Rooter Rooter noun One who, or that which, roots; one that tears up by the roots.
Rooter Root"er noun One who roots, or applauds. [ Slang, U. S.]
Rootery Root"er·y noun A pile of roots, set with plants, mosses, etc., and used as an ornamental object in gardening.
Rootless Root"less adjective Destitute of roots.
Rootlet Root"let noun A radicle; a little root.
Rootstock Root"stock` noun (Botany) A perennial underground stem, producing leafly s...ems or flower stems from year to year; a rhizome.
Rooty Root"y adjective Full of roots; as, rooty ground.
Ropalic Ro·pal"ic adjective See Rhopalic .
Rope Rope noun [ Anglo-Saxon rāp ; akin to Dutch reep , German reif ring hoop, Icelandic reip rope, Swedish rep , Danish reb , reeb Goth. skauda raip latchet.] 1. A large, stout cord, usually one not less than an inch in circumference, made of strands twisted or braided together. It differs from cord , line , and string , only in its size. See Cordage . 2. A row or string consisting of a number of things united, as by braiding, twining, etc.; as, a rope of onions. 3. plural The small intestines; as, the ropes of birds. Rope ladder , a ladder made of ropes. -- Rope mat ., a mat made of cordage, or strands of old rope. -- Rope of sand , something of no cohession or fiber; a feeble union or tie; something not to be relied upon. -- Rope pump , a pump in which a rapidly running endless rope raises water by the momentum communicated to the water by its adhesion to the rope. -- Rope transmission (Machinery) , a method of transmitting power, as between distant places, by means of endless ropes running over grooved pulleys. -- Rope's end , a piece of rope; especially, one used as a lash in inflicting punishment. -- To give one rope , to give one liberty or license; to let one go at will uncheked.
Rope Rope intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Roped
; present participle & verbal noun Roping
.] To be formed into rope; to draw out or extend into a filament or thread, as by means of any glutinous or adhesive quality.
Let us not hang like roping icicles Shak.
Upon our houses' thatch.
Rope Rope transitive verb 1. To bind, fasten, or tie with a rope or cord; as, to rope a bale of goods. Hence: -- 2. To connect or fasten together, as a party of mountain climbers, with a rope. 3. To partition, separate, or divide off, by means of a rope, so as to include or exclude something; as, to rope in , or rope off, a plot of ground; to rope out a crowd. 4. To lasso (a steer, horse). [ Colloq. U.S.] 5. To draw, as with a rope; to entice; to inveigle; to decoy; as, to rope in customers or voters . [ Slang, U.S.] 6. To prevent from winning (as a horse), by pulling or curbing. [ Racing Slang, Eng.]
Rope-yarn Rope"-yarn` noun the yarn or thread of any stuff of which the strands of a rope are made.
Rope's-end Rope's"-end` transitive verb To punish with a rope's end.
Ropeband Rope"band` noun (Nautical) A small piece of spun yarn or marline, used to fasten the head of the sail to the spar. [ Written also roband , and robbin .]
Ropedancer Rope"dan`cer noun One who dances, walks, or performs acrobatic feats, on a rope extended through the air at some height. -- Rope"dan`cing , noun
Roper Rop"er noun 1. A maker of ropes. P. Plowman. 2. One who ropes goods; a packer. 3. One fit to be hanged. [ Old Slang] Douce.
Ropery Rop"er·y noun 1. A place where ropes are made. 2. Tricks deserving the halter; roguery. [ Obsolete] "Saucy merchant . . . so full of his ropery ." Shak.
Ropewalk Rope"walk` adjective A long, covered walk, or a low, level building, where ropes are manufactured.
Ropewalker Rope"walk`er noun A ropedancer.
Ropily Rop"i·ly adverb In a ropy manner; in a viscous or glutinous manner.
Ropiness Rop"i·ness noun Quality of being ropy; viscosity.
Ropish Rop"ish adjective Somewhat ropy.
Ropy Rop"y adjective capable of being drawn into a thread, as a glutinous substance; stringy; viscous; tenacious; glutinous; as ropy sirup; ropy lees.
