Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Routinist noun One who habituated to a routine.
Routish adjective Uproarious; riotous. [ Obsolete]
Routously adverb (Law) With that violation of law called a rout. See 5th Rout , 4.
Roux noun [ French beurre roux brown butter.] (Cookery) A thickening, made of flour, for soups and gravies.
Rove (rōv) transitive verb [ perhaps from or akin to reeve .]
1. To draw through an eye or aperture. 2. To draw out into flakes; to card, as wool. Jamieson. 3. To twist slightly; to bring together, as slivers of wool or cotton, and twist slightly before spinning.
Rove (rōv) noun
1. A copper washer upon which the end of a nail is clinched in boat building. 2. A roll or sliver of wool or cotton drawn out and slighty twisted, preparatory to further process; a roving.
Rove intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Roved
; present participle & verbal noun Roving
.] [ Confer Dutch rooven
to rob; akin to English reave
. See Reave
.] 1. To practice robbery on the seas; to wander about on the seas in piracy.
[ Obsolete] Hakluyt. 2. Hence, to wander; to ramble; to rauge; to go, move, or pass without certain direction in any manner, by sailing, walking, riding, flying, or otherwise.
For who has power to walk has power to rove . Arbuthnot. 3. (Archery) To shoot at rovers; hence, to shoot at an angle of elevation, not at point-blank (rovers usually being beyond the point-blank range).
Fair Venus' son, that with thy cruel dart Spenser. Syn.
At that good knight so cunningly didst rove .
-- To wander; roam; range; ramble stroll.
Rove transitive verb 1. To wander over or through.
Roving the field, I chanced milton. 2. To plow into ridges by turning the earth of two furrows together.
A goodly tree far distant to behold.
Rove noun The act of wandering; a ramble.
In thy nocturnal rove one moment halt. Young. Rove beetle (Zoology)
, any one of numerous species of beetles of the family Staphylinidæ , having short elytra beneath which the wings are folded transversely. They are rapid runners, and seldom fly.
[ Dutch roover
a robber. See Rove
, intransitive verb
] 1. One who practices robbery on the seas; a pirate.
Yet Pompey the Great deserveth honor more justly for scouring the seas, and taking from the rovers 846 sail of ships. Holland. 2. One who wanders about by sea or land; a wanderer; a rambler. 3. Hence, a fickle, inconstant person. 4. (Croquet) A ball which has passed through all the hoops and would go out if it hit the stake but is continued in play; also, the player of such a ball. 5. (Archery) (a) Casual marks at uncertain distances. Encyc. Brit. (b) A sort of arrow.
All sorts, flights, rovers , and butt shafts. B. Jonson. At rovers
, at casual marks; hence, at random; as, shooting at rovers . See def. 5 (a) above. Addison.
Bound down on every side with many bands because it shall not run at rovers . Robynson (More's Utopia).
Roving noun 1. The operatin of forming the rove, or slightly twisted sliver or roll of wool or cotton, by means of a machine for the purpose, called a roving frame , or roving machine . 2. A roll or sliver of wool or cotton drawn out and slightly twisted; a rove. See 2d Rove , 2. Roving frame
, Roving machine
, a machine for drawing and twisting roves and twisting roves and winding them on bobbin for the spinning machine.
Roving noun The act of one who roves or wanders.
Rovingly adverb In a wandering manner.
Rovingness noun The state of roving.
Row adjective & adverb
[ See Rough
.] Rough; stern; angry.
[ Obsolete] "Lock he never so row
Row noun [ Abbrev. from rouse , noun ] A noisy, turbulent quarrel or disturbance; a brawl. [ Colloq.] Byron.
[ Middle English rowe
, Anglo-Saxon rāw
; probably akin to Dutch rij
, German reihe
; confer Sanskrit r...khā
a line, stroke.] A series of persons or things arranged in a continued line; a line; a rank; a file; as, a row of trees; a row of houses or columns.
And there were windows in three rows . 1 Kings vii. 4.
The bright seraphim in burning row . Milton. Row culture (Agriculture)
, the practice of cultivating crops in drills.
-- Row of points (Geom.)
, the points on a line, infinite in number, as the points in which a pencil of rays is intersected by a line.
Row transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Rowed
; present participle & verbal noun Rowing
.] [ Anglo-Saxon r...wan
; akin to Dutch roeijen
, Middle High German rüejen
, Danish roe
, Swedish ro
, Icelandic r...a
, Latin remus
oar, Greek ..., Sanskrit aritra
. √8. Confer Rudder
.] 1. To propel with oars, as a boat or vessel, along the surface of water; as, to row a boat. 2. To transport in a boat propelled with oars; as, to row the captain ashore in his barge.
Row intransitive verb
1. To use the oar; as, to row well. 2. To be moved by oars; as, the boat rows easily.
Row noun The act of rowing; excursion in a rowboat.
Rowable adjective That may be rowed, or rowed upon. "That long barren fen, once rowable ." B. Jonson.
Rowan noun Rowan tree. Rowan barry , a barry of the rowan tree.
Rowan tree [ Confer Swedish rönn , Danish rönne , Icelandic reynir , and Latin ornus .] (Botany) A european tree ( Pyrus aucuparia ) related to the apple, but with pinnate leaves and flat corymbs of small white flowers followed by little bright red berries. Called also roan tree , and mountain ash . The name is also applied to two American trees of similar habit ( Pyrus Americana , and P. sambucifolia ).
Rowboat noun A boat designed to be propelled by oars instead of sails.
