Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Socinian adjective Of or pertaining to Socinus , or the Socinians.
Socinian noun One of the followers of Socinus; a believer in Socinianism.
Socinianism noun (Eccl. Hist.) The tenets or doctrines of Faustus Socinus, an Italian theologian of the sixteenth century, who denied the Trinity, the deity of Christ, the personality of the Devil, the native and total depravity of man, the vicarious atonement, and the eternity of future punishment. His theory was, that Christ was a man divinely commissioned, who had no existence before he was conceived by the Virgin Mary; that human sin was the imitation of Adam's sin, and that human salvation was the imitation and adoption of Christ's virtue; that the Bible was to be interpreted by human reason; and that its language was metaphorical, and not to be taken literally.
Socinianize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Socinianized
; present participle & verbal noun Socinianizing
.] To cause to conform to Socinianism; to regulate by, or imbue with, the principles of Socinianism.
Sociologic, Sociological adjective Of or pertaining to sociology, or social science. -- So`ci*o*log"ic*al*ly , adverb
Sociologist noun One who treats of, or devotes himself to, the study of sociology. J. S. Mill.
Sociology noun [ Latin socius a companion + -logy .] That branch of philosophy which treats of the constitution, phenomena, and development of human society; social science. H. Spencer.
Sock noun [ French soc , Late Latin soccus , perhaps of Celtic origin.] A plowshare. Edin. Encyc.
[ Middle English sock
, Anglo-Saxon socc
, from Latin soccus
a kind of low-heeled, light shoe. Confer Sucket
.] 1. The shoe worn by actors of comedy in ancient Greece and Rome, -- used as a symbol of comedy, or of the comic drama, as distinguished from tragedy, which is symbolized by the buskin .
Great Fletcher never treads in buskin here, Dryden. 2. A knit or woven covering for the foot and lower leg; a stocking with a short leg. 3. A warm inner sole for a shoe. Simmonds.
Nor greater Jonson dares in socks appear.
Sock transitive verb [ Perh. shortened from sockdolager .] To hurl, drive, or strike violently; -- often with it as an object. [ Prov. or Vulgar] Kipling.
Sockdolager noun [ A corruption of doxology .] [ Written also sockdologer .]
1. That which finishes or ends a matter; a settler; a poser, as a heavy blow, a conclusive answer, and the like. [ Slang, U.S.] 2. (Angling) A combination of two hooks which close upon each other, by means of a spring, as soon as the fish bites. [ U. S.]
Sockdolager noun Something unusually large. [ Slang, U. S.]
[ Middle English soket
, a dim. through Old French from Latin soccus
. See Sock
a covering for the foot.] 1. An opening into which anything is fitted; any hollow thing or place which receives and holds something else; as, the sockets of the teeth.
His eyeballs in their hollow sockets sink. Dryden. 2. Especially, the hollow tube or place in which a candle is fixed in the candlestick.
And in the sockets oily bubbles dance. Dryden. Socket bolt (Machinery)
, a bolt that passes through a thimble that is placed between the parts connected by the bolt.
-- Socket chisel
. Same as Framing chisel . See under Framing .
-- Socket pipe
, a pipe with an expansion at one end to receive the end of a connecting pipe.
-- Socket pole
, a pole armed with iron fixed on by means of a socket, and used to propel boats, etc.
[ U.S.] -- Socket wrench
, a wrench consisting of a socket at the end of a shank or rod, for turning a nut, bolthead, etc., in a narrow or deep recess.
Socketed adjective Having a socket. Dawkins.
Sockless adjective Destitute of socks or shoes. B. & Fl.
Socky adjective Wet; soaky. [ Prov. Eng.]
[ French, from Latin socculus
, dim. of soccus
. See Sock
a covering for the foot. Confer Zocco
.] (Architecture) (a) A plain block or plinth forming a low pedestal; any base; especially, the base of a statue, column, or the like. See Plinth . (b) A plain face or plinth at the lower part of a wall. Oxf. Gloss.