Roque Roque (rōk) noun [ Abbr. from Croquet .] A form of croquet modified for greater accuracy of play. The court has a wood border often faced with rubber, used as a cushion in bank shots. The balls are 3¼ in. in diameter, the cage (center arches or wickets) 3⅜ in. wide, the other arches 3½ in. wide.
Roquefort cheese, Roquefort Roque`fort" cheese, Roque`fort" noun A highly flavored blue-molded cheese, made at Roquefort, department of Aveyron, France. It is made from milk of ewes, sometimes with cow's milk added, and is cured in caves. Improperly, a cheese made in imitation of it.
Roquelaure Roq"ue·laure noun [ F.; so called after Duc de Roquelaure , in the reign of Louis XIV.] A cloak reaching about to, or just below, the knees, worn in the 18th century. [ Written also roquelo .]
Roquet Ro·quet" transitive verb [ Etymol. uncertain] (Croquet) To hit, as another's ball, with one's own ball.
Roquet Ro·quet" intransitive verb To hit another's ball with one's own.
Roral Ro"ral adjective [ Latin ros , roris , dew.] Of or pertaining to dew; consisting of dew; dewy. [ R.] M. Green.
Roration Ro·ra"tion noun [ Latin roratio , from rorare to drop dew, from ros dew.] A falling of dew. [ R.]
Roric Ro"ric adjective [ Latin ros , roris , dew.] Of or pertaining to dew; resembling dew; dewy. Roric figures (Physics) , figures which appear upon a polished surface, as glass, when objects which have been near to, or in contact with, the surface are removed and the surface breathed upon; -- called also Moser's images .
Rorid Ro"rid adjective [ Latin roridus , from ros , roris , dew.] Dewy; bedewed. [ R.] T. Granger.
Roriferous Ro·rif"er·ous adjective [ Latin rorifer ; ros , roris , dew + ferre to bear: confer French rorifère .] generating or producing dew. [ R.]
Rorifluent Ro·rif"lu·ent adjective [ Latin ros , roris , dew + fluens , present participle of fluere to flow.] Flowing with dew. [ R.]
Rorqual Ror"qual noun [ Norw. rorqualus a whale with folds.] (Zoology) A very large North Atlantic whalebone whale ( Physalus antiquorum , or Balænoptera physalus ). It has a dorsal fin, and strong longitudinal folds on the throat and belly. Called also razorback . » It is one of the largest of the whales, somethimes becoming nearly one hundred feet long, but it is more slender than the right whales, and is noted for its swiftness. The name is sometimes applied to other related species of finback whales.
Rorulent Ro"ru·lent adjective [ Latin rorulentus , from ros , roris , dew.] 1. Full of, or abounding in, dew. [ R.] 2. (Zoology) Having the surface appearing as if dusty, or covered with fine dew.
Rory Ro"ry adjective
[ Latin ros
, dew.] Dewy.
And shook his wings with rory May-dew wet. Fairfax.
Rosaceous Ro·sa"ceous adjective [ Latin rosaceus , from rosa rose.] 1. (Botany) (a) Of or pertaining to a natural order of plants ( Rosaceæ ) of which the rose is the type. It includes also the plums and cherries, meadowsweet, brambles, the strawberry, the hawthorn, applies, pears, service trees, and quinces. (b) Like a rose in shape or appearance; as, a rosaceous corolla. 2. Of a pure purpish pink color.
Rosacic Ro·sac"ic adjective [ See Rosaceous .] (Old med. Chem.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid (called also lithic acid ) found in certain red precipitates of urine. See Uric . [ Obsolete]
Rosalgar Ro·sal"gar noun realgar. [ Obsolete] chaucer.
Rosalia Ro·sa"li·a noun [ Confer French rosalie .] (Mus.) A form of melody in which a phrase or passage is successively repeated, each time a step or half step higher; a melodic sequence.
Rosaniline Ros·an"i·line noun [ Rose + aniline .] (Chemistry) A complex nitrogenous base, C 20 H 21 N 3 O, obtained by oxidizing a mixture of aniline and toluidine, as a colorless crystalline substance which forms red salts. These salts are essential components of many of the socalled aniline dyes, as fuchsine , aniline red , etc. By extension, any one of the series of substances derived from, or related to, rosaniline proper.
