Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Round-shouldered adjective Having the shoulders stooping or projecting; round-backed.
Round-up noun The act of collecting or gathering together scattered cattle by riding around them and driving them in. [ Western U.S.]
1. A rounding up, or upward curvature or convexity, as in the deck of a vessel. 2. A gathering in of scattered persons or things; as, s round-up of criminals. [ Colloq., U. S.]
[ Old French rondelet
, dim. of rondel
. See Roundel
, and confer Roundlet
.] 1. (Poetry) See Rondeau , and Rondel . 2. (Mus.) (a) A tune in which a simple strain is often repeated; a simple rural strain which is short and lively. Spenser. Tennyson. (b) A dance in a circle. 3. Anything having a round form; a roundel.
Rounder noun 1. One who rounds; one who comes about frequently or regularly. 2. A tool for making an edge or surface round. 3. plural An English game somewhat resembling baseball; also, another English game resembling the game of fives, but played with a football.
Now we play rounders , and then we played prisoner's base. Bagehot.
Roundfish noun (Zoology) (a) Any ordinary market fish, exclusive of flounders, sole, halibut, and other flatfishes . (b) A lake whitefish ( Coregonus quadrilateralis ), less compressed than the common species. It is very abundant in British America and Alaska.
Roundhead noun (Eng. Hist.) A nickname for a Puritan. See Roundheads , the , in the Dictionary of Noted Names in Fiction. Toone.
Roundheaded adjective Having a round head or top.
1. A constable's prison; a lockup, watch-house, or station house. [ Obsolete] 2. (Nautical) (a) A cabin or apartament on the after part of the quarter-deck, having the poop for its roof; -- sometimes called the coach . (b) A privy near the bow of the vessel. 3. A house for locomotive engines, built circularly around a turntable.
Rounding adjective Round or nearly round; becoming round; roundish.
1. (Nautical) Small rope, or strands of rope, or spun yarn, wound round a rope to keep it from chafing; -- called also service . 2. (Phonetics) Modifying a speech sound by contraction of the lip opening; labializing; labialization. See Guide to Pronunciation , § 11.
Roundish adjective Somewhat round; as, a roundish seed; a roundish figure. -- Round"ish*ness , noun
Roundlet noun A little circle. J. Gregory.
Roundly adverb 1. In a round form or manner. 2. Openly; boldly; peremptorily; plumply.
He affirms everything roundly . Addison. 3. Briskly; with speed. locke.
Two of the outlaws walked roundly forward. Sir W. Scott. 4. Completely; vigorously; in earnest. Shak. 5. Without regard to detail; in gross; comprehensively; generally; as, to give numbers roundly .
In speaking roundly of this period. H. Morley.
1. The quality or state of being round in shape; as, the roundness of the globe, of the orb of the sun, of a ball, of a bowl, a column, etc. 2. Fullness; smoothness of flow; as, the roundness of a period; the roundness of a note; roundness of tone. 3. Openess; plainess; boldness; positiveness; as, the roundness of an assertion. Syn. -- Circularity; sphericity; globosity; globularity; globularness; orbicularness; cylindricity; fullness; plumpness; rotundity.
Roundridge transitive verb (Agriculture) To form into round ridges by plowing. B. Edwards.
; plural Roundsmen A patrolman; also, a policeman who acts as an inspector over the rounds of the patrolmen.
Roundtop noun (Nautical) A top; a platform at a masthead; -- so called because formerly round in shape.
[ Confer Rondure
.] Roundness; a round or circle.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
Roundworm noun (Zoology) A nematoid worm.
Roundy adjective Round. [ Obsolete] Sir P. Sidney.
Roup intransitive verb & t.
[ Confer Anglo-Saxon hr...pan to cry out, German rufen
, Goth. hr...pian
. Confer Roop
.] To cry or shout; hence, to sell by auction.
[ Scot.] Jamieson.
Roup noun 1. An outcry; hence, a sale of gods by auction.
[ Scot.] Jamieson.
To roup , that is, the sale of his crops, was over. J. C. Shairp. 2. A disease in poultry. See Pip .
Rousant adjective (her.) Rising; -- applied to a bird in the attitude of rising; also, sometmes, to a bird in profile with wings addorsed.
Rouse (rouz or rous) intransitive verb & t. [ Perhaps the same word as rouse to start up, "buckle to."] (Nautical) To pull or haul strongly and all together, as upon a rope, without the assistance of mechanical appliances.
[ Confer Dutch roes
drunkeness, icel. r...ss
, Swedish rus
, German rauchen
, and also English rouse
, v.t., rush
, v.i. Confer Row
a disturbance.] 1. A bumper in honor of a toast or health.
[ Obsolete] Shak. 2. A carousal; a festival; a drinking frolic.
Fill the cup, and fill the can, Tennyson.
Have a rouse before the morn.
Rouse transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Roused
(rouzd); present participle & verbal noun Rousing
.] [ Probably of Scan. origin; confer Swedish rusa
to rush, Danish ruse
, Anglo-Saxon hreósan
to fall, rush. Confer Rush
] 1. To cause to start from a covert or lurking place; as, to rouse a deer or other animal of the chase.
Like wild boars late roused out of the brakes. Spenser.
Rouse the fleet hart, and cheer the opening hound. Pope. 2. To wake from sleep or repose; as, to rouse one early or suddenly. 3. To excite to lively thought or action from a state of idleness, languor, stupidity, or indifference; as, to rouse the faculties, passions, or emotions.
To rouse up a people, the most phlegmatic of any in Christendom. Atterbury. 4. To put in motion; to stir up; to agitate.
Blustering winds, which all night long Milton. 5. To raise; to make erect.