; plural Socmen
. [ See Socage
.] (O. Eng. Law) One who holds lands or tenements by socage; a socager. Cowell.
Socmanry noun (O.E. Law) Tenure by socage.
[ Anglo-Saxon sōcen
, searching, or the right of searching, the lord's court. See Soc
.] (O.Eng. Law) A custom of tenants to grind corn at the lord's mill. Cowell.
Socotrine adjective Of or pertaining to Socotra, an island in the Indian Ocean, on the east coast of Africa. -- noun A native or inhabitant of Socotra.
Socratic, Socratical adjective
[ Latin Socraticus
, Greek .............] Of or pertaining to Socrates, the Grecian sage and teacher. ( b. c. 469-399), or to his manner of teaching and philosophizing.
» The Socratic
method of reasoning and instruction was by a series of questions leading the one to whom they were addressed to perceive and admit what was true or false in doctrine, or right or wrong in conduct.
Socratically adverb In the Socratic method.
Socratism noun The philosophy or the method of Socrates.
Socratist noun [ Greek .............] A disciple or follower of Socrates.
Sod noun (Zoology) The rock dove. [ Prov. Eng.]
obsolete imperfect of Seethe .
[ Akin to LG. sode
, Dutch zode
, OD. sode
, OFries. satha, and English seethe
. So named from its sodden
state in wet weather. See Seethe
.] That stratum of the surface of the soil which is filled with the roots of grass, or any portion of that surface; turf; sward.
She there shall dress a sweeter sod Collins.
Than Fancy's feet have ever trod.
Sod transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Sodden
; present participle & verbal noun Sodding
.] To cover with sod; to turf.
[ Italian , soda, in OIt., ashes used in making glass, from Latin solida
, fem. of solidus
having probably been a name of glasswort. See Solid
.] (Chemistry) (a) Sodium oxide or hydroxide. (b) Popularly, sodium carbonate or bicarbonate. Caustic soda
, sodium hydroxide.
-- Cooking soda
, sodium bicarbonate.
[ Colloq.] -- Sal soda
. See Sodium carbonate , under Sodium .
-- Soda alum (Min.)
, a mineral consisting of the hydrous sulphate of alumina and soda.
-- Soda ash
, crude sodium carbonate; -- so called because formerly obtained from the ashes of sea plants and certain other plants, as saltwort ( Salsola ). See under Sodium .
-- Soda fountain
, an apparatus for drawing soda water, fitted with delivery tube, faucets, etc.
-- Soda lye
, a lye consisting essentially of a solution of sodium hydroxide, used in soap making.
-- Soda niter
. See Nitratine .
-- Soda salts
, salts having sodium for the base; specifically, sodium sulphate or Glauber's salts.
-- Soda waste
, the waste material, consisting chiefly of calcium hydroxide and sulphide, which accumulates as a useless residue or side product in the ordinary Leblanc process of soda manufacture; -- called also alkali waste .
-- Soda water
, originally, a beverage consisting of a weak solution of sodium bicarbonate, with some acid to cause effervescence; now, in common usage, a beverage consisting of water highly charged with carbon dioxide (carbonic acid). Fruit sirups, cream, etc., are usually added to give flavor. See Carbonic acid , under Carbonic .
-- Washing soda
, sodium carbonate.
Sodaic adjective Pertaining to, or containing, soda. " Sodaic powder." Ure.
Sodalite noun [ Soda + - lite : confer French sodalithe .] (Min.) A mineral of a white to blue or gray color, occuring commonly in dodecahedrons, also massive. It is a silicate of alumina and soda with some chlorine.
; plural Sodalities
. [ Latin sodalitas
, from sodalis
a comrade.] 1. A fellowship or fraternity; a brotherhood. 2. (R.C.Ch.) Specifically, a lay association for devotion or for charitable purposes.