Rosarian Ro·sa"ri·an noun A cultivator of roses.
Rosary Ro"sa·ry noun
; plural Rosaries
. [ Late Latin rosarium
a string of beads, Latin rosarium
a place planted with roses, rosa
a rose: confer French rosaire
. See Rose
.] 1. A bed of roses, or place where roses grow.
of scented thorn." Tennyson. 2. (R.C.Ch.) A series of prayers (see Note below) arranged to be recited in order, on beads; also, a string of beads by which the prayers are counted.
His idolized book, and the whole rosary of his prayers. Milton.
» A rosary
consists of fifteen decades. Each decade contains ten Ave Marias
marked by small beads, preceded by a Paternoster
, marked by a larger bead, and concluded by a Gloria Patri
. Five decades make a chaplet
, a third part of the rosary. Bp. Fitzpatrick. 3. A chapelet; a garland; a series or collection, as of beautiful thoughts or of literary selections.
Every day propound to yourself a rosary or chaplet of good works to present to God at night. Jer. Taylor. 4. A coin bearing the figure of a rose, fraudulently circulated in Ireland in the 13th century for a penny. Rosary shell (Zoology)
, any marine gastropod shell of the genus Monodonta . They are top-shaped, bright-colored and pearly.
Roscid Ros"cid adjective [ Latin roscidus , from ros , roris , dew.] Containing, or consisting of, dew; dewy. [ R.] Bacon.
Roscoelite Ros"coe·lite noun [ From an English chemist, H.E. Roscoe + -lite .] (Min.) A green micaceous mineral occurring in minute scales. It is essentially a silicate of aluminia and potash containing vanadium.
Rose Rose imperfect of Rise .
Rose Rose noun [ Anglo-Saxon rose , Latin rosa , probably akin to Greek ..., Armor. vard , OPer. vareda ; and perhaps to English wort : confer French rose , from the Latin. Confer Copperas , Rhododendron .] 1. A flower and shrub of any species of the genus Rosa , of which there are many species, mostly found in the morthern hemispere » Roses are shrubs with pinnate leaves and usually prickly stems. The flowers are large, and in the wild state have five petals of a color varying from deep pink to white, or sometimes yellow. By cultivation and hybridizing the number of petals is greatly increased and the natural perfume enhanced. In this way many distinct classes of roses have been formed, as the Banksia , Baurbon , Boursalt , China , Noisette , hybrid perpetual , etc., with multitudes of varieties in nearly every class. 2. A knot of ribbon formed like a rose; a rose knot; a rosette, esp. one worn on a shoe. Sha. 3. (Architecture) A rose window. See Rose window , below. 4. A perforated nozzle, as of a pipe, spout, etc., for delivering water in fine jets; a rosehead; also, a strainer at the foot of a pump. 5. (Medicine) The erysipelas. Dunglison. 6. The card of the mariner's compass; also, a circular card with radiating lines, used in other instruments. 7. The color of a rose; rose-red; pink. 8. A diamond. See Rose diamond , below. Cabbage rose , China rose , etc. See under Cabbage , China , etc. -- Corn rose (Botany) See Corn poppy , under Corn . -- Infantile rose (Medicine) , a variety of roseola. -- Jamaica rose . (Botany) See under Jamaica . -- Rose acacia (Botany) , a low American leguminous shrub ( Robinia hispida ) with handsome clusters of rose-colored blossoms. -- Rose aniline . (Chemistry) Same as Rosaniline . -- Rose apple (Botany) , the fruit of the tropical myrtaceous tree Eugenia Jambos . It is an edible berry an inch or more in diameter, and is said to have a very strong roselike perfume. -- Rose beetle . (Zoology) (a) A small yellowish or buff longlegged beetle ( Macrodactylus subspinosus ), which eats the leaves of various plants, and is often very injurious to rosebushes, apple trees, grapevines, etc. Called also rose bug , and rose chafer . (b) The European chafer. -- Rose bug . (Zoology) same as Rose beetle , Rose chafer . -- Rose burner , a kind of gas-burner producing a rose-shaped flame. -- Rose camphor (Chemistry) , a