assuage; to soothe; as, to solace grief. Syn.
-- To comfort; assuage; allay. See Comfort
Solace intransitive verb To take comfort; to be cheered. Shak.
Solacement noun The act of solacing, or the state of being solaced; also, that which solaces. [ R.]
Solacious adjective [ Confer Old French solacieux .] Affording solace; as, a solacious voice. [ Obsolete] Bale.
Solan goose [ Icelandic s...la ; akin to Norw. sula .] (Zoology) The common gannet.
Solanaceous adjective (Botany) Of or pertaining to plants of the natural order Solanaceæ , of which the nightshade ( Solanum ) is the type. The order includes also the tobacco, ground cherry, tomato, eggplant, red pepper, and many more.
Soland noun (Zoology) A solan goose.
Solania noun [ New Latin ] (Chemistry) Solanine.
[ See Solanine
.] (Chemistry) An alkaloid produced by the action of hydrochloric acid on solanidine, as a tasteless yellow crystalline substance.
[ See Solanine
.] (Chemistry) An alkaloid produced by the decomposition of solanine, as a white crystalline substance having a harsh bitter taste.
Solanine noun [ Latin solanum nightshade.] (Chemistry) A poisonous alkaloid glucoside extracted from the berries of common nightshade ( Solanum nigrum ), and of bittersweet, and from potato sprouts, as a white crystalline substance having an acrid, burning taste; -- called also solonia , and solanina .
Solano [ Spanish , from Latin solanus (sc. ventus ), from sol the sun.] A hot, oppressive wind which sometimes blows in the Mediterranean, particularly on the eastern coast of Spain.
Solanoid adjective [ Solanum + -oid .] (Medicine) Resembling a potato; -- said of a kind of cancer.
Solanum noun [ Latin , nightshade.] (Botany) A genus of plants comprehending the potato ( S. tuberosum ), the eggplant ( S. melongena , and several hundred other species; nightshade.
[ Middle English soler
, Anglo-Saxon solere
, Latin solarium
, from sol
the sun. See Solar
] A loft or upper chamber; a garret room.
[ Obsolete] [ Written also soler
.] Oxf. Gloss.
[ Latin solaris
, from sol
the sun; akin to As. sōl
, Icelandic sōl
, Goth. sauil
, Lithuanian saule
, W. haul
, Sanskrit svar
, perhaps to English sun
. Confer Parasol
.] 1. Of or pertaining to the sun; proceeding from the sun; as, the solar system; solar light; solar rays; solar influence. See Solar system , below. 2. (Astrol.) Born under the predominant influence of the sun.
And proud beside, as solar people are. Dryden. 3. Measured by the progress or revolution of the sun in the ecliptic; as, the solar year. 4. Produced by the action of the sun, or peculiarly affected by its influence.
They denominate some herbs solar , and some lunar. Bacon. Solar cycle
. See under Cycle .
-- Solar day
. See Day , 2.
-- Solar engine
, an engine in which the energy of solar heat is used to produce motion, as in evaporating water for a steam engine, or expanding air for an air engine.
-- Solar flowers (Botany)
, flowers which open and shut daily at certain hours.
-- Solar lamp
, an argand lamp.
-- Solar microscope
, a microscope consisting essentially, first, of a mirror for reflecting a beam of sunlight through the tube, which sometimes is fixed in a window shutter; secondly, of a condenser, or large lens, for converging the beam upon the object; and, thirdly, of a small lens, or magnifier, for throwing an enlarged image of the object at its focus upon a screen in a dark room or in a darkened box.
Solar myth A myth which essentially consists of allegory based upon ideas as to the sun's course, motion, influence, or the like.
Solar parallax The parallax of the sun, that is, the angle subtended at the sun by the semidiameter of the earth. It is 8."80, and is the fundamental datum.
; plural Solaria
. [ Latin See Solar
] 1. An apartment freely exposed to the sun; anciently, an apartment or inclosure on the roof of a house; in modern times, an apartment in a hospital, used as a resort for convalescents. 2. (Zoology) Any one of several species of handsome marine spiral shells of the genus Solarium and allied genera. The shell is conical, and usually has a large, deep umbilicus exposing the upper whorls. Called also perspective shell .
Solarization noun (Photog.) Injury of a photographic picture caused by exposing it for too long a time to the sun's light in the camera; burning; excessive insolation.