; plural Rowdies
. [ From Rout
, or Row a brawl.] One who engages in rows, or noisy quarrels; a ruffianly fellow. M. Arnold.
Rowdydow noun Hubbub; uproar. [ Vulgar]
Rowdydowdy adjective Uproarious. [ Vulgar]
Rowdyish adjective Resembling a rowdy in temper or conduct; characteristic of a rowdy.
Rowdyism noun the conduct of a rowdy.
Rowed adjective Formed into a row, or rows; having a row, or rows; as, a twelve- rowed ear of corn.
[ Old French roele
, properly, a little wheel, French rouelle
collop, slice, Late Latin rotella
a little wheel, dim. of Latin rota
a wheel. See Roll
, and confer Rota
.] 1. The little wheel of a spur, with sharp points.
With sounding whip, and rowels dyed in blood. Cowper. 2. A little flat ring or wheel on horses' bits.
The iron rowels into frothy foam he bit. Spenser. 3. (Far.) A roll of hair, silk, etc., passed through the flesh of horses, answering to a seton in human surgery.
Rowel transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Roweled
; present participle & verbal noun Roweling
.] (Far.) To insert a rowel, or roll of hair or silk, into (as the flesh of a horse). Mortimer.
[ Confer English rough
, Middle English row
.] [ Called also rowet
.] 1. A stubble field left unplowed till late in the autumn, that it may be cropped by cattle.
Turn your cows, that give milk, into your rowens till snow comes. Mortimer. 2. The second growth of grass in a season; aftermath.
[ Prov. Eng. & Local, U.S.]
Rower noun One who rows with an oar.
[ For oarlock
; Anglo-Saxon » rloc
, where the second part is skin to German loch
a hole, English lock
a fastening. See Oar
, and Lock
.] (Nautical) A contrivance or arrangement serving as a fulcrum for an oar in rowing. It consists sometimes of a notch in the gunwale of a boat, sometimes of a pair of pins between which the oar rests on the edge of the gunwale, sometimes of a single pin passing through the oar, or of a metal fork or stirrup pivoted in the gunwale and suporting the oar.
Rown intransitive verb & t. see Roun .
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Rowport noun (Nautical) An opening in the side of small vessels of war, near the surface of the water, to facilitate rowing in calm weather.
Roxburgh noun [ From the third duke of Roxburgh (Scotland), a noted book collector who had his books so bound.] A style of bookbinding in which the back is plain leather, the sides paper or cloth, the top gilt-edged, but the front and bottom left uncut.
Roy (roi) noun [ French roi .] A king. [ obs.]
Roy adjective Royal. [ Obsolete] Chapman.
[ Middle English roial
, Old French roial
, French royal
, from Latin regalis
, from rex
, king. See Rich
, and confer regal
a coin, Rial
.] 1. Kingly; pertaining to the crown or the sovereign; suitable for a king or queen; regal; as, royal power or prerogative; royal domains; the royal family; royal state. 2. Noble; generous; magnificent; princely.
How doth that royal merchant, good Antonio? Shak. 3. Under the patronage of royality; holding a charter granted by the sovereign; as, the Royal Academy of Arts; the Royal Society. Battle royal
. See under Battle .
- - Royal bay (Botany)
, the classic laurel ( Laurus nobilis .)
-- Royal eagle
. (Zoology) See Golden eagle , under Golden .
-- Royal fern (Botany)
, the handsome fern Osmunda regalis . See Osmund .
-- Royal mast (Nautical)
, the mast next above the topgallant mast and usually the highest on a square-rigged vessel. The royal yard and royal sail are attached to the royal mast .
-- Royal metal
, an old name for gold.
-- Royal palm (Botany)
, a magnificent West Indian palm tree ( Oreodoxa regia ), lately discovered also in Florida.
-- Royal pheasant
. See Curassow .
-- Royal purple
, an intense violet color, verging toward blue.
-- Royal tern (Zoology)
, a large, crested American tern ( Sterna maxima ).
-- Royal tiger
. (Zoology) See Tiger .
-- Royal touch
, the touching of a diseased person by the hand of a king, with the view of restoring to health; -- formerly extensively practiced, particularly for the scrofula, or king's evil. Syn.
-- Kingly; regal; monarchical; imperial; kinglike; princely; august; majestic; superb; splendid; illustrious; noble; magnanimous.
Royal noun 1. Printing and writing papers of particular sizes. See under paper , noun 2. (Nautical) A small sail immediately above the topgallant sail. Totten. 3. (Zoology) One of the upper or distal branches of an antler, as the third and fourth tynes of the antlers of a stag. 4. (Gun.) A small mortar. 5. (Mil.) One of the soldiers of the first regiment of foot of the British army, formerly called the Royals , and supposed to be the oldest regular corps in Europe; -- now called the Royal Scots . 6. An old English coin. See Rial .
Royal noun (Auction Bridge) A royal spade.
Royal spade (Auction Bridge) A spade when spades are trumps under the condition that every trick over six taken by the successful bidder has a score value of 9; -- usually in plural
Royalet noun A petty or powerless king.
there were at this time two other royalets , as only kings by his leave. Fuller.
Royalism noun [ Confer French royalisme .] the principles or conduct of royalists.
[ Confer French royaliste
.] An adherent of a king (as of Charles I. in England, or of the Bourbons in france); one attached to monarchical government.
Where Ca'ndish fought, the Royalists prevailed. Waller.
Royalization noun The act of making loyal to a king. [ R.] Saintsbury.