Sodamide noun (Chemistry) A greenish or reddish crystalline substance, NaNH 2 , obtained by passing ammonia over heated sodium.
[ past participle
.] Boiled; seethed; also, soaked; heavy with moisture; saturated; as, sodden beef; sodden bread; sodden fields.
Sodden intransitive verb To be seethed; to become sodden.
Sodden transitive verb To soak; to make heavy with water.
Sodden-witted adjective Heavy; dull. Shak.
[ From Sod
.] Consisting of sod; covered with sod; turfy. Cotgrave.
Soder noun & transitive verb See Solder .
Sodger noun & intransitive verb Var. of Soldier .
[ Dial. or Slang]
Sodic adjective (Chemistry) Of or pertaining to sodium; containing sodium.
Sodio- (Chemistry) A combining form (also used adjectively) denoting the presence of sodium or one of its compounds .
[ New Latin , from English soda
.] (Chemistry) A common metallic element of the alkali group, in nature always occuring combined, as in common salt, in albite, etc. It is isolated as a soft, waxy, white, unstable metal, so readily oxidized that it combines violently with water, and to be preserved must be kept under petroleum or some similar liquid. Sodium is used combined in many salts, in the free state as a reducer, and as a means of obtaining other metals (as magnesium and aluminium) is an important commercial product. Symbol Na ( Natrium ). Atomic weight 23. Specific gravity 0.97. Sodium amalgam
, an alloy of sodium and mercury, usually produced as a gray metallic crystalline substance, which is used as a reducing agent, and otherwise.
-- Sodium bicarbonate
, a white crystalline substance, HNaCO 3 , with a slight alkaline taste resembling that of sodium carbonate. It is found in many mineral springs and also produced artificially,. It is used in cookery, in baking powders, and as a source of carbonic acid gas (carbon dioxide) for soda water. Called also cooking soda , saleratus , and technically, acid sodium carbonate , primary sodium carbonate , sodium dicarbonate , etc.
-- Sodium carbonate
, a white crystalline substance, Na 2 CO 3 . 10 H 2 O, having a cooling alkaline taste, found in the ashes of many plants, and produced artifically in large quantities from common salt. It is used in making soap, glass, paper, etc., and as alkaline agent in many chemical industries. Called also sal soda , washing soda , or soda . Confer Sodium bicarbonate , above and Trona .
-- Sodium chloride
, common, or table, salt, NaCl.
-- Sodium hydroxide
, a white opaque brittle solid, NaOH, having a fibrous structure, produced by the action of quicklime, or of calcium hydrate (milk of lime), on sodium carbonate. It is a strong alkali, and is used in the manufacture of soap, in making wood pulp for paper, etc. Called also sodium hydrate , and caustic soda . By extension, a solution of sodium hydroxide.
Sodium sulphate A salt well known as a catharic under the name of Glauber's salt , which term is properly applied to the hydrate, Na 2 SO 4 . 10 H 2 O.
1. An inhabitant of Sodom. 2. One guilty of sodomy.
Sodomitical adjective Pertaining to, or of the nature of, sodomy. -- Sod`om*it"ic*al*ly , adverb
Sodomy noun [ From Sodom . a country mentioned in the Bible: confer French sodomite .] Carnal copulation in a manner against nature; buggery. Gen. xix. 5.
Soe noun [ Scot. sae , say , saye ; confer Icelandic sār a large cask, Swedish s... a tub.] A large wooden vessel for holding water; a cowl. [ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.] Dr. H. More.
Soever A word compounded of so and ever , used in composition with who , what , where , when , how , etc., and indicating any out of all possible or supposable persons, things, places, times, ways, etc. It is sometimes used separate from the pronoun or adverb.
For unto whom soever much is given, of him shall be much required. Luke xii. 48.
What great thing soever a man proposed to do in his life, he should think of achieving it by fifty. Sir W. Temple.