Had roused the sea.
[ Obsolete] Spenser. Shak.
Rouse intransitive verb 1. To get or start up; to rise.
Night's black agents to their preys do rouse . Shak. 2. To awake from sleep or repose.
Morpheus rouses from his bed. Pope. 3. To be exited to thought or action from a state of indolence or inattention.
1. One who, or that which, rouses. 2. Something very exciting or great. [ Colloq.] 3. (Brewing) A stirrer in a copper for boiling wort.
Rousing adjective 1. Having power to awaken or excite; exciting.
I begin to feel Milton. 2. Very great; violent; astounding; as, a rousing fire; a rousing lie.
Some rousing motions in me.
Rousingly adverb In a rousing manner.
[ F.; -- so called in allusion to the color. See Russet
.] 1. (Zoology) A fruit bat, especially the large species ( Pieropus vulgaris ) inhabiting the islands of the Indian ocean. It measures about a yard across the expanded wings. 2. (Zoology) Any small shark of the genus Scyllium ; -- called also dogfish . See Dogfish .
Roust (roust) transitive verb To rouse; to disturb; as, to roust one out. [ Prov. Eng. & Local, U.S.]
Roust noun [ Confer Icelandic röst an estuary.] A strong tide or current, especially in a narrow channel. [ Written also rost , and roost .] Jamieson.
Roustabout noun [ Etymol. uncertain.] A laborer, especially a deck hand, on a river steamboat, who moves the cargo, loads and unloads wood, and the like; in an opprobrious sense, a shiftless vagrant who lives by chance jobs. [ Western U.S.]
Rout (rout) intransitive verb [ Anglo-Saxon hrūtan .] To roar; to bellow; to snort; to snore loudly. [ Obsolete or Scot.] Chaucer.
Rout noun A bellowing; a shouting; noise; clamor; uproar; disturbance; tumult. Shak.
This new book the whole world makes such a rout about. Sterne.
"My child, it is not well," I said, Trench.
"Among the graves to shout;
To laugh and play among the dead,
And make this noisy rout ."
Rout transitive verb [ A variant of root .] To scoop out with a gouge or other tool; to furrow. To rout out (a) To turn up to view, as if by rooting; to discover; to find . (b) To turn out by force or compulsion; as, to rout people out of bed. [ Colloq.]
Rout intransitive verb To search or root in the ground, as a swine. Edwards.
[ Old French route
, Late Latin rupta
, properly, a breaking, from Latin ruptus
, past participle of rumpere
to break. See Rupture
, and confer Rote
repetition of forms, Route
. In some senses this word has been confused with rout
a bellowing, an uproar.] [ Formerly spelled also route
.] 1. A troop; a throng; a company; an assembly; especially, a traveling company or throng.
[ Obsolete] "A route
of ratones [ rats]." Piers Plowman.
"A great solemn route
And ever he rode the hinderest of the route . Chaucer.
A rout of people there assembled were. Spenser. 2. A disorderly and tumultuous crowd; a mob; hence, the rabble; the herd of common people.
the endless routs of wretched thralls. Spenser.
The ringleader and head of all this rout . Shak.
Nor do I name of men the common rout . Milton. 3. The state of being disorganized and thrown into confusion; -- said especially of an army defeated, broken in pieces, and put to flight in disorder or panic; also, the act of defeating and breaking up an army; as, the rout of the enemy was complete.
thy army . . . Daniel.
Dispersed in rout , betook them all to fly.
To these giad conquest, murderous rout to those. pope. 4. (Law) A disturbance of the peace by persons assembled together with intent to do a thing which, if executed, would make them rioters, and actually making a motion toward the executing thereof. Wharton. 5. A fashionable assembly, or large evening party.
and dances." Landor. To put to rout
, to defeat and throw into confusion; to overthrow and put to flight.
Rout transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Routed
; present participle & verbal noun Routing
.] To break the ranks of, as troops, and put them to flight in disorder; to put to rout.
That party . . . that charged the Scots, so totally routed and defeated their whole army, that they fied. Clarendon. Syn.
-- To defeat; discomfit; overpower; overthrow.
Rout intransitive verb To assemble in a crowd, whether orderly or disorderly; to collect in company.
[ obs.] Bacon.
In all that land no Christian[ s] durste route . Chaucer.
Rout cake A kind of rich sweet cake made for routs, or evening parties.
Twenty-four little rout cakes that were lying neglected in a plate. Thackeray.
(rōt or rout; 277) noun
[ Middle English & French route
, Old French rote
, from Latin rupta
), from ruptus
, past participle of rumpere
to break; hence, literally, a broken or beaten way or path. See Rout
, and confer Rut
a track.] The course or way which is traveled or passed, or is to be passed; a passing; a course; a road or path; a march.
Wide through the furzy field their route they take. Gay.
Router noun (Carp.) (a) A plane made like a spokeshave, for working the inside edges of circular sashes. (b) A plane with a hooked tool protruding far below the sole, for smoothing the bottom of a cavity.
Router noun (Machinery) A machine with a rapidly revolving vertical spindle and cutter for scooping out the surface of wood or metal, as between and around the engraved parts of an electrotype.
Routhe noun Ruth; sorrow. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Routinary adjective Involving, or pertaining to, routine; ordinary; customary. [ R.] Emerson.
[ French, from route
a path, way, road. See Route
repetition.] 1. A round of business, amusement, or pleasure, daily or frequently pursued; especially, a course of business or offical duties regularly or frequently returning. 2. Any regular course of action or procedure rigidly adhered to by the mere force of habit.
Routinism noun the practice of doing things with undiscriminating, mechanical regularity.