Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Greek sw^ma
, body + ky`stis
a bladder.] (Zoology) A cavity in the primary nectocalyx of certain Siphonophora. See Illust. under Nectocalyx .
Somatology noun [ Greek sw^ma , sw`matos , body + -logy .]
1. The doctrine or the science of the general properties of material substances; somatics. 2. A treatise on the human body; anatomy. Dunglison.
1. (Biol.) The science which treats of anatomy and physiology, apart from psychology. 2. (Anthropol.) The consideration of the physical characters of races and classes of men and of mankind in general.
[ Greek sw^ma
, body + te`mnein
to cut.] (Anat. & Zoology) See Somite .
[ Greek sw^ma
, body + pleyra`
side.] (Anat.) The outer, or parietal, one of the two lamellæ into which the vertebrate blastoderm divides on either side of the notochord, and from which the walls of the body and the amnion are developed. See Splanchnopleure .
Somatopleuric adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the somatopleure.
Somatotropism noun [ Greek sw^ma , sw`matos , the body + tre`pein to turn.] (Physiol.) A directive influence exercised by a mass of matter upon growing organs. Encyc. Brit.
Somber, Sombre adjective
[ French sombre
; confer Spanish sombra
, shade, probably from Late Latin subumbrare
to put in the shade; Latin sub
under + umbra
shade. See Umbrage
.] 1. Dull; dusky; somewhat dark; gloomy; as, a somber forest; a somber house. 2. Melancholy; sad; grave; depressing; as, a somber person; somber reflections.
The dinner was silent and somber ; happily it was also short. Beaconsfield.
Somber, Sombre transitive verb To make somber, or dark; to make shady. [ R.]
Somber, Sombre noun Gloom; obscurity; duskiness; somberness. [ Obsolete]
Somberly, Sombrely adverb In a somber manner; sombrously; gloomily; despondingly.
Somberness, Sombreness noun The quality or state of being somber; gloominess.
[ Spanish , from sombra
shade. See Sombre
.] A kind of broad-brimmed hat, worn in Spain and in Spanish America. Marryat.
Sombrous adjective [ Confer Spanish sombroso .] Gloomy; somber. "Tall and sombrous pines." Longfellow. -- Som"brous*ly , adverb -- Som"brous*ness , noun
[ Middle English som
, Anglo-Saxon sum
; akin to Old Saxon , OFries., & Old High German sum
, OD. som
, Dutch sommig
, Icelandic sumr
, Danish somme
(pl.), Swedish somlige
(pl.), Goth. sums
, and English same
. √191. See Same
, and confer -some
.] 1. Consisting of a greater or less portion or sum; composed of a quantity or number which is not stated; -- used to express an indefinite quantity or number; as, some wine; some water; some persons. Used also pronominally; as, I have some .
Some theoretical writers allege that there was a time when there was no such thing as society. Blackstone. 2. A certain; one; -- indicating a person, thing, event, etc., as not known individually, or designated more specifically; as, some man, that is, some one man.
brighter clime." Mrs. Barbauld.
Some man praiseth his neighbor by a wicked intent. Chaucer.
Most gentlemen of property, at some period or other of their lives, are ambitious of representing their county in Parliament. Blackstone. 3. Not much; a little; moderate; as, the censure was to some extent just. 4. About; near; more or less; -- used commonly with numerals, but formerly also with a singular substantive of time or distance; as, a village of some eighty houses; some two or three persons; some hour hence. Shak.
The number slain on the rebel's part were some two thousand. Bacon. 5. Considerable in number or quantity.
"Bore us some
leagues to sea." Shak.
On its outer point, some miles away. Longfellow. 6. Certain; those of one part or portion; -- in distinction from other or others ; as, some men believe one thing, and others another.
The lighthouse lifts its massive masonry.
Some [ seeds] fell among thorns; . . . but other fell into good ground. Matt. xiii. 7, 8. 7. A part; a portion; -- used pronominally, and followed sometimes by of ; as, some of our provisions.
Your edicts some reclaim from sins, Dryden. All and some
But most your life and blest example wins.
, one and all. See under All , adverb
[ Obsolete] » The illiterate in the United States and Scotland often use some
as an adverb, instead of somewhat
, or an equivalent expression; as, I am some
tired; he is some
better; it rains some
, etc. Some . . . some
, one part . . . another part; these . . . those; -- used distributively.
Some to the shores do fly, Daniel.
Some to the woods, or whither fear advised.
» Formerly used also of single persons or things: this one . . . that one; one . . . another.
Some in his bed, some in the deep sea. Chaucer.
(sŭm"bŏd*ȳ) noun 1. A person unknown or uncertain; a person indeterminate; some person.
Jesus said, Somebody hath touched me. Luke viii. 46.
We must draw in somebody that may stand Denham. 2. A person of consideration or importance.
'Twixt us and danger.
Before these days rose up Theudas, boasting himself to be somebody . Acts v. 36.
(-dēl`) adverb In some degree; somewhat.
[ Written also sumdel
, and sumdele
.] [ Obsolete] "She was somedeal
Thou lackest somedeal their delight. Spenser.
(-hou`) adverb In one way or another; in some way not yet known or designated; by some means; as, the thing must be done somehow ; he lives somehow .
By their action upon one another they may be swelled somehow , so as to shorten the length. Cheyne.
» The indefiniteness of somehow
is emphasized by the addition of or other
Although youngest of the familly, he has somehow or other got the entire management of all the others. Sir W. Scott.