solid odorless substance which separates from rose oil. -- Rose campion . (Botany) See under Campion . -- Rose catarrh (Medicine) , rose cold. -- Rose chafer . (Zoology) (a) A common European beetle ( Cetonia aurata ) which is often very injurious to rosebushes; -- called also rose beetle , and rose fly . (b) The rose beetle (a) . -- Rose cold (Medicine) , a variety of hay fever, sometimes attributed to the inhalation of the effluvia of roses. See Hay fever , under Hay . -- Rose color , the color of a rose; pink; hence, a beautiful hue or appearance; fancied beauty, attractiveness, or promise. -- Rose de Pompadour , Rose du Barry , names succesively given to a delicate rose color used on Sèvres porcelain. -- Rose diamond , a diamond, one side of which is flat, and the other cut into twenty-four triangular facets in two ranges which form a convex face pointed at the top. Confer Brilliant , noun -- Rose ear . See under Ear . -- Rose elder (Botany) , the Guelder-rose. -- Rose engine , a machine, or an appendage to a turning lathe, by which a surface or wood, metal, etc., is engraved with a variety of curved lines. Craig. -- Rose family (Botany) the Roseceæ . See Rosaceous . -- Rose fever (Medicine) , rose cold. -- Rose fly (Zoology) , a rose betle, or rose chafer. -- Rose gall (Zoology) , any gall found on rosebushes. See Bedeguar . -- Rose knot , a ribbon, or other pliade band plaited so as to resemble a rose; a rosette. -- Rose lake , Rose madder , a rich tint prepared from lac and madder precipitated on an earthy basis. Fairholt. -- Rose mallow . (Botany) (a) A name of several malvaceous plants of the genus Hibiscus , with large rose-colored flowers. (b) the hollyhock . -- Rose nail , a nail with a convex, faceted head. -- Rose noble , an ancient English gold coin, stamped with the figure of a rose, first struck in the reign of Edward III., and current at 6s. 8d. Sir W. Scott. -- Rose of China . (Botany) See China rose (b) , under China . -- Rose of Jericho (Botany) , a Syrian cruciferous plant ( Anastatica Hierochuntica ) which rolls up when dry, and expands again when moistened; -- called also resurrection plant . - - Rose of Sharon (Botany) , an ornamental malvaceous shrub ( Hibiscus Syriacus ). In the Bible the name is used for some flower not yet identified, perhaps a Narcissus, or possibly the great lotus flower. -- Rose oil (Chemistry) , the yellow essential oil extracted from various species of rose blossoms, and forming the chief part of attar of roses. -- Rose pink , a pigment of a rose color, made by dyeing chalk or whiting with a decoction of Brazil wood and alum; also, the color of the pigment. -- Rose quartz (Min.) , a variety of quartz which is rose- red. -- Rose rash . (Medicine) Same as Roseola . -- Rose slug (Zoology) , the small green larva of a black sawfly ( Selandria rosæ ). These larvæ feed in groups on the parenchyma of the leaves of rosebushes, and are often abundant and very destructive. -- Rose window (Architecture) , a circular window filled with ornamental tracery. Called also Catherine wheel , and marigold window . Confer wheel window , under Wheel . -- Summer rose (Medicine) , a variety of roseola. See Roseola . -- Under the rose [ a translation of Latin sub rosa ], in secret; privately; in a manner that forbids disclosure; -- the rose being among the ancients the symbol of secrecy, and hung up at entertainments as a token that nothing there said was to be divulged. -- Wars of the Roses (Eng. Hist.) , feuds between the Houses of York and Lancaster, the white rose being the badge of the House of York, and the red rose of the House of Lancaster.
Rose Rose transitive verb 1. To render rose-colored; to redden; to flush. [ Poetic] "A maid yet rosed over with the virgin crimson of modesty." Shak. 2. To perfume, as with roses. [ Poetic] Tennyson.
Rose water Rose" wa`ter Water tinctured with roses by distillation.
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