Solarize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Solarized
; present participle & verbal noun Solarizing
.] (Photog.) To injure by too long exposure to the light of the sun in the camera; to burn.
Solarize intransitive verb (Photog.) To become injured by undue or too long exposure to the sun's rays in the camera.
Solary adjective Solar. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.
Solas noun Solace. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ Latin See Solace
] Anything which alleviates or compensates for suffering or loss; a compensation; esp., an additional allowance, as for injured feelings.
Sold imperfect & past participle of Sell .
[ French solde
. See Soldier
, and confer Sou
.] Solary; military pay.
[ Obsolete] Spenser.
[ Middle English soudan
, French soudan
, from the Arabic. See Sultan
.] A sultan.
[ Obsolete] Milton.
Soldanel noun (Botany) A plant of the genus Soldanella , low Alpine herbs of the Primrose family.
Soldanrie noun The country ruled by a soldan, or sultan. [ Poet.] Sir W. Scott.
[ Formerly soder
; French soudure
, Old French soudeure
, from Old French & French souder
to solder, Latin solidare
to fasten, to make solid. See Solid
, and confer Sawder
.] A metal or metallic alloy used when melted for uniting adjacent metallic edges or surfaces; a metallic cement.
Hence, anything which unites or cements. Hard solder
, a solder which fuses only at a red heat, as one composed of zinc and copper, or silver and copper, etc.
-- Soft solder
, a solder fusible at comparatively low temperatures; as, plumbers' solder, consisting of two parts lead and one part tin, is a soft solder .
Solder transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Soldered
; present participle & verbal noun Soldering
.] [ Formerly soder
. See Solder
] 1. To unite (metallic surfaces or edges) by the intervention of a more fusible metal or metallic alloy applied when melted; to join by means of metallic cement. 2. To mend; to patch up.
up a broken cause." Hooker.
Solderer noun One who solders.
Soldering adjective & noun from Solder , transitive verb Soldering iron
, Soldering tool
, an instrument for soldering, consisting of a bit or bolt of copper having a pointed or wedge-shaped end, and furnished with a handle.
[ Middle English souldier
, Old French soldier
, from Latin solidus
a piece of money (hence applied to the pay of a soldier), from solidus
solid. See Solid
, and confer Sold
] 1. One who is engaged in military service as an officer or a private; one who serves in an army; one of an organized body of combatants.
I am a soldier and unapt to weep. Shak. 2. Especially, a private in military service, as distinguished from an officer.
It were meet that any one, before he came to be a captain, should have been a soldier . Spenser. 3. A brave warrior; a man of military experience and skill, or a man of distinguished valor; -- used by way of emphasis or distinction. Shak. 4. (Zoology) The red or cuckoo gurnard ( Trigla pini .)
[ Prov. Eng.] 5. (Zoology) One of the asexual polymorphic forms of white ants, or termites, in which the head and jaws are very large and strong. The soldiers serve to defend the nest. See Termite . Soldier beetle (Zoology)
, an American carabid beetle ( Chauliognathus Americanus ) whose larva feeds upon other insects, such as the plum curculio.
-- Soldier bug (Zoology)
, any hemipterous insect of the genus Podisus and allied genera, as the spined soldier bug ( Podius spinosus ). These bugs suck the blood of other insects.
-- Soldier crab (Zoology) (a) The hermit crab. (b) The fiddler crab.
-- Soldier fish (Zoology)
, a bright-colored etheostomoid fish ( Etheostoma cœruleum ) found in the Mississippi River; -- called also blue darter , and rainbow darter .
-- Soldier fly (Zoology)
, any one of numerous species of small dipterous flies of the genus Stratyomys and allied genera. They are often bright green, with a metallic luster, and are ornamented on the sides of the back with markings of yellow, like epaulets or shoulder straps.
-- Soldier moth (Zoology)
, a large geometrid moth ( Euschema militaris ), having the wings bright yellow with bluish black lines and spots.
-- Soldier orchis (Botany)
, a kind of orchis ( Orchis militaris ).
Soldier intransitive verb 1. To serve as a soldier. 2. To make a pretense of doing something, or of performing any task.
[ Colloq.U.S.] » In this sense the vulgar pronounciation (sō"jẽr) is jocosely preserved.
It needs an opera glass to discover whether the leaders are pulling, or only soldiering . C. D. Warner.
Soldieress noun A female soldier. [ Obsolete]