Somersault, Somerset noun
[ French soubresaut
a jump, leap, Old French soubresault
, Italian soprassalto
an overleap, from Latin supra
over + saltus
a leap, from salire
to leap; or the French may be from Spanish sobresalto
a sudden asault, a surprise. See Supra
, and Salient
.] A leap in which a person turns his heels over his head and lights upon his feet; a turning end over end.
[ Written also summersault
, etc.] "The vaulter's sombersalts
Now I'll only Beau. & Fl.
Make him break his neck in doing a sommerset .
Something noun 1. Anything unknown, undetermined, or not specifically designated; a certain indefinite thing; an indeterminate or unknown event; an unspecified task, work, or thing.
There is something in the wind. Shak.
The whole world has something to do, something to talk of, something to wish for, and something to be employed about. Pope.
Something attemped, something done, Longfellow. 2. A part; a portion, more or less; an indefinite quantity or degree; a little.
Has earned a night's repose.
Something yet of doubt remains. Milton.
Something of it arises from our infant state. I. Watts. 3. A person or thing importance.
If a man thinketh himself to be something , when he is nothing, he deceiveth himself. Gal. vi. 3.
Something adverb In some degree; somewhat; to some extent; at some distance. Shak.
I something fear my father's wrath. Shak.
We have something fairer play than a reasoner could have expected formerly. Burke.
My sense of touch is something coarse. Tennyson.
It must be done to-night, Shak.
And something from the palace.
Sometime adverb 1. At a past time indefinitely referred to; once; formerly.
Did they not sometime cry "All hail" to me? Shak. 2. At a time undefined; once in a while; now and then; sometimes.
Sometime we see a cloud that's dragonish, Shak. 3. At one time or other hereafter; as, I will do it sometime .
A vapor sometime like a bear or lion.
he reckon shall." Chaucer.
(sŭm"tīm`) adjective Having been formerly; former; late; whilom.
Our sometime sister, now our queen. Shak.
Ion, our sometime darling, whom we prized. Talfourd.
+ adverbial ending -s
, as in -wards
.] 1. Formerly; sometime.
That fair and warlike form Shak. 2. At times; at intervals; not always; now and then; occasionally.
In which the majesty of buried Denmark
Did sometimes march.
It is good that we sometimes be contradicted. Jer. Taylor. Sometimes . . . sometimes
, at certain times . . . at certain other times; as, sometimes he is earnest, sometimes he is frivolous.
Sometimes adjective Former; sometime.
Thy sometimes brother's wife. Shak.
Somewhat noun 1. More or less; a certain quantity or degree; a part, more or less; something.
These salts have somewhat of a nitrous taste. Grew.
Somewhat of his good sense will suffer, in this transfusion, and much of the beauty of his thoughts will be lost. Dryden. 2. A person or thing of importance; a somebody.
Here come those that worship me. Tennyson.
They think that I am somewhat .
Somewhat adverb In some degree or measure; a little.
His giantship is gone, somewhat crestfallen. Milton.
Somewhat back from the village street. Longfellow.
Somewhen adverb At some indefinite time. [ R.]
Somewhere adverb In some place unknown or not specified; in one place or another. " Somewhere nigh at hand." Milton.
Somewhile adverb Once; for a time.
Though, under color of shepherds, somewhile Spenser.
There crept in wolves, full of fraud and guile.
Somewhither adverb To some indeterminate place; to some place or other.
Driven by the winds of temptation somewhither . Barrow.
Somite (sō"mīt) noun [ Greek sw^ma body.] (Anat. & Zoology) One of the actual or ideal serial segments of which an animal, esp. an articulate or vertebrate, is composed; somatome; metamere. -- So*mit`ic adjective
Sommeil noun [ French] Slumber; sleep.
Somnambular adjective Of or pertaining to somnambulism; somnambulistic. Mrs. Browning.
Somnambulate intransitive verb & t. To walk when asleep.
[ Latin somnus
sleep + ambulatio
a walking about, from ambulare
to walk. See Somnolent
.] The act of walking in sleep.
Somnambulator noun A somnambulist.
Somnambule noun [ French] A somnambulist.
Somnambulic adjective Somnambulistic.
[ Confer French somnambulisme
. See Somnambulation
.] A condition of the nervous system in which an individual during sleep performs actions appropriate to the waking state; a state of sleep in which some of the senses and voluntary powers are partially awake; noctambulism.
Somnambulist noun A person who is subject to somnambulism; one who walks in his sleep; a sleepwalker; a noctambulist.
Somnambulistic adjective Of or pertaining to a somnambulist or somnambulism; affected by somnambulism; appropriate to the state of a somnambulist.
Whether this was an intentional and waking departure, or a somnambulistic leave-taking and walking in her sleep, may remain a subject of contention. Dickens.
Somne transitive verb To summon. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Somner noun A summoner; esp., one who summons to an ecclesiastical court. [ Obsolete] Piers Plowman.
[ Latin somnialis
dream bringing, from somnium
dream, from somnus
sleep.] Of or pertaining to sleep or dreams.
The somnial magic superinduced on, without suspending, the active powers of the mind. Coleridge.
Somniative adjective Somnial; somniatory. [ R.]
Somniatory adjective Pertaining to sleep or dreams; somnial. [ Obsolete or R.] Urquhart.
Somniculous adjective [ Latin somniculosus .] Inclined to sleep; drowsy; sleepy. [ Obsolete]
Somniferous adjective [ Latin somnifer ; somnus sleep + ferre to bring.] Causing or inducing sleep; soporific; dormitive; as, a somniferous potion. Walton.